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1004 records – page 1 of 101.

A 12 year prospective study of circulatory disease among Danish shift workers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature82071
Source
Occup Environ Med. 2006 Jul;63(7):451-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2006
Author
Tüchsen F.
Hannerz H.
Burr H.
Author Affiliation
National Institute of Occupational Health, Copenhagen, Denmark. ft@ami.dk
Source
Occup Environ Med. 2006 Jul;63(7):451-5
Date
Jul-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Body mass index
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology
Denmark - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Obesity - epidemiology
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology
Prospective Studies
Registries
Risk factors
Sex Distribution
Smoking - epidemiology
Work Schedule Tolerance - physiology
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of the risk of heart disease after shift work reached different estimates and review authors disagree about the validity of some of the studies. A cross sectional study showed that shift workers had a higher prevalence of nearly every unfavourable work environment factor investigated. Conflicts at work and low decision latitude were more frequent among shift workers, and all-day walking or standing work and part-time jobs were more often found among female shift workers. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the risk of circulatory disease in a prospective follow up of a representative sample of gainfully employed Danes, considering known or suspected confounding factors. METHODS: A cohort of 5517 people who were gainfully employed in 1990 were followed up for all hospital treatments due to circulatory diseases (390-458, ICD-8; I00-I99, ICD-10) from 1991 to 2002 inclusive. A log linear Poisson regression model was applied to control confounding factors and calculate the relative risk for 927 men and women working nights, evenings, or other non-day shifts compared to 4579 day workers. RESULTS: Non-day workers compared to day workers had a relative risk (RR) for all circulatory diseases of 1.31 (95% CI 1.06-1.63). Without control for BMI and smoking, the RR estimate was 1.33 (95% CI 1.07-1.65). For a subgroup of workers with at least three years' seniority, the RR was 1.40 (95% CI 1.09-1.81). The population based aetiological fraction of shift work was estimated to 5%. CONCLUSION: This study adds to a growing body of evidence suggesting that shift work carries an excess risk of circulatory diseases.
PubMed ID
16735480 View in PubMed
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Abdominal symptoms among sewage workers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature10795
Source
Occup Med (Lond). 1998 May;48(4):251-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1998
Author
L. Friis
L. Agréus
C. Edling
Author Affiliation
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden. Lennart.Friis@arbmed.uas.se
Source
Occup Med (Lond). 1998 May;48(4):251-3
Date
May-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diarrhea - epidemiology
Gastrointestinal Diseases - epidemiology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nausea - epidemiology
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology
Peptic Ulcer - epidemiology
Prevalence
Risk factors
Sanitary Engineering
Sewage
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the prevalence of abdominal symptoms and the abdominal medical history among sewage workers. 142 male sewage workers and 137 male referents in 11 Swedish municipalities were addressed with a questionnaire about abdominal symptoms, medical history, occupational history and life style factors. The sewage workers suffered less from nausea [adjusted odds ratio (adjOR) = 0.18, 95% confidence interval (Cl) 0.04-0.84] than the referents. There was no significant difference in the three months prevalence of diarrhoea (adjOR = 1.7, 95% Cl = 0.79-3.4), dyspepsia (adjOR = 0.85, 95% Cl = 0.49-1.5) or irritable bowel syndrome (adjOR = 1.4, 95% Cl = 0.53-3.5). The sewage workers were affected more often by peptic ulcers during their present jobs than the referents, although the increased risk was not significant (adjOR = 1.4, 95% Cl = 0.31-6.1). The odds ratios were adjusted for age, use of tobacco products and alcohol consumption. The conclusion of this study was that sewage workers are less affected by nausea than comparable referents.
