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10-year trends in physical activity in the eastern Finnish adult population: relationship to socioeconomic and lifestyle characteristics.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature233930
Source
Acta Med Scand. 1988;224(3):195-203
Publication Type
Article
Date
1988
Author
B. Marti
J T Salonen
J. Tuomilehto
P. Puska
Author Affiliation
Department of Epidemiology, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland.
Source
Acta Med Scand. 1988;224(3):195-203
Date
1988
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Cardiovascular Diseases - prevention & control
Female
Finland
Health Surveys
Humans
Leisure Activities
Life Style
Male
Middle Aged
Physical Exertion
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
In a large, community-based cardiovascular disease prevention study in Eastern Finland, independent random population samples were surveyed in 1972, 1977 and 1982. The leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), occupational physical activity (OPA), and socioeconomic and lifestyle characteristics were assessed. In men and women aged 30-59, the proportion with high LTPA increased from 1972 to 1982 by approximately one half (p less than 0.001), whereas that of high OPA decreased during the same period (p less than 0.001). In both sexes, high overall physical activity fell from 1972 to 1977 (p less than 0.001), but no more from 1977 to 1982. The proportion of entirely sedentary remained stable. Education, income and younger age showed a positive, body mass index, smoking and OPA a graded, negative association with high LTPA in 1972 and 1982. Significant (p less than 0.001) differences in 10-year trends of changes in LTPA were observed: men and women with low education or income increased LTPA more than those with high education and income. Socioeconomic factors, such as income and education, appear to have lost importance as determinants of population-wide exercise, whereas the clustering of low physical activity with overweight and smoking has increased.
PubMed ID
3239447 View in PubMed
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Acceleration and sprint profiles of a professional elite football team in match play.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature267270
Source
Eur J Sport Sci. 2015;15(2):101-10
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
Author
Jørgen Ingebrigtsen
Terje Dalen
Geir Håvard Hjelde
Barry Drust
Ulrik Wisløff
Source
Eur J Sport Sci. 2015;15(2):101-10
Date
2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acceleration
Athletic Performance
Football
Humans
Movement
Norway
Physical Exertion
Running
Soccer
Walking
Abstract
The aim of this study was to characterise the acceleration and sprint profiles of elite football match play in one Norwegian elite football team (Rosenborg FC). Fifteen professional players in five playing positions took part in the study (n = 101 observations). Player movement was recorded during every domestic home game of one full season (n = 15) by an automatic tracking system based on microwave technology. Each player performed 91 ± 21 accelerations per match, with a lower number in the second compared with the first half (47 ± 12 vs. 44 ± 12). Players in lateral positions accelerated more often compared to players in central positions (98.3 ± 20.5 vs. 85.3 ± 19.5, p
PubMed ID
25005777 View in PubMed
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Active living among older Canadians: a time-use perspective over 3 decades.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature116266
Source
J Aging Phys Act. 2014 Jan;22(1):103-13
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2014
Author
Jamie E L Spinney
Hugh Millward
Author Affiliation
Dept. of Geography, Saint Mary's University, Halifax, NS, Canada.
Source
J Aging Phys Act. 2014 Jan;22(1):103-13
Date
Jan-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Aging - physiology - psychology
Canada - epidemiology
Demography
Energy Metabolism
Female
Health Behavior
Humans
Independent Living - statistics & numerical data
Leisure Activities
Male
Motor Activity
Physical Exertion
Prevalence
Seasons
Socioeconomic Factors
Time Factors
Abstract
This research uses four nationally representative samples of time diary data, spanning almost 30 yr, that are fused with energy expenditure information to enumerate the median daily duration of moderate or vigorous effort activity, quantify the prevalence of Canadians age 65 yr and older who are meeting recommended daily levels of physical activity, and explore the factors affecting rates of active living. Results indicate that 41.1% of older Canadians met recommended levels of physical activity in 1992, 40.6% in 1998, 43.5% in 2005, and 39.6% in 2010. Both rates of active living and daily duration of aerobic activity exhibit significant differences among sociodemographic groups, with age, sex, activity limitation, urban-rural, and season exhibiting the most significant influences. This study illustrates the potential for time diary data to provide detailed surveillance of physical activity patterns, active aging research, and program development, as well.
