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189 records – page 1 of 19.

Source
Can J Psychiatry. 1979 Nov;24(7):589-91
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1979
Author
S M Smith
Source
Can J Psychiatry. 1979 Nov;24(7):589-91
Date
Nov-1979
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abortion, Induced - psychology
Canada
Child
Child Abuse - prevention & control
Female
Humans
Object Attachment
Pregnancy
PubMed ID
519624 View in PubMed
Less detail

Adjusting to being a father to an infant born prematurely: experiences from Swedish fathers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature86951
Source
Scand J Caring Sci. 2008 Mar;22(1):79-85
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2008
Author
Lindberg Birgitta
Axelsson Karin
Ohrling Kerstin
Author Affiliation
Division of Nursing, Department of Health Sciences, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden. birgitta.lindberg@ltu.se
Source
Scand J Caring Sci. 2008 Mar;22(1):79-85
Date
Mar-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Adult
Attitude to Health
Father-Child Relations
Fathers - psychology
Gender Identity
Health services needs and demand
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature - psychology
Intensive Care, Neonatal - psychology
Life Change Events
Male
Narration
Neonatal Nursing
Nurse's Role
Nursing Methodology Research
Object Attachment
Paternal Behavior
Qualitative Research
Questionnaires
Self Efficacy
Sweden
Time Factors
Abstract
The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of being a father to a prematurely born infant. Eight fathers of prematurely born children were interviewed using a narrative approach, and a thematic content analysis was used to analyse the interviews. The fathers described that the preterm birth gave them the chance to get to know their infant as they had to spend time at the intensive care unit. They also felt better educated by professionals who helped them take care of their infant. Their feelings and attachment for their infant increased over time and the fathers felt that they had a stronger bond with their child compared with friends who had babies born at term. As time passed, they became more confident as a father. In spite of the strain, the experience made them change as a person and they expressed having different values. The relationship with their partner was strengthened as they handled this situation together as a couple. However, the fathers felt fortunate despite everything and described having managed a prematurely born infant rather well. Although there are similarities between being a father to a child born at term and to one born preterm, it is significant to gain further knowledge about the specific experiences of fathers of prematurely born infants. The results of this study have implications for nurses working with families who have children born prematurely.
PubMed ID
18269426 View in PubMed
Less detail

Adolescent depression: social network and family climate--a case-control study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature46286
Source
J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 1999 Feb;40(2):227-37
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1999
Author
G I Olsson
M L Nordström
H. Arinell
A L von Knorring
Author Affiliation
Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
Source
J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 1999 Feb;40(2):227-37
Date
Feb-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adolescent Psychology
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders - epidemiology
Case-Control Studies
Comorbidity
Depression - classification - epidemiology - psychology
Family Health
Female
Humans
Interpersonal Relations
Male
Object Attachment
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Social Support
Statistics
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
In a study of a total high-school population, 2300 students aged 16-17 years were screened for depression (BDI, CES-DC). Those with a self-evaluation indicating depression, together with controls matched for sex, age, and class were interviewed (DICA-R-A). The 177 pairs, where both individuals were interviewed and the control had no lifetime diagnosis of depression, were analysed in the form of paired differences for psychosocial factors and compared within diagnostic groups. The psychosocial factors were measured with the ISSI subscales and six attitude questions about family climate (KSP). Adolescents with an episode of major depression during part of the last year did not differ from their controls. Those with long-lasting depressive symptoms, i.e. dysthymia with or without episodes of major depression, had a more limited social interaction and were not satisfied with it. They also evaluated their family climate and attachment network as being more inadequate than did their controls. Depressed adolescents with comorbid conduct disorder had a more negative evaluation of availability and adequacy of both social interaction and attachment network than their controls. This group had a very negative view of their family climate. Since this is a case-control study conclusions cannot be drawn about cause and effect.
PubMed ID
10188705 View in PubMed
Less detail

Adolescent personality development: three phases, three courses and varying turmoil. Findings from the Toronto Adolescent Longitudinal Study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature230392
Source
Can J Psychiatry. 1989 Aug;34(6):500-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-1989
Author
H. Golombek
P. Marton
B A Stein
M. Korenblum
Author Affiliation
Wellesley Hospital, Toronto, Ontario.
Source
Can J Psychiatry. 1989 Aug;34(6):500-4
Date
Aug-1989
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Female
Humans
Identification (Psychology)
Individuation
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Object Attachment
Ontario
Personality Assessment
Personality Development
Personality Disorders - psychology
Psychosexual Development
Self Concept
Abstract
The Toronto Adolescent Longitudinal Study was launched in 1977 to examine personality development in a non-clinical sample of children from ages ten through 19 over an eight year period. Following a description of their conceptualized model of personality and of the nature of the study, the authors summarize their findings which suggest new perspectives in three areas of adolescent personality development: 1) the subphases of adolescence, 2) the routes of passage through which adolescents proceed, and 3) adolescent turmoil.
PubMed ID
2766202 View in PubMed
Less detail

