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60 records – page 1 of 6.

[About the possibility to detect the fact of corpse transportation from the sea coastline with the subsequent burial].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature263372
Source
Sud Med Ekspert. 2015 Jan-Feb;58(1):13-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
D Yu Ponomarev
A V Nikitaev
A M Kurch
Source
Sud Med Ekspert. 2015 Jan-Feb;58(1):13-7
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Bone and Bones - pathology
Burial
Cadaver
Drowning - pathology
Forensic Anthropology - methods
Humans
Oceans and Seas
Postmortem Changes
Russia
Seawater
Abstract
The objective of the present work was to detect and describe the new features characterizing the long-term stay of a corpse in seawater followed by its burial on earth. The bones of the skeletonized corpse were found to be covered with mussels and petrified sea worms that can serve as the indicators of staying the corps in seawater and its subsequent transportation from the sea coastline to the inland. These findings can be used to clarify the circumstances of death of the people found in the illegal burial places at the seacoast of maritime areas.
PubMed ID
25874312 View in PubMed
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[Acute lethal alcohol intoxication (author's transl)]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature13238
Source
Z Rechtsmed. 1976;78(4):313-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
1976
Author
B. Kringsholm
Source
Z Rechtsmed. 1976;78(4):313-9
Date
1976
Language
German
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Alcoholic Intoxication - complications - mortality - pathology
Autopsy
Cardiomegaly - etiology
Denmark
English Abstract
Ethanol - blood
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Postmortem Changes
Sex Factors
Abstract
In 14,744 autopsy cases from an 18-year period 92 cases (of which 7 were ruled out because of decomposition were observed in which death was supposed to be due to direct acute alcoholic intoxication. In the police reports 81 persons were designated as chronic alcoholics or abusers of spirits. The blood alcohol level ranged between 2.04 and 4.92 o/oo. The cases studied were divided into two groups, one with low and the other with high lethal alcohol level. Fatty liver and cirrhosis were found with identical frequency in the two groups, whereas cardiac hypertrophy of obscure origin occurred markedly more often in the group with low lethal blood alcohol level. On the basis the possible mechanism of death in the cases with cardiac hypertrophy is discussed. Finally, the relation between the blood and urine alcohol concentrations observed in 72 cases is discussed. On the assumption that the water phase of the blood was 75 per cent of the total blood, death occurred in the persons without cardiac hypertrophy with fairly identical frequency either in the phase of absorption or the phase of elimination, whereas in the persons with cardiac hypertrophy death most often occurred in the phase of absorption. These statements should, however, be taken with some reservation, partly because the water phase of the blood may vary considerably post mortem (60-90 per cent) and partly because the urine alcohol concentration depends on serval variable factors.
PubMed ID
137612 View in PubMed
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An unusual source for postmortem findings of methyl ethyl ketone and methanol in two homicide victims.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature217946
Source
Forensic Sci Int. 1994 Jun 28;67(1):27-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-28-1994
Author
J D Caughlin
Author Affiliation
Toxicology Section, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Vancouver, BC.
Source
Forensic Sci Int. 1994 Jun 28;67(1):27-31
Date
Jun-28-1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Butanones - analysis - blood
Canada
Dermatoglyphics
Female
Forensic Medicine - methods
Homicide
Humans
Methanol - analysis - blood
Middle Aged
Postmortem Changes
Solvents - analysis
Vitreous Body - chemistry
Abstract
Contamination from methyl ethyl ketone and methanol utilized in a new technique to visualize fingerprints on human skin was detected postmortem in blood and vitreous humor by toxicological analysis. Two cases which represent the first field trials of the fingerprinting technique in Canada are presented. Details of the toxicological analyses and the nature of the contamination are discussed.