PubMed ID
23416414 View in PubMed
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Activity profile and physiological response to football training for untrained males and females, elderly and youngsters: influence of the number of players.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature100640
Source
Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2010 Apr;20 Suppl 1:14-23
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2010
Author
M B Randers
L. Nybo
J. Petersen
J J Nielsen
L. Christiansen
M. Bendiksen
J. Brito
J. Bangsbo
P. Krustrup
Author Affiliation
Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Section of Human Physiology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. pkrustrup@ifi.ku.dk
Source
Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2010 Apr;20 Suppl 1:14-23
Date
Apr-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Basal Metabolism - physiology
Case-Control Studies
Child
Denmark
Female
Heart Rate - physiology
Homeless Persons
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Physical Exertion - physiology
Physical Fitness - physiology
Soccer - physiology
Time and Motion Studies
Videotape Recording
Young Adult
Abstract
The present study examined the activity profile, heart rate and metabolic response of small-sided football games for untrained males (UM, n=26) and females (UF, n=21) and investigated the influence of the number of players (UM: 1v1, 3v3, 7v7; UF: 2v2, 4v4 and 7v7). Moreover, heart rate response to small-sided games was studied for children aged 9 and 12 years (C9+C12, n=75), as well as homeless (HM, n=15), middle-aged (MM, n=9) and elderly (EM, n=11) men. During 7v7, muscle glycogen decreased more for UM than UF (28 +/- 6 vs 11 +/- 5%; P90% of HR(max) ranged from 147 +/- 4 (EM) to 162 +/- 2 (UM) b.p.m. and 10.8 +/- 1.5 (UF) to 47.8 +/- 5.8% (EM). Time >90% of HR(max) (UM: 16-17%; UF: 8-13%) and time spent with high speed running (4.1-5.1%) was similar for training with 2-14 players, but more high-intensity runs were performed with few players (UM 1v1: 140 +/- 17; UM 7v7: 97 +/- 5; P
PubMed ID
20149143 View in PubMed
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Activity profile of top-class association football referees in relation to performance in selected physical tests.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature163966
Source
J Sports Sci. 2007 May;25(7):805-13
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2007
Author
Javier Mallo
Enrique Navarro
José-María García-Aranda
Bart Gilis
Werner Helsen
Author Affiliation
Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte--INEF--Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
Source
J Sports Sci. 2007 May;25(7):805-13
Date
May-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Fatigue
Finland
Humans
Locomotion - physiology
Male
Physical Exertion - physiology
Physical Fitness
Soccer
Task Performance and Analysis
Abstract
The aims of the present study were (1) to analyse the physical demands of top-class referees and (2) to compare their official FIFA fitness test results with physical performance during a match. The work rate profiles of 11 international referees were assessed during 12 competitive matches at the 2003 FIFA Under-17 World Cup and then analysed using a bi-dimensional photogrammetric video analysis system based on direct lineal transformation (DLT) algorithms. In the first 15 min of matches, the referees were more active, performing more high-intensity exercise (P
PubMed ID
17454548 View in PubMed
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[Acute compartment syndrome after a brief march].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature226013
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1991 Jul 15;153(29):2071-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-15-1991
Author
K. Kirketerp-Møller
Author Affiliation
Bornholms Centralsygehus, kirurgisk afdeling, Rønne.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1991 Jul 15;153(29):2071-2
Date
Jul-15-1991
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Adolescent
Anterior Compartment Syndrome - etiology - surgery
Denmark
Humans
Leg - blood supply
Male
Military Medicine
Military Personnel
Muscles - blood supply
Physical Exertion
Walking - injuries
Abstract
A case of acute anteriolateral compartmental syndrome in an 18-year old male conscript, caused by moderate physical strain is reported. It is questioned, with reference to literature, whether elevation and observation of mild cases is appropriate treatment.
