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Anemia in Mexican women: a public health problem.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature181821
Source
Salud Publica Mex. 2003;45 Suppl 4:S499-507
Publication Type
Article
Date
2003
Author
Teresa Shamah-Levy
Salvador Villalpando
Juan A Rivera
Fabiola Mejía-Rodríguez
Martha Camacho-Cisneros
Eric A Monterrubio
Author Affiliation
Centro de Investigación en Nutrición y Salud, Departamento de Vigilancia de la Nutrición, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Avenida Universidad 655, colonia Santa María Ahuacatitlán 62508 Cuernavaca, Morelos, México. tshamah@correo.insp.mx
Source
Salud Publica Mex. 2003;45 Suppl 4:S499-507
Date
2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Anemia - epidemiology
Child
Female
Humans
Mexico - epidemiology
Middle Aged
Nutrition Surveys
Pregnancy
Prevalence
Public Health
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to quantify the prevalence and distribution of anemia among women of childbearing age (12 to 49 years) participating in the 1999 National Nutrition Survey (NNS-1999).
The survey had a probabilistic design and was representative at the national level, of urban and rural areas and four regions: North, South, Center, and Mexico City. Hemoglobin concentration was determined in capillary blood samples using a portable photometer (HemoCue), in 17,194 women, 697 of whom were pregnant.
The overall prevalence of anemia was 27.8% in pregnant women and 20.8% in non-pregnant women. Higher prevalences were observed in rural as compared to urban areas, both in pregnant (28.0% vs 27.7%) and non-pregnant (22.6% vs 20.0%) women, but the differences were not statistically significant (p > 0.05). Women in the South had the greatest prevalence (23.2%), followed by those in the North (20.9%), Center (20.6%), and Mexico City (16.4%). Non-pregnant indigenous women had a prevalence of 24.8%, while in-non-indigenous women the prevalence was 20.4%.
Anemia in women of childbearing age is a growing public health problem that justifies the implementation of interventions for its prevention and control. The English version of this paper is available too at: http://www.insp.mx/salud/index.html.
PubMed ID
14746044 View in PubMed
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