Wide small-area variations in the rates of elective surgical procedures and lack of systematic outcome measurement have raised questions about the appropriateness of such surgery. Our objective was to determine the feasibility of routine evaluation of indications for and outcomes of elective surgery.
Participants consisted of 138 surgeons and 5313 patients who underwent 1 or more of 6 specific surgical procedures (for a total of 6274 operations). Surgical indications were evaluated according to published guidelines. Patients' self-reported health-related quality of life (HRQOL) before and at appropriate intervals after surgery was measured with standard, validated generic and disease-specific instruments. Patient-specific results were routinely sent to the surgeons, from whom feedback was requested.
Surgeons provided information on the indications for surgery for 44% to 95% of the 6 procedures, and the indications matched the guidelines in 73% to 99% of cases. Completed HRQOL questionnaires were returned by 58% of the patients. Postoperative HRQOL scores were markedly improved in most patients, but in 2% to 26% of the various procedures, there was either no change or a deterioration in HRQOL. In most of the procedure groups a small proportion of patients had relatively minor symptoms and disability preoperatively, but in the cataract surgery group this proportion was large. Opinion among the participating surgeons was divided as to the potential value of this method of evaluation. The cost of the outcome evaluation program was about $12/patient.
Evaluation of indications for and outcomes of elective surgery could be implemented systematically at reasonable cost and could be included in an accountability framework for health services. Most surgeons were not enthusiastic about this kind of evaluation.
Localised prostate cancer affects patient's quality of life in many ways. The aim of this study was to explore factors related to self-rated health and life satisfaction for patients treated for prostate cancer, and to compare the results of these generic quality-of-life measures to the prostate cancer-specific quality-of-life measure (UCLA Prostate Cancer Index), which focuses on physical functioning.
This cross-sectional survey was carried out among 183 men who underwent radical prostatectomy in 2012-2015 at a university hospital in Finland and were seen 1 year postsurgery. Approval from an ethics committee and written consents from participants were received. A questionnaire was used to evaluate patients' perceived quality of life. Logistic regression model, Spearman's correlation, Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney U-test were used to analyse factors related to quality of life.
Of the 183 men in the study, 63% rated their health status as good, and 70% were satisfied with their lives after prostatectomy. Older age and better urinary function were the only factors that explained both better self-rated health and better satisfaction with life. The patients seemed not to interpret problems with sexual function as health-related problems. In our sample, sexual dysfunction was relatively severe, but patients considered them to be less harmful than urinary or bowel symptoms. Interestingly, 24% of the men with low sexual function did not find that dysfunction bothersome.
Objectively measured physical functioning is not necessarily in line with patients' experienced satisfaction with life and their self-ratings of health. More longitudinal and qualitative research is needed about the meanings that patients attach to physical treatment side effects and the extent to which they can adapt to them over time. With a bigger sample and longer follow-up time, it would be possible to identify men who particularly benefited from pretreatment counselling.
To evaluate the usefulness of a French-language version of the International Prostate Symptom Scale (I-PSS) by measuring, on this scale and on the quality of life index, the scores of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia before and after prostate surgery.
The questionnaire was completed by 14 men, mostly between 60 and 80 years old, 24 hours before surgery and 1 month and 3 months after surgery.
The French-language scale worked well. Scores changed from 19.1 before surgery to 7.5 3 months after surgery for prostate symptoms and from 8.5 to 4.5 for quality of life.
This version of the questionnaire is a valid tool for evaluating prostate symptoms reported by French-speaking people.
Cites: J Urol. 1984 Sep;132(3):474-96206240
Cites: Prostate. 1990;16(1):39-481689482
Cites: Can Fam Physician. 1997 Aug;43:1395-4049266125
The immediate postoperative period following radical retropubic prostatectomy (RP) can be stressful, especially if men perceive discharge teaching to be incomplete. In this study, using two telephone interviews, patient satisfaction with a revised teaching program on one urology unit was evaluated.
Men undergoing a RP were given an information letter about the study at the pre-admission clinic. At days 2 and 30 post discharge, they were asked to rate the value of the call, a patient education booklet, a discharge pack of incontinence supplies, and overall satisfaction with the discharge experience. They were also asked about the use of community resources after discharge (general practitioner, urologist, emergency, home care).
One hundred men participated. Overall, they were very satisfied with the discharge teaching and felt it provided them necessary information for recovery. However, 25 subjects used community resources inappropriately, due to concerns about wound care, catheter care, or urine retention.
Although men were satisfied with the information provided in discharge program, their overuse of community resources indicates additional reinforcement is needed for management in the first month after surgery.
Most cases of prostate cancer are diagnosed at an early stage, and men live for many years after diagnosis. Thus, their well-being and quality of life are of great importance. This study investigated patient experiences and psychological well-being in a Finnish national sample of prostate cancer patients who received various types of treatment.
In a national sample (50%) of prostate cancer patients diagnosed in Finland in 2004, information was collected on the patients' experiences at diagnosis and choice of treatment (e.g. treatment selection, patient satisfaction with care and information, psychological reactions). In 2009, participants were asked about their experiences, and psychological well-being (psychological symptoms, satisfaction with life) was measured. In total, 1239 completed questionnaires (73%) were accepted for the study. Differences between treatments and predictors of psychological well-being were investigated using descriptive statistics and regression analysis.
Half of the respondents were satisfied with the care and information they received about the cancer and side effects of treatment. Experiences and psychological well-being were most positive among patients who received brachytherapy and poorest among patients who received hormonal therapy. Patients who underwent prostatectomy or brachytherapy were most likely to have been involved in treatment selection. Negative experiences, such as learning of the diagnosis in an impersonal way and dissatisfaction with the information and care received, were predictive of poorer well-being.
Unmet supportive care and informational needs were common. Experiences and well-being varied between treatments. Patients tended to prefer prostatectomy and brachytherapy. Unmet needs, which would probably be reduced by improvements in care, appear to have a long-lasting impact on patients' psychological well-being.