The purpose of this study was to ascertain how economic reform has affected nutritional well-being of the elderly in the Russian Federation.
A sample of more than 2932 Russians 60 years of age and older was selected from a nationally representative survey of Russian households. A 24-hour dietary recall and data on weight, height, and socioeconomic status were collected during 1992 and 1993 and from a separate nationally representative sample of 1955 persons in the same age group in 1994.
Russia's elderly did not experience major declines in economic or nutritional well-being during the first 2 years of the reform period. Dietary composition shifted slightly toward reduced fat consumption. A small proportion of individuals showed signs of underweight. Of those who were underweight in 1992, none had lost more than 3 kg of weight by 1993. Among those 70 years of age and older, none who were underweight had lost any appreciable weight, although half lost small amounts.
Many more underweight elderly people increased than reduced their weight. Mean weight increased among all body mass index groups over the year reported here. However, economic conditions in December 1994 raise concerns.
To conduct estimation of actual food among in digenous and arrived population of Yakutia of elderly and senile ages.
In the work results of epidemiological research with analysis of actual food of the population of Yakutia at the age of 60 years and over are presented. On the basis of a list of candidates with use of random selection a representative sample of men and women of Yakutsk at the age of 60 years and more has been generated. In total 775 foreheads were surveyed, the middle age has made 75.7 Â± 9.4 years. For the analysis of actual food 575 people (244 men and 331 women) have been included. Among the surveyed there were 244 respondents of the in digenous population (the Yakuts) and 331 arrived respondents (the Russians, the Ukrainians, the Byelorussians, the Poles, the Germans, the Jews). The estimation of actual food is conducted by means of a frequency questionnaire.
High content of general fat, sated fat acids, polyunsaturated fat acids and refined sugar due to low consumption of general carbohydrates is revealed. At the analysis of food package of the indigenous population in comparison with the newly arrived some distinctions in consumption of following products are revealed: fresh, tinned and frozen vegetables, potatoes, eggs, horsemeat, venison, koumiss, fresh fruit and berries, oil and fats, bean, juice and drinks, sugar, chocolate and confectionery products.
daily food intake of the indigenous population of elderly and senile ages is notable for lower daily caloric content, greater general fat, SFA, less consumption of refined sugar on the background of significantly lower content of general carbohydrates, starch and food proteins. In diets at theYakuts there is considerably lower consumption of fresh and tinned vegetables, potatoes, eggs, fresh fruit and berries, bean, nuts, sugar, chocolate and confectionery products and higher consumption of meat products (horsemeat, venison), oil and fats.