PubMed ID
8082857 View in PubMed
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Aspects of teeth from archaelogic sites in Sweden and Denmark.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature33952
Source
Acta Odontol Scand. 1998 Feb;56(1):14-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1998
Author
V. Alexandersen
J G Norén
I. Hoyer
W. Dietz
G. Johansson
Author Affiliation
Laboratory of Biological Anthropology, Panum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Source
Acta Odontol Scand. 1998 Feb;56(1):14-9
Date
Feb-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acids - adverse effects
Burial
Child
Child, Preschool
Denmark
Dental Enamel - anatomy & histology - embryology - ultrastructure
Dentin - anatomy & histology - ultrastructure
Environment
Food Habits
Gestational Age
History, Ancient
Humans
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
Microscopy, Polarization
Molar - anatomy & histology - ultrastructure
Paleodontology
Porosity
Postmortem Changes
Sweden
Tooth Abrasion - pathology
Tooth, Deciduous - anatomy & histology - embryology - ultrastructure
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to examine ground sections of primary second molars and permanent first molars from the same jaws. Teeth from 11 individuals were collected from archaeologic sites in Sweden and Denmark. Longitudinal buccolingual sections were examined in a polarization light microscope and in a Philips scanning electron microscope (SEM). The seven teeth from Sweden appeared to have been subjected to environmental influences at their burial site, which had affected both the dentin and the enamel. The teeth from the Danish sites had a normal color, and no disintegration of the dentin was seen. The general morphologic appearance was normal in all primary and permanent teeth. The position of the neonatal line indicated a normal full-term gestational age. The observed accentuated incremental lines in both the primary and permanent enamel suggested periods of dietary changes, possibly related to periods of illness. SEM images of the surface area of the Swedish teeth showed an extremely porous enamel surface with severe changes in the prism structure as an effect of acid penetration. The Danish teeth did not show any marked changes in the enamel.
PubMed ID
9537729 View in PubMed
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Assessment of Traub formula and ketone bodies in cause of death investigations.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature106879
Source
Int J Legal Med. 2013 Nov;127(6):1131-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2013
Author
Terhi Keltanen
Antti Sajantila
Jukka U Palo
Teija Partanen
Tiina Valonen
Katarina Lindroos
Author Affiliation
Laboratory of Forensic Biology, Department of Forensic Medicine, Hjelt Institute, PO Box 40, FI-00014, University of Helsinki, Finland, terhi.keltanen@helsinki.fi.
Source
Int J Legal Med. 2013 Nov;127(6):1131-7
Date
Nov-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
3-Hydroxybutyric Acid - blood
Acetoacetates - blood
Acetone - blood
Alcoholism - blood - pathology
Algorithms
Autopsy
Biological Markers - blood
Blood Glucose - analysis
Cause of Death
Diabetes Mellitus - blood - pathology
Diabetic Ketoacidosis - blood - pathology
Diagnosis, Differential
Finland
Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated - analysis
Humans
Hyperglycemia - blood - pathology
Ketone Bodies - blood
Lactic Acid - blood
Postmortem Changes
Predictive value of tests
Abstract
Diabetes and alcohol abuse may cause severe metabolic disturbances that can be fatal. These may be difficult to diagnose in autopsies based solely on macroscopical and histological findings. In such cases, metabolic markers, such as postmortem glucose and ketone levels, can provide supporting information. Glucose or combined glucose and lactate, the Traub value, is often used to indicate hyperglycemia. The use of the Traub value, however, has been questioned by some, because the lactate levels are known to elevate in postmortem samples also due to other reasons than glycolysis of glucose molecules. Ketoacidosis can be detected by analyzing ketone body levels, especially beta-hydroxybutyric acid (BHB). Acetone is also elevated in severe cases of ketoacidosis. Here, we have evaluated the value of these biomarkers for postmortem determination of the metabolic disturbances. Retrospective data of 980 medico-legal autopsies performed in Finland, where glucose, lactate and ketone bodies were analyzed, was collected. Our findings show that the Traub value indicates hyperglycemia, even when glucose levels are low. For diagnosis, evaluation of complementing markers, e.g. ketone bodies and glycated hemoglobin is needed. Our results show that BHB can be used for screening and diagnosis of ketoacidosis. Acetone alone is not sufficient, since it is elevated only in the most severe cases. We also found that alcohol abuse rarely causes severe ketoacidosis. However, sporadic cases do exist where ketone body levels are extremely high. Despite this, alcoholic ketoacidosis is very rarely diagnosed as the cause of death.
