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Adequacy of nutrient intake among elderly persons receiving home care.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature154657
Source
J Nutr Elder. 2008;27(1-2):65-82
Publication Type
Article
Date
2008
Author
C Shanthi Johnson
Monirun Nessa Begum
Author Affiliation
Faculty of Kinesiology and Health Studies, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada. shanthi.johnson@uregina.ca
Source
J Nutr Elder. 2008;27(1-2):65-82
Date
2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Distribution
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Diet - methods - statistics & numerical data
Eating
Female
Frail Elderly - statistics & numerical data
Geriatric Assessment - methods - statistics & numerical data
Health status
Home Care Services - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Nutrition Assessment
Nutritional Status
Ontario
Questionnaires
Risk assessment
Risk factors
Sex Distribution
Abstract
This study examines the adequacy of the dietary intake based on age, sex, and level of nutritional risk among 98 frail elderly persons receiving home care through Community Care Access Centres. The dietary intakes were measured using 24-hour recalls and were compared with the dietary reference intake. The participants' intakes of both macronutrients and micronutrients were found to be inadequate. On average, elderly persons were consuming more than the recommended amount of protein, but the average intakes of many vitamins and minerals were less than optimal based on the average intakes. Paradoxically, more than half of elderly participants were overweight or obese. The results highlight the need for appropriate nutrition, education, and support for elderly persons receiving home care.
PubMed ID
18928191 View in PubMed
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[Alimentation dependent health disorders among adult population of Bashkortostan Republic and their relation with nutritional traits].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature156420
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2008;(5):15-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
2008
Author
R M Takaev
N S Kondrova
I M Baikina
T K Larionova
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2008;(5):15-9
Date
2008
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Bashkiria - epidemiology
Feeding Behavior
Female
Health status
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nutrition Disorders - epidemiology
Nutritional Status
Prevalence
Sex Distribution
Abstract
The authors demonstrated relationship between alimentation dependent diseases among adult population of the Republic and nutritional traits of the population, defined major directions of program to optimize nutrition of the population.
PubMed ID
18589724 View in PubMed
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[Analysis of the nutritional status of space crews].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature199719
Source
Vopr Pitan. 1999;68(5-6):16-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
1999
Author
V F Dobrovol'skii
A N Agureev
Source
Vopr Pitan. 1999;68(5-6):16-8
Date
1999
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Appetite
Blood - metabolism
Body mass index
Diet
Health status
Humans
Metabolism
Nutritional Status
Russia
Space Flight
United States
Weightlessness
Abstract
Presented are the results of nutrition status analysis of the orbital "MIR" station crews. Investigations carried out both on the basis of subjective information concerning the state of crews members appetite, quantity of consumed food etc. as well as on the subjectives results of biochemical blood analysis reflecting the status of metabolic processes in human in zero-gravity conditions. The obtained data prove that jointly developed Russian-American food rations sustained the satisfactory level of working ability and health of cosmonauts and astronauts.
PubMed ID
10641275 View in PubMed
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Associations between falls and general health, nutrition, dental health and medication use in Swedish home-dwelling people aged 75 years and over.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature279840
Source
Health Soc Care Community. 2015 Nov;23(6):594-604
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2015
Author
Edit Fonad
Tarja-Brita Robins Wahlin
Ann-Marie Rydholm Hedman
Source
Health Soc Care Community. 2015 Nov;23(6):594-604
Date
Nov-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidental Falls - statistics & numerical data
Accidents, Home - statistics & numerical data
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Appetite
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Health status
Humans
Male
Nutritional Status
Oral Health - statistics & numerical data
Polypharmacy
Risk factors
Sex Factors
Sweden
Abstract
The vast majority of elderly people in Sweden live in private homes in their communities for as long as possible. Poor health and a high risk of falls are very common among this group. This cross-sectional study investigates the association between falls and general health, appetite, dental health, and the use of multiple medications among home-dwelling men and women aged = 75 years. Data were collected between October 2008 and March 2009 using a postal questionnaire. A total of 1243 people participated in the questionnaire survey (74% response rate), of which 1193 were included in the analysis. The majority of participants were women (n = 738, 62%). Falls in the previous 12-month period were reported by 434 (36%) participants. Most fallers (n = 276, 64%) were women. The majority of the fallers lived in a flat (n = 250, 58%). Poor health (aOR: 1.61; CI: 1.34-1.95), poor dental health (aOR: 1.22; CI: 1.07-1.39) and the use of four or more types of medication daily (aOR: 1.13; CI: 1.03-1.25) were significantly associated with falls in all participants. Poor dental health was found irrespectively of living in a flat (aOR: 1.23; CI: 1.04-1.46) or living in a house (aOR: 1.28; CI: 1.02-1.61), and both were significantly associated with falls. The use of more than four different types of medication daily (aOR: 1.25; CI: 1.11-1.41) was associated with falls for those living in a flat. The results highlight that falls are associated with poor general health, poor dental health and the use of four or more types of medication daily. Health professionals should provide health promotion education and investigate dental health and risk factors for oral disease. Likewise, medical and clinical practices of physicians and community care nurses should include assessing the risk of falling, and treatment that predisposes falls.
