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[Automated system of mass examination of the working population].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227406
Source
Sov Zdravookhr. 1991;(6):42-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
O V Maslennikov
S V Androsov
S M Araten
N A Gorbunova
V Iu Grachev
S Iu Marychev
I A Minchenko
A G Novikova
A G Panov
T I Sazanova
Source
Sov Zdravookhr. 1991;(6):42-5
Date
1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted
Humans
Mass Screening - methods
Preventive Medicine - methods
Russia
Abstract
The automated system for mass examination and follow-up of therapeutic patients has been developed, tested and introduced with the help of computer family "Electronics" and "IBM". The system is designed for the use at polyclinics, health units and health centres. The following programmes are provided: premedical screening, ECG data interpretation, analysis of physician's data and management of follow-up, primary and secondary prevention of chronic diseases. The application of this system in 2336 persons resulted in substantial saving of physician's time during mass examinations, improved the quality of screening and follow-up.
PubMed ID
1835145 View in PubMed
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[Bases of information hygiene: concepts and problems of innovations].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature263742
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Jul-Aug;(4):5-9
Publication Type
Article
Author
I V Buchtiyrov
E I Denisov
A L Eryomin
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Jul-Aug;(4):5-9
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Humans
Hygiene - standards
Information Dissemination
Inventions - trends
Preventive Medicine - methods - trends
Russia
Social Environment
Abstract
The rising flow of information affects the health and affords ground for strengthening measures of hygienists. There is considered the place of information hygiene in preventive medicine. There are discussed physical and hygienic aspects of measurement and evaluation of information, there are considered some of their negative consequences. International and local regulations and guidance documents in this area are presented. In the light of the strategy of innovative development of Russia there are considered hygienic aspects of innovation and the improvement of hygienic standards.
PubMed ID
25842485 View in PubMed
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Climate change and preventive medicine.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature95580
Source
Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2007 Dec;14(6):726-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2007
Author
Faergeman Ole
Author Affiliation
Department of Cardiology and Internal Medicine, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark. ferryman@mail.tele.dk
Source
Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2007 Dec;14(6):726-9
Date
Dec-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology - prevention & control
Climate
Ecology - methods
Humans
Morbidity - trends
Preventive Medicine - methods
Public Health
World Health
Abstract
Thermal stress, food poisoning, infectious diseases, malnutrition, psychiatric illness as well as injury and death from floods, storms and fire are all likely to become more common as the earth warms and the climate becomes more variable. In contrast, obesity, type II diabetes and coronary artery disease do not result from climate change, but they do share causes with climate change. Burning fossil fuels, for example, is the major source of greenhouse gases, but it also makes pervasive physical inactivity possible. Similarly, modern agriculture's enormous production of livestock contributes substantially to greenhouse gas emissions, and it is the source of many of our most energy-rich foods. Physicians and societies of medical professionals have a particular responsibility, therefore, to contribute to the public discourse about climate change and what to do about it.
Notes
ReprintIn: Ugeskr Laeger. 2008 Aug 25;170(35):2667-818761852
PubMed ID
18043291 View in PubMed
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Cluster headache: the history of the Cluster Club and a review of recent clinical research.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature179103
Source
Funct Neurol. 2004 Apr-Jun;19(2):73-81
Publication Type
Article
Author
Karl Ekbom
Elisabet Waldenlind
Author Affiliation
Department of Neurology, Karolinska Institute Karolinska, University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. karl.ekbom@kus.se
Source
Funct Neurol. 2004 Apr-Jun;19(2):73-81
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Biomedical research
Cluster Headache - diagnosis - epidemiology - genetics - physiopathology
Denmark - epidemiology
Electric Stimulation Therapy
History, 20th Century
History, 21st Century
Humans
Incidence
Minnesota - epidemiology
Neurology
Prevalence
Preventive Medicine - methods
San Marino - epidemiology
Serotonin Receptor Agonists - therapeutic use
Societies, Medical - history
Sumatriptan - therapeutic use
Sweden - epidemiology
Vasoconstrictor Agents - therapeutic use
Abstract
In September 2003, a scientific meeting was held in Rome to revive the International Cluster Headache Research Group (or "Cluster Club") tradition. This group of specialists was originally formed in the late 1970s by Ottar Sjaastad in order to promote research ideas, and to generate papers and other important information in this field. Its meetings, the last of which had taken place in 1994, had been informal events at which there was ample time for lively discussion. The last decade of the 20th century brought a significant increase in clinical and experimental research into cluster headache (CH), and this review summarizes some of the results of this research. The male preponderance of CH has been shown to be progressively decreasing over the years. Revised clinical criteria and a modern classification have been presented. First-degree relatives of probands with CH have been shown to have an increased risk of suffering from CH compared with the general population. Genetic analysis suggests that an autosomal dominant gene plays a role in some families. Functional neuroimaging has contributed to a better understanding of the pathophysiology of the condition. Positron emission tomography during provoked attacks has shown activation of the ipsilateral inferior posterior hypothalamus and it has been suggested that CH might be a functional neurovascular disorder of pacemaker or circadian regions in the hypothalamic grey matter. Subcutaneously administered sumatriptan has emerged as a highly effective acute treatment, but, in our opinion, the emphasis should be on attack prevention. Deep brain stimulation of the inferior posterior hypothalamic grey matter seems to be very promising as a novel treatment targeting the presumed central origin of pain attacks.
