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33 records – page 1 of 4.

[Actual diet of children in orphanages]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature31096
Source
Vopr Pitan. 2002;71(5):7-10
Publication Type
Article
Date
2002
Author
A T Elizarov
L P Volkotrub
Source
Vopr Pitan. 2002;71(5):7-10
Date
2002
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adolescent Nutrition
Calcium - analysis
Child
Child Nutrition
Diet
Dietary Proteins - analysis
Energy intake
English Abstract
Female
Food
Food Services - standards
Humans
Iodine - analysis
Male
Nutrition Surveys
Orphanages
Phosphorus - analysis
Siberia
Trace Elements - analysis
Vitamins - analysis
Abstract
The account of quantitative and qualitative structure of diets of children of children's houses has revealed infringements in organisation of mode of a meals, and also unbalance of diet on structure of food substances, including on iodine, that can promote development of iodine-dependence diseases.
PubMed ID
12599990 View in PubMed
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"A future not of riches but of comfort": the emigration of pauper children from Bristol to Canada, 1870-1915.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature162686
Source
Immigr Minor. 2000;19(1):25-52
Publication Type
Article
Date
2000
Author
M. Martin
Author Affiliation
University of the West of England, Bristol.
Source
Immigr Minor. 2000;19(1):25-52
Date
2000
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Canada - ethnology
Child
Child Care - economics - ethics - history - legislation & jurisprudence - methods - supply & distribution - trends
Child, Preschool
Colonialism - classification - history
Emigration and Immigration - classification - history - legislation & jurisprudence - statistics & numerical data - trends
England
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Legislation as Topic - classification - ethics - history - trends
Orphanages - economics - ethics - history - legislation & jurisprudence - manpower - methods - statistics & numerical data - supply & distribution - trends
Politics
Poverty - economics - ethics - history - legislation & jurisprudence - statistics & numerical data - trends
Social Welfare - classification - ethics - history - statistics & numerical data - trends
Women - history
Abstract
This article examines the emigration of orphan and deserted children from Bristol to Canada in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This emigration was organised and financed by the local Boards of Guardians and, as such, raises important questions about the way in which state agencies cared for dependent children. The emigration of Poor Law children is explored in relation to debates about childcare, poverty, racial degeneration and imperialism. Of particular interest is the role played by women in promoting child emigration and the article considers the women's contribution to discourse and practice, both locally and nationally. The dynamics of emigration are analysed by using both British and Canadian sources and the tensions associated with pauper emigration are examined in some detail.
PubMed ID
17607864 View in PubMed
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Antimicrobial resistance of nasopharyngeal pneumococci from children from day-care centres and orphanages in Russia: results of a unique prospective multicentre study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature168063
Source
Clin Microbiol Infect. 2006 Sep;12(9):853-66
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2006
Author
L S Stratchounski
R S Kozlov
P C Appelbaum
O I Kretchikova
K. Kosowska-Shick
Author Affiliation
Institute of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Smolensk, Russia.
Source
Clin Microbiol Infect. 2006 Sep;12(9):853-66
Date
Sep-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Anti-Bacterial Agents - pharmacology
Carrier State - microbiology
Child
Child Day Care Centers
Child, Preschool
Drug Resistance, Bacterial
Humans
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Nasopharynx - microbiology
Orphanages
Pneumococcal infections - epidemiology - microbiology
Prospective Studies
Russia - epidemiology
Streptococcus pneumoniae - classification - drug effects - genetics - isolation & purification
Abstract
This study assessed the antimicrobial resistance of nasopharyngeal pneumococci isolated from children aged or = 4 mg/L) isolates were tested for resistance mechanisms and clonal relatedness. Non-susceptibility rates, by CLSI criteria, were 19.3%, 0.9% and 0.4% for penicillin G, cefotaxime and amoxycillin-clavulanate, respectively. Resistance to macrolides and lincosamides was also relatively low, i.e., or = 8 mg/L) were found, but 1.7% of isolates were non-susceptible (MIC 4 mg/L). No resistance was found to levofloxacin, gemifloxacin, telithromycin or vancomycin. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis analysis showed no relationship between ciprofloxacin- and macrolide-non-susceptible isolates in European and Asian Russia. Resistance among macrolide-resistant isolates resulted mostly from the presence of erm(B) and mef(A), and from changes in L4; additionally, L22 mutations were common in isolates from Asian Russia. Non-susceptibility to quinolones was associated with mutations in parC and parE among European isolates. Asian Russian isolates had mutations in parC and gyrA, and alterations in parE were more common. There were substantial differences in non-susceptibility and mechanisms of resistance between pneumococci from Asian and European Russia, with orphanages appearing to be 'hot-spots' of resistance.
PubMed ID
16882290 View in PubMed
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[Childhood experiences of the Duplessis children: consequences 50 years later].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature139310
Source
Sante Ment Que. 2010;35(1):85-109
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
Author
Nikolas Paré
John J Sigal
J Christopher Perry
Sophie Boucher
Marie Claude Ouimet
Author Affiliation
Département de psychologie, Université de Montréal Institut de psychiatrie communautaire et familiale, Sir Mortimer B. Davis, Hôpital Général Juif, Université McGill.
