The unfavorable factors of professional work of workers of locomotive brigades influence on speed of aging and adaptation possibilities of an organism. Analysis of the data obtained confirms the positive use of the peptide bioregulator Pinealon in maintenance the professional reliability of workers of locomotive brigades. Workers of locomotive brigades used preparation during two weeks (1 capsule containing 100 mkg of Pinealon 2 times a day). Pinealon application has improved parameters of biological age and indicators determining the effectiveness of adaptive reactions.
Tea tree oil is an aboriginal Australian traditional medicine for bruises, insect bites, and skin infections. It was rediscovered in the 1920s as a topical antiseptic that is more effective than Phenol. Previous studies have demonstrated its antiseptic qualities, but its effects on human white blood cells have never been investigated.
To test the hypothesis that tea tree oil exerts its antiseptic action through white blood cell activation.
Crude oil and the purified "active" component were studied by using a model system that responds to bioactive components by induction of differentiation in white blood cells. Methods used included white blood cell oxidative burst assay (nitroblue tetrazolium [NBT] dye reduction); cell proliferation assay (tritiated thymidine incorporation); cell surface differentiation marker assay (flow cytometric quantitation of phycoerythrin-anti-CD 11b binding); cell viability assay (trypan blue exclusion); and cellular differentiation enzyme assay (white cell esterase staining).
Collectively, five assays that measure differentiation in white blood cells indicated monocytic differentiation after treatment with either crude oil or the purified active component. Both the crude oil and the purified active component, (+:-) terpinene-4-ol, caused a similar type and amount of differentiation. The culture of cells in medium containing serum caused more activation than in medium containing no serum.
The antiseptic activity of tea tree oil appears to be due, in part, to white blood cell activation.
Phagocytic activity of blood cells and free fatty acids content in rat brain were studied during experimental disturbances of blood supply. It is shown that disturbances of cerebral circulation in rats lead to a depression of a phagocytic part of immunity though during the expressed damage during the early periods its intensification is observed. During disturbances in brain circulation, the most significant changes are seeing in the contents of arachidonic and palmitic fatty acids. The level of changes in fatty acids contents and their dynamics depended on the degree of circulatory disturbances. Correlation communications between activity of phagocyte blood cells and changes in fatty acid content in rat brain during circulatory alterations point to the certain dependence on systemic oxidative stress.
Clinical investigation have been done in adult patients with broken mandible during 3 weeks of conservative treatment with aluminum splints (1st group, n = 17) or steel splints (2nd group, n = 16) in comparison with health adults (control group, n = 18). The neutrophil emigration into alterative locus and their degranulation as well as phagocytic activity of peripheral blood neutrophils were tested. It was found that aluminum splint application caused the intensive inflammation and then the depression of local host defense reactions. Treatment with steel splints did not lead to neutrophil function depletion or to hyper-intensification of inflammatory reaction in patients. The increased values of neutrophil reactions were normalized in this group at the final period of the treatment. The examined trial ensures our accurate method in treatment of patients with broken mandible. The determination of local host defense state may be proposed as preferable simple express-method of evaluation of immune status, treatment efficiency and prognosis in these patients.
The goal of the study was to assess the state of immunity in exposed residents of the Techa riverside villages 50 years, or more, after the onset of radiation exposure. 127 chronically exposed persons and 55 unexposed persons were studied. The mean dose to red bone marrow (RBM) was 0.69 Sv in exposed subjects, the mean dose to soft tissue was 0.07 Sv, the mean dose rate amounted to 0.10 Sv/yr to RBM and 0.02 Sv/yr to soft tissues in 1950. The state of the basic links of the immunity system (cellular, humoral, mononuclear phagocyte system, cytokine spectrum, etc.) was assessed using conventional methods. Exposed persons manifested a significant reduction in the absolute counts of CD3+, CD4+, CD 11b+, CD16+ lymphocytes in the peripheral blood, as well as an increase in the relative counts of CD8+. The group comprised of the Techa riverside residents demonstrated an increased immunoregulatory index (exposed individuals: 1.47; controls: 1.71, p = 0.001). An increased production of Immunoglobulin A and increased proportions of CD25+ lymphocytes were revealed in exposed individuals. Changes in the phagocytic activity of neutrophils and monocytes were insignificant, and were primarily associated with changes in the proportions of pagocytes in the peripheral blood stream. The state of the immunity in chronically exposed individuals at late time after the begin of exposure is characterized by a number of specific features reflected primarily on the cellular immunity. No relationship between immunity changes and accumulated exposure dose and dose rate were noted over the period of maximum radiation exposures (1950).
Functional activity of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) was tested in 63 HIV-1 infected patients. PMN chemiluminescence (CL) and intracellular enzyme activity were both depressed in patients at all stages of infection, though this depression was more pronounced in AIDS patients. We found no such depression when cells were incubated in the presence of autologous serum. PMN phagocytosis in the presence of serum was reduced in the early stage of HIV infection (LAS) but was in the normal range in AIDS patients. No differences in PMN functional activity between patients with LAS and those with dermatological disorders were found. The appearance of recurrent upper respiratory tract infection was associated with reduced PMN CL. The most pronounced changes in PMN activity were observed in patients with severe, recurrent bacterial pneumonia and Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. A lower level of PMN activity was found in patients with infection progressing rapidly towards AIDS than in patients with a relatively stable course of infection. Thus, PMN CL may be regarded as a predictive factor for the progression of HIV infection.