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162 records – page 1 of 17.

Airflow limitation and changes in pulmonary function among bleachery workers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature174038
Source
Eur Respir J. 2005 Jul;26(1):133-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2005
Author
A J Mehta
P K Henneberger
K. Torén
A-C Olin
Author Affiliation
Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA.
Source
Eur Respir J. 2005 Jul;26(1):133-9
Date
Jul-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Air Pollutants, Occupational - adverse effects
Airway Resistance
Case-Control Studies
Chlorine Compounds - adverse effects
Cohort Studies
Confidence Intervals
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Industry
Lung Diseases - chemically induced - epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Oxides - adverse effects
Ozone - adverse effects
Paper
Probability
Reference Values
Regression Analysis
Respiratory Function Tests
Risk assessment
Spirometry - methods
Sulfur Dioxide - adverse effects
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
This study investigated whether chronic airflow limitation and rapid decline in pulmonary function were associated with peak exposures to ozone and other irritant gases in pulp mills. Bleachery workers potentially exposed to irritant gassings (n = 178) from three Swedish pulp mills, and a comparison group of workers not exposed to irritant gassings (n = 54) from two paper mills, were studied. Baseline surveys occurred in 1995-1996, with follow-up surveys in 1998-1999. Participants performed spirometry and answered questions regarding ozone, chlorine dioxide (ClO2), and sulphur dioxide (SO2) gassings. From regression models controlling for potential confounders, declines in both the forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) (-24 mL x yr(-1)) and the forced vital capacity (FVC) (-19 mL x yr(-1)) were associated with ClO2/SO2 gassings. At follow-up, the prevalence of chronic airflow limitation (i.e. FEV1/FVC less than the lower limit of normal) was elevated for participants with only pre-baseline ozone gassings and with both pre-baseline and interval ozone gassings, after controlling for potential confounders. These findings suggest that obstructive effects among bleachery workers are associated with ozone gassings, and that adverse effects on spirometry might also accompany chlorine dioxide/sulphur dioxide gassings. Peak exposures to irritant gases in pulp mills should be prevented.
PubMed ID
15994400 View in PubMed
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Airway inflammation in paper mill workers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature160333
Source
J Occup Environ Med. 2007 Oct;49(10):1135-42
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2007
Author
Liv I B Sikkeland
Terje Haug
Astrid M Stangeland
Gøril Flatberg
Per Søstrand
Bente Halvorsen
Johny Kongerud
Author Affiliation
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Faculty Division Rikshospitalet, University of Oslo, Norway. liv.sikkeland@rikshospitalet.no
Source
J Occup Environ Med. 2007 Oct;49(10):1135-42
Date
Oct-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Bronchiolitis - diagnosis - epidemiology - genetics - immunology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Humans
Industry
Male
Middle Aged
Neutrophils - microbiology
Norway - epidemiology
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology - physiopathology
Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
Paper
Sputum - cytology - microbiology
Abstract
Paper mill workers are exposed to culturable microorganisms (MOs). We hypothesized that inflammatory airway response could be detected in sputum of nonsymptomatic workers. From four paper mills, we included 29 healthy nonsmoking men. Workers exposed to high levels of MOs (HMOE, n = 17) were compared with workers exposed to low levels of MO (LMOE, n = 12). A reference group of 22 healthy, nonsmoking, nonexposed (NE) men were also included. We performed differential cell counts of induced sputum, studied gene expressions of isolated sputum macrophages and analyzed inflammatory parameters, including matrix metalloproteinases. Sputum from HMOE workers had a significantly higher percentage of neutrophils than that from LMOE workers (P
PubMed ID
18000418 View in PubMed
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[Amino acid content of uterine fibromyoma]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature28839
Source
Pediatr Akus Ginekol. 1965 Nov-Dec;6:59
Publication Type
Article
Author
M D Dodil'chak
Source
Pediatr Akus Ginekol. 1965 Nov-Dec;6:59
Language
Ukrainian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alanine - analysis
Chromatography, Paper
Female
Humans
Leiomyoma
Uterine Neoplasms
PubMed ID
5879196 View in PubMed
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Anaerobic digestion of 30-100-year-old boreal lake sedimented fibre from the pulp industry: Extrapolating methane production potential to a practical scale.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature294806
Source
Water Res. 2018 04 15; 133:218-226
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
04-15-2018
Author
Marika Kokko
Veera Koskue
Jukka Rintala
Author Affiliation
Laboratory of Chemistry and Bioengineering, Tampere University of Technology, P.O. Box 541, FIN-3310, Tampere, Finland. Electronic address: marika.kokko@tut.fi.
Source
Water Res. 2018 04 15; 133:218-226
Date
04-15-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Anaerobiosis
Finland
Geologic sediments
Industrial Waste
Lakes
Methane - biosynthesis
Paper
Water Pollutants - metabolism
Abstract
Since the 1980s, the pulp and paper industry in Finland has resulted in the accumulation of fibres in lake sediments. One such site in Lake Näsijärvi contains approximately 1.5 million m3 sedimented fibres. In this study, the methane production potential of the sedimented fibres (on average 13% total solids (TS)) was determined in batch assays. Furthermore, the methane production from solid (on average 20% TS) and liquid fractions of sedimented fibres after solid-liquid separation was studied. The sedimented fibres resulted in fast methane production and high methane yields of 250?±?80?L CH4/kg volatile solids (VS). The main part (ca. 90%) of the methane potential was obtained from the solid fraction of the sedimented fibres. In addition, the VS removal from the total and solid sedimented fibres was high, 61-65% and 63-78%, respectively. The liquid fraction also contained a large amount of organics (on average 8.8?g COD/L), treatment of which also has to be considered. The estimations of the methane production potentials in the case area showed potential up to 40 million m3 of methane from sedimented fibres.
