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1109 records – page 1 of 111.

[10th anniversary of the Year of Old Person: towards the society for all ages].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature153414
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2009;22(4):535-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
2009
Author
O N Mikhailova
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2009;22(4):535-8
Date
2009
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Congresses as topic
Humans
International Cooperation
Longevity
Population Dynamics
Public Policy
Russia
Social Planning
Socioeconomic Factors
United Nations
Abstract
The paper highlights the milestones in the development of the UN idea of the Society for All Ages, originally announced as a motto of the International Year of Old Persons and later accepted as a central concept of the Madrid International Plan of Action on Aging (MIPA). In accord with MIPA building of the Society for All Ages will be a major issue in policies and programmes on aging in the XXI century. According to the UN experts opinion demographic tendencies may produce considerable impact on economy, social sphere and safety of Russia. The issues of aging are far from being completely and rapidly included into national development strategies on priority basis.
PubMed ID
20405719 View in PubMed
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2020 healthcare management in Canada: a new model home next door.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature184152
Source
Healthc Manage Forum. 2003;16(1):6-10, 44-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
2003
Author
D Wayne Taylor
Author Affiliation
Michael G. DeGroote School of Business, McMaster University.
Source
Healthc Manage Forum. 2003;16(1):6-10, 44-9
Date
2003
Language
English
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Cost Sharing
Efficiency
Employment - statistics & numerical data - trends
Health Care Reform
Health Expenditures - trends
Health Services Needs and Demand - trends
Humans
Models, organizational
National Health Programs - economics - organization & administration - trends
Politics
Population Dynamics
Social Change
Social Values
Taxes - trends
Abstract
The Commission on the Future of Health Care in Canada asked whether Medicare is sustainable in its present form. Well, Medicare is not sustainable for at least six reasons. Given a long list of factors, such as Canada's changing dependency ratio, the phenomenon of diminishing returns from increased taxation, competing provincial expenditure needs, low labour and technological productivity in government-funded healthcare, the expectations held by baby boomers, and the evolving value sets of Canadians--Medicare will impoverish Canada within the next couple of decades if not seriously recast. As distasteful as parallel private-pay, private-choice healthcare may be to some policy makers and providers who grew up in the 1960s, the reality of the 2020s will dictate its necessity as a pragmatic solution to a systemic problem.
PubMed ID
12908160 View in PubMed
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4200 years of pine-dominated upland forest dynamics in west-central Mexico: human or natural legacy?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature155658
Source
Ecology. 2008 Jul;89(7):1893-907
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2008
Author
Blanca L Figueroa-Rangel
Katherine J Willis
Miguel Olvera-Vargas
Author Affiliation
Oxford Long-term Ecology Laboratory, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, School of Geography, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3QY, United Kingdom. bfrangel@cucsur.udg.mx
Source
Ecology. 2008 Jul;89(7):1893-907
Date
Jul-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Climate
Ecosystem
Fossils
Human Activities
Humans
Mexico
Paleontology
Pinus - physiology
Pollen
Population Dynamics
Soil
Time Factors
Trees - physiology
Abstract
The pine-dominated forests of west-central Mexico are internationally recognized for their high biodiversity, and some areas are protected through various conservation measures including prohibition of human activity. In this region, however, there is evidence for human settlement dating back to ca. AD 1200. It is therefore unclear whether the present forest composition and structure are part of a successional stage following use by indigenous human populations during the past, or due to natural processes, such as climate. We present a study reconstructing the vegetation dynamics of pine-dominated forest over the past 4200 years using paleoecological techniques. Results from fossil pollen and charcoal indicate that, in this region, pine-dominated forests are the native vegetation type and not anthropogenically derived secondary succession. The predominant driving mechanism for the expansion of pine-dominated forest appears to be intervals of aridity and naturally induced burning. A close association is noted between pine abundance and longer-term climatic trends, including intervals of aridity between ca. 4200 and 2500, 1200 and 850, and 500 and 200 cal yr BP and shorter-term trends. Evident periodicity occurs in pine and Poaceae abundance every 80 years. These short-term quasi-periodic oscillations have been recorded in a number of lake and ocean sediments in Mexico and are thought to be linked to solar forcing resulting in drought cycles that occur at approximately the same time intervals.
