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Perceived child eating behaviours and maternal migrant background.
Appetite. 2018 06 01; 125:302-313
Publication Type
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Maria Somaraki
Karin Eli
Kimmo Sorjonen
Carl-Erik Flodmark
Claude Marcus
Myles S Faith
Christine Persson Osowski
Anna Ek
Paulina Nowicka
Author Affiliation
Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Appetite. 2018 06 01; 125:302-313
Publication Type
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Africa, Northern
Child Behavior
Child, Preschool
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Emigrants and Immigrants
Ethnic Groups
Feeding Behavior
Middle East
Mother-Child Relations
Obesity - epidemiology
Residence Characteristics
South America
Sweden - epidemiology
Transients and Migrants
The Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) is a well-established instrument in the study of obesity-related eating behaviours among children. However, research using the CEBQ in multicultural samples is limited. This study aims to identify and examine differences in child eating behaviours as reported by Swedish-born and non-Swedish-born mothers living in Sweden. Mothers (n?=?1310, 74 countries of origin, mean age 36.5 years, 63.6% with higher education, 29.2% with overweight or obesity) of children aged 3-8 years (mean age 4.8 years, 18.1% with overweight or obesity) completed the CEBQ. Responses were analysed using CEBQ subscales Food Responsiveness, Emotional Overeating, Enjoyment of Food, and Desire to Drink, clustering into Food Approach, and subscales Satiety Responsiveness, Slowness in Eating, Emotional Undereating, and Food Fussiness, clustering into Food Avoidance. Data were compared across seven regional groups, divided by maternal place of birth: (1) Sweden (n?=?941), (2) Nordic and Western Europe (n?=?68), (3) Eastern and Southern Europe (n?=?97), (4) the Middle East and North Africa (n?=?110), (5) East, South and Southeast Asia (n?=?52), (6) Sub-Saharan Africa (n?=?16), and (7) Central and South America (n?=?26). Crude, partly and fully adjusted linear regression models controlled for child's age, gender and weight status, and mother's education, weight status and concern about child weight. The moderation effect of maternal concern about child weight was examined through interaction analyses. Results showed that while Food Approach and Food Avoidance behaviours were associated with maternal migrant background, associations for Food Fussiness were limited. Notably, mothers born in the Middle East and North Africa reported higher frequencies of both Food Approach (except for Enjoyment of Food) and Food Avoidance. The study highlights the importance of examining how regionally-specific maternal migrant background affects mothers' perceptions of child eating behaviours.
PubMed ID
29438715 View in PubMed
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