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An assessment of oral health needs of the community served by West Central Community Health Centres.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature216082
Source
Univ Tor Dent J. 1995;9(1):21, 23, 25 passim
Publication Type
Article
Date
1995

Association between living conditions in childhood and myocardial infarction.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37776
Source
BMJ. 1990 Feb 24;300(6723):512-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-24-1990
Author
H. Hasle
Author Affiliation
Department of Social Medicine, University of Odense, Denmark.
Source
BMJ. 1990 Feb 24;300(6723):512-3
Date
Feb-24-1990
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Case-Control Studies
Child
Denmark - epidemiology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction - epidemiology - etiology
Poverty
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Socioeconomic Factors
Urban Population
PubMed ID
2107930 View in PubMed
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Food insecurity: consequences for the household and broader social implications.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature203007
Source
J Nutr. 1999 Feb;129(2S Suppl):525S-528S
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1999
Author
A M Hamelin
J P Habicht
M. Beaudry
Author Affiliation
Département des sciences des aliments et de nutrition, Université Laval, Québec, Canada.
Source
J Nutr. 1999 Feb;129(2S Suppl):525S-528S
Date
Feb-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Family
Female
Food Services
Food Supply
Health status
Humans
Hunger
Male
Nutritional Status
Poverty
Quebec
Questionnaires
Rural Population
Social Alienation
Social Values
Stress, Psychological
Urban Population
Abstract
A conceptual framework showing the household and social implications of food insecurity was elicited from a qualitative and quantitative study of 98 households from a heterogeneous low income population of Quebec city and rural surroundings; the study was designed to increase understanding of the experience of food insecurity in order to contribute to its prevention. According to the respondents' description, the experience of food insecurity is characterized by two categories of manifestations, i.e., the core characteristics of the phenomenon and a related set of actions and reactions by the household. This second category of manifestations is considered here as a first level of consequences of food insecurity. These consequences at the household level often interact with the larger environment to which the household belongs. On a chronic basis, the resulting interactions have certain implications that are tentatively labeled "social implications" in this paper. Their examination suggests that important aspects of human development depend on food security. It also raises questions concerning the nature of socially acceptable practices of food acquisition and food management, and how such acceptability can be assessed. Guidelines to that effect are proposed. Findings underline the relevance and urgency of working toward the realization of the right to food.
PubMed ID
10064323 View in PubMed
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Iron deficiency anemia in 1-year-old children of disadvantaged families in Montreal.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature223869
Source
CMAJ. 1992 May 1;146(9):1571-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1-1992
Author
F. Lehmann
K. Gray-Donald
M. Mongeon
S. Di Tommaso
Author Affiliation
Department of Family Medicine, Université de Montréal, Que.
Source
CMAJ. 1992 May 1;146(9):1571-7
Date
May-1-1992
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Anemia, Hypochromic - blood - epidemiology - etiology
Birth Certificates
Cohort Studies
Educational Status
Erythrocyte Indices
Female
Ferritins - blood
Food Habits
Hematocrit
Hemoglobins - analysis
Humans
Income
Infant
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Logistic Models
Male
Mothers - education
Poverty
Predictive value of tests
Prevalence
Quebec - epidemiology
Questionnaires
Risk factors
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
To determine the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia among 1-year-old infants of disadvantaged families in Montreal as well as certain predictors of this condition.
Cohort study.
Five poorest health districts in Montreal.
Infants 10 to 14 months of age were identified from registration lists of births from May 1988 to August 1989. Those whose mother had less than 11 years of schooling and a family income below the government-defined low-income cutoff point were eligible.
During a home visit capillary blood samples were obtained from the child, and the mother answered a questionnaire about infant-feeding practices. Infants with a serum ferritin level of 10 micrograms/L or less and either a hemoglobin level of 115 g/L or less or a mean corpuscular volume of 72 fL or less were considered as having iron deficiency anemia.
Of the 299 mothers who were eligible and could be located 220 (74%) agreed to participate; 218 blood samples were available. Iron deficiency anemia was found in 25% of the infants (95% confidence interval [CI] 19% to 31%). The mean hemoglobin level was 115 (standard deviation 11) g/L. The serum ferritin level, assessed routinely in the last 62 infants, was 10 micrograms/L or less in 37% of the infants. The factors that were found to be predictors of iron deficiency anemia included the use of whole cow's milk before 6 months of age (odds ratio [OR] 3.56 [95% CI 1.07 to 11.26]) and the use of iron-fortified infant cereal for less than 6 months (OR 3.15 [95% CI 1.25 to 7.96]). A low birth weight and the use of iron-fortified formula for less than 6 months were associated with iron deficiency anemia.
Despite a decrease in the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia among children of disadvantaged families in the United States socioeconomically disadvantaged infants in Montreal are at risk. Preventive measures must be taken to ensure adequate iron status in the first year of life.