PubMed ID
9800423 View in PubMed
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Absence attributed to incapacity and occupational disease/accidents among female and male workers in the fish-processing industry.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature203445
Source
Occup Med (Lond). 1998 Jul;48(5):289-95
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-1998
Author
B. Pålsson
U. Strömberg
K. Ohlsson
S. Skerfving
Author Affiliation
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
Source
Occup Med (Lond). 1998 Jul;48(5):289-95
Date
Jul-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Occupational - statistics & numerical data
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Animals
Female
Fishes
Food-Processing Industry
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Musculoskeletal Diseases - epidemiology
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology
Sex Distribution
Sick Leave - statistics & numerical data
Sweden - epidemiology
Time Factors
Abstract
Sick-leave between 1984 and 1989 was higher among both female (n = 515) and male (n = 304) fish-processing workers [observed/expected (O/E) 2.24 and 1.69, respectively] than among non-exposed groups (0.62 and 0.89). Diagnoses in the musculoskeletal system dominated (i.e., neck/upper limbs; females, exposed vs. non-exposed workers: 30 vs. 12%; males: 11 vs. 5.8%). In subjects who left employment, the O/E-ratio decreased (females: 3.02 vs. 1.55; males: 2.40 vs. 1.55). Among those women hired before the start of the observation period, exposed subjects had higher frequencies of sick-leave than non-exposed, for both total illness and musculoskeletal diagnoses. In the men, there were corresponding differences, though not fully statistically significant. Reported occupational diseases [O/E: females: 4.5; (95% confidence interval) CI = 3.2-6.1; males: 2.3; CI = 1.3-3.9] and accidents (females: 4.3; CI = 3.0-5.9; males: 1.8; CI = 1.2-2.7) were also higher in female than in male fish-processing workers, and much higher than in non-exposed workers. In conclusion, work in the fish-processing industry was associated with increased frequencies of sick-leave, especially because of diagnoses of the musculoskeletal system, and occupational disorders and accidents, in particular among female workers.
PubMed ID
9876411 View in PubMed
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Absence experience of career firefighters reaching mandatory retirement age.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature223027
Source
J Occup Med. 1992 Oct;34(10):1018-22
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1992
Author
T L Guidotti
Author Affiliation
Occupational Health Program, University of Alberta, Faculty of Medicine, Edmonton, Canada.
Source
J Occup Med. 1992 Oct;34(10):1018-22
Date
Oct-1992
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absenteeism
Adult
Age Factors
Aging
Fires - prevention & control
Humans
Influenza, Human - epidemiology
Middle Aged
Muscular Diseases - epidemiology
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology
Ontario - epidemiology
Retirement
Wounds and Injuries - epidemiology
PubMed ID
1403190 View in PubMed
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[Absenteeism as a predictor of severe morbidity. A double case-control study (myocardial infarction and industrial accident) in a large company of the Quebec Province].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature237596
Source
Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 1986;34(4-5):252-60
Publication Type
Article
Date
1986
Author
W. Dab
J. Rochon
L. Bernard
Source
Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 1986;34(4-5):252-60
Date
1986
Language
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absenteeism
Accidents, Occupational
Adult
Epidemiologic Methods
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction - epidemiology
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology
Quebec
Risk
Abstract
Are absenteeism indicators usefull as predictor of serious morbidity in a working population? To seek an answer was the objective of a double case-control study carried out in a large company (17000 workers) of Quebec Province. In the first study, 64 cases of myocardial infarction (incidence density = 1.66% +/- 0.35) were compared with 64 controls matched for sex, age and type of work. In the second one, 142 cases of labor accident were compared with 142 controls sampled in a similar way. Absenteeism frequency and length were analysed during the period of 6 to 12 years prior to the onset of the health problem. Ratios were calculated on an individual basis for all causes of absence and for sick leave; they were adjusted for length of service. A four classes interval scale was used for the comparison. An excess of absence length exists in the two studies. The excess is not significant for the myocardial infarction cases (+ 33%, with a statistical power = 51%). It is significant for the labor accident cases (+ 52%, p less than 0.01). The corresponding odds ratio calculated in reference to the lowest absence group were 2.4 (0.9-6.6) and 2.7 (1.5-4.9). The cumulative absence length can be considered as a predictor of serious disease. A conceptual framework of the relationship between absence and natural disease history is presented. The epidemiological approach to the phenomenon of absence is certainly usefull in spite of the controversy underlined by the social sciences.
