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1992 Ontario Survey of Public Health Nurses: perceptions of roles and activities.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature218313
Source
Can J Public Health. 1994 May-Jun;85(3):175-9
Publication Type
Article
Author
L W Chambers
J. Underwood
T. Halbert
C A Woodward
J. Heale
S. Isaacs
Author Affiliation
Hamilton-Wentworth Department of Public Health Services, ON.
Source
Can J Public Health. 1994 May-Jun;85(3):175-9
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Community-Institutional Relations
Health promotion
Humans
Nursing Evaluation Research
Ontario
Public Health Nursing - organization & administration - statistics & numerical data
Questionnaires
Abstract
A survey of public health nurses (PHNs) who work in official public health units in Ontario was undertaken to determine whether their perceptions of their roles and activities concurred with a 1990 Canadian Public Health Association report which describes the roles and qualifications of public health nursing in Canada. The survey questionnaire was completed by 1,849 PHNs in all 42 public health units (response rate = 85%). About one tenth of the PHNs reported no activity as a caregiver/service provider. Most PHNs reported being active in the roles of educator/consultant, social marketer, and facilitator/communicator/collaborator. The community developer, policy formulator, research/evaluator, and resource manager/planner/coordinator roles were less frequently performed, however, increased activities in such roles were expected in the future. Nurses said that they needed further preparation to perform the latter roles. These results have implications for deployment of PHNs as Ontario's health system shifts to community health and health promotion.
PubMed ID
7922961 View in PubMed
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A descriptive study of the attachment of public health nurses to family physicians' offices.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature224223
Source
Public Health Nurs. 1992 Mar;9(1):53-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1992
Author
D. Ciliska
V. Woodcox
S. Isaacs
Author Affiliation
McMaster University.
Source
Public Health Nurs. 1992 Mar;9(1):53-7
Date
Mar-1992
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Family Practice - organization & administration - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Job Satisfaction
Nursing Evaluation Research
Ontario
Partnership Practice - organization & administration - standards
Public Health Nursing - organization & administration - statistics & numerical data
Questionnaires
Role
Abstract
Public health nurses (PHNs) have been attached to family doctors' offices as one mode of organizing the delivery of nursing services in the community. However, different nurses function in different roles on a continuum from generalist to liaison. A descriptive study was undertaken to determine the most effective role for PHNs attached to family physicians' offices. Outcomes for both physicians and nurses were satisfaction with the role of the PHN, appropriateness of referrals, and accessibility for consultation. These outcomes were compared relative to the rating of PHNs of their role. A cohort of physicians without attachment PHNs were also surveyed to compare responses on the same criteria. The majority of nurses described their role generalist. This role was related to greater satisfaction for nurses and the physicians with whom they worked. Satisfaction with PHN service, ease of arranging consultation with PHN, and appropriateness of referrals from PHNs was greater for physicians who had the attachment than those who used the usual service.
PubMed ID
1565604 View in PubMed
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Saskatchewan public health nursing survey. Perceptions of roles and activities.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature187666
Source
Can J Public Health. 2002 Nov-Dec;93(6):452-6
Publication Type
Article
Author
Bonnie M Schoenfeld
Mary B MacDonald
Author Affiliation
College of Nursing, University of Saskatchewan, 107 Wiggins Road, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5E5. schoenfb@duke.usask.ca
Source
Can J Public Health. 2002 Nov-Dec;93(6):452-6
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Community-Institutional Relations
Humans
Nurse's Role
Nursing Evaluation Research
Public Health Nursing - organization & administration - statistics & numerical data
Questionnaires
Saskatchewan
Abstract
To explore perceived roles and activities of Saskatchewan public health nurses (PHNs).
This replication study surveyed Saskatchewan PHNs using the instrument developed by the Hamilton-Wentworth Social and Public Health Services Division in a 1992 survey of Ontario PHNs. This instrument is based on the roles and activities for community/public health nurses described by the Canadian Public Health Association (1990). Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the 124 responses received.
Most of the nurses perceived that they were at least somewhat prepared for all of the roles. The activities of: caring for individuals and families; immunizing; educating individuals, families, and groups; acting as a resource person for clients and lay helpers; linking those needing services to appropriate community resources; and using marketing strategies were carried out most often by PHNs. Activities within the roles of community developer, policy formulator, researcher and evaluator, and resource manager/planner/coordinator were carried out to a much lesser degree. The roles and activities being done less often were also the ones PHNs felt less prepared to do.
It is important, as health authorities begin to support a more preventive approach to health care, that PHNs are competent in the roles outlined by the Canadian Public Health Association. As well as preparing new graduates for these roles, it is essential to provide continuing education for practicing PHNs. Public health administrators must also support public health nurses in carrying out these roles.
PubMed ID
12448870 View in PubMed
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Systematic clinical supervision and its effects for nurses handling demanding care situations. Interviews with Swedish district nurses and hospital nurses in cancer care.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature23515
Source
Cancer Nurs. 1994 Oct;17(5):385-94
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1994
Author
M B Pålsson
I R Hallbert
A. Norberg
S. Isovaara
Author Affiliation
Department of Advanced Nursing, University of Umeå, Sweden.
Source
Cancer Nurs. 1994 Oct;17(5):385-94
Date
Oct-1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Breast Neoplasms - nursing - psychology
Comparative Study
Female
Humans
Interviews
Middle Aged
Models, Nursing
Nursing Staff, Hospital - organization & administration - statistics & numerical data
Nursing, Supervisory - organization & administration - statistics & numerical data
Public Health Nursing - organization & administration - statistics & numerical data
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Social Support
Sweden
Abstract
This study reports the findings of how district nurses (n = 23) and hospital nurses (n = 9) in cancer care experienced social support in immediate connection with demanding care situations, as well as the effect of systematic clinical supervision. The study is based on their own accounts. The data were collected by means of semi-structured interviews. The findings indicate that there is a great need to unburden oneself of job-related thoughts and feelings, and to receive support after having been in emotionally demanding care situations. The nurses were of the opinion that the supervision had provided relief, confirmation, and professional development. These findings can be understood in the light of Antonovsky's theory, "sense of coherence," which comprises the components: comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness. More research is needed to discover further ways to support the personnel.
PubMed ID
7954386 View in PubMed
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