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48 records – page 1 of 5.

[A new competence center for clinical trials. Services of the Clinical Trial Center will be available for all hospitals].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature200177
Source
Lakartidningen. 1999 Oct 13;96(41):4454-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-13-1999

Changing physician prescribing behaviour.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature170628
Source
Can J Clin Pharmacol. 2006;13(1):e81-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
2006
Author
J. Gray
Author Affiliation
Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia. jeangray@hfx.eastlink.ca
Source
Can J Clin Pharmacol. 2006;13(1):e81-4
Date
2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Drug Prescriptions
Drug Utilization
Education, Medical, Continuing - methods - trends
Humans
Nova Scotia
Pharmacology, Clinical - education
Physician's Practice Patterns
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Program Evaluation
Teaching
Abstract
Didactic approaches to educating physicians and/or other health professionals do not produce changes in learner behaviour. Similarly, printed materials and practice guidelines have not been shown to change prescribing behaviour. Evidence-based educational approaches that do have an impact on provider behaviour include: teaching aimed at identified learning needs; interactive educational activities; sequenced and multifaceted interventions; enabling tools such as patient education programs, flow charts, and reminders; educational outreach or academic detailing; and audit and feedback to prescribers. Dr. Jean Gray reflects over the past 25 years on how there has been a transformation in the types of activities employed to improve prescribing practices in Nova Scotia. The evolution of Continuing Medical Education (CME) has resulted in the creation of the Drug Evaluation Alliance of Nova Scotia (DEANS) program, which is one exemplar of an evidence-based educational approach to improving physician prescribing in that province. Key words: Evidence-based, education, prescribing.
PubMed ID
16490925 View in PubMed
Less detail

Characteristics and apprehensions of clinical pharmacologists in Swedish healthcare--a questionnaire study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature114064
Source
Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2013 May;69 Suppl 1:95-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2013
Author
Susanna M Wallerstedt
Staffan Rosenborg
Author Affiliation
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, 413 45 Göteborg, Sweden. susanna.wallerstedt@pharm.gu.se
Source
Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2013 May;69 Suppl 1:95-9
Date
May-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Attitude of Health Personnel
Delivery of Health Care
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Pharmacology, Clinical
Questionnaires
Specialization
Sweden
Abstract
To describe the discipline clinical pharmacology of today in the Swedish healthcare system from the performers' point of view.
A questionnaire was administered in December 2012 to physicians working within the specialty clinical pharmacology in the Swedish healthcare system (7 sites; 1-26 physicians per site). The questionnaire included questions pertaining to the characteristics of the responder and statements to which the responder indicated his/her level of agreement using a score ranging from 1 (total disagreement) to 5 (total agreement).
A total of 61 completed questionnaires were returned (response rate: 97 %; 55 % male; 74 % specialists and/or consultants). In the preceding month, 79 % of the responders had performed educational activities, 74 % had functioned as an "expert", and 75 % had performed research. The academic merits of the responders were high, with 72 % having at least a PhD degree and 23 % being professors. Among those performing research, the focus of 83 % was related to the field of clinical pharmacology, with the main sub-areas being pharmacoepidemiology (59 %) and/or pharmacogenetics (41 %). Regarding the apprehension questions, the responders strongly agreed that the specialty clinical pharmacology meets a need in the healthcare system (4.5 ± 0.7), that they wanted to continue to work within the specialty (4.5 ± 0.7), that their personal professional prospects were good (3.9 ± 1.0), and that they would recommend a colleague to specialize within the field (3.9 ± 1.1). The responders from the largest and first established site (Karolinska University Hospital) agreed with these points to a significantly greater extent than responders from other sites.
The majority of the performers of clinical pharmacology in Swedish healthcare consider this specialty to be important to the medical community. By carrying out educational activities, providing expertise, and performing research, the performers seem to be content with their work and future prospects. Performers within the largest and oldest site in Sweden, generally held the most positive view of the specialty.
PubMed ID
23640194 View in PubMed
Less detail