PubMed ID
3823517 View in PubMed
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[A comparative analysis of the notification of occupational disease in Denmark and Norway].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature255377
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1972 Aug 21;134(34):1807-12
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-21-1972
Author
L. Scocozza
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1972 Aug 21;134(34):1807-12
Date
Aug-21-1972
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Denmark
Humans
Norway
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology
Registries
PubMed ID
5051935 View in PubMed
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[A comparison of morbidity levels involving temporary incapacitation according to the chi-squared criterion (operating "Ural-2" units)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature112329
Source
Gig Tr Prof Zabol. 1965 Nov;9(11):48-50
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1965
Author
V S Grinev
E V Kalinina
Source
Gig Tr Prof Zabol. 1965 Nov;9(11):48-50
Date
Nov-1965
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absenteeism
Humans
Morbidity
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology
Russia
PubMed ID
4225229 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Actual problems of occupational and environmental hygiene in coal miner towns].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature187439
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2002;(10):4-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
2002
Author
V A Zenkov
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2002;(10):4-6
Date
2002
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Catchment Area (Health)
Coal Mining
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Humans
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology
Occupational Health
Russia - epidemiology
Urban Population
Abstract
The authors present priority directions of occupational diseases prevention nowadays in Kouzbass.
PubMed ID
12474272 View in PubMed
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Acute infections with hepatitis B virus in medical personnel during a 15-year follow-up.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature56957
Source
Am J Epidemiol. 1985 Sep;122(3):411-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1985
Author
B. Christenson
Source
Am J Epidemiol. 1985 Sep;122(3):411-7
Date
Sep-1985
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Epidemiologic Methods
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Hepatitis B - diagnosis - epidemiology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology
Personnel, Hospital
Questionnaires
Registries
Sweden
Time Factors
Abstract
Clinical hepatitis B among hospital staff in Sweden was studied in a 15-year follow-up, divided into three periods. During the first 5-year period, 1969-1973, 756 cases of hepatitis B were reported among hospital staff, for an attack rate of 102.0 per 100,000 person-years. In the second five-year period, 1974-1978, the attack rate was 30.4, and in the last five-year period, 1979-1983, it was 10.4. The decrease in incidence between the first period and the second was significant (p less than 0.001), as was the difference between the second period and the last (p less than 0.01). The difference between the incidence in medical personnel and that in the general population of working age in the first period was significant at p less than 0.001 and during the last period it was significant at p less than 0.01. No statistical significance was found during the second period, due to the decrease in incidence for both groups, which made the values too scattered. Traditionally high-risk units, such as renal dialysis units, had only three cases reported in the last 5-year period. An overrepresentation of males among nurses and nursing assistants with acute hepatitis B was found.
PubMed ID
4025291 View in PubMed
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[Acute lumbago prevalence of health workers exposed to a moderate level of exposure index MAPO]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature85660
Source
G Ital Med Lav Ergon. 2007 Jul-Sep;29(3 Suppl):572-3
Publication Type
Article
Author
Mazzotta M.
D'Ettorre G.
Cazzato R G
De Giorgio N.
Author Affiliation
ASL Brindisi - U.O. Medicina del Lavoro, Servizio Prevenzione e Protezione.
Source
G Ital Med Lav Ergon. 2007 Jul-Sep;29(3 Suppl):572-3
Language
Italian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Adult
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Health Personnel
Humans
Low Back Pain - epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Prevalence
Weight-Bearing
Abstract
We conduced a cross sectional study in the period Gen - Dec 2006 to examine the relationship between acute lumbago in health workers and exposition to a moderate level of exposure index Movement and Assistance of Hospital Patients (MAPO). The study ruled 240 health workers (M: 180; F: 60), the mean age was 44,9 years (range 24 - 64); was evaluated the occurrence of acute lumbago in the last 12 months. The objective of this study was to describe the trends over a specific time of the association between the moderate MAPO index and acute lumbago in this sample of health care workers. The results indicate that healthcare workers exposed to moderate MAPO index appear to incur a greater risk of acute lumbago than general population, but lower than that evidenced by Italian and Sweden authors between nursing staffs. Medical surveillance of exposed workers is confirmed as necessary method of secondary prevention and also it is useful in the diagnosis of worker's susceptibilities.
PubMed ID
18409839 View in PubMed
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1004 records – page 1 of 101.