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Acculturation and mental disorder in the Inuit.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature2301
Source
Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 1980 Mar;25(2):173-181.
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1980
Author
Seltzer, A.
Author Affiliation
University of Toronto
Source
Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 1980 Mar;25(2):173-181.
Date
Mar-1980
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Acculturation
Arctic Bay
Hysterical dissociation disorder
Paranoid personality disorder
Resolute Bay
Stress, mental
Adolescent
Adult
Aggression
Alcoholism - epidemiology
Anomie
Anxiety - epidemiology
Canada
Depression - epidemiology
Female
Gender Identity
Humans
Identification (Psychology)
Interpersonal Relations
Inuits - psychology
Male
Mental Disorders - epidemiology
Psychophysiologic Disorders - epidemiology
Role
Schizophrenia - epidemiology
Sex Factors
Abstract
The phenomenon of acculturation stress is described with particular reference to the subsequent development of the transitional role conflict. The adolescent and young adult male Eskimo is especially susceptible to the anxiety generated by the process of acculturation and it is the interaction of this external stress with the bio-psychosocial characteristics of the individual within his ecological group, that may lead to an increased incidence of mental disorder. The clinical picture that develops will depend on the complex interaction of this psychosocial stressor and the level of ego development and its accompanying defence and coping strategies. We see how the development of manifest psychopathology in two young Inuit males was intimately associated with the stresses of acculturation acting upon personalities characterized by a low self-esteem and negative self-image, feelings of emasculation and a state of anomie. Coping and defensive strategies exhibited both similarities (drugs, alcohol, withdrawal, actin out) and differences (psychosis versus dissociation). The value of modified supportive therapy with continuity of care aimed at increasing self-esteem through sublimation, identification, reduction of dependency and encouragement of growth and autonomy is described, as are measures aimed at primary prevention.
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 2319.
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Adaptive defense use and resting blood pressure in a population-based sample.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature182601
Source
J Psychosom Res. 2003 Dec;55(6):531-41
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2003
Author
Michael Wm MacGregor
Karina W Davidson
Cheryl Barksdale
Sheila Black
David MacLean
Author Affiliation
University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.
Source
J Psychosom Res. 2003 Dec;55(6):531-41
Date
Dec-2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Blood pressure
Defense Mechanisms
Female
Health Status Indicators
Health Surveys
Humans
Hypertension - epidemiology - psychology
Internal-External Control
Male
Middle Aged
Nova Scotia
Personality Assessment - statistics & numerical data
Psychometrics - statistics & numerical data
Psychophysiologic Disorders - epidemiology - psychology
Q-Sort - statistics & numerical data
Regression Analysis
Risk factors
Abstract
There is an accumulating body of research related to the psychosomatic study of blood pressure. One variable that has received attention is defense use. We examined the relation between defense use and blood pressure in men and women of different ages.
A random sample of 667 participants was selected from a population-based study. Resting blood pressure was obtained, and each participant was rated for defense use by a trained observer using Defense-Q. An Adaptive Defense Profile (ADP) score was calculated for each participant, and this score was related to blood pressure.
Regression analyses revealed a significant main effect for the ADP score for both diastolic and systolic blood pressure. Those persons with higher ADP scores had lower diastolic and systolic blood pressure. As well, a significant Age x Sex x ADP score interaction was found for diastolic blood pressure. Older women with a less ADP score had higher diastolic blood pressure.
These findings suggest the continued investigation of defense use and blood pressure.