PubMed ID
15274514 View in PubMed
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Complementary development of prevention and mental health promotion programs for Canadian children based on contemporary scientific paradigms.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature202265
Source
Can J Psychiatry. 1999 Apr;44(3):227-34
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-1999
Author
J J Breton
Author Affiliation
Research Department, Rivière-des-Prairies Hospital, Montreal, QC. jean-jacques_breton@hrdp.qc.ca
Source
Can J Psychiatry. 1999 Apr;44(3):227-34
Date
Apr-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adolescent Health Services
Adolescent Psychiatry - trends
Canada
Causality
Child
Child Development
Child Health Services
Child Psychiatry - trends
Critical Period (Psychology)
Health Promotion - methods
Humans
Mental Disorders - epidemiology - etiology - prevention & control
Mental health
Nonlinear Dynamics
Preventive Medicine - methods
Program Development - methods
Science - trends
Abstract
Confusion regarding definitions and standards of prevention and promotion programs is pervasive, as revealed by a review of such programs in Canada. This paper examines how a discussion of scientific paradigms can help clarify models of prevention and mental health promotion and proposes the complementary development of prevention and promotion programs. A paradigm shift in science contributed to the emergence of the transactional model, advocating multiple causes and dynamic transactions between the individual and the environment. Consequently, the view of prevention applying over a linear continuum and of single stressful events causing mental disorders may no longer be appropriate. It is the author's belief that the new science of chaos theory, which addresses processes involved in the development of systems, can be applied to child development and thus to the heart of prevention and promotion programs. Critical moments followed by transitions or near-chaotic behaviours lead to stable states better adapted to the environment. Prevention programs would focus on the critical moments and target groups at risk to reduce risk factors. Promotion programs would focus on stable states and target the general population to develop age-appropriate life skills. The concept of sensitive dependence on initial conditions and certain empirical studies suggest that the programs would have the greatest impact at the beginning of life. It is hoped that this effort to organize knowledge about conceptual models of prevention and mental health promotion programs will foster the development of these programs to meet the urgent needs of Canadian children.
PubMed ID
10225123 View in PubMed
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[Correlation analysis of skin melanoma occurrence and major exogenic environmental factors in Samara region over 1995-2010].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature124579
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2012;(2):30-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
2012
Author
E Iu Neretin
S V Kozlov
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2012;(2):30-4
Date
2012
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Carcinogens, Environmental - analysis
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects - prevention & control
Female
Hazardous Substances - analysis
Humans
Incidence
Industrial Waste - adverse effects
Male
Melanoma - epidemiology - etiology
Middle Aged
Nutritional Status
Preventive Medicine - methods
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Skin Neoplasms - epidemiology - etiology
Abstract
The article covers study of major exogenic environmental factors influence on skin melanoma occurrence in Samara region, through application of various statistic analysis methods. The results prove increase in skin melanoma incidence in Samara region, that is characteristic for Russian population in general. Strong correlation is seen with increase of industrial waste volume in the region and with public nutrition structure changes.