Source
Sante Ment Que. 2010;35(1):85-109
Date
2010
Language
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Child
Child Abuse
Child, Institutionalized
Child, Orphaned
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Orphanages
Time Factors
Abstract
In this article, the authors present qualitative results, derived from questionnaires and semi-structured interviews, to describe past and present experiences of the Duplessis children. Examples representative of their experience and a detailed description of two cases are provided. Results indicate that childhood abuse and negligence are related to poorer long-term psychological adjustment. The findings also demonstrate that reporting at least four strengths in childhood can have long-term protective effects.
PubMed ID
21076790 View in PubMed
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[Dental caries among children in institutions for orphans].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature127017
Source
Stomatologiia (Mosk). 2011;90(5):46-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
2011
Author
A G Dmitrova
A A Kulakov
L N Gorbatova
Source
Stomatologiia (Mosk). 2011;90(5):46-9
Date
2011
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Dental Caries - epidemiology - prevention & control - therapy
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Orphanages
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
Epidemiological studies show that the level of dental care for children-orphans in institutions inadequate. Dominated by untreated and remote carious permanent teeth. If the traditional dental treatment difficult to implement need to develop special programs for the prevention of dental caries.
PubMed ID
22332381 View in PubMed
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[Dental caries in young and primary school age children in institutions for orphans].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature123658
Source
Stomatologiia (Mosk). 2012;91(1):62-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
2012
Author
A G Dmitrova
A A Kulakov
Source
Stomatologiia (Mosk). 2012;91(1):62-4
Date
2012
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Child
Child, Orphaned
Child, Preschool
Dental Caries - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Male
Orphanages
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The article presents data on epidemiological survey of orphaned children in two regions of Russia as part of a program aimed at improving the efficiency of their dental care.
PubMed ID
22678612 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 1997;97(8):8-12
Publication Type
Article
Date
1997
Author
M A Kalinina
G V Kozlovskaia
T N Koroleva
Source
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 1997;97(8):8-12
Date
1997
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Affective Symptoms - diagnosis - etiology
Child, Preschool
Depression - diagnosis - etiology
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Moscow
Orphanages
Psychosocial Deprivation
Risk factors
Schizophrenia, Childhood - diagnosis - etiology
Abstract
100 children of 1-3 years old were observed. In 50 of them depressive states developed in conditions of total deprivation--the situation of orphanhood. In other 50 children the depressions were caused by partial deprivation--upbringing by schizophrenic mother (children from group with high risk of schizophrenia). Three variations of depression were found in the first group: autonomic, somatizated, and regressive-apathetic. Depressions in the second group were presented either by infantile depression or by infantile distress-syndrome in frames of schizotypic diathesis.
PubMed ID
9343489 View in PubMed
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The effects of early social-emotional and relationship experience on the development of young orphanage children. The St. Petersburg-USA Orphanage Research Team.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature153348
Source
Monogr Soc Res Child Dev. 2008;73(3):vii-viii, 1-262, 294-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
2008
Source
Monogr Soc Res Child Dev. 2008;73(3):vii-viii, 1-262, 294-5
Date
2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Caregivers - education - psychology
Child Care - psychology
Child Rearing - psychology
Child, Orphaned - psychology
Child, Preschool
Disabled Children - psychology
Emotions
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Orphanages
Psychosocial Deprivation
Reactive Attachment Disorder - diagnosis - psychology
Russia
Social Environment
Socialization
Teaching
United States
Notes
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PubMed ID
19121007 View in PubMed
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Emotion understanding in postinstitutionalized Eastern European children.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature177920
Source
Dev Psychopathol. 2004;16(2):355-69
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
Author
Alison B Wismer Fries
Seth D Pollak
Author Affiliation
University of Wisconsin at Madison, 53706-8190, USA.
Source
Dev Psychopathol. 2004;16(2):355-69
Date
2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Adoption - psychology
Awareness
Child
Child Abuse - psychology
Child, Institutionalized - psychology
Child, Preschool
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Emotions
Facial Expression
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Orphanages
Personality Development
Psychosocial Deprivation
Risk factors
Romania - ethnology
Russia - ethnology
Social Environment
Socialization
United States
Abstract
To examine the effects of early emotional neglect on children's affective development, we assessed children who had experienced institutionalized care prior to adoption into family environments. One task required children to identify photographs of facial expressions of emotion. A second task required children to match facial expressions to an emotional situation. Internationally adopted, postinstitutionalized children had difficulty identifying facial expressions of emotion. In addition, postinstitutionalized children had significant difficulty matching appropriate facial expressions to happy, sad, and fearful scenarios. However, postinstitutionalized children performed as well as comparison children when asked to identify and match angry facial expressions. These results are discussed in terms of the importance of emotional input early in life on later developmental organization.
Notes
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PubMed ID
15487600 View in PubMed
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33 records – page 1 of 4.