PubMed ID
14642984 View in PubMed
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Air traffic controller burnout: survey responses regarding job demands, job resources, and health.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature82284
Source
Aviat Space Environ Med. 2006 Apr;77(4):422-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2006
Author
Martinussen Monica
Richardsen Astrid M
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychology, University of Tromsø, Norway. monicam@psyk.uit.no
Source
Aviat Space Environ Med. 2006 Apr;77(4):422-8
Date
Apr-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Attitude
Aviation
Burnout, Professional - epidemiology - psychology
Female
Humans
Interprofessional Relations
Job Satisfaction
Male
Norway - epidemiology
Occupations
Professional Autonomy
Psychophysiologic Disorders - epidemiology - psychology
Questionnaires
Regression Analysis
Social Support
Workload
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: There are currently many changes taking place in the aviation system affecting the work of air traffic controllers (ATCOs), and thus it was considered important to assess work-related demands and stress responses among ATCOs. The purpose of this study was to assess the level of burnout among ATCOs compared with other professions; to examine the relationship between job demands, job resources, and burnout; and to examine if burnout could predict both work- and health-related outcomes. METHOD: The participants were 209 Norwegian ATCOs and data were collected using a questionnaire distributed to 500 ATCOs. The study was part of a national survey of both health care and non-health care professions. RESULTS: ATCOs did not score high on burnout compared with the three comparisons groups (police, journalists, and building constructors); in fact, ATCOs scored significantly lower on exhaustion compared with journalists (Hedges g=65) and building constructors (Hedges g=63), and not significantly different from police officers. Both job demands and job resources were related to burnout; work conflict especially was an important predictor for all of the three burnout dimensions. Burnout predicted psychosomatic complaints (r2=0.48), satisfaction with life (r2=0.25), and other work outcomes. DISCUSSION: The overall level of burnout was not high among ATCOs compared with other professions, which may be related to selection procedures for the profession. Burnout was related to important outcome variables such as psychosomatic complaints and attitudes toward work.
PubMed ID
16676654 View in PubMed
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[A longitudinal study of schoolchildren. Rehabilitate early in backache/headache]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36295
Source
Lakartidningen. 1993 Apr 14;90(15):1452-4, 1459-60
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-14-1993
Source
J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1981 Nov-Dec;18(6):30-3
Publication Type
Article
Author
M I Mäntyjärvi
Source
J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1981 Nov-Dec;18(6):30-3
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Age Factors
Amblyopia - epidemiology
Child
Female
Finland
Humans
Male
Psychophysiologic Disorders - epidemiology
Sex Factors
Syndrome
Abstract
The occurrence of psychogenic amblyopia in a population of school children was studied. From the population of 14,000 school children under the surveillance of school nurses and doctors, 2280 were referred to the author for an ophthalmological examination during a two-year period. Forty children (1.75%) were diagnosed as having psychogenic amblyopia corresponding to an incidence of 1.4/1000/year. Psychogenic amblyopia was characterized by a high percentage of girls (48 out of 52) and the highest occurrence at the age of 9 to 11 years. There was a wide variation of the duration of the condition, but 37% of the patients recovered within one year. A psychological cause for amblyopia could be revealed in only a few cases. According to the present study psychogenic amblyopia can occur at a relatively high incidence. Awareness of this condition could spare these children from straining, expensive tests.
PubMed ID
7334444 View in PubMed
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An ethnographic study of the social context of migrant health in the United States.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature166803
Source
PLoS Med. 2006 Oct;3(10):e448
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2006
Author
Seth M Holmes
Author Affiliation
University of Birmingham, United Kingdom. seth.holmes@ucsf.edu
Source
PLoS Med. 2006 Oct;3(10):e448
Date
Oct-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Agriculture - manpower
Anthropology, Cultural
Arthralgia - epidemiology
Attitude to Health
Delivery of Health Care
Health
Hierarchy, Social
Humans
Mexico - ethnology
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology
Prejudice
Prevalence
Psychophysiologic Disorders - epidemiology
Substance-Related Disorders - epidemiology
Transients and Migrants
United States
Violence
Wounds and Injuries - epidemiology
Abstract
Migrant workers in the United States have extremely poor health. This paper aims to identify ways in which the social context of migrant farm workers affects their health and health care.
This qualitative study employs participant observation and interviews on farms and in clinics throughout 15 months of migration with a group of indigenous Triqui Mexicans in the western US and Mexico. Study participants include more than 130 farm workers and 30 clinicians. Data are analyzed utilizing grounded theory, accompanied by theories of structural violence, symbolic violence, and the clinical gaze. The study reveals that farm working and housing conditions are organized according to ethnicity and citizenship. This hierarchy determines health disparities, with undocumented indigenous Mexicans having the worst health. Yet, each group is understood to deserve its place in the hierarchy, migrant farm workers often being blamed for their own sicknesses.
