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166 records – page 1 of 17.

The 12-year prognosis of hand dermatosis in 896 Finnish farmers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature215520
Source
Contact Dermatitis. 1995 Apr;32(4):233-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-1995
Author
P. Susitaival
M. Hannuksela
Author Affiliation
Regional Institute of Occupational Health, Kuopio, Finland.
Source
Contact Dermatitis. 1995 Apr;32(4):233-7
Date
Apr-1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Agriculture
Dermatitis, Occupational - epidemiology - physiopathology
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Hand Dermatoses - chemically induced - epidemiology - physiopathology
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Prognosis
Protective Clothing
Risk factors
Abstract
In all, 896 Finnish farmers (305 men and 587 women), representing 77% of those reporting hand or forearm dermatosis in a questionnaire survey in 1979, were asked again about their dermatosis and current work in 1991. More than 50% of the study population had left farming since 1979. In 1991, 26% of men and 21% of women had a current dermatosis on the hands or forearms, and altogether, 44% of men and 39% of women reported a hand dermatosis within the past 12 months. Significant determinants of persistent hand dermatosis, in a logistic regression model, were continuation of farm work, history of skin atopy, symptoms of metal allergy, and age under 45 years. Handling cattle, e.g., milking, was considered an exacerbating factor of the dermatosis by 37% of those who had milked sometimes in their lives. In this group, 75% of hand dermatoses in those who had finished milking work had healed. The results indicate that giving up or changing work improves the prognosis of hand dermatosis in farming.
PubMed ID
7600779 View in PubMed
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Acceptability and compliance with wearing energy-shunting hip protectors: a 6-month prospective follow-up in a Finnish nursing home.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature171901
Source
Age Ageing. 1998 Mar;27(2):225-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1998
Author
J. Parkkari
J. Heikkilä
I P Kannus
Author Affiliation
Accident and Trauma Research Centre, UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Kaupinpuistonkatu I, FIN-33500 Tampere, Finland.
Source
Age Ageing. 1998 Mar;27(2):225-9
Date
Mar-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidental Falls
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Female
Finland
Follow-Up Studies
Hip Fractures - prevention & control
Humans
Inpatients - psychology
Male
Nursing Homes
Patient compliance
Patient satisfaction
Prospective Studies
Protective Clothing
Abstract
To assess the acceptability and compliance with use of an energy-shunting hip protector in institutionalized elderly people.
A 6 month prospective follow-up in a Finnish nursing home.
19 ambulatory nursing home residents with a high risk of hip fracture.
The proportion of the residents who were willing to use the device, the number of hours of wearing the protector and the attitudes of the study subjects and the caregivers towards the appearance, comfort, fit, efficacy and laundering of the protector.
12 of the 19 ambulatory residents (63%) agreed to use the protector. During the study period, these subjects wore the protector on average for more than 90% of their active days, i.e. the days they were mobile. Two subjects wore the protectors at night time; the rest only during waking hours. Mean wearing time during waking hours exceeded 90%.
External hip joint protectors are a feasible strategy to prevent hip fractures in institutionalized elderly people. The attitude, education and motivation of the staff may be a factor in achieving good user compliance. Further community-based studies on acceptability and compliance in wearing external hip joint protectors are needed for verification of benefits to the general population of older people.
Notes
Comment In: Age Ageing. 1998 Mar;27(2):89-9016296665
PubMed ID
16296684 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1991 Jun 24;153(26):1861-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-24-1991
Author
N H Mortensen
H R Jørgensen
Author Affiliation
Ulykkes Analyse Gruppen, Odense Sygehus.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1991 Jun 24;153(26):1861-4
Date
Jun-24-1991
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Occupational - legislation & jurisprudence - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Denmark - epidemiology
Humans
Male
Protective Clothing
Protective Devices
Wood
Abstract
During the three-year period 1987-1989, 80 persons were registered with lesions following accidents with chain saws. The information in the casualty department records was supplemented by an interview questionnaire. Sale of chain saws increased from the middle of the nineteen eighties although no appreciable increase in the number of accidents was registered. One of the reasons for this may be the legislation concerning safety equipment which was introduced in the middle of the nineteen eighties. Further efforts are still required to reduce the number of accidents. On the basis of the results of the investigation, the following suggestions are made: 1. Written information about personal protective equipment should be issued to every purchaser of a chain saw. 2. An informative campaign about the correct use of the chain saw and the personal protective equipment. 3. Compulsory issue of personal protective equipment in connection with hire of a chain saw. 4. Safety gloves should be included in the safety requirements.
