Skip header and navigation

Refine By

7 records – page 1 of 1.

Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1990 Aug 10;110(18):2345-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-10-1990
Author
K. Sommerfelt
H. Vogt
Author Affiliation
Barneklinikken Haukeland sykehus, Bergen.
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1990 Aug 10;110(18):2345-8
Date
Aug-10-1990
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Home - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Adolescent
Child
Child, Preschool
English Abstract
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Norway - epidemiology
Poisoning - epidemiology - etiology - prevention & control
Retrospective Studies
Abstract
A retrospective study was carried out among children admitted to the Pediatric Clinic, Haukeland Hospital, from 1958 until 1986 for accidental poisoning. Drugs was the most frequent poisoning agent (49%), followed by household agents (22%), different agents (20%) and plants/mushrooms (9%). 89% of the children were under five years of age, 57% were boys. 20% stayed more than one day in the hospital. Very serious poisonings involving admission for more than 14 days were most frequently seen after intake of drugs. The number of admissions was doubled from 1966-70 to 1981-85. Most of the increase referred to poisoning from plants, tobacco and hydrocarbon products. The greatest increase was found for admissions lasting less than two days. Most of the potentially serious poisonings in our study were caused by agents that, by American or British law, it would have been illegal to sell without special child-resistant packaging. It is strongly advised that a similar law be passed in Norway.
PubMed ID
2218987 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Acute chemical poisoning of humans as a medico-ecological problem].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature210154
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 1997;(2):1-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
1997
Author
N N Litvinov
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 1997;(2):1-7
Date
1997
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Adult
Alcoholism - epidemiology
Ecology
Environmental Pollutants - poisoning
Hazardous Substances - poisoning
Humans
International Cooperation
Pesticides - poisoning
Poison Control Centers
Poisoning - epidemiology - etiology - prevention & control
Risk factors
Russia
Abstract
Anthropogenic acute chemical exposures have become an important socioeconomic and environmental factor on the national, regional and global level. They present an actual or potential danger to vital activity and health of large population groups and normal operation of the Biosphere and natural components. Hence a problem of prevention and elimination of acute technogenic exposures hazardous for human health has expanded beyond the medical competence and grown to a major environmental issue.
PubMed ID
9156767 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Inquiries to the Norwegian Poisons Information Centre on acute exposures to chemicals and chemical products]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature86896
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2008 Apr 17;128(8):924-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-17-2008
Author
Borgeraas Jan
Lindqvist Ragnhild
Author Affiliation
Avdeling for giftinformasjon (Giftinformasjonen) Sosial- og helsedirektoratet, Postboks 7000, St. Olavs plass, 0130 Oslo.
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2008 Apr 17;128(8):924-8
Date
Apr-17-2008
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Child
Child, Preschool
Fossil Fuels - poisoning
Glycols - poisoning
Hazardous Substances - poisoning
Household Products - poisoning
Humans
Infant
Middle Aged
Norway - epidemiology
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Poison Control Centers - statistics & numerical data
Poisoning - epidemiology - etiology - prevention & control
Registries
Risk factors
Abstract
BACKGROUND: The Poisons Information Centre receives many inquiries about acute exposures to chemical products. Our aim was to characterise the frequency and severity of such exposures and to raise awareness of chemicals that rarely cause poisoning, but may lead to serious systemic toxicity even in small amounts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected from inquiries to the Poisons Information Centre in the period 2004-2006 and from the Product Register on the use of selected chemicals. RESULTS: In 2004-2006, the Poisons Information Centre received 35,802 inquiries regarding acute exposures to chemicals or chemical products. Most of the exposures (72%) were assessed as non-toxic or involving risk of minor poisoning, while only 7.8% were assessed as involving risk of severe poisoning. The substances most frequently involved were cleaning agents, cosmetics/personal care products and hydrocarbon fuels, whereas risk of severe poisoning is related to alkali and hydrocarbon exposures. Poisonings with hydrofluoric acid and glycols/glycol ethers are rare, but the outcome is often severe. As many as 84% of the hydrofluoric acid exposures and 36% of the ingestions of ethylene glycol by children were assessed as involving risk of moderate or severe poisoning. INTERPRETATION: Exposure to chemicals or chemical products is frequent, but rarely leads to severe poisonings. Data from inquiries to the Poisons Information Centre are representative of the chemical exposure conditions. It is important to have detailed product information readily available to assure correct treatment after exposure incidents.
PubMed ID
18431415 View in PubMed
Less detail

Outbreak of Salmonella Livingstone infection in Norway and Sweden due to contaminated processed fish products.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature30099
Source
Epidemiol Infect. 2004 Oct;132(5):889-95
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2004
Author
P J Guerin
B. De Jong
E. Heir
V. Hasseltvedt
G. Kapperud
K. Styrmo
B. Gondrosen
J. Lassen
Y. Andersson
P. Aavitsland
Author Affiliation
Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway. philippe.guerin@epicentre.msf.org
Source
Epidemiol Infect. 2004 Oct;132(5):889-95
Date
Oct-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Animals
Child
Child, Preschool
Disease Outbreaks
Female
Fish Products - microbiology
Food Handling
Food Microbiology
Humans
Incidence
Infant
Male
Middle Aged
Norway - epidemiology
Questionnaires
Retrospective Studies
Salmonella - classification - isolation & purification
Salmonella Food Poisoning - epidemiology - etiology - prevention & control
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
In Europe, the number of reported sporadic human cases of Salmonella Livingstone infection is low, and outbreaks are rare. We report the largest S. Livingstone outbreak described in the literature having an identified source of infection. In February 2001, an increased incidence of infection caused by S. Livingstone was observed in Norway and Sweden. By July 2001, 44 cases were notified in Norway and 16 in Sweden. The median age was 63 years, and 40 were women. There were three deaths, and 22 patients were hospitalized. Based on standardized questionnaires and retrospective studies of S. Livingstone strains in Norway and Sweden, food items with egg powder were suspected, and S. Livingstone was subsequently recovered from a processed fish product at the retail level. Analysis by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis documented that isolates from the fish product belonged to the same clone as the outbreak strain.
PubMed ID
15473152 View in PubMed
Less detail

Outbreak of Salmonella Weltevreden infections in Norway, Denmark and Finland associated with alfalfa sprouts, July-October 2007.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature93887
Source
Euro Surveill. 2007 Nov;12(11):E071129.4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2007

7 records – page 1 of 1.