PubMed ID
18705376 View in PubMed
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Abandoning "the other": statistical enumeration of Swedish Sami, 1700 to 1945 and beyond.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature135562
Source
Ber Wiss. 2010 Sep;33(3):263-79
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2010
Author
Per Axelsson
Author Affiliation
Umeå University, Centre for Sami Research, Umeå, Sweden. per.axelsson@cesam.umu.se
Source
Ber Wiss. 2010 Sep;33(3):263-79
Date
Sep-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Censuses - history
Ethnic groups - history
History, 18th Century
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Humans
Population Dynamics
Population Groups - history
Sweden
Abstract
Sweden has one of the world's most eminent and exhaustive records of statistical information on its population. As early as the eighteenth century, ethnic notations were being made in parish registers throughout the country, and by the early nineteenth century a specific category for the Sami population had been added to the forms used to collect data for the Tabellverket (National Population Statistics). Beginning in 1860, the Sami were also counted in the first official census of the Swedish state. Nonetheless--and in contrast to many other countries--Sweden today lacks separate statistical information not only about its sole recognized indigenous population but also about other ethnic groups. The present paper investigates Sweden's attempts to enumerate its indigenous Sami population prior to World War II and the cessation of ethnic enumeration after the war. How have the Sami been identified and enumerated? How have statistical categories been constructed, and how have they changed over time? The aim of this essay is not to assess the validity of the demographic sources. Instead the paper will explore the historical, social, and cultural factors that have had a bearing on how a dominant administrative structure has dealt with the statistical construct of an indigenous population.
PubMed ID
21466142 View in PubMed
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Source
Can Med Assoc J. 1984 Feb 15;130(4):340
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-15-1984
Author
B. Frazer
Source
Can Med Assoc J. 1984 Feb 15;130(4):340
Date
Feb-15-1984
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abortion, Legal
Canada
Female
Humans
Population Dynamics
Pregnancy
PubMed ID
6692219 View in PubMed
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Abundance and diversity of human-biting flies (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae, Culicidae, Tabanidae, Simuliidae) around a nickel-copper smelter at Monchegorsk, northwestern Russia.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature169895
Source
J Vector Ecol. 2005 Dec;30(2):263-71
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2005
Author
M V Kozlov
N K Brodskaya
A. Haarto
K. Kuusela
M. Schäfer
V. Zverev
Author Affiliation
Section ofEcology, Department ofBiology, University of Turku, FIN-20014 Turku, Finland.
Source
J Vector Ecol. 2005 Dec;30(2):263-71
Date
Dec-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Bites and Stings - epidemiology
Ceratopogonidae - growth & development
Copper - toxicity
Culicidae - growth & development
Diptera - growth & development
Environmental Pollutants - toxicity
Humans
Nickel - toxicity
Population Density
Population Dynamics
Russia
Seasons
Simuliidae - growth & development
Species Specificity
Abstract
In the summers of 2001 and 2002, we quantitatively sampled human-biting flies in twelve sites located 1.6 to 63 km from a large copper-nickel smelter at Monchegorsk on the Kola Peninsula, Russia. We collected 429 specimens of three species of Ceratopogonidae, 92 specimens of seven species of Culicidae, 76 specimens of seven species of Tabanidae, and 4,788 specimens of 19 species of Simuliidae. Culicoides chiropterus was for the first time reported from the Kola Peninsula. Catches of Culicidae and Simuliidae decreased near the smelter, presumably due to the combined action of toxicity of pollutants, pollution-induced forest damage, and decline in vertebrate density. An abundance of Ceratopogonidae and Tabanidae, the size of the most common black fly species, Simulium pusillum, and the diversity of all families did not change along the pollution gradient.
PubMed ID
16599161 View in PubMed
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Accountability, responsiveness and quality for clients model of home support: a model for improved home support services to promote aging at home.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature146209
Source
Healthc Pap. 2009;10(1):65-71; discussion 79-83
Publication Type
Article
Date
2009
Author
Judy Kelly
Alison Orr
Author Affiliation
Vancouver Coastal Health.
