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Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) in patients with breast disease and breast cancer: a prospective case-control study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature137438
Source
In Vivo. 2011 Jan-Feb;25(1):111-6
Publication Type
Article
Author
Matti Eskelinen
Paula Ollonen
Author Affiliation
Department of Surgery, Kuopio University Hospital, PL 1777, 70211 Kuopio, Finland. matti.eskelinen@kuh.fi
Source
In Vivo. 2011 Jan-Feb;25(1):111-6
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Breast Diseases - epidemiology - etiology - psychology
Breast Neoplasms - epidemiology - etiology - psychology
Case-Control Studies
Depression - complications - epidemiology
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Life Style
Middle Aged
Personality Inventory - standards
Prospective Studies
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Risk
Abstract
In 1972, Beck introduced an inventory (BDI) for rapid screening of depression. The associations between the BDI and the risk of breast cancer (BC) are rarely considered together in prospective studies.
In an extension of the Kuopio Breast Cancer Study, 115 women with breast cancer symptoms were semi-structurally interviewed in-depth as well as asked to complete standardised questionnaires (Forsen, Spielberger, MADRS), and all study variables were obtained before any diagnostic procedures were carried out. BDI was used to evaluate the depression of the study participants.
The clinical examinations and biopsies showed BC in 34 patients, benign breast disease (BBD) in 53 patients, and 28 individuals were shown to be healthy (HSS). There was a trend for the women with HSS to have less sadness (BDI mean score, 0.27) than those of the BC (BDI mean score, 0.56) and BBD groups (BDI mean score, 0.49). The HSS group tended to be less pessimistic (BDI mean score, 0.15) than the patients in the BC group (BDI mean score, 0.44) and in the BBD group (BDI mean score, 0.42). The HSS group also had less self-accusation (BDI mean score, 0.19) than the patients in the BC group (BDI mean score, 0.50) and the patients in the BBD group (BDI mean score, 0.62). The HSS group also reported less work inhibition and weight loss than the patients in the BC group and in the BBD group. The mean sum of the scores of BDI variables was significantly lower in the HSS group (BDI mean score, 7.1) than in the BC (BDI mean score, 8.4) or BBD groups (BDI mean score, 8.8).
The results of this study do not support a specific link between BDI and breast cancer risk. However, the patients with BC and BBD tended to have an increased risk for depressive symptoms.
PubMed ID
21282743 View in PubMed
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Stability of personality traits over a five-year period in Swedish patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorder and non-psychotic individuals: a study using the Swedish universities scales of personality.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature293445
Source
BMC Psychiatry. 2018 02 27; 18(1):54
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
02-27-2018
Author
Tomas Fagerberg
Erik Söderman
J Petter Gustavsson
Ingrid Agartz
Erik G Jönsson
Author Affiliation
Human Brain Informatics (HUBIN), Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Centre for Psychiatric Research, Psychiatry Section, Karolinska Institutet and Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Tomas.Fagerberg@ki.se.
Source
BMC Psychiatry. 2018 02 27; 18(1):54
Date
02-27-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Adult
Case-Control Studies
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Personality
Personality Disorders - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Personality Inventory - standards
Schizophrenia - diagnosis - epidemiology
Schizophrenic Psychology
Sweden - epidemiology
Time Factors
Universities
Abstract
Personality is considered as an important aspect in persons with psychotic disorders. Several studies have investigated personality in schizophrenia. However, no study has investigated stability of personality traits exceeding three years in patients with schizophrenia. This study aims to investigate the stability of personality traits over a five-year period among patients with schizophrenia and non-psychotic individuals and to evaluate case-control differences.
Patients with psychotic disorders (n?=?36) and non-psychotic individuals (n?=?76) completed Swedish universities Scales of Personality (SSP) at two occasions five years apart. SSP scores were analysed for effect of time and case-control differences by multiple analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) and within-subjects correlation.
MANCOVA within-subjects analysis did not show any effect of time. Thus, SSP mean scale scores did not significantly vary during the five-year interval. Within subject correlations (Spearman) ranged 0.30-0.68 and 0.54-0.75 for the different SSP scales in patients and controls, respectively. Patients scored higher than controls in SSP scales Somatic Trait Anxiety, Psychic Trait Anxiety, Stress Susceptibility, Lack of Assertiveness, Detachment, Embitterment, and Mistrust.
The stability of the SSP personality trait was reasonably high among patients with psychotic disorder, although lower than among non-psychotic individuals, which is in accordance with previous research.
PubMed ID
29486736 View in PubMed
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