PubMed ID
1858192 View in PubMed
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[Acute myocardial infarction after snow removal].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature175912
Source
Duodecim. 2005;121(2):181-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
2005

Acute myocardial infarction--progress in primary prevention.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature109197
Source
Br Heart J. 1971;33:Suppl:145-64
Publication Type
Article
Date
1971
Author
J. Stamler
Source
Br Heart J. 1971;33:Suppl:145-64
Date
1971
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Animals
Arteriosclerosis - etiology
Asia
Cholesterol - blood
Coronary Disease - etiology - prevention & control
Death, Sudden
Diet, Atherogenic
Dietary Fats
Electrocardiography
Europe
Finland
Hospitals, Psychiatric
Humans
Hypertension - complications
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction - epidemiology - mortality - prevention & control
Obesity - complications
Physical Exertion
Rabbits
Smoking - complications - prevention & control
United States
Notes
Cites: Am J Clin Nutr. 1968 Apr;21(4):255-765652949
Cites: Bull N Y Acad Med. 1968 Aug;44(8):936-495243889
Cites: Am J Cardiol. 1969 Nov;24(5):659-655347939
Cites: Bull N Y Acad Med. 1969 Dec;45(12):1306-255261246
Cites: Lancet. 1970 Feb 28;1(7644):473-44189785
Cites: J Clin Invest. 1970 May;49(5):1007-155441536
Cites: Circ Res. 1970 Jul;27(1):59-674987450
Cites: Arch Intern Med. 1962 May;109:566-7214452187
Cites: Circulation. 1963 Jul;28:20-3113941964
Cites: Arch Pathol. 1963 Oct;76:404-1214054162
Cites: J Chronic Dis. 1964 Oct;17:933-4914213425
Cites: Lancet. 1960 Jan 23;1(7117):196-813839984
PubMed ID
4929436 View in PubMed
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Adult physical activity in Canada: findings from the Canada Fitness Survey I.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature236802
Source
Can J Public Health. 1986 Jul-Aug;77(4):285-90
Publication Type
Article

AGT M235T and ACE ID polymorphisms and exercise blood pressure in the HERITAGE Family Study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature197889
Source
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2000 Jul;279(1):H368-74
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2000
Author
T. Rankinen
J. Gagnon
L. Pérusse
Y C Chagnon
T. Rice
A S Leon
J S Skinner
J H Wilmore
D C Rao
C. Bouchard
Author Affiliation
Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Human Genomics Laboratory, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, USA.
Source
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2000 Jul;279(1):H368-74
Date
Jul-2000
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Amino Acid Substitution
Angiotensinogen - genetics
Blood Pressure - genetics - physiology
Canada
Cohort Studies
DNA Transposable Elements
Diastole
European Continental Ancestry Group
Exercise - physiology
Female
Genotype
Humans
Male
Oxygen consumption
Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A - genetics
Physical Exertion - physiology
Polymorphism, Genetic
Sequence Deletion
Sex Characteristics
Systole
United States
Abstract
We investigated the association between angiotensinogen (AGT) and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene polymorphisms and exercise training responses of resting and exercise blood pressure (BP). BP at rest and during submaximal (50 watts) and maximal exercise tests was measured before and after 20 wk of endurance training in 476 sedentary normotensive Caucasian subjects from 99 families. AGT M235T and ACE insertion/deletion polymorphisms were typed with PCR-based methods. Men carrying the AGT MM and MT genotypes showed 3. 7 +/- 0.6 and 3.2 +/- 0.5 (SE) mmHg reductions, respectively, in diastolic BP at 50 watts (DBP(50)), whereas, in the TT homozygotes, the decrease was 0.4 +/- 1.0 mmHg (P = 0.016 for trend, adjusted for age, body mass index, and baseline DBP(50)). Men with the ACE DD genotype showed a slightly greater decrease in DBP(50) (4.4 +/- 0.6 mmHg) than the II and ID genotypes (2.8 +/- 0.7 and 2.4 +/- 0.5 mmHg, respectively, P = 0.050). Furthermore, a significant (P = 0.022) interaction effect between the AGT and ACE genes was noted for DBP(50); the AGT TT homozygotes carrying the ACE D allele showed no response to training. Men with the AGT TT genotype had greater (P = 0.007) diastolic BP (DBP) response to acute maximal exercise at baseline. However, the difference disappeared after the training period. No associations were found in women. These data suggest that, in men, the genetic variation in the AGT locus modifies the responsiveness of submaximal exercise DBP to endurance training, and interactions between the AGT and ACE loci can alter this response.
PubMed ID
10899077 View in PubMed
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364 records – page 1 of 37.