Source
Healthc Pap. 2009;10(1):65-71; discussion 79-83
Date
2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
British Columbia
Health Services for the Aged - organization & administration
Home Care Services - organization & administration
Humans
Organizational Case Studies
Population Dynamics
Social Support
Abstract
As the proportion of older adults increases within the Canadian population, healthcare systems across the country are facing increased demands for home-based services, including home care nursing, rehabilitation, case management, adult day programs, respite, meal programs and home support. Home support is one of the core care services required in the community to enable older adults to remain at home as long as possible. In 2006, Vancouver Community introduced a new home support delivery and performance management model: the Accountability, Responsiveness and Quality for Clients Model of Home Support (ARQ Model) (VCH 2006). The main components of the ARQ Model are an expanded use of "cluster care" along with stable monthly funding for high-density buildings and neighbourhoods; the introduction of specific monthly and quarterly quality performance reporting; and the implementation of performance-based funding for home support. This article discusses the setup of the ARQ model, its ongoing evaluation and results achieved thus far.
PubMed ID
20057219 View in PubMed
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[Actual problems of social gerontology at the present stage of development of Russia].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature289569
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2016; 29(2):379-386
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
2016
Author
A S Bashkireva
S V Vyulegzhanin
E Yu Kachan
Author Affiliation
Health Committee of the Leningrad Region, Saint-Petersburg 191030, Russian Federation; angel_darina@mail.ru.
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2016; 29(2):379-386
Date
2016
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Aged
Geriatrics - methods - organization & administration
Health Transition
Humans
Population Dynamics - statistics & numerical data - trends
Public Health - methods - trends
Russia - epidemiology
Social Medicine - methods - organization & administration
Abstract
The basic medico-demographic indices of aging population for Russia were identified in this article. Special attention was given to the examination of the demographic risks of a reduction in the population at the working ages, to an increase in the demographic load on the labor forces. The «Strategy for Action for the elderly persons until 2025», prepared by the Interdepartmental Working Group at the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation, was analyzed. The development and implementation of the professional longevity management system is one of the timely and comprehensive solutions to the problem of employment in the elderly. The need for further studies was proven, dedicated to the use of innovative gerontotechnologies in order to prevent the premature workability reduction, retarding of the aging processes, the level of mortality decrease and the professional longevity increase, especially in the elderly.
? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????-??????????????? ???????? ? ??????. ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ??????????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ? ??????? ????????, ?????????? ???????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????. ??? ?????? ???????????? ????????????? ?? ?? 05.02.2016 ?. ?164-? «????????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ?? 2025 ????», ??????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????. ?????????? ???????????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??? ???????? ????????. ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????????, ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ????????????????? ? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ???????????????? ???????? ???????????????? ?????????????????, ?????????? ????????? ????????, ???????? ?????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ????????????????? ??????????, ???????? ? ??? ??????? ?????????? ?????.
PubMed ID
28514562 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Actual problems of social gerontology at the present stage of development of Russia].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature289727
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2016; 29(2):379-386
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
2016
Author
A S Bashkireva
S V Vyulegzhanin
E Yu Kachan
Author Affiliation
Health Committee of the Leningrad Region, Saint-Petersburg 191030, Russian Federation; angel_darina@mail.ru.
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2016; 29(2):379-386
Date
2016
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Aged
Geriatrics - methods - organization & administration
Health Transition
Humans
Population Dynamics - statistics & numerical data - trends
Public Health - methods - trends
Russia - epidemiology
Social Medicine - methods - organization & administration
Abstract
The basic medico-demographic indices of aging population for Russia were identified in this article. Special attention was given to the examination of the demographic risks of a reduction in the population at the working ages, to an increase in the demographic load on the labor forces. The «Strategy for Action for the elderly persons until 2025», prepared by the Interdepartmental Working Group at the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation, was analyzed. The development and implementation of the professional longevity management system is one of the timely and comprehensive solutions to the problem of employment in the elderly. The need for further studies was proven, dedicated to the use of innovative gerontotechnologies in order to prevent the premature workability reduction, retarding of the aging processes, the level of mortality decrease and the professional longevity increase, especially in the elderly.
? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????-??????????????? ???????? ? ??????. ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ??????????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ? ??????? ????????, ?????????? ???????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????. ??? ?????? ???????????? ????????????? ?? ?? 05.02.2016 ?. ?164-? «????????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ?? 2025 ????», ??????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????. ?????????? ???????????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??? ???????? ????????. ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????????, ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ????????????????? ? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ???????????????? ???????? ???????????????? ?????????????????, ?????????? ????????? ????????, ???????? ?????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ????????????????? ??????????, ???????? ? ??? ??????? ?????????? ?????.
PubMed ID
28514562 View in PubMed
Less detail

1109 records – page 1 of 111.