We aimed to compare angiographic and clinical outcomes after the implantation of everolimus-eluting (EES) and sirolimus-eluting (SES) stents in patients with diabetes.
There are limited data on long-term outcome after EES vs SES implantation in diabetic patients.
We randomized 213 patients with diabetes and coronary artery disease to EES (n?=?108) or SES (n?=?105) implantation. Angiographic follow-up was performed 10 months after the index procedure and all patients were followed clinically for 4 years. The primary endpoint was angiographic in-stent late luminal loss at 10-month follow-up. Secondary endpoints included angiographic restenosis rate, the need for target lesion revascularization (TLR) and major adverse cardiac events (MACE; defined as cardiac death, myocardial infarction, definite stent thrombosis, or TLR) at 4-year follow-up.
At 10-month angiographic follow-up, in-stent late lumen loss was 0.20?±?0.53 mm and 0.11?±?0.49 mm (P?=?0.28), and angiographic restenosis rate was 3.8% and 5.2% (P?=?0.72) in the EES and SES groups, respectively. At 4-year clinical follow-up, MACE had occurred in 22 (20.4%) patients in the EES group and 25 (23.8%) patients in SES group (HR 0.84, 95% CI 0.47-1.49; P?=?0.55), with TLR performed in 6 (5.6%) and 10 (9.5%) patients in the two groups (HR 0.57, 95% CI 0.21-1-58; P?=?0.28).
EES and SES had comparable 10-month angiographic and 4-year clinical outcomes in patients with diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease.
The Swedish Web-system for Enhancement and Development of Evidence-based care in Heart disease Evaluated According to Recommended Therapies (SWEDEHEART) collects data to support the improvement of care for heart disease.
SWEDEHEART collects on-line data from consecutive patients treated at any coronary care unit n = (74), followed for secondary prevention, undergoing any coronary angiography, percutaneous coronary intervention, percutaneous valve or cardiac surgery. The registry is governed by an independent steering committee, the software is developed by Uppsala Clinical Research Center and it is funded by The Swedish national health care provider independent of industry support. Approximately 80,000 patients per year enter the database which consists of more than 3 million patients.
Base-line, procedural, complications and discharge data consists of several hundred variables. The data quality is secured by monitoring. Outcomes are validated by linkage to other registries such as the National Cause of Death Register, the National Patient Registry, and the National Registry of Drug prescriptions. Thanks to the unique social security number provided to all citizens follow-up is complete. The 2011 outcomes with special emphasis on patients more than 80 years of age are presented.
SWEDEHEART is a unique complete national registry for heart disease.
Evidence of improved survival after use of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is limited. We assessed the association between PCI and long-term mortality in octogenarians with ACS.
We followed 353 consecutive patients aged =80 years hospitalized with ACS during 2006-2007. Among them, 182 were treated with PCI, whereas 171 were not. PCI-treated patients were younger and more often male, and had less stroke and dependency in activities of daily living, but there were no significant differences in occurrence of diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, hypertension, and uncured malignancies between the two groups. The association between PCI and all-cause mortality was assessed in the overall cohort and a 1:1 matched cohort based on propensity score (PS). In overall cohort, 5-year all-cause mortality was 46.2% and 89.5% in the PCI and non-PCI groups, respectively. Cox regression analysis in overall cohort by adjustment for ten baseline variables showed statistically significant association between PCI and reduced long-term mortality (P
Cites: Eur Heart J. 2011 Dec;32(23):2999-305421873419
We aim to describe the in-hospital outcomes of the first reported Canadian cohort of patients with cardiogenic shock and acute myocardial infarction (MI) due to acute and total occlusion of the left main coronary artery, treated with initial percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Acute left main thromboses with cardiogenic shock were identified (N = 8) from a retrospective consecutive cohort of high risk left main PCI (N = 56) performed at our institution from 2004-2009. The mean age was 62.3 ± 13.2 years, with 6 (75%) male patients. Successful PCI was performed in all patients, with thrombectomy utilized in 4 patients (50%), stenting in 7 patients (88%), and intra-aortic balloon pump augmentation in 7 patients (88%). Two patients (25%) required extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and 2 other patients required ventricular assist devices. Post-PCI coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was performed for 2 patients (25%). The mean SYNTAX score was 26.6 ± 10.5. The mean logistic EuroSCORE was 30.4 ± 12.6%. In-hospital mortality occurred in 3 patients (38%). Acute left main occlusion is a rare but devastating presentation of myocardial infarction, invariably with cardiogenic shock. Emergent PCI may be an effective method to acutely revascularize this subset of patients; however, aggressive post-PCI care including ECMO, CABG, and ventricular support may be required to improve patient survival.