PubMed ID
25676026 View in PubMed
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Body mass index, waist circumference, and waist-to-hip ratio as predictors of mortality in nonagenarians: the Vitality 90+ Study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature131940
Source
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2011 Nov;66(11):1244-50
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2011
Author
Inna Lisko
Kristina Tiainen
Sari Stenholm
Tiina Luukkaala
Antti Hervonen
Marja Jylhä
Author Affiliation
School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, Finland. inna.lisko@uta.fi
Source
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2011 Nov;66(11):1244-50
Date
Nov-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged, 80 and over
Body Composition
Body Height - physiology
Body mass index
Body Size - physiology
Body Weight - physiology
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Health status
Humans
Male
Nutritional Status
Obesity - mortality
Obesity, Abdominal - mortality
Proportional Hazards Models
Waist Circumference
Waist-Hip Ratio
Abstract
The associations of body mass index (BMI) and abdominal obesity with mortality among very old people are poorly known. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of BMI, waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-hip ratio with mortality in nonagenarians.
This study is part of a prospective population-based study, Vitality 90+, including both community-dwelling and institutionalized persons from Tampere, Finland. Altogether 192 women and 65 men aged 90 years were subjected to anthropometric measurements, a baseline interview, and a 4-year mortality follow-up. Cox proportional hazards models were used in the statistical analyses.
In men, normal weight indicated a three times higher mortality risk (hazard ratio [HR] 3.09, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.35-7.06) compared with overweight, and WC was inversely associated with mortality (HR 0.96, 95% CI 0.93-1.00) after adjustment for covariates. In women, the univariate waist-to-hip ratio (HR 1.43, 95% CI 1.06-1.92) and BMI-adjusted waist-to-hip ratio (HR 1.45, 95% CI 1.07-1.97) were positively associated with mortality. Also, overweight women whose WC was
PubMed ID
21860016 View in PubMed
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Changes since 1980 in body mass index and the prevalence of overweight among inschooling children in Nuuk, Greenland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature4730
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2005 Apr;64(2):157-62
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2005
Author
Christina Schnohr
Thorkild l Sørensen
Birgit Vollmer-Larsen Niclasen
Author Affiliation
Department of Social Medicine, The Panum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark. christina@schnohr.dk
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2005 Apr;64(2):157-62
Date
Apr-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Anthropometry
Arctic Regions
Body Height
Body mass index
Body Weight
Child
Child Nutrition
Child Nutrition Disorders - prevention & control
Child Welfare - ethnology - statistics & numerical data
Cohort Studies
Cultural Characteristics
Female
Greenland - epidemiology
Health Promotion - standards
Health status
Humans
Male
Nutritional Status
Obesity - epidemiology - ethnology
Prevalence
Retrospective Studies
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine the trends which have occurred during the past generation in body mass index (BMI) and in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children in public schools in Nuuk, Greenland. STUDY DESIGN: The study is a retrospective cohort study of BMI among inschooling children (age 6 or 7 years old). A database was created on the basis of files from school-nurses containing information on height and weight among children having attended school in Nuuk since 1970. The database contained 10,121 measurements in total, whereas 2,801 were on inschooling children. Measurements from these children form the basis of this study. Mean and quartiles of BMI among the inschooling children in 5-year intervals were used to determine the development in BMI since 1980. On the basis of international cut-points for use among children and adolescents, the proportion of overweight and obese children and the trends since 1980 were determined. RESULTS: The mean BMI has risen by a total of a bit more than 6% since 1980, corresponding to a rise of 1.2-3.8% for every 5-year period. Increases are also observed when assessing the proportion of overweight and obese, which were 6.6% and 0.9%, respectively, among the inschooling children during the period 1980-1984. These proportions increased to 16.5% and 5.2%, respectively, in 2000-2004. CONCLUSION: This study has provided evidence that during the past two decades, children in Nuuk have undergone a development towards a higher prevalence of overweight and obesity.
Notes
Comment In: Int J Circumpolar Health. 2005 Apr;64(2):107-915945280
PubMed ID
15945285 View in PubMed
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Chronic physical and mental health conditions among adults may increase vulnerability to household food insecurity.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature107674
Source
J Nutr. 2013 Nov;143(11):1785-93
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2013
Author
Valerie Tarasuk
Andrew Mitchell
Lindsay McLaren
Lynn McIntyre
Author Affiliation
Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, and.
