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Nutrition report indicates vast resource of data which must quickly be developed.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature1013
Source
Canadian Medical Association Journal. 1974 Jan 19; 110(2):227.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1974
Author
Hamilton, J.R.
Author Affiliation
Hospital for Sick Children (Toronto)
Source
Canadian Medical Association Journal. 1974 Jan 19; 110(2):227.
Date
1974
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Obesity
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Canada
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Humans
Indians, North American
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Inuits
Male
Middle Aged
Nutrition Surveys
Pregnancy
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 1137.
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Important risk factors for death in adults: a 10-year follow-up of the Nutrition Canada survey cohort.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature235322
Source
CMAJ. 1987 Apr 15;136(8):823-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-15-1987
Author
H. Johansen
R. Semenciw
H. Morrison
Y. Mao
P. Verdier
M E Smith
D T Wigle
Source
CMAJ. 1987 Apr 15;136(8):823-8
Date
Apr-15-1987
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Canada
Diabetes Mellitus - epidemiology - mortality
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Hypertension - epidemiology - mortality
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality
Nutrition Surveys
Risk
Sex Factors
Smoking
Abstract
Data on mortality among over 8000 Canadians aged 35 to 79 years who participated in the Nutrition Canada survey are presented. The effects of various risk factors on mortality were assessed with a multivariate Poisson regression analysis. Factors associated with a significantly increased risk of death over a 10-year follow-up period ending in 1981 included cigarette smoking, hypertension and diabetes mellitus. A shallow U-shaped mortality pattern was observed for body mass index and for serum cholesterol level. No statistically significant increases in risk were associated with alcohol consumption. The population attributable risks for smoking, hypertension and diabetes were 39%, 8% and 6% respectively for men and 21%, 12% and 7% respectively for women.
Notes
Cites: Diabetes Care. 1979 Mar-Apr;2(2):142-3520117
Cites: Am J Med. 1980 Feb;68(2):164-97355889
Cites: Lancet. 1980 Mar 8;1(8167):523-66102243
Cites: Am J Epidemiol. 1981 Jul;114(1):11-207246518
Cites: Comput Biomed Res. 1981 Aug;14(4):327-407261572
Cites: JAMA. 1986 May 2;255(17):2311-43959320
Cites: IARC Sci Publ. 1984;(53):23-356532983
Cites: Am J Epidemiol. 1985 Feb;121(2):309-233839345
Cites: Natl Cancer Inst Monogr. 1985 May;67:149-564047143
Cites: Natl Cancer Inst Monogr. 1985 May;67:59-644047152
Cites: Am J Epidemiol. 1985 Nov;122(5):904-144050778
Cites: Int J Cardiol. 1983 Sep;4(2):207-156629535
PubMed ID
3567794 View in PubMed
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Arctic indigenous peoples experience the nutrition transition with changing dietary patterns and obesity.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature4764
Source
J Nutr. 2004 Jun;134(6):1447-53
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2004
Author
H V Kuhnlein
O. Receveur
R. Soueida
G M Egeland
Author Affiliation
Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment and School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University, Ste. Anne de Bellevue, Canada. harriet.kuhnlein@mcgill.ca
Source
J Nutr. 2004 Jun;134(6):1447-53
Date
Jun-2004
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aging
Arctic Regions - epidemiology
Canada - epidemiology
Diet
Female
Food Habits
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Status
Obesity - epidemiology - metabolism
Population Groups
Prevalence
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Abstract
Indigenous Peoples globally are part of the nutrition transition. They may be among the most extreme for the extent of dietary change experienced in the last few decades. In this paper, we report survey data from 44 representative communities from 3 large cultural areas of the Canadian Arctic: the Yukon First Nations, Dene/Métis, and Inuit communities. Dietary change was represented in 2 ways: 1) considering the current proportion of traditional food (TF) in contrast to the precontact period (100% TF); and 2) the amount of TF consumed by older vs. younger generations. Total diet, TF, and BMI data from adults were investigated. On days when TF was consumed, there was significantly less (P 40 y old consistently consumed more (P or = 30 kg/m(2)) of Arctic adults exceeded all-Canadian rates. Measures to improve nutrient-dense market food (MF) availability and use are called for, as are ways to maintain or increase TF use.
