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[Admissions of adolescents at Vogur have fallen by over 50% since 2002[Editorial]].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature279966
Source
Laeknabladid. 2016 Jul;102(7-8):323
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2016
Author
Thorarinn Tyrfingsson
Source
Laeknabladid. 2016 Jul;102(7-8):323
Date
Jul-2016
Language
Icelandic
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Age Factors
Humans
Iceland
Patient Admission - trends
Time Factors
Young Adult
PubMed ID
27531849 View in PubMed
Less detail

Adolescent suicide attempts in Bærum, Norway, 1984-2006.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature138824
Source
Crisis. 2010;31(5):255-64
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
Author
Gudrun Dieserud
Ragnhild M Gerhardsen
Hanne Van den Weghe
Karina Corbett
Author Affiliation
Department of Suicide Research and Prevention, Division of Mental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Nydalen, Oslo, Norway. gudi@fhi.no
Source
Crisis. 2010;31(5):255-64
Date
2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior - psychology
Adolescent Psychology
Attitude to Health
Conflict (Psychology)
Family - psychology
Female
Hospitals, General - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Incidence
Interpersonal Relations
Interview, Psychological
Male
Mental Health - statistics & numerical data
Motivation
Norway - epidemiology
Patient Admission - trends
Population Surveillance
Regression Analysis
Risk factors
Sex Distribution
Suburban Population - trends
Suicide, Attempted - psychology - trends
Abstract
There are presently few international studies that examine adolescents' own experience of both triggering and the underlying reasons behind their suicide attempts.
To present the rates, triggering factors, and underlying reasons for such behavior.
The 23-year (1984-2006) surveillance study reported includes all general hospital-treated suicide attempters aged between 13 and 19 years (n = 254) living in the municipality of Bærum, a suburb on the outskirts of Oslo, Norway.
Suicide attempt rates for both sexes decreased during the period of study. The female suicide attempt rate was on average 3.5 times higher than the male rate. An average of 8.2% of the suicide attempters made a repeat attempt within the following year. Overall, the most commonly reported trigger was a relational conflict (50.2%), and the most commonly reported underlying reason was a dysfunctional family situation (43.6%), followed by mental health problems (22.8%). The main gender difference for both triggers and underlying reasons was that relational conflicts were reported significantly more often by girls than by boys as triggers (55.0% versus 32.7%), and dysfunctional family issues were reported significantly more often by girls than by boys (47.1% versus 30.8%) as underlying reasons for the attempt. Mental health problems were reported less frequently as an underlying reason by girls than boys (21.2% versus 28.8%).
A family-oriented intervention embracing the extended family system seems warranted in a majority of the cases in our study.
PubMed ID
21134845 View in PubMed
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Analysis of surgical admissions to the Ethio-Swedish Children's Hospital (1984-1988) in Addis Ababa.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37853
Source
Ethiop Med J. 1990 Jan;28(1):15-22
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-1990
Author
E. Daniel
G. Melaku
M C Yoo
Y. Agzew
W. Gebre
Author Affiliation
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
Source
Ethiop Med J. 1990 Jan;28(1):15-22
Date
Jan-1990
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Child, Preschool
Ethiopia
Hospitals, Pediatric - statistics & numerical data
Hospitals, Special - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Patient Admission - trends
Retrospective Studies
Surgical Procedures, Operative - mortality
Sweden
Abstract
Surgical problems in children result in significant morbidity and mortality. A retrospective analysis of all surgical patients admitted to the Ethio-Swedish Children's Hospital (ESCH) over a five year period from 1984 to 1988 was made. There were a total of 2,281 surgical patients admitted, accounting for 22% of all hospital admissions (total = 10,364). The gastrointestinal and musculoskeletal systems were the most common systems involved. Acute appendicitis accounted for 13.9% (N = 318), cleft-lip and palate 8% (N = 183), and burns 6.9% (N = 157) of all surgical admissions. Accidents and trauma accounted for 25% of the surgical admissions (N = 564). Of these, the most common conditions were burns, car accidents, accidental falls, and foreign body aspirations. The over all mortality rate was 4% (N = 98). Acute appendicitis, intussusception, acute laryngotracheobronchitis (ALTB), and burns were associated with a high mortality. Of the neonatal admissions, one third died shortly after surgery, probably due to anaesthetic, fluid and electrolyte imbalance. Examination of the general pattern of surgical admissions revealed that many of the conditions were preventable, or amenable to medical therapy if detected early. Health education of the public is therefore necessary in order to reduce the morbidity and mortality of these conditions.
PubMed ID
2307154 View in PubMed
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An epidemiological study on increased length of stay.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature103251
Source
Dimens Health Serv. 1990 Feb;67(1):28-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1990
Author
L. McIntyre
Author Affiliation
Izaak Walton Killam Hospital, Dalhousie University, Faculty of Medicine, Halifax.
Source
Dimens Health Serv. 1990 Feb;67(1):28-31
Date
Feb-1990
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Child
Child, Preschool
Diagnosis-Related Groups - statistics & numerical data
Epidemiologic Methods
Hospitals, Pediatric - utilization
Hospitals, Special - utilization
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Length of Stay - trends
Mortality
Nova Scotia - epidemiology
Patient Admission - trends
Patient Discharge - trends
Severity of Illness Index
Abstract
The epidemiologic triad of causation states that all illness results from a disequilibrium between host, agent and environmental factors. The "illness" investigated in this report--increased LOS--resulted from a combination of: patient factors--the increased prevalence of chronic diseases in childhood, a revolution in neonatal survival and an increase in survivorship in general for severe diseases, such as congenital anomalies and genetic diseases; agent factors--the transition from agents of infectious disease to agents of chronic disease as well as iatrogenesis; and health care environmental factors--equity issues involving the ethics of treatment, changes in medical technology and patterns of medical practice. The use of preadmission testing, increased participation by parents in the care of their children, an investigation of the appropriate venue for care of chronically ill children and the back transfer of recovering children to their home hospitals were recommended and considered by the hospital's administration and board of governors.
PubMed ID
2107108 View in PubMed
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An intervention study among elderly people. Methodological and practical experiences.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature237422
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 1986 Feb;4(1):39-42
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1986
Author
C. Hendriksen
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 1986 Feb;4(1):39-42
Date
Feb-1986
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Denmark
Health planning - trends
Home Care Services - trends
Homes for the Aged - trends
Humans
Nursing Homes - trends
Patient Admission - trends
Patient Care Team - trends
Pilot Projects
Abstract
Based on a three years controlled intervention study among elderly subjects, aged 75 years or more and living in their own homes, the methodological and practical experiences achieved through interdisciplinary cooperation is described. The combination of social, medical and psychological interventions within the framework of a clinical controlled trial has documented remarkably favourable consequences for the intervention group. The planning, intervention, work up and publication periods of the study are described in the wish that future necessary intervention studies may be guided to an easier procedure.
PubMed ID
3961308 View in PubMed
Less detail

