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Aboriginal spirituality: symbolic healing in Canadian prisons.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature220386
Source
Cult Med Psychiatry. 1993 Sep;17(3):345-62
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1993
Author
J B Waldram
Author Affiliation
Department of Native Studies, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada.
Source
Cult Med Psychiatry. 1993 Sep;17(3):345-62
Date
Sep-1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
American Native Continental Ancestry Group - psychology
Canada
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Culture
Female
Humans
Male
Mental Healing - psychology
Mental health
Prisoners - psychology
Religion and Psychology
Abstract
Symbolic healing is a complex phenomenon that is still relatively poorly understood. This paper documents a process of symbolic healing which is occurring in Canadian penitentiaries, and which involves Aboriginal offenders in cultural awareness and educational programs. The situation is compounded, however, by the existence of offenders from diverse Aboriginal cultural backgrounds with differing degrees of orientation to Aboriginal and Euro-Canadian cultures. Participants must first receive the necessary education to allow them to identify with the healing symbols so that healing may ensue, and both the healers and the patients must engage in a process of redefining their cultures in search of a common cultural base.
PubMed ID
8269714 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Abuse of psychoactive drugs and social adjustment of psychotic patients].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature203535
Source
Can J Psychiatry. 1998 Dec;43(10):1036-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1998
Author
A. Lépine
G. Côté
Author Affiliation
Département de psychologie, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Québec.
Source
Can J Psychiatry. 1998 Dec;43(10):1036-9
Date
Dec-1998
Language
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Alcoholism - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Comorbidity
Humans
Male
Patient Admission - statistics & numerical data
Prisoners - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Psychotic Disorders - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Psychotropic Drugs
Quebec
Social Adjustment
Substance-Related Disorders - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Abstract
Is the abuse of psychoactive drugs in psychotic patients linked to social adjustment?
Fifty-five psychotic men from a detention centre or a psychiatric hospital were assessed with the Social Adjustment Scale (SAS-II) and a French version of the Phillips Rating Scale of Premorbid Adjustment in Schizophrenia.
In psychotic patients, the abuse of psychoactive drugs is linked to some indicators of social adjustment and premorbid sexual adaptation.
Differences were found in some aspects of social functioning, but it is difficult to establish an overall assessment of social adjustment.
PubMed ID
9868570 View in PubMed
Less detail

Abuse prevalence and victim gender among adult and adolescent child molesters.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature186694
Source
Int J Law Psychiatry. 2003 Mar-Apr;26(2):179-90
Publication Type
Article
Author
A Scott Aylwin
Lea H Studer
John R Reddon
Steven R Clelland
Author Affiliation
Phoenix Program, Forensic Psychiatric Services, Alberta Hospital Edmonton, 17480 Fort Road, Box 307, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T5J 2J7. scott.aylwin@amhb.ab.ca
Source
Int J Law Psychiatry. 2003 Mar-Apr;26(2):179-90
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Actuarial Analysis
Adolescent
Adult
Alberta - epidemiology
Child
Child Abuse, Sexual - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Crime Victims - classification
Forensic Psychiatry
Humans
Male
Prevalence
Prisoners - psychology
Residential Treatment
PubMed ID
12581754 View in PubMed
Less detail

[A criminal psychiatric study. Review of records on 103 people sentenced to hospitalization or treatment 1970-78].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature242018
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1983 Apr 18;145(16):1241-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-18-1983

[Acute mental disorders in children and adolescents held as hostages by the terrorists in Beslan].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature174141
Source
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 2005;105(6):10-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
2005
Author
A A Portnova
Source
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 2005;105(6):10-5
Date
2005
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Adolescent
Catchment Area (Health)
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Humans
Male
Prisoners - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Psychomotor Disorders - epidemiology - etiology
Russia - epidemiology
Severity of Illness Index
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology
Terrorism - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
Stress reactions were studied in 92 children and adolescents held as hostages by the terrorists in Beslan (September, 2004). A special feature of mental trauma in this group of hostages is its extraordinary severity and duration, marked physical exhaustion and dehydration, a high proportion of small children, high frequency of burns, wounds and traumas. All the examinees demonstrated main signs of acute stress reactions (ASR): disturbed consciousness, psychomotor disorders, emotional disorders and autonomic changes. Moreover, there were such ASR appearances as repeated experience of trauma, avoidance, dissociation and regressive symptoms, hallucinations and delusion. A very high frequency of anxiety, fear and sleep disorder was registered. Age-specific characteristics of ASR are shown: higher frequency and longer duration of disturbed consciousness in small children, inverse relation between the degree of emotional experience differentiation and the victim's age. More severe mental disorders develop in victims who have lost their relatives.
PubMed ID
15984181 View in PubMed
Less detail