PubMed ID
15173410 View in PubMed
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Nutrient levels of some foods of Eskimos from Arctic Bay, N.W.T., Canada.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature1166
Source
Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 1978 Sep; 73(3):257-260.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1978
Author
K. Hoppner
J M McLaughlan
B G Shah
J N Thompson
J. Beare-Rogers
J. Ellestad-Sayed
O. Schaefer
Author Affiliation
Bureau of Nutritional Sciences (Ottawa)
Source
Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 1978 Sep; 73(3):257-260.
Date
1978
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Arctic Bay
Diet, traditional
Dietary fat
Dietary Carbohydrates
Dietary protein
Dietary minerals
Amino Acids - analysis
Canada
Dietary Proteins - analysis
Food Supply
Humans
Inuits
Meat - analysis
Minerals - analysis
Nutrition Surveys
Vitamins - analysis
Abstract
Native food samples of caribou, seal, and arctic char were collected from resident Eskimos in Arctic Bay, N.W. T., and analyzed for nutrients. Caribou and seal meats were similar in protein and fat content in comparison with beef. Arctic char was above the average in protein and fat content for fish. Ascorbic acid was present in significant amounts only in baby seal liver. Thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin B12, folacin, and pantothenic acid content ranged from average to high for seal and carbiou meat, respectively, in comparison to published values for pork and beef. The vitamin B6 content of caribou meat was comparable to average values reported for pork and beef but was lower in seal meat. Baby seal liver contained similar levels of thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin B12, folacin, and pantothenic acid and less vitamin B6 than those reported for pork, beef, calf, and lamb liver. Arctic char was not appreciably different in these vitamins from other fish. The iron content of the Eskimo foods was higher than the meat group of the mixed Canadian diet. The macro mineral nutrients in these foods were comparable to those in beef and fish. The amino acid composition of caribou and seal meat was similar to beef, except that seal meat had a lower content of sulfur-containing amino acids and a much higher content of histidine. The sample of seal and arctic char were relatively high in concentrations of long-chain unsaturated fatty acids.
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 1150.
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Evaluation of the body iron status of Native Canadians.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature2554
Source
Canadian Medical Association Journal. 1979 Feb 3; 120(3):285-289.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1979
Author
Valberg, L.S.
Birkett, N.
Haist, J.
Zamecnik, J.
Pelletier, O.
Author Affiliation
University of Western Ontario
Source
Canadian Medical Association Journal. 1979 Feb 3; 120(3):285-289.
Date
1979
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Indigenous Groups
Inuit
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Ferritin
Iron
Iron deficiency
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Anemia, Hypochromic - epidemiology
Canada
Child
Child, Preschool
Diet
Female
Hemoglobins - analysis
Indians, North American
Infant
Inuits
Male
Middle Aged
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Requirements
Pregnancy
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage.
PubMed ID
427665 View in PubMed
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The Nutrition Canada Survey: a review. Statement by the Nutrition Committee of the Canadian Paediatric Society.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature4671
Source
Can Med Assoc J. 1976 Oct 23;115(8):775-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-23-1976
Source
Can Med Assoc J. 1976 Oct 23;115(8):775-7
Date
Oct-23-1976
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Anthropometry
Ascorbic Acid Deficiency - diagnosis
Calcium - deficiency
Canada
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Food Habits
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Nutrition Disorders - diagnosis - epidemiology
Nutrition Surveys
Phosphorus - deficiency
Pregnancy
Socioeconomic Factors
Vitamin D Deficiency - diagnosis
Abstract
The data obtained through the Nutrition Canada national nutrition survey must be interpreted cautiously because of limitations in both the design of the survey and our present knowledge of the implications of the findings. The data suggest that, at present, nutritional status is suboptimal among members of the general population. However, because there is no evidence of clinically apparent malnutrition it is difficult to judge the immediate health significance of this finding. Among the Inuit, however, the data suggest that intake of vitamin C may be sufficiently low to approach the level causing clinical problems. Government should make funds available to permit analysis of the data to be completed and investigative studies to be undertaken to assess the health significance of the findings.
PubMed ID
974968 View in PubMed
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Changing trends in infant feeding patterns in the Northwest Territories 1973-1979.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature2240
Source
Canadian Journal of Public Health. 1982 Sep-Oct; 73(5):304-309.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1982
Author
Schaefer, O.
Spady, D.W.
Author Affiliation
Northern Medical Research Laboratory (Edmonton)
Source
Canadian Journal of Public Health. 1982 Sep-Oct; 73(5):304-309.
