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Acute effects of the Chernobyl nuclear accident on Irish mortality?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature38051
Source
Ir Med J. 1989 Sep;82(3):119-21
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1989
Author
S. Allwright
L. Daly
Source
Ir Med J. 1989 Sep;82(3):119-21
Date
Sep-1989
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Air Pollution, Radioactive - adverse effects
Cause of Death
Child
Child, Preschool
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Ireland
Middle Aged
Nuclear Reactors
Time Factors
Ukraine
Abstract
This report examines the claim that Irish mortality in the second quarter (April-June) of 1986 increased due to the cloud of radioactive material released by the damaged reactor in Chernobyl. Over the period 1971-1987, based on date of registration, the death rates in the second quarter showed marked year to year variation often exceeding that expected on the basis of chance alone. In 1986 the percentage of annual deaths occurring between April and June, and the death rate itself, were both significantly higher than in most other years between 1981 and 1987. The 1986 figures were not however, significantly higher than those observed in years prior to 1981. Since the distribution of mortality by cause was not consistent with the hypothesis relating low level radiation to immediate mortality, and since causality cannot be inferred from a temporal association per se, the Chernobyl accident cannot be implicated in the excess mortality observed in the second quarter of 1986.
PubMed ID
2599835 View in PubMed
Less detail

[An epidemiological method for studying the effect of elevated background radiation on the neuropsychic health of children]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36500
Source
Zh Nevropatol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 1993;93(3):64-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
1993
Author
N K Sukhotina
A A Kashnikova
V B Preis
I N Tatarova
T V Terekhina
Source
Zh Nevropatol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 1993;93(3):64-8
Date
1993
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Occupational
Adolescent
Air Pollution, Radioactive - adverse effects - statistics & numerical data
Background Radiation - adverse effects
Child
Child, Preschool
Comparative Study
Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
English Abstract
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects - statistics & numerical data
Epidemiologic Methods
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Mental Disorders - epidemiology - etiology
Mental health
Nuclear Reactors
Power Plants
Russia
Ukraine
Abstract
The children living in 4 regions of Russia contaminated as a result of the Chernobyl catastrophe were investigated. The control group consisted of the children of 2 regions which did not undergo this influence. The investigations were made 1-3 years after the catastrophe took place. An increase of etiologically non-clear asthenic-vegetative disorders was determined in the regions of radiation contamination. They were observed mainly among the children who had light residual organic cerebral deficiency. The authors cannot exclude the impact of the psychogenic factors.
PubMed ID
8042395 View in PubMed
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Antithyroid autoantibodies in the examined population with iodine prophylaxis after the Chernobyl catastrophe.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37161
Source
Horm Metab Res. 1991 May;23(5):236-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1991
Author
I. Kinalska
W. Zarzycki
I. Krawezuk
A. Gosiewska
M. Górska
A. Zonenberg
Author Affiliation
Department of Endocrinology, Medical School, Bialystok, Poland.
Source
Horm Metab Res. 1991 May;23(5):236-8
Date
May-1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Occupational
Adolescent
Adult
Autoantibodies - immunology
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Goiter, Endemic - prevention & control
Humans
Infant
Iodine - therapeutic use
Male
Middle Aged
Nuclear Reactors
Thyroid Gland - immunology
Thyroxine - blood
Triiodothyronine - blood
Ukraine
Abstract
The aim of the present study was the observation of the frequency of antithyroid autoantibodies in the population in low endemic goitre area after mass iodine prophylaxis after the Chernobyl catastrophe and the estimation of TSH and thyroid hormones secretion in this population. On the basis of the investigations carried out we could conclude that the frequency of antithyroid autoantibodies in the population with confirmed endemic goitre is comparable to the frequency of antithyroid autoantibodies in the healthy population. ATA occurrence in children after iodine prophylaxis could confirm the hypothesis that thyroglobulin immunity is higher after iodine intake. The lower T3 concentration observed in the group with antithyroid autoantibodies suggests that autoantibodies may be involved in the thyroid hormones synthesis or peripheral conversion of thyroid hormones.
