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Locally acquired disseminated histoplasmosis in a northern sea otter (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) in Alaska, USA.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature259021
Source
J Wildl Dis. 2014 Apr;50(2):389-92
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2014
Author
Kathy A Burek-Huntington
Verena Gill
Daniel S Bradway
Source
J Wildl Dis. 2014 Apr;50(2):389-92
Date
Apr-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alaska - epidemiology
Animals
Female
Histoplasmosis - microbiology - veterinary
Otters
Abstract
Histoplasmosis of local origin has not been reported in humans or wildlife in Alaska, and the disease has never been reported in a free-ranging marine mammal. In 2005 a northern sea otter (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) was found on Kodiak Island, Alaska, at 57° latitude north, far outside the known distribution of Histoplasma capsulatum. The animal died of disseminated histoplasmosis. Microorganisms consistent with Histoplasma sp. were observed on histopathology, and H. capsulatum was identified by PCR and sequencing. We suggest migratory seabirds or aerosol transmission through prevailing winds may have resulted in transmission to the sea otter.
PubMed ID
24484503 View in PubMed
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