Structural racism and anti-immigrant practices determine the poor working conditions, living conditions, and health of migrant workers. Subtle racism serves to reduce awareness of this social context for all involved, including clinicians. The paper concludes with strategies toward improving migrant health in four areas: health disparities research, clinical interactions with migrant laborers, medical education, and policy making.
Notes
Cites: Annu Rev Public Health. 2004;25:357-7615015925
Cites: Am Sociol Rev. 1972 Oct;37(5):547-594634743
Cites: Science. 1977 Apr 8;196(4286):129-36847460
Cites: Soc Sci Med. 1990;30(2):189-972305289
Cites: Am J Public Health. 1990 Oct;80(10):1213-72205116
Cites: J Rural Health. 1992 Summer;8(3):227-3410121552
Cites: Annu Rev Public Health. 2004;25:225-4515015919
Cites: Int Migr Rev. 1987 Fall;21(3):659-8712314900
Cites: Annu Rev Sociol. 1995;21:195-21612291061
Cites: Int Migr Rev. 1997 Winter;31(4):1,112-2112293205
Cites: J Gen Intern Med. 2002 Mar;17(3):221-911929509
Cites: Annu Rev Public Health. 2003;24:175-9312359914
Cites: ANS Adv Nurs Sci. 2003 Jul-Sep;26(3):185-9512945654
Cites: West J Med. 1992 Sep;157(3):367-731413786
PubMed ID
17076567 View in PubMed
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[Anxiety-depressive disorders in elderly migrants of the far north in the period of re-adaptation to new climatic conditions].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature266126
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2014;27(4):672-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
R A Iaskevich
I I Khamnagadaev
E V Dereviannykh
L S Polikarpov
N G Gogolashvili
E V Taptygina
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2014;27(4):672-7
Date
2014
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Physiological
Aged
Aging - physiology - psychology
Anxiety Disorders - epidemiology - physiopathology - psychology
Cold Climate
Depressive Disorder - epidemiology - physiopathology - psychology
Female
Humans
Hypertension - epidemiology - physiopathology - psychology
Male
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Psychophysiologic Disorders - epidemiology - physiopathology - psychology
Russia
Sex Factors
Test Anxiety Scale
Transients and Migrants - psychology
Abstract
The article presents the results of studies of the anxious and depressed characteristics in elderly migrants of the Far North with arterial hypertension in the period of their stay in new climatic conditions with regard to their North experience, gender, age and timing of rehabilitation. There was a high frequency of disturbing-depressive symptomatology of the surveyed migrants in the Far North, the frequency and severity of which increases with age; women migrants of Far North are prone to depression 1,8 times, anxiety--3,2 times more often than men. With the increase of the period of stay in the new climate and geographical conditions, the severity and frequency of occurrence of anxiety and depression increase. The obtained results should be taken into account when building rehabilitation program and forecasting its effectiveness, while conducting psychotherapy and psychological prevention in this group of patients.
PubMed ID
25946842 View in PubMed
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The association between burnout and physical illness in the general population--results from the Finnish Health 2000 Study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature168523
Source
J Psychosom Res. 2006 Jul;61(1):59-66
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2006
Author
Teija Honkonen
Kirsi Ahola
Marja Pertovaara
Erkki Isometsä
Raija Kalimo
Erkki Nykyri
Arpo Aromaa
Jouko Lönnqvist
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychology, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, FI-00250 Helsinki, Finland. teija.honkonen@occuphealth.fi
Source
J Psychosom Res. 2006 Jul;61(1):59-66
Date
Jul-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Burnout, Professional - epidemiology - psychology
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology - psychology
Causality
Cross-Sectional Studies
Depression - epidemiology - psychology
Female
Finland
Health Behavior
Health Surveys
Humans
Incidence
Life Style
Male
Middle Aged
Musculoskeletal Diseases - epidemiology - psychology
Psychophysiologic Disorders - epidemiology - psychology
Sex Factors
Statistics as Topic
Abstract
The association between burnout and physical diseases has been studied very little. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between burnout and physical illness in a representative nationwide population health study.