PubMed ID
1862569 View in PubMed
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[A gas-chromatographic method of analysis of monochloroacetic acid and its sodium salt in the air, skin washings, protective clothing extracts and urine].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227341
Source
Gig Tr Prof Zabol. 1991;(12):39-41
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
E I Fomina
Source
Gig Tr Prof Zabol. 1991;(12):39-41
Date
1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acetates - analysis - urine
Air Pollutants, Occupational - analysis
Chemical Industry
Chromatography, Gas - methods
Hand Disinfection
Humans
Occupational Medicine - methods
Protective Clothing
Russia
Skin
Water Pollutants, Chemical - analysis
Abstract
The author sets forth a gas chromatographic technique for the detection of monochloracetic acid (MCAA) and its sodium salts in the air, in skin washings, overalls extracts, and urine. The substances were identified as propyl ether. The analysis was performed on a chromatograph supplied with a plasma-ionizing detector on a 2 m-long glass column, with the chromatrone N-AW-DMCS. The detection capacity in the sample was 0.005 microgram/microliter, in the air for MCAA - 0.5 mg/m3, for MCAA sodium salt - 0.25 mg/m3. Standard deviation did not exceed 0.16. The technique was tested in industrial conditions.
PubMed ID
1840108 View in PubMed
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All terrain vehicle ownership, use, and self reported safety behaviours in rural children.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature205637
Source
Inj Prev. 1998 Mar;4(1):44-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1998
Author
L. Warda
T P Klassen
N. Buchan
A. Zierler
Author Affiliation
Pediatric Emergency Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.
Source
Inj Prev. 1998 Mar;4(1):44-9
Date
Mar-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Behavior
Child
Female
Head Protective Devices
Humans
Male
Manitoba
Off-Road Motor Vehicles - statistics & numerical data
Protective Clothing
Rural Population
Safety
Abstract
To describe all terrain vehicle (ATV) ownership, access, use, and safety behaviours in rural Manitoba children.
Questionnaire administered to a convenience sample of grade 6 students attending an agricultural fair.
162 grade 6 children participated. The mean age was 11.4 years, and 46% were male. 125 students (77%) reported having access to ATVs, including 69 four wheeled, 24 three wheeled, and four both three and four wheeled ATVs. ATV experience was reported in 95 students, significantly more often in males and among those with a family owned ATV, with no difference between children living on a farm and in a town. Use of helmets and protective clothing was inadequate (10-40%), and dangerous riding habits common, with males and children living on a farm reporting significantly fewer desirable behaviours.
ATVs are commonly used by children in rural Manitoba, with inadequate protective gear and dangerous riding habits. Mandatory rider training, consumer and dealer education, and legislation enforcement could improve ATV safety in this population.
