Fødestuene utgjør en del av en differensiert og desentralisert fødselsomsorg i Norge. Hensikten med studien var å undersøke forekomst og karakteristika ved planlagte og ikke-planlagte fødestuefødsler og årsaker til overflytting samt resultater for mor og barn.
I perioden 2008-10 ble et tilleggsskjema til rutinemeldingen til Medisinsk fødselsregister fortløpende utfylt av jordmor for 2 514 av i alt 2 556 (98,4 %) fødestuefødsler og for 220 fødsler som var planlagt i fødestue, men der fødselen foregikk andre steder. Data fra tilleggsskjema ble så koblet med rutinedata i Medisinsk fødselsregister og resultater fra fødestuefødsler sammenlignet med resultater fra en lavrisikofødepopulasjon i sykehus.
Av de 2 514 fødestuefødslene var 2 320 (92,3 %) planlagt å foregå der, mens 194 (7,7 %) ikke var det. Ved planlagt fødestuefødsel ble totalt 6,9 % overflyttet til sykehus under fødsel, hvorav 19,5 % blant førstegangsfødende. Det var 0,4 % operative vaginale fødsler ved vanlige fødestuer, 3,5 % ved forsterkede fødestuer og 12,7 % ved fødsler overflyttet fra fødestue til sykehus. Blant barn født i fødestue hadde 0,6 % apgarskår
CommentIn: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2018 Jun 12;138(10): PMID 29893095
Earlier studies indicate that midwife-led birth settings are associated with modest benefits, including reduced medical interventions and increased maternal satisfaction. The generalizability of these studies to birth settings with low intervention rates, like those generally found in Norway, is not obvious. The aim of the present study was to compare intervention rates associated with labour in low-risk women who begin their labour in a midwife-led unit and a conventional care unit.
Eligible participants were low-risk primiparas who met the criteria for delivery in the midwife-led ward regardless of which cohort they were allocated to. The two wards are localised at the same floor. Women in both cohorts received the same standardized public antenatal care by general medical practitioners and midwifes who were not involved in the delivery. After admission of a woman to the midwife-led ward, the next woman who met the inclusion criteria, but preferred delivery at the conventional delivery ward, was allocated to the conventional delivery ward cohort. Among the 252 women in the midwife-led ward cohort, 74 (29%) women were transferred to the conventional delivery ward during labour.
Emergency caesarean and instrumental delivery rates in women who were admitted to the midwife-led and conventional birth wards were statistically non-different, but more women admitted to the conventional birth ward had episiotomy. More women in the conventional delivery ward received epidural analgesia, pudental nerve block and nitrous oxide, while more women in the midwife-led ward received opiates and non-pharmacological pain relief.
We did not find evidence that starting delivery in the midwife-led setting offers the advantage of lower operative delivery rates. However, epidural analgesia, pudental nerve block and episiotomies were less often while non-pharmacological pain relief was often used in the midwife-led ward.
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Pancreas surgery has evolved with better diagnostic imaging, changing indications, and improved patient selection. Outside high-volume tertiary centers, the documented effect of evolution in care and volumes are limited. Thus, we aimed to review indications and outcomes in pancreas surgery during the transition from community-based hospital to a university hospital.
All pancreatic surgeries performed between 1986 and 2012 within a well-defined Norwegian population were identified from the hospital's database. Indications and postoperative outcomes, including mortality, were investigated.