to compare data on pre- and in hospital treatment of non ST-elevation (NSTE) acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in Russian ACS registers RECORD (recruitment from 11.2007 to 02.2008) and RECORD-2 (from 04/2009 to 04.2011).
Four of 7 hospitals participating in RECORD-2 were invasive (57.1% vs. 55.6% in RECORD). In RECORD-2 10-30 consecutive patients with NSTEACS were included monthly in each center; recruitment in RECORD was described elsewhere.
Mean age of patients was similar in two registries. Portion of women was significantly higher in RECORD-2 (42.9% vs. 26.0% in RECORD; 140) gave results close to those in all patients except mortality which was statistically similar but numerically higher in RECORD-2 (9.3 vs. 7.9% in RECORD; p=0.68).
Comparison of data of 2 limited NSTEACS registers conducted with interval of about 2 years showed only modest shift towards fulfillment of contemporary recommendations which was not associated with increase in rates of PCI and improvement of outcomes especially in high risk patients.
Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) accounts for more than half of all deaths from coronary heart disease. Time to return of spontaneous circulation is the most important determinant of outcome but successful resuscitation also requires percutaneous coronary intervention in selected patients. However, proper selection of patients is difficult. We describe data on angiographic finding and survival from a prospectively followed SCA patient cohort.
We merged the RIKS-HIA registry (Register of Information and Knowledge about Swedish Heart Intensive Care Admissions) and SCAAR (Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry) for patients hospitalized in cardiac care units in Western Sweden between January 2005 and March 2013. We performed propensity score-adjusted logistic and Cox proportional-hazards regression analyses on complete-case data as well as on imputed data sets.
638 consecutive patients underwent coronary angiography due to SCA. Severity of coronary artery disease was similar among SCA patients and patients undergoing coronary angiography due to suspected coronary artery disease (n=37,142). An acute occlusion was reported in the majority of SCA patients and was present in 37% of patients who did not have ST-elevation on the post resuscitation ECG. 31% of SCA patients died within 30 days. Long-term risk of death among patients who survived the first 30 days was higher in patients with SCA compared to patients with acute coronary syndromes (P
The safety and efficacy of triple therapy (TT; warfarin with dual antiplatelet therapy [DAPT]) in post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are unclear. We aimed to determine whether TT is associated with a decreased stroke rate and an acceptable bleeding rate in this population.
This was a single-centre, retrospective study. Primary composite outcome was death, ischemic stroke, or transient ischemic attack. Secondary outcomes included components of primary outcome, bleeding, and blood transfusion rates.
Of 602 post-PCI patients with AF between 2000 and 2009, 382 received TT, 220 DAPT. Mean follow-up post PCI was 5.9 ± 5.0 months. The TT group had a higher CHADS(2) score (2.6 vs 2.1, P 2), and -3.2 (overall) per 100 patient-years.
Although we found no association with TT usage and a reduction in cerebrovascular ischemic or major bleeding events in post-PCI patients with AF regardless of CHADS(2) score vs DAPT, the study was likely underpowered to demonstrate a clinically relevant reduction. TT was associated with a 5-fold increase in gastrointestinal bleeding vs DAPT. Net clinical benefit calculations suggest benefits of TT in patients with CHADS(2) > 2. Stratification with CHADS(2) might be useful to determine the optimal antithrombotic therapy post PCI.
Comment In: Can J Cardiol. 2013 Feb;29(2):136-823089529