PubMed ID
29407702 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Smithsonian. National Museum of Natural History.
Publication Type
Website
  1 website  
Source
Smithsonian. National Museum of Natural History.
Language
English
Publication Type
Website
Keywords
menu Programs Arctic Studies Center ASC Alaska Office Recovering Voices Repatriation Office Summer Institute in Museum Anthropology (SIMA) Breadcrumb Home Our Research Anthropology Programs Arctic Studies Center The Arctic Studies Center conducts research on northern lands, environments, cultures, and people using Smithsonian collections and field studies to learn about the history and contemporary peoples of the circumpolar region. The Center works closely with indigenous groups, universities, organizations and government agencies to promote the welfare of northern people and to educate the public about the history, arts, and languages of the North. Its scholars publish papers, monographs, and catalogs and prepare exhibitions and educational programs.
Abstract
The Arctic Studies Center conducts research on northern lands, environments, cultures, and people using Smithsonian collections and field studies to learn about the history and contemporary peoples of the circumpolar region. The Center works closely with indigenous groups, universities, organizations and government agencies to promote the welfare of northern people and to educate the public about the history, arts, and languages of the North. Its scholars publish papers, monographs, and catalogs and prepare exhibitions and educational programs.
Online Resources
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Assessment of Occupational Exposure to Bisphenol A in Five Different Production Companies in Finland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature287240
Source
Ann Work Expo Health. 2017 Jan 01;61(1):44-55
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-01-2017
Author
Milla Heinälä
Katriina Ylinen
Tapani Tuomi
Tiina Santonen
Simo P Porras
Source
Ann Work Expo Health. 2017 Jan 01;61(1):44-55
Date
Jan-01-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Air Pollutants, Occupational - analysis - urine
Benzhydryl Compounds - analysis
Dust - analysis
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Female
Finland
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Exposure - analysis
Occupations - statistics & numerical data
Paint - analysis
Paper
Phenols - analysis
Time Factors
Abstract
The aim of the study was to assess occupational exposure to bisphenol A in Finland. Five companies took part in the research project: two paint factories (liquid and powder paints), a composite product factory, a thermal paper factory, and a tractor factory. Exposure was assessed by measuring total bisphenol A excretion (free and conjugated) from urine samples, and its concentrations in the air. The results revealed the specific work tasks in two of five companies in which significant occupational exposure to bisphenol A may occur. In the manufacturing of liquid paint hardener, urine samples collected after the working day showed bisphenol A levels of up to 100-170 µg l-1. Workers in thermal paper manufacturing were also exposed to bisphenol A, especially those working in the manufacture of coating material and operating coating machines. Median concentrations of the post-shift urine samples of coating machine workers were in the range of 130-250 µg l-1. The highest bisphenol A concentrations were in the range of 1000-1500 µg l-1. Recommendations for more effective personal protection resulted in decreased exposure, particularly among coating machine operators. In the rest of the companies, urinary bisphenol A levels were typically in the range of those of the general population. Bisphenol A concentrations in air samples were typically low (
PubMed ID
28395312 View in PubMed
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[Assessment of the effect of environmental chemicals on the working population in mono-cities].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature263384
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Sep-Oct;(5):74-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
S M Novikov
T N Unguryanu
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Sep-Oct;(5):74-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants, Occupational - adverse effects - analysis
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Industry
Inhalation Exposure - adverse effects - analysis
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects - analysis
Paper
Risk assessment
Russia
Urban Health - standards
Workplace - standards
Abstract
There was made the characterization of the health risk for workers' of pulp and paper industry, under the simultaneous effects of chemicals in the residential and working area. The main adverse effect of chemicals that pollute the air and work environment is related with the impact on the respiratory system. Under the successive exposure (ambient air--air in the workplace) in the adult population working at the Arkhangelsk Pulp and Paper Mill, the risk of occurrence of respiratory diseases (HI = 18.5) and individual carcinogenic risk (CR = 9.7 x 10(-3)) have been rated as high and constitute 86-99% of the total risk.
PubMed ID
25831935 View in PubMed
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[A study of skin and mucosal irritation and incidence of allergy among office staff exposed to self-copying paper].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature221228
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1993 Apr 26;155(17):1261-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-26-1993
Author
O. Omland
P H Andersen
J H Brandt
K. Thestrup-Pedersen
Author Affiliation
Arbejdsmedicinsk klinik, Arhus Kommunehospital.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1993 Apr 26;155(17):1261-5
Date
Apr-26-1993
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Copying Processes
Cross-Sectional Studies
Denmark - epidemiology
Dermatitis, Irritant - epidemiology - etiology - pathology
Dermatitis, Occupational - epidemiology - etiology - pathology
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Nasal Mucosa - pathology
Occupational Exposure
Paper
Pruritus - epidemiology - etiology - pathology
Questionnaires
Abstract
At a public office with a staff of 129, twenty people work for short periods with large amounts of self-copying paper. A controlled study has shown a significantly higher incidence of pruritus and nasal congestion amongst staff exposed to large amounts of self-copying paper or its components, no drying of the skin after working with the paper and no increased degree of irritation of the skin were found in the study group at dermatological examination. No differences were found between the study group and the control group with respect to allergy or skin status or working conditions apart from the contact with self-copying paper. The study confirms that contact with fresh self-copying paper may result in pruritus and skin irritation, but allergy to the paper or microcapsule contents could not be demonstrated in this study.
PubMed ID
8506571 View in PubMed
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162 records – page 1 of 17.