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Education reduces the effects of genetic susceptibilities to poor physical health.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature98807
Source
Int J Epidemiol. 2010 Apr;39(2):406-14
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2010
Author
Wendy Johnson
Kirsten Ohm Kyvik
Erik L Mortensen
Axel Skytthe
G David Batty
Ian J Deary
Author Affiliation
Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. wendy.johnson@ed.ac.uk
Source
Int J Epidemiol. 2010 Apr;39(2):406-14
Date
Apr-2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Denmark
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Denmark - epidemiology
Educational Status
Female
Genetic Predisposition to Disease - epidemiology - prevention & control
Health status
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Regression Analysis
Social Class
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Greater education is associated with better physical health. This has been of great concern to public health officials. Most demonstrations show that education influences mean levels of health. Little is known about the influence of education on variance in health status, or about how this influence may impact the underlying genetic and environmental sources of health problems. This study explored these influences. METHODS: In a 2002 postal questionnaire, 21 522 members of same-sex pairs in the Danish Twin Registry born between 1931 and 1982 reported physical health in the 12-item Short Form Health Survey. We used quantitative genetic models to examine how genetic and environmental variance in physical health differed with level of education, adjusting for birth-year effects. RESULTS: and Conclusions As expected, greater education was associated with better physical health. Greater education was also associated with smaller variance in health status. In both sexes, 2 standard deviations (SDs) above mean educational level, variance in physical health was only about half that among those 2 SDs below. This was because fewer highly educated people reported poor health. There was less total variance in health primarily because there was less genetic variance. Education apparently reduced expression of genetic susceptibilities to poor health. The patterns of genetic and environmental correlations suggested that this might take place because more educated people manage their environments to protect their health. If so, fostering the personal charactieristics associated with educational attainment could be important in reducing the education-health gradient.
Notes
RefSource: Int J Epidemiol. 2010 Apr;39(2):415-6
PubMed ID
19861402 View in PubMed
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Epidemiological basis of tuberculosis eradication. 6. Tuberculin sensitivity after human and bovine infection.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature70196
Source
Bull World Health Organ. 1967;36(5):719-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
1967

Hepatitis B immunization coverage and risk behaviour among Danish travellers: are immunization strategies based on single journey itineraries rational?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature98254
Source
J Infect. 2010 Apr;60(4):309-10; author reply 310-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2010
Author
Gerard Sonder
Anneke van den Hoek
Source
J Infect. 2010 Apr;60(4):309-10; author reply 310-11
Date
Apr-2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Denmark
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Denmark
Health Services Research
Hepatitis B - prevention & control
Hepatitis B Vaccines - administration & dosage - immunology
Humans
Risk-Taking
Travel
Vaccination
Notes
RefSource: J Infect. 2009 Nov;59(5):353-9
PubMed ID
20100513 View in PubMed
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Invasive pneumococcal disease in Danish children, 1996-2007, prior to the introduction of heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature91383
Source
Acta Paediatr. 2009 Feb;98(2):328-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2009
Author
Winther, TN
Kristensen, TD
Kaltoft, MS
Konradsen, HB
Knudsen, JD
Høgh, B
Author Affiliation
Department of Paediatrics, Hvidovre Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. thildewinther@gmail.com
Source
Acta Paediatr. 2009 Feb;98(2):328-31
Date
Feb-2009
Language
English
Geographic Location
Denmark
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Child, Preschool
Denmark - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Pneumococcal Infections - epidemiology - microbiology - prevention & control
Pneumococcal Vaccines
Retrospective Studies
Abstract
AIM: The aim of this study was to document the epidemiology, microbiology and outcome of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) among children /=2 years. CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that an estimated 75% of all IPD cases among children
PubMed ID
18983440 View in PubMed
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Participation in mass screening for colorectal cancer with fecal occult blood test.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature26262
Source
Scand J Gastroenterol. 1986 Dec;21(10):1180-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1986
Author
K. Klaaborg
M S Madsen
O. Søndergaard
O. Kronborg
Source
Scand J Gastroenterol. 1986 Dec;21(10):1180-4
Date
Dec-1986
Language
English
Geographic Location
Denmark
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Colonic Neoplasms - prevention & control
Comparative Study
Denmark
Female
Humans
Male
Mass Screening - organization & administration
Middle Aged
Occult Blood
Rectal Neoplasms - prevention & control
Abstract
A Danish, randomized study with Hemoccult-II, including 60,000 persons between 45 and 74 years old, began in 1985. Methods of increasing acceptability are described for the first 8000. The first 1000 refusals are also analyzed. Written invitations including prestamped envelopes for return of the slides resulted in an acceptability of 58.8%. Two reminders increased the figure to 65.6%. Personal attempts to change the mind of those refusing increased the last figure to 68.9%. Incomplete slides were returned by 49 persons, but on request 43 sent a complete set. All 78 persons with positive tests had colonoscopy, which detected carcinomas in 10 and adenomas in 39. The study confirmed that results of trials from different countries are difficult to compare because of major differences among populations and methods. However, the present results were similar to those obtained in a Swedish study including only persons between 60 and 64 years old.
PubMed ID
3809993 View in PubMed
Less detail