Characterization of drug-related problems identified by clinical pharmacy staff at Danish hospitals.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature261893
Source
Int J Clin Pharm. 2014 Aug;36(4):734-41
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2014
Author
Lene Juel Kjeldsen
Trine Birkholm
Hanne Fischer
Trine Graabæk
Karina Porsborg Kibsdal
Lene Vestergaard Ravn-Nielsen
Tania Holtum Truelshøj
Source
Int J Clin Pharm. 2014 Aug;36(4):734-41
Date
Aug-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems
Denmark
Drug Monitoring
Drug Therapy, Combination - adverse effects
Electronic Health Records
Follow-Up Studies
Guideline Adherence
Health Plan Implementation
Humans
Medication Reconciliation
Pharmacology, Clinical - manpower
Pharmacy Service, Hospital - manpower
Physician's Practice Patterns
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Prescription Drugs - administration & dosage - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Quality of Health Care
Retrospective Studies
Abstract
In 2010, a database of drug related problems (DRPs) was implemented to assist clinical pharmacy staff in documenting clinical pharmacy activities locally. A study of quality, reliability and generalisability showed that national analyses of the data could be conducted. Analyses at the national level may help identify and prevent DRPs by performing national interventions.
The aim of the study was to explore the DRP characteristics as documented by clinical pharmacy staff at hospital pharmacies in the Danish DRP-database during a 3-year period.
Danish hospital pharmacies.
Data documented in the DRP-database during the initial 3 years after implementation were analyzed retrospectively. The DRP-database contains DRPs reported at hospitals by clinical pharmacy staff. The analyses focused on DRP categories, implementation rates and drugs associated with the DRPs.
Characteristics of DRPs.
In total, 72,044 DRPs were documented in the DRP-database during the first 3 years of implementation, and the number of documented DRPs increased every year. An overall stable implementation rate of approximately 58 % was identified. The DRPs identified were multi-facetted, however evenly distributed for each of the 3 years. The most frequently identified DRP categories were: "Dose", followed by "Nonadherence to guidelines" and "Supplement to treatment". The highest implementation rates were found for the following DRP categories: "Non-adherence to guidelines" (79 %) followed by "Therapeutic duplication" (73 %) and "Dosing time and interval" (70 %). Even though the top 25 drugs were involved in 58 % of all DRPs, multiple drugs were associated with DRPs. The drugs most frequently involved in DRPs were paracetamol (4.6 % of all DRPs), simvastatin (3.0 %), lansoprazole (2.7 %), morphine (2.6 %) and alendronic acid (2.4 %).
The study found that a national database on DRPs contained multi-facetted DRPs, however evenly distributed for each of the 3 years. Even though the top 25 drugs were involved in 58 % of all DRPs, multiple drugs were associated with DRPs. The study emphasizes the importance of detecting and intervening for DRPs.
PubMed ID
24736894 View in PubMed
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[Clinical pharmacological drug information. Well over one year's experience]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature64070
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1999 Jun 28;161(26):4005-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-28-1999
Author
J. Heisterberg
A B Christophersen
H R Christensen
J. Sonne
Author Affiliation
Klinisk farmakologisk enhed, Amtssygehuset i Gentofte.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1999 Jun 28;161(26):4005-7
Date
Jun-28-1999
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Denmark
Drug Information Services
English Abstract
Evaluation Studies
Female
Humans
Male
Pharmacology, Clinical
Pregnancy
Abstract
Clinical pharmacology was established quite recently in Denmark as a medical specialty. It comprises--among other items--clinical pharmacological drug information service, the primary aim of which is to provide service to health personnel with clinical responsibility involving drugs and specific patient-related questions. Questions forwarded to the clinical pharmacological drug information service at two Copenhagen hospitals have been summarized. The questions were categorized according to the profession and the affiliation to the health care system of the inquirer as well as the nature of the question. At the two hospitals, 118 and 77 questions were answered from January 1st 1997 to June 1st 1998, respectively. Physicians employed at hospitals were responsible for the majority of the questions. Most questions concerned adverse drug reactions, choice of therapy/drug, and therapy during pregnancy or breast feeding.
PubMed ID
10402937 View in PubMed
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The clinical pharmacology departments should develop their services according to the local health care needs.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature179462
Source
Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2004 Jul;60(5):381-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2004

[Clinical pharmacology--important events in 2003. The Danish Society of Clinical Pharmacology].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature180723
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2004 Mar 15;166(12):1110
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-15-2004
Author
Jens P Kampmann
Kim Brøsen
Per Buch Andreasen
Author Affiliation
Institut for Rationel Farmakoterapi, Laegemiddelstyrelsen, Axel Heldes Gade 1, DK-2300 København S. jpk@dkma.dk
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2004 Mar 15;166(12):1110
Date
Mar-15-2004
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Denmark
Drug Information Services
Humans
Internet
Pharmacology, Clinical - education
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Societies, Medical
PubMed ID
15067769 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Clinical pharmacology: important events in 2004. Danish Society of Clinical Pharmacology].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature175238
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2005 Mar 21;167(12-13):1385
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-21-2005
Author
Per Damkier
Kim P Dalhoff
Per Buch Andreasen
Author Affiliation
Klinisk Farmakologi, Odense Universitetshospital, DK-5000 Odense. pdamkier@health.sdu.dk
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2005 Mar 21;167(12-13):1385
Date
Mar-21-2005
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Denmark
Drug Information Services
Humans
Organic Anion Transporters - physiology
P-Glycoprotein - physiology
Pharmacology, Clinical
Societies, Medical
PubMed ID
15832705 View in PubMed
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48 records – page 1 of 5.