As a part of the "Health 2000 Study" in Finland, 3368 employees aged 30-64 years were studied. Burnout was assessed with the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey. Physical diseases were diagnosed in a comprehensive health examination by research physicians.
Physical illness was more common among subjects with burnout than others (64% vs. 54%, P
PubMed ID
16813846 View in PubMed
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The association between medical conditions and gender, well-being, psychosomatic complaints as well as school adaptability.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature116442
Source
Acta Paediatr. 2013 May;102(5):550-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2013
Author
Ann Olsson
Mikael Hasselgren
Curt Hagquist
Staffan Janson
Author Affiliation
Primary Care Research Unit, County Council of Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden. olssonann@yahoo.com
Source
Acta Paediatr. 2013 May;102(5):550-5
Date
May-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Adolescent
Adolescent Psychology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Health status
Humans
Male
Mental health
Psychophysiologic Disorders - epidemiology
Sex Factors
Students - statistics & numerical data
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
The aim was to assess the association between medical conditions and gender, well-being, psychosomatic complaints and school adaptability. The second aim was to determine whether self-reported medical conditions should be included in class-room questionnaires that deal with well-being and risk behaviour.
A cross-sectional class-room questionnaire was given to all 15- to 16-year-olds within a Swedish county. The questionnaire included background factors, subjective health, well-being, psychosomatic complaints, self image, drug use and also several themes from the school context. In addition, there were 13 medical conditions/problems to tick (yes or no) and an open alternative for other problems/medical conditions.
3108 questionnaires (response rate 84%) were analysed. The majority of the girls and the boys reported no medical conditions; however, 49% of the girls and 39% of the boys reported at least one medical condition. The medical conditions were associated with gender, well-being, psychosomatic complaints and school adaptability. The association was stronger for girls than for boys.
Medical conditions among these teenagers were associated with gender, well-being, psychosomatic complaints and school adaptability, particularly for girls. Our results suggest that medical conditions could preferably be included in regular classroom questionnaires.
PubMed ID
23398348 View in PubMed
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Associations between psychosocial factors and happiness among school adolescents.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature71324
Source
Int J Nurs Pract. 2003 Jun;9(3):166-75
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2003
Author
Gerd Karin Natvig
Grethe Albrektsen
Ulla Qvarnstrøm
Author Affiliation
Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Norway. Gerd.Natvig@isf.uib.no
Source
Int J Nurs Pract. 2003 Jun;9(3):166-75
Date
Jun-2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior - psychology
Adolescent Psychology
Female
Happiness
Health promotion
Health status
Health Surveys
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Norway - epidemiology
Peer Group
Psychophysiologic Disorders - epidemiology - prevention & control - psychology
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
School Nursing
Self Efficacy
Social Support
Stress, Psychological - epidemiology - prevention & control - psychology
Students - psychology
Abstract
The concept of health contains aspects of social and mental well-being and not just the absence of disease. The concept of well-being is sometimes used interchangeably with the term happiness, although focus has been on other aspects as well. Here we explore associations between happiness and experience of stress at school, personal and social factors among 887 Norwegian school adolescents participating in a World Health Organization project on health-promoting schools. Happiness was measured by a one item question (ordered responses 1-4). The psychosocial factors were represented by an average score of 3-12 items. Odds ratios of feeling very/quite happy were calculated in multiple logistic regression analyses. An increasing degree of stress experience reduced the feeling of happiness significantly. Furthermore, increasing levels of general self-efficacy increased the odds of feeling happy, whereas the more specific measure of school self-efficacy showed no independent effect. Social support from teachers also enhanced happiness significantly. A less consistent pattern was found for support from peers, but the most happy pupils experienced significantly more support than pupils who reported being unhappy. No significant trend was found with decision control. We also explored associations between happiness and psychosomatic symptoms. Pupils feeling unhappy reported a particular symptom more often and they also had the highest mean number of reported symptoms. To evaluate whether these health indicators represent different dimensions of health, a comparison of strength of associations with common risk factors is made. Implications for health promotion practice are discussed.
PubMed ID
12801248 View in PubMed
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153 records – page 1 of 16.