Results of complex long-standing research served as a basis to present social and medical reasons for official acknowledgement of automobile transport medicine in Russia and ways to improve traffic safety.
During a period of 11 years in specialist practice, the authors notified 309 cases of occupationally-conditioned disease and occupational accidents. The majority of diseases were in the locomotor system. The authors reviewed the sex and age distributions and the distribution of the conditions involved. Their share of notifications from specialist practice during the period 1983-1986 was also reviewed together with the relevant specialties and the action taken by the Workers Supervision Authorities. The authors found their share in the notifications was relatively excessive but that it was declining because a great number of specialists have begun to notify conditions in the locomotor system. In addition, the authors have observed a considerable reduction in the rime taken to analyse cases by the Workers Supervision Authorities and an increase in the number of factory visits. The number of factory visits on account of the authors' notifications constituted 11% which shows that notification of occupationally-conditioned diseases is worth while.