Adverse childhood experiences among women prisoners: relationships to suicide attempts and drug abuse.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature256618
Source
Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2014 Feb;60(1):40-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2014
Author
Christine Friestad
Rustad Åse-Bente
Ellen Kjelsberg
Author Affiliation
1Oslo University Hospital and Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway.
Source
Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2014 Feb;60(1):40-6
Date
Feb-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Child
Child Abuse - diagnosis - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Comorbidity
Crime - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Cross-Sectional Studies
Emigrants and Immigrants - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Family Conflict - psychology
Female
Humans
Interview, Psychological
Life Change Events
Likelihood Functions
Norway
Prisoners - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Risk factors
Risk-Taking
Spouse Abuse - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Statistics as Topic
Substance-Related Disorders - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Suicide, Attempted - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
Women prisoners are known to suffer from an accumulation of factors known to increase the risk for several major health problems. This study examines the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACE) and the relationship between such experiences and suicide attempts and drug use among incarcerated women in Norway.
A total of 141 women inmates (75% of all eligible) were interviewed using a structured interview guide covering information on demographics and a range of ACE related to abuse and neglect, and household dysfunction. The main outcome variables were attempted suicide and adult drug abuse.
Emotional, physical and sexual abuse during childhood was experienced by 39%, 36% and 19%, respectively, and emotional and physical neglect by 31% and 33%, respectively. Looking at the full range of ACE, 17% reported having experienced none, while 34% reported having experienced more than five ACEs. After controlling for age, immigrant background and marital status, the number of ACEs significantly increased the risk of attempted suicide and current drug abuse.
The associations observed between early life trauma and later health risk behaviour indicate the need for early prevention. The findings also emphasize the important role of prison health services in secondary prevention among women inmates.
PubMed ID
23045353 View in PubMed
Less detail

After Beslan: childhood, complexity and risk.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature155265
Source
Br J Sociol. 2008 Sep;59(3):501-18
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2008
Author
Chris Jenks
John A Smith
Author Affiliation
Vice-Chancellor's Office, Brunel University. chris.jenks@brunel.ac.uk
Source
Br J Sociol. 2008 Sep;59(3):501-18
Date
Sep-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Anthropology, Cultural
Child
Ecology
Humans
Islam
Prisoners - psychology
Risk
Russia
Schools
Social Behavior
Terrorism - psychology
Abstract
This paper addresses the events at Beslan as a crisis point at which the postmodern celebration of difference spills into unbearable chaos. However this chaos turns out to show specific, dynamic or complex, self-organizing structures. Such dynamics, instead of obeying 'normal' ranges exhibit widely different scales of magnitude and intensity. Central to these interactions is the formation, however loose or opportunistic, of identities that also produce others: the formation of micro-ethnicities that state how the 'other' or out-group can be treated, mistreated or 'deconstructed'. At Beslan, this reaches a point of crisis which is both localized and universally challenging: it poses the problem of intolerability to a notion of democratic community and an epistemology premised on, and promising, pluralistic tolerance. The outcome is a realignment of sociology and the sociology of childhood along the axes of a model of human ecology.
PubMed ID
18782152 View in PubMed
Less detail

Aggressive crime, alcohol and drug use, and concentrated poverty in 24 U.S. urban areas.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature162146
Source
Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2007;33(4):595-603
Publication Type
Article
Date
2007
Author
Avelardo Valdez
Charles D Kaplan
Russell L Curtis
Author Affiliation
Graduate School of Social Work, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77204-4013, USA. avaldez2@uh.edu
Source
Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2007;33(4):595-603
Date
2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aggression - psychology
Alcoholism - epidemiology - psychology
Crime - statistics & numerical data
Crime Victims - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Poverty Areas
Prisoners - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Sex Factors
Social Control, Formal
Street Drugs
Substance-Related Disorders - epidemiology - psychology
United States - epidemiology
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Violence - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The nexus between substance use and aggressive crime involves a complex interrelationship among mediating individual and community-level variables. Using multilevel logistic regression models, we investigate how community-level concentration of poverty variables mediate the predictive relationships among individual level social attachment variables and substance use on aggressive crime in a large national sample of male arrestees (N = 20,602) drawn from 24 U.S. urban areas. The findings support our hypothesis that individual social attachments to marriage and the labor force (education and employment) are the principal individual-level pathway mediating the substance abuse/aggression nexus. In the random intercept model, 3.17% of the variation not explained by the individual-level predictor variables is attributable to community-level variation in urban area female-headed households and households receiving welfare. This confirms our hypothesis that social structural conditions of an urban environment differentially expose persons to conditions that predict being arrested for an aggressive crime. Our findings tend to counter the cultural theorists who argue for an indigenous culture of violence in inner-city ghettos and barrios.
Notes
Cites: J Interpers Violence. 2006 Apr;21(4):485-50216501216
Cites: J Adolesc Health. 2001 Jun;28(6):450-711377988
Cites: Biometrics. 1994 Dec;50(4):933-447787006
Cites: J Psychoactive Drugs. 1995 Apr-Jun;27(2):135-437562260
Cites: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 1997 May;23(2):249-659143637
PubMed ID
17668345 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Alarming figures on inmates at Swedish prisons. Mental disorders are common among the inmates].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature209541
Source
Lakartidningen. 1997 Jan 8;94(1-2):46-50
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-8-1997

279 records – page 1 of 28.