A Danish centre contributed 12 cases to a Nordic multicentre investigation concerning the psychotherapy of psychoses. Patients admitted consecutively to the psychiatric hospital with the diagnoses of schizophrenia, schizophreniform psychosis or schizoaffective psychosis were offered psychotherapy at least once weekly for two years in addition to the other treatment modalities administered. In the Danish design, the process of supervision in relation to the processes of psychotherapy was investigated. In the present article, examples are presented illustrating how core psychotic mechanisms in the patients are reflected not only in process-facilitating but also in process inhibiting psychotherapeutic interventions. The data of the investigation are these interventions which are written down prospectively in the summaries of the supervision.
Over a two week period (1994) the 27 physicians at Fjorden registered the time they used on direct and indirect treatment of in- and out-patients, administration, further training, supervision and research. Standardized criteria for the time spent on patient treatment were set up. Thirty-two percent of the total work time was used for direct treatment and a further 32% for indirect treatment (conferences, etc.) while the rest was used for other purposes. In relation to standardized 60 minutes or more treatment sessions, the survey revealed an average of 32-60% insufficient time spent on each patient per session. Fifty percent more physician time for direct treatment would be necessary to reach the standardized criteria for the total number of patients. We conclude that using 2/3 of the total work time available on treatment is acceptable. The great discrepancy between real and ideal use of physician time makes it important to further examine how to acknowledge dialogue as a psychiatric tool.