Persistent HPV infection and cervical cancer risk: is the scientific rationale for changing the screening paradigm enough?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature100410
Source
J Natl Cancer Inst. 2010 Oct 6;102(19):1451-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-6-2010

Researchers in sports medicine are key players in the field of preventive health care.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature100439
Source
Clin J Sport Med. 2010 Sep;20(5):338-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2010
Author
Magnus Hagmar
Source
Clin J Sport Med. 2010 Sep;20(5):338-9
Date
Sep-2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Denmark
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Athletic Injuries - prevention & control
Biomedical research
Denmark
Humans
Primary prevention - methods
Sports Medicine
Notes
RefSource: Clin J Sport Med. 2010 Sep;20(5):355-61
PubMed ID
20818189 View in PubMed
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Socioeconomic position and cardiovascular risk factors among people with screen-detected Type 2 DM: six-year follow-up of the ADDITION-Denmark trial.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature265271
Source
Prim Care Diabetes. 2014 Dec;8(4):322-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2014
Author
Else-Marie Dalsgaard
Mogens Vestergaard
Mette Vinther Skriver
Knut Borch-Johnsen
Torsten Lauritzen
Annelli Sandbaek
Source
Prim Care Diabetes. 2014 Dec;8(4):322-9
Date
Dec-2014
Language
English
Geographic Location
Denmark
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Antihypertensive Agents - therapeutic use
Biological Markers - blood
Blood pressure
Body mass index
Cardiovascular Diseases - diagnosis - epidemiology - prevention & control
Chi-Square Distribution
Cholesterol - blood
Comorbidity
Denmark - epidemiology
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 - blood - diagnosis - drug therapy - epidemiology
Dyslipidemias - blood - drug therapy - epidemiology
Educational Status
Female
General practice
Health Status Disparities
Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated - metabolism
Humans
Hypertension - drug therapy - epidemiology - physiopathology
Hypoglycemic agents - therapeutic use
Hypolipidemic Agents - therapeutic use
Income
Male
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Obesity - epidemiology - physiopathology
Registries
Risk factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Time Factors
Abstract
To examine whether socioeconomic position (SEP) was associated with change in cardiovascular risk factors and meeting treatment targets for cardiovascular risk factors among individuals with screen-detected Type 2 DM at six-year follow-up.
The study population was 1533 people with Type 2 DM identified from at stepwise diabetes screening programme in general practice during 2001-2006 in the ADDITION-Denmark study. The ADDITION-study was performed as a randomised trial but the two randomisation groups were analysed as one cohort in this study. Cardiovascular risk factors were measured at baseline and repeated at follow-up (mean: 5.9 [1.4] years). Information on SEP, redeemed antihypertensive and lipid-lowering treatment were obtained from Danish registers. Multivariate analyses were performed to estimate change in cardiovascular risk factors and difference in meeting treatment targets.
The change in HbA1c, cholesterol, blood pressure and BMI were virtually the same across educational level, income level, occupational status or cohabiting status. Overall, the ability to meet treatment targets for HbA1c, cholesterol and blood pressure was not modified by SEP-group. A higher proportion of people with lower educational level or lower income level in the intensive care redeemed anti-hypertensive treatment compared to people with higher educational or income levels.
Screen-detection and early treatment onset did not introduce socioeconomic inequality in metabolic control in people with screen-detected Type 2 DM at six-year follow-up.
PubMed ID
24613817 View in PubMed
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9 records – page 1 of 1.