Adolescents' perceptions of parental practices: a cross-national comparison of Canada, France, and Italy.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature142091
Source
J Adolesc. 2011 Apr;34(2):225-38
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2011
Author
Michel Claes
Cyrille Perchec
Dave Miranda
Amélie Benoit
Françoise Bariaud
Margherita Lanz
Elena Marta
Eric Lacourse
Author Affiliation
Université de Montréal, Canada. michel.claes@sympatico.ca
Source
J Adolesc. 2011 Apr;34(2):225-38
Date
Apr-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Canada
Child
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
France
Humans
Italy
Male
Object Attachment
Parent-Child Relations - ethnology
Parenting - ethnology
Punishment
Questionnaires
Sex Factors
Abstract
This study compares two dimensions of parenting-emotional bonding and control-as perceived by adolescents living in three countries: Canada (province of Québec), France, and Italy. A cross-sectional sample was composed of 1256 adolescents who filled out a self-report questionnaire. Multiple Correspondence Analyses provided a graphic synthesis of cross-cultural results. Results indicate that parents are perceived as highly emotionally bonded, yet the perception of parental control produced two contrasting models. Canadian adolescents perceive less control and disciplinary actions from parents, and more tolerance. Conversely, Italian adolescents perceive more requirements and rules, and stricter disciplinary actions, while French adolescents' perceptions fall between the two. Results also suggested a gradual decrease in the perception of parental control between the ages of 11 and 19 years across all three countries. This reduction in parental constraints is perceived earlier by Canadian adolescents and later by Italian adolescents.
PubMed ID
20637500 View in PubMed
Less detail

The Adolescent Unresolved Attachment Questionnaire: the assessment of perceptions of parental abdication of caregiving behavior.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature196336
Source
J Genet Psychol. 2000 Dec;161(4):493-503
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2000
Author
M. West
S. Rose
S. Spreng
K. Adam
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Source
J Genet Psychol. 2000 Dec;161(4):493-503
Date
Dec-2000
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Age Factors
Alberta
Analysis of Variance
Anger
Fear
Female
Humans
Male
Object Attachment
Parent-Child Relations
Parenting
Psychological Tests
Questionnaires
Reproducibility of Results
Sex Factors
Abstract
This article reports on the Adolescent Unresolved Attachment Questionnaire (AUAQ), a brief questionnaire that assesses the caregiving experiences of unresolved adolescents (as recipients of caregiving). The AUAQ was developed and validated in a large normative sample (n = 691) and a sample of 133 adolescents in psychiatric treatment. It is a self-report questionnaire consisting of 3 scales with Likert-type responses ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree. The Aloneness/Failed Protection Scale assesses the adolescent's perception of the care provided by the attachment figure. The Fear Scale taps the fear generated by the adolescent's appraisal of failed attachment figure care. The Anger/Dysregulation Scale assesses negative affective responses to the perceived lack of care from the attachment figure. All scales demonstrated satisfactory internal reliability and agreement between scores for adolescents (n = 91) from the normative sample who completed the AUAQ twice. Adolescents in the clinical sample also completed the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI; C. George, N. Kaplan, & M. Main, 1984/1985/1996); the AUAQ demonstrated high convergent validity with the AAI.
PubMed ID
11117104 View in PubMed
Less detail