Challenges faced by service providers in the delivery of Assertive Community Treatment.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature174554
Source
Can J Commun Ment Health. 2004;23(1):115-27
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
Author
Terry Krupa
Shirley Eastabrook
Peter Beattie
Richard Carriere
Dianne McIntyre
Ruth Woodman
Author Affiliation
School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario.
Source
Can J Commun Ment Health. 2004;23(1):115-27
Date
2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Assertiveness
Community Mental Health Services - trends
Comprehensive Health Care - trends
Delivery of Health Care - trends
Forecasting
Health Services Needs and Demand - trends
Health services research - trends
Humans
Ontario
Patient Admission - trends
Psychotic Disorders - rehabilitation
Social Support
Abstract
This qualitative study examined the delivery of Assertive Community Treatment from the perspective of service providers of 4 ACT teams in southeastern Ontario. Overall, providers were positive about their involvement with ACT. Eight tensions experienced in the context of delivering services emerged: negotiating governance structures; providing 24-hour coverage; balancing the clinical-administrative responsibilities of team leaders; accessing hospital beds; meeting local population needs; integrating treatment and rehabilitation; changing services to meet changes in the population being served; and implementing ambiguous ACT standards. Framing these challenges in the context of ACT structures and the broader community mental health system, the study suggests possibilities for the ongoing development of the model to facilitate the realization of the ACT vision.
PubMed ID
15920886 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Health Rep. 1999;11(2):9-19(Eng); 9-21(Fre)
Publication Type
Article
Date
1999
Author
C. Connors
W J Millar
Author Affiliation
Health Statistics Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa. cathy.connors@statcan.ca
Source
Health Rep. 1999;11(2):9-19(Eng); 9-21(Fre)
Date
1999
Language
English
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Age Distribution
Canada - epidemiology
Child
Child, Hospitalized - statistics & numerical data
Child, Preschool
Female
Hospitals, Pediatric - utilization
Humans
Infant
Length of Stay - trends
Male
Medical Records
Patient Admission - trends
Patient Discharge - trends
Abstract
This article examines changes in hospital separations of children aged 1 to 14 between 1986/87 and 1996/97. It focuses on four common causes of childhood hospitalization: asthma, chronic disease of tonsils and adenoids, fractures, and acute appendicitis.
Hospital separation data are from the Hospital Morbidity File, from Statistics Canada for fiscal year 1986/87, and from the Canadian Institute for Health Information for fiscal year 1996/97.
Diagnoses were coded to the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision and surgical procedures were coded to the Canadian Classification of Diagnostic, Therapeutic, and Surgical Procedures. Population estimates for 1986 and 1996 were used to calculate hospital separation rates and surgical rates.
In 1986/87, there were 355,000 hospital separations of children aged 1 to 14; by 1996/97, the number of separations had fallen to just over 206,000. The hospital separation rate was 37.0 per 1,000 children in 1996/97, down from 69.7 ten years earlier. The average length of stay fell from 4.5 days to 3.8. The total annual number of days Canadian children stayed in hospital dropped from over 1.6 million to 788,700.
PubMed ID
10618739 View in PubMed
Less detail