Notes
Cites: Am J Clin Nutr. 1989 Sep;50(3 Suppl):675-84; discussion 685-62773845
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Cites: Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. 1987 Sep;1(3):449-643329182
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Cites: Arch Fr Pediatr. 1984 Nov;41(9):623-76508495
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Cites: Pediatrics. 1986 Aug;78(2):206-93737297
Cites: Pediatr Clin North Am. 1985 Apr;32(2):493-73887309
Cites: Child Care Health Dev. 1985 May-Jun;11(3):105-124028339
Cites: Adv Pediatr. 1983;30:281-3206369941
Cites: Hum Nutr Appl Nutr. 1983 Jun;37 A(3):210-216874411
Cites: Am J Clin Nutr. 1983 Jul;38(1):71-66858956
Cites: J Pediatr. 1981 Sep;99(3):376-817264790
Cites: J Pediatr. 1981 Jun;98(6):894-87229790
Cites: J Pediatr. 1978 Aug;93(2):177-80671150
Cites: Blood. 1974 Apr;43(4):581-904522154
Cites: Am J Dis Child. 1974 Dec;128(6):787-934440648
Cites: JAMA. 1972 Nov 6;222(6):670-34677896
Cites: Am J Dis Child. 1966 Jan;111(1):45-555900284
Cites: Am J Clin Nutr. 1988 Aug;48(2 Suppl):412-283400626
Cites: Blood. 1986 Oct;68(4):803-93530347
Cites: Lancet. 1985 Jan 19;1(8421):1582857226
Cites: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1986 Apr 12;292(6526):969-703083973
Cites: Pediatrics. 1989 Jul;84(1):7-172472596
Cites: Arch Dis Child. 1986 Sep;61(9):849-572429622
PubMed ID
1571868 View in PubMed
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Patient charges--a hindrance to financially and psychosocially disadvantage groups seeking care.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature72535
Source
Soc Sci Med. 1998 May;46(10):1375-80
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1998
Author
S. Elofsson
A L Undén
I. Krakau
Author Affiliation
Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Sweden.
Source
Soc Sci Med. 1998 May;46(10):1375-80
Date
May-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Confidence Intervals
Female
Health Care Costs
Health Services Needs and Demand - economics
Health status
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Medically Uninsured
Middle Aged
Odds Ratio
Patient Acceptance of Health Care - statistics & numerical data
Poverty
Primary Health Care - economics - utilization
Questionnaires
Sweden
Abstract
This study examines the extent to which people forego seeking primary health care due to the cost and to investigate the associated demographic, physical, psychological and social factors. In 1995, questionnaires were sent to a random sample of the population in two healthcare regions in the Stockholm area in Sweden covering a total of about 400,000 inhabitants. Among the sample of 8200 people over the age of 17 yr, 69% replied to the questionnaire. About 22% stated that on one or more occasions during the past year they had foregone seeking care due to the cost. About 30% stated that they had foregone or hesitated seeking medical help due to the cost during the past year. This applied to women to a greater extent than men. Not seeking medical care was strongly correlated to a self-assessment of personal finances. Among those who described their financial situation as poor, more than half stated that, on at least one occasion, they had foregone seeking medical care due to the cost. As a consequence, weaker groups in society such as the unemployed, students, foreign nationals and single mothers were overrepresented in this group. Those who had foregone care perceive their health as worse and they had a greater degree of general pains and a higher occurrence of chronic disease/disability compared to those who had not foregone care. Between 1970 and 1995, patient charges for consulting a general practitioner within Stockholm County have increased more than three times faster than the consumer price index. The results suggest that the rapidly increasing patient charges particularly affect the weaker social groups and thus pose a threat to the aim of Swedish healthcare legislation--that good care should be available to everyone on equal terms.
PubMed ID
9665568 View in PubMed
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[Perception of social support given by health professionals according to the participants in a prenatal prevention program who live in extreme poverty].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature204278
Source
Sante Ment Que. 1998;23(1):163-86
Publication Type
Article
Date
1998
Author
M. Perreault
C. Trempe-Masson
D. Gastaldo
G. Boyer
C. Colin
Author Affiliation
Faculté des sciences infirmières de l'Université de Montréal.
Source
Sante Ment Que. 1998;23(1):163-86
Date
1998
Language
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attitude to Health
Female
Humans
Life Style
Mothers - psychology
Poverty - psychology
Pregnancy - psychology
Prenatal care - organization & administration
Professional-Patient Relations
Program Evaluation
Quebec
Questionnaires
Social Support
Abstract
One of the essential elements of the "Programme intégré de prévention en périnatalité--Naître-égaux-Grandir-en-san t" (Born Equal--Brought up Healthy) is to have a health professional offering general support to pregnant women living in poverty. This research is based on a secondary analysis of the transcriptions of interviews done in order to implement the program. The thematic content analysis was employed to analyze the women's perception of the support provided by the health professional, the relationship between client-professional, and the perceptions of these women about the impact that the social support had on their pregnancy experience. The categories of support that emerged from the analysis are: information support, emotional support, instrumental support, changing life style support, recreational support, and availability of support. The categories of impact perceived by the participants are: learning, changes in life style, to be in a good mood, and the use of community resources. A key element in the perception of support by the participants is the establishment of a relationship of trust between professional and client. This relationship of trust is important to the development of intimacy and to foster the perception of a more intense kind of support. Hence social support and the relationship of trust work in synergy and reinforce each other.
