to examine effectiveness and overall opiate consumption between high-sensory transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (Hi-TENS) combined with patient-controlled analgesia with morphine and patient-controlled analgesia with morphine alone following elective (e.g. scheduled) caesarean birth.
randomised, controlled study.
a county hospital in south-west Sweden.
42 multiparous women.
participants were randomly assigned and connected to patient-controlled analgesia with morphine alone or in combination with Hi-TENS apparatus. Levels of morphine consumed were calculated every third hour during the first 24 hours post partum. Pain and sedation were assessed by visual analogue scale at one, three, six, nine, 12 and 24 hours post partum. Total consumption of morphine differed significantly between the groups: morphine with TENS was 16.2 ± 12.6 mg and morphine alone was 33.1 ± 20.9 mg (p = 0.007). Assessment of pain relief showed no significant difference. Sedation differed significantly between the groups (p = 0.045), especially between three and 12 hours post partum (p = 0.011).
pain relief from a combination of Hi-TENS and patient-controlled analgesia with morphine was as effective as patient-controlled analgesia with morphine alone, produced less sedation and reduced morphine use by approximately 50%. Women undergoing a caesarean section should be given the opportunity to make an informed choice about post operative pain relief before surgery. A presumed benefit of this treatment combination is that the mother is more alert and better able to interact with her newborn during the first hours after birth without drowsiness due to large doses of opiates.
The objective of this prospective cohort study was to measure the medical technical quality of outpatient tonsillectomy in Danish ear, nose & throat practices by indicators, standards and prognostic factors.
According to standardised and validated specific questionnaires, quality of surgery was measured in terms of postoperative bleeding, pain, gastrointestinal problems and infection.
A total of 614 patients were included. 11% were younger than four years, and 93% were observed for less than four hours. A total of 23% had unscheduled postoperative contacts. Almost 12% of the patients contacted a physician due to pain; a percentage that exceeds the chosen standard of 10%. 4% were hospitalised due to bleeding exceeding the chosen standard of 1%. Secondary haemostatic procedures were performed in 2% of the patients. The indication chronic tonsillitis, being an adult, and a postoperative observation shorter than four hours increased the risk of unscheduled contacts.
Outpatient tonsillectomy seems safe in Denmark. A minimum postoperative observation period of four hours will reduce the need for postoperative contacts. Because of the potentially life-threatening risk related to tonsillectomy, careful patient selection is mandatory and continuous monitoring of the quality of the procedure is essential.
Despite the growing recognition for analgesic needs in post-craniotomy patients, this remains a poorly studied area in neurological surgery. The class and regimen of analgesia that is most suitable for these patients remains controversial. The objective of this study is to examine the current beliefs and practices of Canadian neurosurgeons when managing post-craniotomy pain.
A survey was sent to all practicing Canadian neurosurgeons to examine the following aspects of analgesia in craniotomy patients: type of analgesics used, common side effects encountered, satisfaction with current regimen and the rationale for their practice.
Of 156 potential respondents, 103 neurosurgeons (66%) completed the survey. Codeine (59%) was the most prescribed first line analgesic followed by morphine (38%). The use of a second-line opioid was significantly higher among codeine prescribers compared to morphine, 53% compared to 28% (p
Comment In: Can J Neurol Sci. 2011 May;38(3):390-121515493
Allogeneic blood transfusion and reoperation for postoperative bleeding after the coronary artery bypass grafting have a negative impact on the patient outcome. This study aimed at evaluating the effects of reduced doses of heparin and protamine on the patient outcome, using a heparin-coated mini-cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) system.
Sixty patients undergoing elective first-time CPB were prospectively randomized either to have a reduced systemic heparinization [activated clotting time (ACT) = 250 s] or to a control group perfused with a full heparin dose (ACT = 420 s). Blood transfusions, ventilation time, early postoperative bleeding, ICU stay, reoperations for bleeding, postoperative cognitive status and the level of mobilization were registered.
Twenty-nine patients were randomized to the control group, 27 patients to the low-dose group and 4 patients were excluded because of protocol violations. Four patients in the control group received a total of 10 units of packed red blood cells, and in the low-dose group, no transfusions were given, P = 0.046. No patient was reoperated because of bleeding. The ICU stay was significantly shorter in the low-dose group (8.4 vs 13.7 h, P = 0.020), less dependent on oxygen on the first postoperative day (78 vs 97%, P = 0.034), better mobilized (89 vs 59%, P = 0.006) and had less pain (visual analogue scale 2.0 vs 3.5, P = 0.019) compared with the control group.
The use of a mini-CPB system combined with a low dose of heparin reduced the need for blood transfusions and may facilitate the faster mobilization of the patients.