Changing trends in mortality and admissions to hospital for elderly patients with congestive heart failure in Montreal.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature192605
Source
CMAJ. 2001 Oct 16;165(8):1033-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-16-2001
Author
D E Feldman
C. Thivierge
L. Guérard
V. Déry
C. Kapetanakis
G. Lavoie
E J Beck
Author Affiliation
Direction de la Santé Publique de Montréal Centre, and Département de médecine sociale et préventive, Université de Montréal, Que. dfeldman@santepub-mtl.qc.ca
Source
CMAJ. 2001 Oct 16;165(8):1033-6
Date
Oct-16-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Chi-Square Distribution
Female
Heart Failure - mortality
Humans
Male
Mortality - trends
Patient Admission - trends
Quebec - epidemiology
Registries
Abstract
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a common disease requiring admission to hospital among elderly people and is associated with a high mortality rate. The objective of this study was to examine trends in CHF mortality and admissions to hospital in Montreal between 1990 and 1997 for individuals aged 65 years or more.
We obtained information about deaths from the Quebec Death Certificate Registry database and information about admissions to hospital from the Quebec Med-Echo database. Patients with a primary diagnosis that was classified as ICD-9 code 428 were considered cases of CHF.
Although age-adjusted rates of mortality from CHF did not change significantly between 1990 and 1997, the annual rate of admission to hospital for CHF increased from 92 per 10,000 population in 1990/91 to 124 per 10,000 population in 1997/98 (p
Notes
Cites: J Am Geriatr Soc. 1997 Mar;45(3):276-809063271
Cites: J Am Geriatr Soc. 1997 Aug;45(8):968-749256850
Cites: J Card Fail. 1999 Mar;5(1):64-7510194662
Cites: N Engl J Med. 1999 Jul 22;341(4):217-2510413733
Cites: Am Heart J. 1999 Nov;138(5 Pt 1):835-4210539813
Cites: J Am Coll Cardiol. 1999 Nov 1;34(5):1378-8710551682
Cites: Arch Intern Med. 2000 Jan 24;160(2):197-20210647758
Cites: CMAJ. 2000 Jul 11;163(1):31-610920727
Cites: Eur J Heart Fail. 1999 Aug;1(3):229-4110935669
Cites: Circulation. 2000 Sep 5;102(10):1126-3110973841
Cites: Vital Health Stat 13. 1991 Sep;(108):1-2361720910
Cites: J Am Coll Cardiol. 1993 Oct;22(4 Suppl A):6A-13A8376698
Cites: Am Heart J. 1993 Oct;126(4):1042-78213434
Cites: Mayo Clin Proc. 1993 Dec;68(12):1143-508246614
Comment In: CMAJ. 2001 Oct 16;165(8):1053-511699701
PubMed ID
11699698 View in PubMed
Less detail

Cross-cultural comparison: psychiatric admission of Asian and indigenous patients in Leicestershire.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature239731
Source
Int J Soc Psychiatry. 1985;31(1):3-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
1985
Author
A. Shaikh
Source
Int J Soc Psychiatry. 1985;31(1):3-11
Date
1985
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Antidepressive Agents - therapeutic use
Antipsychotic Agents - therapeutic use
Asia - ethnology
Commitment of Mentally Ill - trends
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Electroconvulsive Therapy
Emigration and Immigration
Ethnic Groups - psychology
Female
Great Britain
Humans
Length of Stay - trends
Male
Medical Indigency
Mental Disorders - diagnosis - therapy
Middle Aged
Patient Admission - trends
Abstract
Sixty-nine Asian patients were admitted to the psychiatric hospitals of Leicestershire in 1978. A case-note comparison was made with sixty-nine matched indigenous control patients. Four aspects were studied in particular, which showed: There was no significant difference in the number of compulsory admissions between Asian and indigenous patients. The two groups did not differ in their length of stay in hospital. The diagnoses given to the Asian patients were significantly different from those of the control group. Major treatment received by the two groups differed according to the diagnostic labels but there was slightly increased use of Electro-convulsive Therapy in the Asian patients with a diagnosis of Schizophrenia.
PubMed ID
2857688 View in PubMed
Less detail

57 records – page 1 of 6.