PubMed ID
22568026 View in PubMed
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[Current problems of the evaluation of children's physical development in the medico-prophylactic system].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature150477
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2009;(5):19-21
Publication Type
Article
Date
2009
Author
V R Kuchma
N A Skoblina
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2009;(5):19-21
Date
2009
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adolescent Development - physiology
Adolescent Health Services - trends
Child
Child Development - physiology
Child Welfare - trends
Female
Humans
Male
Motor Activity - physiology
Preventive Medicine - methods
Russia
Abstract
Regional modified regression scales, complex schemes, and centile tables are highly informative regional norms-based tools employed in the preventive maintenance system. It is shown that estimates of physical development in preschool and school children groups obtained by these methods are closely related to the sanitary and epidemiological welfare in different types of educational institutions, completeness of implementation of preventive and curative measures, factors characterizing early childhood and quality of children's life, socio-psychologic family portraits. The use of regional modified regression scales and complex schemes revealed significant relationship of physical development indices and distribution of children between health groups. It is concluded that methods allowing for comprehensive evaluation of physical development ensure collection of the most valuable information during preventive examination.
PubMed ID
19507348 View in PubMed
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[Development of methodical principles and approval of new forms of contact with school children (ages 12-13 years) in carrying out preventive measures (results of a pilot study)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature242452
Source
Biull Vsesoiuznogo Kardiol Nauchn Tsentra AMN SSSR. 1983;6(2):82-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
1983
Author
R F Mukhamedzhanova
E A Suslova
G V Gusev
L V Chazova
S S Dobo
Source
Biull Vsesoiuznogo Kardiol Nauchn Tsentra AMN SSSR. 1983;6(2):82-8
Date
1983
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Blood pressure
Body Height
Body Weight
Cardiovascular Diseases - prevention & control
Child
Female
Health promotion
Humans
Male
Mass Screening
Moscow
Physical Exertion
Pilot Projects
Play and Playthings
Preventive Medicine - methods
Risk
Sex Factors
Abstract
The results of the screening and 1-year follow-up of pupils from two Moscow schools of general education (Moscow secondary schools) are presented. The program on preventive measures was conducted by using the playing forms of contact and influence, at one of the above schools (experimental school). Most of the adolescents of the experimental school (mean 80%) participated in the preventive measures. By the completion of the program the number of the participants increased up to 94%. A reliably significant increase in the education level on the problems about the adverse effects of smoking and beneficial effects of regular nutrition in adolescents of the experimental school was observed. The analysis of the results of the screening and follow-up of schoolchildren aged 12-13 years enables us to conclude that it is necessary to work out new criteria for the assessment of preventive measures among adolescents.
PubMed ID
6639762 View in PubMed
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Dressings as an adjunct to pressure ulcer prevention: consensus panel recommendations.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature271620
Source
Int Wound J. 2015 Aug;12(4):484-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2015
Author
Joyce Black
Michael Clark
Carol Dealey
Christopher T Brindle
Paulo Alves
Nick Santamaria
Evan Call
Source
Int Wound J. 2015 Aug;12(4):484-8
Date
Aug-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Australia
Buttocks - injuries
Cohort Studies
Guidelines as Topic
Heel - injuries
Humans
Occlusive Dressings - standards
Portugal
Pressure Ulcer - prevention & control
Preventive Medicine - methods
Prospective Studies
Sacrum - injuries
Sweden
United States
Abstract
The formulation of recommendations on the use of wound dressings in pressure ulcer prevention was undertaken by a group of experts in pressure ulcer prevention and treatment from Australia, Portugal, UK and USA. After review of literature, they concluded that there is adequate evidence to recommend the use of five-layer silicone bordered dressings (Mepilex Border Sacrum(®) and 3 layer Mepilex Heel(®) dressings by Mölnlycke Health Care, Gothenburg, Sweden) for pressure ulcer prevention in the sacrum, buttocks and heels in high-risk patients, those in Emergency Department (ED), intensive care unit (ICU) and operating room (OR). Literature on which this recommendation is based includes one prospective randomised control trial, three cohort studies and two case series. Recommendations for dressing use in patients at high risk for pressure injury and shear injury were also provided.
PubMed ID
24588955 View in PubMed
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53 records – page 1 of 6.