Source
J Nutr. 2013 Nov;143(11):1785-93
Date
Nov-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Canada
Chronic Disease
Cross-Sectional Studies
Family Characteristics
Female
Food Supply - statistics & numerical data
Health status
Health Surveys
Humans
Male
Mental Health - statistics & numerical data
Middle Aged
Nutritional Status
Socioeconomic Factors
United States
Young Adult
Abstract
Analyses of cross-sectional population survey data in Canada and the United States have indicated that household food insecurity is associated with poorer self-rated health and multiple chronic conditions. The causal inference has been that household food insecurity contributes to poorer health, but there has been little consideration of how adults' health status may relate to households' vulnerability to food insecurity. Our objectives were to examine how the presence of an adult with one or more chronic physical or mental health conditions affects the odds of a household being food insecure and how the chronic ill-health of an adult within a food-insecure household affects the severity of that household's food insecurity. Using household- and respondent-level data available for 77,053 adults aged 18-64 y from the 2007-2008 Canadian Community Health Survey, we applied logistic regression analyses, controlling for household sociodemographic characteristics, to examine the association between health and household food insecurity. Most chronic conditions increased the odds of household food insecurity independent of household sociodemographic characteristics. Compared with adults with no chronic condition, the odds of household food insecurity were 1.43 (95% CI: 1.28, 1.59), 1.86 (95% CI: 1.62, 2.14), and 3.44 (95% CI: 3.02, 3.93) for adults with 1, 2, and 3 or more chronic conditions, respectively. Among food-insecure households, adults with multiple chronic conditions had higher odds of severe household food insecurity than adults with no chronic condition. The chronic ill-health of adults may render their households more vulnerable to food insecurity. This has important practice implications for health professionals who can identify and assist those at risk, but it also suggests that appropriate chronic disease management may reduce the prevalence and severity of food insecurity.
PubMed ID
23986364 View in PubMed
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Components in the interpretation of the high mortality in the county of Finnmark.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature61686
Source
Int J Epidemiol. 2002 Apr;31(2):309-10
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2002
Author
D J P Barker
Author Affiliation
MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK.
Source
Int J Epidemiol. 2002 Apr;31(2):309-10
Date
Apr-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Health status
Humans
Mortality
Norway - epidemiology
Nutritional Status
Poverty
Socioeconomic Factors
Sociology, Medical
Notes
Comment On: Int J Epidemiol. 2002 Apr;31(2):302-811980784
PubMed ID
11980786 View in PubMed
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[Comprehensive hygienic evaluation of the environment and health status of children and adolescents in the North administrative district of Moscow].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature122244
Source
Gig Sanit. 2012 Mar-Apr;(2):77-9
Publication Type
Article
Author
A I Gorshkov
L V Cherkasova
E M Osipova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2012 Mar-Apr;(2):77-9
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adolescent Development - drug effects - physiology
Child
Child Development - drug effects - physiology
Chronic Disease
Environmental Pollutants - adverse effects - analysis
Health status
Humans
Hygiene
Malnutrition - epidemiology - physiopathology
Morbidity
Moscow - epidemiology
Nutritional Status - physiology
Abstract
The high environmental levels of foreign chemical substances and the inadequate intake of both essential nutrients, such as proteins, fats, carbohydrates, and micronutrients, such as minerals, vitamins, and trace elements, in half of the examined children and adolescents promoted a rise in the incidence of chronic noncommunicable diseases in 2005-2009 particularly in the districts of Dmitrovskv, Khovrino where the morbidity rates were 1.5-2 times higher than those in the whole area.
PubMed ID
22834274 View in PubMed
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[Data from an expedition to study a Siberian vegan settlement]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature61879
Source
Vopr Pitan. 1998;(3):3-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
1998
Author
I L Medkova
V T Manchuk
L I Mosiakina
T V Polivanova
T A Lundina
L I Koroleva-Munts
Source
Vopr Pitan. 1998;(3):3-7
Date
1998
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Diet, Vegetarian
English Abstract
Health status
Humans
Life Style
Lipids - blood
Middle Aged
Nutritional Status
Questionnaires
Siberia
Abstract
Health status, the way of life and nourishment of 84 vegans in Siberian village (Krasnoyarsk region) were studied and compared with those of 26 meat-eaters. The investigation included work with a questionnaire, clinico-diagnostic and laboratory research. It was shown that a vegetarian diet improves the serum lipid spectrum (cholesterol, LPLD, cholesterol of LPNP, atherogenic coefficient), normalizes weight and cardiovascular system. The vegans had normal levels of vitamin B12 and serum Fe but the calcium level in this group was lowered as compared with the control group. The pathology of internals (nephroptosis, lithic diathesis, tendency to lithogenesis) was observed. Apparently, the high serum Zn levels found in both groups aren't directly caused by the diet but by climate and geographic factors.
PubMed ID
9752663 View in PubMed
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72 records – page 1 of 8.