Adult attachment insecurity and narrative processes in psychotherapy: an exploratory study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature139033
Source
Clin Psychol Psychother. 2011 Nov-Dec;18(6):498-511
Publication Type
Article
Author
Sarah I F Daniel
Author Affiliation
The University Clinic, Department of Psychology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. sarah@selskabet.org
Source
Clin Psychol Psychother. 2011 Nov-Dec;18(6):498-511
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Bulimia Nervosa - psychology - therapy
Cognitive Therapy - methods
Female
Humans
Interview, Psychological - methods
Narration
Object Attachment
Observer Variation
Psychoanalytic Therapy - methods
Scandinavia
Abstract
Different types of client attachment insecurity may affect the psychotherapeutic process in distinct ways. This exploratory study compared the in-session discourse of clients with dismissing and preoccupied attachment states of mind on Adult Attachment Interviews conducted prior to therapy in the context of a randomized clinical trial of psychoanalytic and cognitive-behavioural psychotherapy for bulimia nervosa. In a subsample of six sessions from each of eight therapy dyads, preoccupied clients were found to talk more and have longer speaking turns than dismissing clients, who in turn generated more pauses. Using the Narrative Processes Coding System, preoccupied clients were found to show more narrative initiative; whereas, differences in terms of narrative process modes were not as clearly interpretable. Contrary to expectations, the two insecure states of mind were equally different in the relationship-focused psychoanalytic therapy and in the symptom-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy. Suggestions for further investigations of the in-session discourse of clients with different attachment states of mind are given.
PubMed ID
21110406 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Analysis of quality of life in patients with spinal cord injury: environmental and self esteem variables].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature210402
Source
Rech Soins Infirm. 1996 Dec;(47):48-61
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1996
Author
L. Gagnon
Author Affiliation
Faculté des Sciences Infirmières, Université de Montréal.
Source
Rech Soins Infirm. 1996 Dec;(47):48-61
Date
Dec-1996
Language
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living
Adaptation, Psychological
Adult
Attitude to Health
Empathy
Family - psychology
Female
Humans
Linear Models
Male
Middle Aged
Models, Psychological
Nursing Methodology Research
Object Attachment
Paraplegia - etiology
Parent-Child Relations
Quadriplegia - etiology
Quality of Life - psychology
Quebec
Questionnaires
Self Concept
Social Environment
Social Support
Spinal Cord Injuries - complications - psychology
Abstract
This study was conducted in subjects who became paraplegic or quadreplegic after accidental traumatic injury to the spinal cord. The aim was to determine the effect of different personal factors and of environment on their quality of life. Data obtained from the patients in the different questionnaires completed during interviews were analysed to determine the Linear Structural Relationships. The results demonstrated a direct significant impact of three quality of life variables: a) the amount of caring expressed in the behaviour and attitudes of the individual's family during his childhood and infancy, b) the current level of self-estime and c) self-involvement and personal activities (for example in studies or employment). Other relationships between the different study factors also appeared and contributed to an explanation of the subject's life style after the accidental trauma to the spinal cord.
PubMed ID
16737041 View in PubMed
Less detail

An assessment of preferential attachment as a mechanism for human sexual network formation.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature7300
Source
Proc Biol Sci. 2003 Jun 7;270(1520):1123-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-7-2003
Author
James Holland Jones
Mark S Handcock
Author Affiliation
Center for Statistics and the Social Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. jameshj@stat.washington.edu
Source
Proc Biol Sci. 2003 Jun 7;270(1520):1123-8
Date
Jun-7-2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Female
Humans
Likelihood Functions
Male
Object Attachment
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Sexual Behavior
Sexually Transmitted Diseases - transmission
Stochastic Processes
Abstract
Recent research into the properties of human sexual-contact networks has suggested that the degree distribution of the contact graph exhibits power-law scaling. One notable property of this power-law scaling is that the epidemic threshold for the population disappears when the scaling exponent rho is in the range 2
PubMed ID
12816649 View in PubMed
Less detail

The anatomy of a forbidden desire: men, penetration and semen exchange.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature175938
Source
Nurs Inq. 2005 Mar;12(1):10-20
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2005
Author
Dave Holmes
Dan Warner
Author Affiliation
School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, 451 Smyth Road, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1H 8M5. dholmes@uottawa.ca
Source
Nurs Inq. 2005 Mar;12(1):10-20
Date
Mar-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attitude to Health
Canada
Condoms - utilization
Drive
Europe
Gift Giving
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Homosexuality, Male - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Models, Psychological
Motivation
Nursing Methodology Research
Object Attachment
Pleasure-Pain Principle
Postmodernism
Professional Role
Psychoanalytic Interpretation
Qualitative Research
Questionnaires
Risk-Taking
Semen
Symbolism
Taboo - psychology
Unsafe Sex - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The rising popularity of unprotected anal sex (bareback sex) among men who have sex with men (MSM) is perplexing healthcare providers working in sexual health clinics. Epidemiological research on the topic overlooks several socio-cultural and psychological dimensions. Our research attempts to construct an appropriate theoretical edifice by which we can understand this sexual practice. In order to achieve this objective, a qualitative design was selected and 18 semiconductive in-depth interviews were carried out with barebackers from five European and North American cities. We then analyzed the data using two theoretical approaches that were sensitive to the issues of desire, transgression and pleasure. These theories are those of the late French psychoanalyst, Jacques Lacan, and those of poststructural thinkers, Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari. These theoretical frameworks helped shed light on the significance of bareback sex, and can potentially influence healthcare providers in gaining a better understanding not only of their clients, but also of their own role in the circuitry of desire at work within bareback. We found that while the exchange of semen constitutes a dangerous and irrational practice to healthcare professionals, it is nevertheless a significant variable in the sexual lives of barebackers that needs to be taken into consideration in the provision of healthcare services.
PubMed ID
15743438 View in PubMed
Less detail

189 records – page 1 of 19.