Of the 219 included patients (54% males; median age, 64 years), 150 (69%) underwent pancreatoduodenectomy; 55 (25%), distal resection; and 5 (2%), enucleation. The annual number of operations increased during the study period (from 20/yr). Most patients (169; 77%) underwent surgery for suspected malignancy. The 30-day mortality decreased significantly over time among patients treated for pancreatic cancer (from 16.1% to 3.5%; p = 0.012). Over time, significant reductions in median hospitalization time (19 versus 12 days; p
OBJECTIVES: 1. To find out whether a stay in local general practitioner hospitals (GP hospitals) prior to an emergency admission to higher level hospitals aggravated or prolonged the course of the disease, or contributed to permanent health loss for some patients. 2. To detect cases where a transitory stay in a GP hospital might have been favourable. DESIGN: A retrospective expert panel study based on records from GP hospitals and general hospitals. The included patients had participated in a previous prospective study of consecutive admissions to GP hospitals during 8 weeks. SETTING: Fifteen out of 16 GP hospitals in Finnmark county, Norway. SUBJECTS: Seventy-three patients transferred to higher level hospitals from a total of 395 admitted to GP hospitals. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Three outcome categories were considered for each patient: "possible permanent health loss", "possible significantly prolonged or aggravated disease course", and "possible favourable effect on the disease course". RESULTS: There was agreement about the possibility of negative effects in two patients (2.7%), while a possible favourable influence was ascribed to six cases (8.2%). CONCLUSION: Negative health effects due to transitory stays in GP hospitals are uncommon and moderate, and balanced by benefits, particularly with regard to early access to life saving treatment for critically ill patients.
Streptococcus agalactiae (group B Streptococcus, GBS) is the most common cause of early neonatal infection, but restricting the diagnosis to culture-positive infants may underestimate the burden of GBS disease. Our objective was to determine whether maternal GBS colonization was associated with an increased risk of transfer of term infants to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and, if so, to estimate the incidence of probable early-onset GBS disease.
We conducted a prospective cohort study of 1,694 term infants whose mothers had vaginal-rectal swabs collected at delivery. Data collected on each mother and infant included demographics, clinical findings and laboratory investigations. The medical staff were unaware of the maternal GBS colonization status.
A total of 26% of the mothers were colonized. Infants born to colonized mothers did not differ from infants born to non-colonized mothers with respect to birth weight or Apgar score. Altogether, 30 (1.8%) of the term infants were transferred to the NICU. Only 1 infant born to a colonized mother had culture-positive early-onset GBS disease. Infants born to colonized mothers were more than 3 times as likely to be transferred to the NICU compared to infants of non-colonized mothers (3.6 vs. 1.1%; OR 3.4, 95% CI 1.6-6.9, p = 0.001); 5 infants of colonized mothers had probable GBS disease with tachypnoea and raised C-reactive protein (3.0/1,000 live term births).
Maternal GBS colonization is associated with increased risk of transfer to the NICU in term infants. The burden of neonatal GBS disease may be greater than indicated by the number of culture-positive cases.
The Coordination reform was implemented in Norway from 2012, aiming at seamless patient trajectories. All municipalities are required to establish emergency care beds (MEBs) to avoid unnecessary hospital admissions. We aimed to examine occupancy rate, patient characteristics, diagnoses and discharge level of municipal care in a small MEB unit.
Cross-sectional, observational study.
A two-bed emergency care unit.
All patients admitted to the unit during one year.
Patients' age and gender, comorbidity, main diagnoses and municipal care level on admission and discharge, diagnostic and therapeutic initiatives, occupancy rate.
Sixty admissions were registered, with total bed occupancy 194 days, and an occupancy rate of 0.27. The patients (median age 83 years, 57% women) had mostly infections, musculoskeletal symptoms or undefined conditions. Some 48% of the stays exceeded three days and 43% of the patients were subsequently transferred to nursing homes or hospitals.
Occupancy rate was low. Patient selection was not according to national standards, and stays were longer. Many patients were transferred to nursing homes, indicating that the unit was an intermediate pathway or a short cut to institutional care. It is unclear whether the unit avoided hospital admissions.
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The purpose of this study was to survey the time consumed during the pre- and inter-hospital transport of severely head injured patients in Northern Norway. All patients (n = 85) operated for an intracranial mass lesions within 48 h after injury during the 10-year period 1986-1995 were included in this retrospective analysis. Ambulance records, transfer notes, and hospital records were reviewed. The transport of patients was classified as either direct from the trauma scene to the University Hospital (direct admission group) or as an inter-hospital transfer (transfer group). Forty-seven (55%) patients were in the direct admission group, and 38 (45%) were transferred through another hospital. The majority of patients (81%) were transported by air ambulance. Median time from injury to arrival in the emergency room was 5 (1-44) h. Time necessary for transport was significantly (p