Actual nutrition of pupils in Altai Krai was studied. Decreased supply of proteins, fats, vitamins, mineral substances was revealed. Hygienic recommendations on improvement of nutrition of children and adolescents were given.
The nutrition on alimentary and power value in the term active duty soldier on the North on norm No 1 (troop ration) approaches to calculated sizes (with the exception of fat deficiency) that allows to support the physical working capacity and the body mass index on high enough level. However insufficient content of vitamins (polyhypovitaminosis) in organisms of most of studied persons was revealed. The dynamics of change of nutrition status in the soldiers on the North during year shows essential dependence on the weather rigidity parameters and the seasonal factor.
Diets, energy expenditures, physical and mental performance, anthropometric indices, ascorbic acid excretion, and morbidity rates were studied in 7-9-year-old schoolchildren of Monchegorsk, Murmansk Region. The alimentary features found served as the basis for developing sanitary recommendations to optimize diets and to promote children's health.
The aim of our research was to investigate the level of 25-OH vitamin D3 in blood plasma of indigenous inhabitants of Russia European North. The study showed that there was wide spreading of vitamin D deficiency among northerners especially in teenager. The significant reduction of level of 25-OH vitamin D3 was revealed in the inhabitants of Far North in March.
The present research was directed on study of an actual meal and status of nutrition of children in the age of from birth till 5 years living in Murmansk (region of Far North). 998 children were surveyed. At an estimation of an actual meal of children the data about breast feeding are received, the basic nutrients misbalance of structure of diets of children are established, and their reasons are analyzed. On the basis of the received data the regional recommendations for organization of a healthy meal in children's preschool establishments and program of hygienic training of the parents to skills of a balanced diet of children of early and junior age were developed.
It was been performed the epidemiological study of Thiamine and Riboflavin status of 3579 inhabitants in Arkhangelsk. Establish by 49.6% man and 47.4% woman have lower provision of thiamin. Lack of riboflavin reveal by 23.6% man and 21.7% woman. The analysis of the effect of seasonality on vitamins content shown the worst thiamin level in examined population in January-February and in September-October. The worst Riboflavin content observed in examined population in December-January and in July-August.