F.F.Erisman Federal Research Center for Hygiene is a leading hygienic scientific centre of the Federal Service for Supervision in the Field of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Well-Being widely known in this country and abroad. The history of FRCH can be arbitrarily divided into the following three periods: prerevolutionary (1891-1917), Soviet (1917-1991), and modern (1991-the present time). The first period is the time of life and work of Fyedor Fyedorovich Erisman, professor of Moscow University and the founder of scientific hygiene in Russia. The second period is characterized by realization of F.F.Erisman's ideas based on achievements in biology, natural and experimental studies. The third period is associated with the name of professor A.I. Potapov, member of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences. His authority, scientific experience, and organizational work made it possible to come out with credit of a most difficult situation in Russian science. Scientific, historical and staff-related issues are considered.
Municipal swimming pools arose as a technological fix for an urban public health and recreation crisis in Hamilton when its bay became a polluted sink for residential and industrial wastes. Until World War II, city leaders and medical authorities believed that they could identify, delineate, and construct safe natural swimming areas along the bay's shore, supplemented by a few public artificial swimming pools. After the war, the pollution situation worsened. For those who couldn't travel to cleaner lakeshores elsewhere, local authorities created swimming pools, thus abandoning the natural waters of the bay to the "constructive power of the profit motive".
This article is a study of the play An Enemy of the People (1882) by Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906). One of its main characters, Dr Tomas Stockmann, has a crucial role in the discussion about the medical conditions at the public baths. Four excerpts from the play is presented for further discussion. The focus of this article is on Dr Stockmann's work as a public health physician: What causes Dr Stockmann's failure in bringing his report on the medical conditions at the baths to the public? What can physicians in general learn from Dr Stockmann? The article concludes that Dr Stockmann richly illustrates communicative failure and that he is a complex figure, provocative as well as inspiring--something in between a medical savage and a public health hero.