Social workers interested in postmodernism have been provided an abundance of theory, but little to guide them in direct practice in diverse child welfare roles. In this article, two Ps and three Rs of practice based on postmodernist principles are discussed: positioning, power, resource sharing, resistance, and reflection. Professionals working in the delivery of frontline human services are struggling to work both with and in communities to celebrate diversity and localized constructions of reality while fulfilling professional and agency mandates. Informed by the broad theory of postmodernism, the two Ps and three Rs of practice allow workers to be mandated agents of the system, while deconstructing their privileged position.
This study explored status differences in interprofessional teams and their link with efficiency. In total, 62 teams (423 individuals) from occupational health-care, psychiatry, rehabilitation and school health-care responded to a questionnaire. Fifty-four of those teams (360 individuals) also participated in an observation session simulating problem-solving team meetings. Data were reduced to a number of indexes: self-assessed/perceived equality, functional influence and efficiency; and observed verbal dominance/activity and problem-solving capacity. Perceived status differences within the teams appeared moderate, irrespective of professional belonging. With respect to verbal dominance during meetings, however, the findings revealed a hierarchy with psychologists, physicians and social workers at the top together with special education teachers. No relationship was found between self-assessed efficiency and actual problem-solving nor between observed verbal activity and problem-solving. The findings suggest that different problems may demand different prerequisites to be solved effectively: successful solving of simple convergent problems correlated negatively with equality, whereas functional influence was a predictor of success with respect to divergent, complex problem-solving. The findings raise questions about leadership and procedures during team meetings.
Each year in Atlantic Canada, a dietetic internship forum is held to inform potential dietetic interns of internship opportunities. This paper provides information to those planning similar events, and seeks to enhance knowledge of students' information-seeking strategies in the internship selection process. The objectives of this study were to 1. profile students who attended the 2000 forum, 2. determine their intentions, 3. determine how--and if--the forum influenced internship selection, and 4. determine overall satisfaction with the forum. A 23-item questionnaire was used to collect data from 52 forum participants (100% completion rate). Results indicated overall satisfaction with the forum. Prospective interns seek, use, and value information about potential training choices, particularly when that information concerns programs outside the Atlantic region. Participants indicated that the forum helped confirm or alter pre-forum perceptions of their first and second internship choices. The results suggest that alternative types of presentations, which would include out-of-region internship opportunities, should be explored to meet students' needs for information better.
Numerous groups of health professionals have undertaken the task of defining core competencies for their profession. The goal of establishing core competencies is to have a defined standard for such professional needs as practice guidelines, training curricula, certification, continuing competency and re-entry to practice. In 2006, the Canadian Association of Genetic Counsellors (CAGC) recognized the need for uniform practice standards for the profession in Canada, given the rapid progress of genetic knowledge and technologies, the expanding practice of genetic counsellors and the increasing demand for services. We report here the process by which the CAGC Practice Based Competencies were developed and then validated via two survey cycles, the first within the CAGC membership, and the second with feedback from external stakeholders. These competencies were formally approved in 2012 and describe the integrated skills, attitudes and judgment that genetic counsellors in Canada require in order to perform the services and duties that fall within the practice of the profession responsibly, safely, effectively and ethically.