PubMed ID
24091723 View in PubMed
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Autopsied cases of drowning in Denmark 1987-1989.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature11958
Source
Forensic Sci Int. 1991 Dec;52(1):85-92
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1991
Author
B. Kringsholm
A. Filskov
K. Kock
Author Affiliation
University Institute of Forensic Medicine, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Source
Forensic Sci Int. 1991 Dec;52(1):85-92
Date
Dec-1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents - statistics & numerical data
Adult
Age Factors
Autopsy
Denmark - epidemiology
Drowning - epidemiology - pathology
Ethanol - blood
Exudates and Transudates
Female
Homicide - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Lung - pathology
Male
Middle Aged
Organ Size
Pleura - pathology
Postmortem Changes
Seasons
Suicide - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
In the 3-year period 1987-1989, 219 drowning cases were submitted to medico-legal autopsy in Denmark. The demographic data including the manner of death and the external findings are reported. In 74 accident cases analysis for blood-alcohol concentration was performed. In 53% a concentration of more than 0.1% was found. In 91 drowning cases (age more than 18 years and where the time interval in the water was less than 24 h) the average weight of both lungs was 1.411 g, compared to 994 g in 20 control cases. In 7% of the drowning cases the weight was less than 1.000 g, so called dry lungs. Finally the weight of the lungs and the amount of pleural transsudate in relation to the time interval in the water were registered in 198 cases. For a longer time interval in the water the weight of the lungs decreased, while the amount of pleural transsudate increased. By adding these two parameters, the combined weight was between 1.000 and 2.200 g in more than 75% of the cases as long as the interval in the water was less than 30 days.
PubMed ID
1783341 View in PubMed
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Biochemical reconstruction of three cases of death--results of international cooperation.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature248433
Source
Forensic Sci. 1978 Jul-Aug;12(1):25-32
Publication Type
Article
Author
J. Raekallio
P L Mäkinen
Source
Forensic Sci. 1978 Jul-Aug;12(1):25-32
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Autopsy
Female
Finland
Forensic Medicine
Histamine - metabolism
Homicide
Humans
International Cooperation
Male
Postmortem Changes
Serotonin - metabolism
Suicide
Time Factors
Wounds and Injuries - metabolism
Abstract
Biochemical serotonin and histamine determinations were applied to the reconstruction of three suspected homicide cases. To distinguish between ante-mortem and post-mortem wounds and to time the ante-mortem injuries the concentrations of free histamine and serotonin in the wound samples and in the control samples from neighbouring intact skin were examined. The results of these biochemical determinations allowed a reconstruction of the events and one of the three cases was shown to be suicide instead of homicide. The methods can be used at least during the first 4--5 days after death and sometimes even longer. This allows for international cooperation when investigating and reconstructing complicated cases of death.
PubMed ID
711083 View in PubMed
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Blood concentrations of clonazepam and 7-aminoclonazepam in forensic cases in Denmark for the period 2002-2007.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature153095
Source
Forensic Sci Int. 2009 Jan 30;184(1-3):74-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-30-2009
Author
Anni Steentoft
Kristian Linnet
Author Affiliation
The Section of Forensic Chemistry, Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Frederik V vej 11, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark. anni.steentoft@forensic.ku.dk
Source
Forensic Sci Int. 2009 Jan 30;184(1-3):74-9
Date
Jan-30-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Anticonvulsants - blood - poisoning
Automobile Driving - legislation & jurisprudence
Clonazepam - analogs & derivatives - blood - poisoning
Crime
Denmark
Female
Forensic Toxicology
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Postmortem Changes
Young Adult
Abstract
The benzodiazepine clonazepam is a prescription drug used to treat epilepsy and anxiety. In addition, it is frequently used to treat drug addicts and is itself a popular drug of abuse. In this study, we report the incidence and blood concentrations of clonazepam and its metabolite 7-aminoclonazepam in cases referred to the Section of Forensic Chemistry at the University of Copenhagen in 2002-2007. Using LC-MS/MS, clonazepam was detected in 297 traffic cases, 92 criminal cases (perpetrators or victims of a crime) and in 140 postmortem cases. The concentration ranges of clonazepam+7-aminoclonazepam were 0.002-0.840 mg/kg (median 0.067) for traffic cases, 0.005-0.913 (median 0.071) for criminal cases (offenders), 0.002-0.720 (median 0.030) for criminal cases (victims) and 0.002-1.676 (median 0.115) for postmortem cases. The concentrations were thus similar among the groups, although the median value was highest in the postmortem group. In most cases, other drugs were also present. For the postmortem group, the cases (n=27) with relatively high (>0.2 mg/kg) clonazepam+7-aminoclonazepam values were examined in greater detail. Other drugs were present in all cases, with clonazepam judged to be the primary cause of death in five cases. The range of clonazepam+7-aminoclonazepam concentrations in these five cases ranged from 0.26 to 0.54 mg/kg (median 0.29 mg/kg).