Date
1982
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Dietary Carbohydrates
Infant feeding
Acculturation
Growth and development
Anemia
Birth weight
Maternal Age
Hemoglobin
Hospitalization rate
Breast Feeding
Canada
Comparative Study
Ethnic Groups
Female
Health status
Humans
Infant
Infant Food
Infant mortality
Infant Nutrition
Infant, Newborn
Nutrition Surveys
Pregnancy
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 1210.
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Assessment of PCBs in arctic foods and diets. A pilot study in Broughton Island, Northwest Territories, Canada.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature1333
Source
Pages 159-162 in H. Linderholm et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 87. Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Umeå, Sweden, 1987. Arctic Medical Research. 1988;47 Supp 1.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1988
  1 document  
Author
Kinloch, D.
Kuhnlein, H.
Author Affiliation
Department of National Health and Welfare (Canada)
Source
Pages 159-162 in H. Linderholm et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 87. Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Umeå, Sweden, 1987. Arctic Medical Research. 1988;47 Supp 1.
Date
1988
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Arctic Regions
Broughton Island
Child
Child, Preschool
Diet, traditional
Female
Food contamination - analysis
Food Habits
Food Supply
Humans
Indians, North American
Infant
Infant feeding
Male
Middle Aged
Northwest Territories
Nutrition Surveys
PCB
Pilot Projects
Polychlorinated biphenyls - analysis
Pregnancy
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 880.
PubMed ID
3152417 View in PubMed
Documents
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Nutrition survey of schoolchildren in greater Winnipeg. II. Dietary intake and biochemical assessment.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature250069
Source
Can Med Assoc J. 1977 Mar 5;116(5):494-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-5-1977
Author
J. Ellestad-Sayed
J C Haworth
H. Medovy
Source
Can Med Assoc J. 1977 Mar 5;116(5):494-7
Date
Mar-5-1977
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Calcium, Dietary - administration & dosage
Child
Diet
Dietary Carbohydrates - administration & dosage
Dietary Fats - administration & dosage
Dietary Proteins - administration & dosage
Health education
Hemoglobinometry
Humans
Manitoba
Minerals - administration & dosage
Nutrition Surveys
Riboflavin - urine
School Health Services
Thiamine - urine
Thiamine Deficiency - epidemiology
Vitamin A - administration & dosage
Abstract
The total dietary intake of energy and of individual nutrients of 99 grades 3 and 6 children from 10 greater Winnipeg shcools were generally comparable to those reported by Nutrition Canada for the Manitoba and national samples, although the percentile distributions of total caloric intake and dietary intake of vitamin A for the Winnipeg children tended to be lower. The median daily intake of protein was 212% of the Canadian Dietary Standard and most came from animal sources. Dietary fat was largely from animal sources as well. Hemoglobin concentrations were marginally low in four children, and urinary riboflavin:creatinine ratios were low in six children. There was no biochemical evidence of thiamin deficiency. The results suggest a need for change in dietary patterns and for education in nutrition, including relative nutrient/cost benefits. A well planned school snack program with an education component is a medium by which change could be introduced. This should preferable be part of a total school health program.
Notes
Cites: Biochem J. 1946;40(5-6):644-5216748068
Cites: J Nutr. 1959 Oct;69:191-414424232
Cites: J Nutr. 1950 Jun 10;41(2):247-6415422413
Cites: J Nutr. 1965 Mar;85:287-9614261840
Cites: Am J Clin Nutr. 1962 Nov;11:462-7613942266
Cites: Am J Clin Nutr. 1974 May;27(5):485-5044207340
Cites: Am J Clin Nutr. 1972 Mar;25(3):273-45011908
Cites: World Rev Nutr Diet. 1971;13:105-644935603
Cites: Am J Clin Nutr. 1966 Jun;18(6):458-665938198
PubMed ID
837315 View in PubMed
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Nutrition Canada -- a national nutrition survey.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature2176
Source
Nutrition Reviews. 1974 Apr; 32(4):105-111.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1974
Author
Z I Sabry
E. Campbell
J A Campbell
A L Forbes
Author Affiliation
Health and Welfare Canada
Source
Nutrition Reviews. 1974 Apr; 32(4):105-111.
Date
1974
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Obesity
Cholesterol
Diet, general
Iron deficiency
Vitamin D
Calcium
Vitamin C
Vitamin A
Iodine
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Canada
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Health education
Humans
Indians, North American
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Inuits
Male
Middle Aged
Nutrition Disorders - epidemiology
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Requirements
Pregnancy
Sex Factors
Vitamins
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 1196.
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12 records – page 1 of 2.