Notes
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Cites: Can J Neurol Sci. 1989 Aug;16(3):336-92766127
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Cites: West J Med. 1987 Apr;146(4):497-83577150
PubMed ID
9595331 View in PubMed
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An ergonomic evaluation of infant life jackets: Donning time & donning accuracy.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature141068
Source
Appl Ergon. 2011 Jan;42(2):314-20
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2011
Author
C V MacDonald
C J Brooks
J W Kozey
A. Habib
Author Affiliation
Survival Systems Ltd., Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Source
Appl Ergon. 2011 Jan;42(2):314-20
Date
Jan-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Canada
Drowning - prevention & control
Equipment Design - standards
Female
Human Engineering
Humans
Infant
Infant Equipment - standards
Male
Protective Clothing - standards
Time Factors
Time and Motion Studies
Abstract
Canada is considering the development of a new standard for infant/child life jackets. Eight currently available (approved and non-approved) infant/child life jackets were procured for evaluation. Fifty-six participants were chosen as a sample of convenience from the general public for testing. The life jackets were divided into two groups of four, which were donned on a soft infant manikin procured from the Red Cross. In 224 attempts at donning, only 43 (19%) attempts resulted in the life jacket being donned correctly in less than 1 min. Only one life jacket came close to a good design and passed the life jacket standard for donning time and accuracy. Failure rates were observed across all the participants irrespective of age, gender, experience with children and experience with recreational marine equipment. Accuracy and speed of donning the life jacket were hampered as the number of donning sub-tasks increased. It was concluded that it is possible to design a life jacket that can be donned correctly in under 1 min. The life jacket must be of simple, intuitive design and fall naturally into the anatomical shape of the child. A minimum number of ties, zips and clips should be used in the design, and if such connectors are used they should be color coded or of different shapes and sizes to avoid confusion.
PubMed ID
20813347 View in PubMed
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An observational study of sun and heat protection during Canada Day outdoor celebration, 2003.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature172270
Source
Chronic Dis Can. 2005 Spring-Summer;26(2-3):59-64
Publication Type
Article
Author
S T David
U. Chandran
D. Paquette
D. Scholten
J. Wilson
E. Galanis
M. Becker
F. Crane
R. Lester
T. Mersereau
E. Wong
D. Carr
Author Affiliation
British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, Epidemiology Services, Vancouver, British Columbia V5Z 4R4, Canada. samara.david@bccdc.ca
Source
Chronic Dis Can. 2005 Spring-Summer;26(2-3):59-64
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Cross-Sectional Studies
Drinking
Eye Protective Devices - utilization
Female
Heat Stress Disorders - prevention & control
Holidays
Humans
Male
Ontario
Protective Clothing - utilization
Quebec
Sunburn - prevention & control
Abstract
Attendance at summer outdoor mass gatherings may lead to heat- and sun-related illness. The purposes of this study were: (1) to estimate the proportion of people in attendance at the 2003 Canada Day celebration in the National Capital Region who used sun and heat protective items; (2) to identify factors associated with the utilization of these protective items; and (3) to provide research data to public outdoor event organizers when developing evidence-based plans for safer events. A naturalistic observational cross-sectional method was used to gather information at the 2003 Canada Day celebration in the National Capital Region on attendees' demographics, the sun and heat protective items they used and the protective resources available at the event sites. Of the 398 observed attendees, the proportion using any one of the protective items ranged from 3 percent (an open umbrella) to 51.5 percent (sunglasses). Females were more likely to use protective items more than males, and adults more likely than children. Planners of public outdoor events should consider the factors that influence the utilization of sun and heat protective behaviours and the environmental modifications that would allow participants to make safe choices.
PubMed ID
16251011 View in PubMed
Less detail

[A photometric method of analysis of cyanides].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227340
Source
Gig Tr Prof Zabol. 1991;(12):41-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
A A Beliakov
L V Mel'nikova
Source
Gig Tr Prof Zabol. 1991;(12):41-2
Date
1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Hand Disinfection
Humans
Industrial Waste - analysis
Occupational Medicine - methods
Photometry - methods
Potassium Cyanide - analysis
Protective Clothing
Russia
Skin
Sodium Cyanide - analysis
Waste Disposal, Fluid
Water Pollutants, Chemical - analysis
Abstract
The contributors propose a selective photometric technique for detection of sodium and potassium cyanides in different washings, sewage, overalls extraction. The technique was based on the formation of a polymetyne dye, and barbituric acid and pyridine reactions. It proved efficient in detecting the cyanides within 0.01-0.054 mg/dm3, 1-100 mg/l, 0.08-1.24 mg/dm3 with deviations not exceeding 23%. Duration of the test was limited to 25-30 min.
PubMed ID
1840109 View in PubMed
Less detail

166 records – page 1 of 17.