PubMed ID
19150586 View in PubMed
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Characteristics of sex-related homicides in Alaska.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature143245
Source
J Forensic Nurs. 2010;6(2):57-65
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
Author
Tara Henry
Author Affiliation
Forensic Nurse Services, Anchorage, AK 99516, USA. thenry@alaska.net
Source
J Forensic Nurs. 2010;6(2):57-65
Date
2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Alaska - epidemiology
Anal Canal - injuries
Autopsy - instrumentation - methods
Cause of Death
Child
Child, Preschool
Colposcopes
Female
Forensic Nursing - instrumentation - methods
Genitalia, Female - injuries
Homicide - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Infant
Middle Aged
Nurse's Role
Nursing Assessment
Physical Examination - instrumentation - methods - nursing
Postmortem Changes
Rape - diagnosis - statistics & numerical data
Retrospective Studies
Spouse Abuse - diagnosis - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The identification and interpretation of anogenital findings postmortem is a critical component of a sex-related homicide investigation. The use of a colposcope to assist in identifying anogenital injuries in living sexual assault victims is well established. The use of a colposcope for postmortem anogenital examination has been briefly mentioned in a few publications, however, no studies were found regarding the types and sites of postmortem anogenital injuries identified with a colposcope in sex-related homicide cases. The purpose of this study was to describe the demographic, physical examination, and victim-suspect relationship characteristics of sex-related homicides in Alaska. Genital findings in living and deceased sexual assault victims in Alaska were compared.
Given the results of this study, postmortem sexual assault examinations should be conducted in all suspected intimate partner homicides. Further implications for forensic nursing practice and recommendations for future research are discussed.
PubMed ID
20507418 View in PubMed
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A compilation of fatal and control concentrations of drugs in postmortem femoral blood.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature11133
Source
J Forensic Sci. 1997 Jan;42(1):79-87
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-1997
Author
H. Druid
P. Holmgren
Author Affiliation
Department of Forensic Medicine, University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.
Source
J Forensic Sci. 1997 Jan;42(1):79-87
Date
Jan-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Blood Chemical Analysis - methods
Chromatography, Gas - methods
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid - methods
Femoral Vein
Forensic Medicine - methods
Humans
Pharmaceutical Preparations - analysis
Postmortem Changes
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sweden
Toxicology - methods
Abstract
A compilation of postmortem femoral blood concentrations of drugs is presented. The samples are collected from cases in which the cause of death was: A) certified intoxication by one substance alone, B) certified intoxication by more than one substance and/or alcohol, and C) certified other cause of death without incapacitation due to drugs. The concentrations were compared with blood concentrations detected in suspected drugged drivers (D), and with previously published fatal and therapeutic concentrations. The special features of this compilation are: 1) exclusively femoral blood concentrations are quoted, 2) all analyses are based on samples handled according to a standardized, quality-controlled procedure, 3) two control groups are included, and 4) one-substance-only intoxications are separated from other intoxications. The material is based on a selection of 15,800 samples sent to the Department of Forensic Chemistry in Link?ping, Sweden, during 1992 to 1995 from the six forensic pathology units in Sweden, and the list includes 83 drugs. The compilation includes drugs, where previously published data are scarce. Furthermore, the data gathered from cases with other cause of death than intoxication (group C) constitute a new kind of reference information, which probably offers a better estimate of obviously non fatal levels in postmortem blood than any compilation of therapeutic concentrations in living subjects. The possible factors influencing postmortem drug concentrations are discussed.
PubMed ID
8988577 View in PubMed
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60 records – page 1 of 6.