To measure changes and to identify predictors of change of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) for enrollees into an outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy (OPAT) program.
A multidisciplinary, single-center, prospective investigation was conducted at a 1000-bed Canadian adult tertiary-care teaching hospital. Over a 15-month study period, consenting patients who were enrolled in the OPAT program completed paired Short Form-36 (SF-36) questionnaires within 48 hours prior to discharge from the hospital and again 26-30 days after discharge. Sociodemographic data and clinical variables were also collected for the purpose of determining potential predictors of change in quality of life.
During the study period, 134 patients were enrolled in the OPAT program and 82 completed the paired SF-36 questionnaires. Study participants experienced a significant improvement in 3 SF-36 domains (physical functioning, bodily pain, role emotional) and the mental component summary scale (MCS) scores when they were transferred from the hospital to home setting. The SF-36 scores for all domains and summary scales were lower than the Canadian population average (all p