PubMed ID
9775960 View in PubMed
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[Poverty, mental health and survival strategies].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature226249
Source
Sante Ment Que. 1991 Jun;16(1):117-38
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1991
Author
L. Blais
L. Guay
Source
Sante Ment Que. 1991 Jun;16(1):117-38
Date
Jun-1991
Language
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Ethnic Groups
Female
Humans
Income
Male
Mental health
Poverty
Quebec
Questionnaires
Social Conditions
Social Support
Abstract
The relation between "poverty and mental health" has long been established. However, the dynamic underlying the relation between social and psychic processes has received much less attention. This article presents certain preliminary results of research whose aim is to promote the emergence of the multiple dimensions behind the problematic of mental health in social conditions characterized by extreme poverty. In addition, the authors base their approach on the assumption that human beings, even underprivileged, are very active players, and explore the strategies that are hereby developed in order to maintain or recover their equilibrium.
PubMed ID
1932413 View in PubMed
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Prevalence and correlates of overweight among elementary schoolchildren in multiethnic, low income, inner-city neighbourhoods in Montreal, Canada.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature204579
Source
Ann Epidemiol. 1998 Oct;8(7):422-32
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1998
Author
J. O'Loughlin
G. Paradis
L. Renaud
G. Meshefedjian
K. Gray-Donald
Author Affiliation
Department of Public Health, Montreal General Hospital, McGill University, Québec, Canada.
Source
Ann Epidemiol. 1998 Oct;8(7):422-32
Date
Oct-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Anthropometry
Child
Female
Humans
Life Style
Male
Obesity - diagnosis - ethnology - prevention & control
Poverty - statistics & numerical data
Prevalence
Quebec - epidemiology
Questionnaires
Residence Characteristics - statistics & numerical data
School Health Services
Students - statistics & numerical data
Urban Health - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
Increased understanding of the early determinants of obesity is essential because of the increasing prevalence of obesity in many industrialized countries.
As part of the evaluation of a school-based heart health promotion intervention, we measured height, weight, and triceps skinfold thickness at baseline in 2108 students aged 9-12 years (80.5% of eligible students) in 24 inner-city elementary schools located in multiethnic, low income neighbourhoods in Montreal, Canada. Data on student's socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics were collected in classroom-administered questionnaires, and parents completed an at-home self-administered questionnaire.
Overall, 35.2% of boys and 33.0% of girls were overweight (> or = 85th age and gender-specific percentiles from NHANES 11, for body mass index and triceps skinfold thickness); 15.1% of boys and 13.3% of girls were obese (> or = 95th age and gender-specific percentiles for body mass index and triceps skinfold thickness). Younger age, having lived all one's life in Canada, and being of European or Central American/Caribbean family origin were independent correlates of obesity in boys. Younger age, ever smoked, mother obese and father obese were independent correlates of obesity in girls. Girls of Asian family origin were protected.
The very high prevalence of overweight students in this low income, multiethnic population suggests an important need for preventive intervention.
PubMed ID
9738688 View in PubMed
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[Rate of precocious sexual intercourse in adolescents in disadvantaged socioeconomic environments. (University of Quebec in Montreal)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature214503
Source
Contracept Fertil Sex. 1995 Sep;23(9):545-51
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1995
Author
J. Thériault
R E Tremblay
Author Affiliation
Université du Québec à Montréal, Département de sexologie, Centre ville, Montréal.
Source
Contracept Fertil Sex. 1995 Sep;23(9):545-51
Date
Sep-1995
Language
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior
Adolescent Psychology
Coitus - psychology
Humans
Male
Poverty
Predictive value of tests
Prevalence
Quebec
Questionnaires
Sexual Partners
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
This article presents a preliminary study, a descriptive one, on the sexual intercourse precocity rates at adolescence. 765 male adolescents francophones, 13 years old, from low economic status answered the QAS, questionnaire on aspects of sexual life including. The results show that 11.3% of subjects are sexually active by 13 years old. The first sexual partner is known from many months to many years from the majority of subjects. The majority (61.8%) of the non-sexually active subjects of the research would be near to transit to the first sexual intercourse if we consider the results of our predictive measure of the transition. Discussed at the light of the literature, these results show that early sexual behaviors are: 1) a concrete reality for an important proportion of male adolescents from low economic status; 2) to consider in the future in terms of research priority.
PubMed ID
7496428 View in PubMed
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Socioeconomic differences in measures of hostility.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature199464
Source
Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1999;896:448-50
Publication Type
Article
Date
1999
Author
A. Haukkala
Author Affiliation
National Public Health Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Helsinki, Finland. ari.haukkala@ktl.fi
Source
Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1999;896:448-50
Date
1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Anger
Cardiovascular Diseases - etiology - psychology
Educational Status
Female
Finland
Health status
Hostility
Humans
Income - statistics & numerical data
Internal-External Control
Male
Middle Aged
Poverty - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Questionnaires
Risk factors
Social Class
PubMed ID
10681947 View in PubMed
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12 records – page 1 of 2.