PubMed ID
1874483 View in PubMed
Less detail

Assessment of radiocesium incorporation in Austrians after the Chernobyl accident.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37261
Source
Health Phys. 1991 Feb;60(2):199-202
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1991
Author
E. Havlik
H. Bergmann
Author Affiliation
Second Department of Internal Medicine, University of Vienna Medical School, Austria.
Source
Health Phys. 1991 Feb;60(2):199-202
Date
Feb-1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Austria
Body Burden
Cesium Radioisotopes - analysis
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Food Contamination, Radioactive - analysis
Humans
Infant
Male
Middle Aged
Nuclear Reactors
Population Surveillance
Radioactive fallout
Ukraine
Abstract
Residents of Vienna, Austria were whole-body counted for radiocesium content due to fallout deposited after the Chernobyl accident. Data for a 2-y period were compared with prior estimates of radiocesium body burden based on food consumption. Our results suggest that the prior estimates be revised and the rejection limit be increased by a factor of 2 for contaminated food.
PubMed ID
1989941 View in PubMed
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[Assessment of the immunohematological status of children exposed to low doses of ionizing radiation in the early and late periods after the Chernobyl AES accident]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37396
Source
Pediatriia. 1991;(12):16-20
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
V G Bebeshko
A A Chumak
E M Bruslova
V V Tal'ko
Zh N Minchenko
D A Bazyka
N M Tsvetkova
A G Bezpalenko
E N Dzhurinskaia
Source
Pediatriia. 1991;(12):16-20
Date
1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adolescent
Age Factors
Child
Child, Preschool
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Infant
Nuclear Reactors
Radiation Dosage
Radiation Injuries - blood - diagnosis - immunology
Time Factors
Ukraine
Abstract
The qualitative and quantitative parameters of hemopoiesis and immunocompetent cells were studied in 365 children in the early "iodine" and long-term periods after the accident. In accordance with primary response, a group consisting of 28 subjects with so-called "radiation injury" was distinguished. The early period was marked by unusual qualitative and quantitative hematological changes which, however, did not lead to the development of the hematological syndrome characteristic of acute radiation injury. Certain deviations that corresponded to somatic pathology were detectable at the late periods after the accident.
PubMed ID
1788014 View in PubMed
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[Assessment of the influence of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster on incidence of thyroid diseases among children in Poland. Preliminary results]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature20331
Source
Med Wieku Rozwoj. 1999 Oct-Dec;3(4):561-72
Publication Type
Article
Author
M. Szymborska
Author Affiliation
Zaklad Endokrynologii IMD, Instytut Matki i Dziecka w Warszawie.
Source
Med Wieku Rozwoj. 1999 Oct-Dec;3(4):561-72
Language
Polish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Autoantibodies - analysis
Child
Child, Preschool
English Abstract
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Goiter - diagnosis - epidemiology
Health status
Humans
Incidence
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Nuclear Reactors
Poland - epidemiology
Sex Distribution
Thyroid Diseases - blood - epidemiology - immunology - ultrasonography
Thyroid Gland - immunology
Thyroid Neoplasms - diagnosis - epidemiology
Thyrotropin - blood
Ukraine
Abstract
It was attempted to assess the incidence of thyroid diseases in Polish children born between 1980-1986, who at the time of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster were 0-6 years old, or whose mothers were in the third trimester of pregnancy. 3071 children have been examined, 1772 girls and 1299 boys. The following were assessed in each child: the health status, the developmental level, the thyroid ultrasound examination, and the level of TSH, FT4, antithyroid antibodies ATM and ATGL in the blood serum. Disorders in thyroid morphology (abnormal echogenicity) have been found in 462 children (15%), almost twice as much in girls than in boys. Goiter has been recognized in 4.6% of all children, an abnormal echogenity in 5.4% and focal changes in 4.8%. 3.9% of children have been found to have a high level of ATM antibodies, and 8.7%--a high level of ATGL antibodies. Among 6 children, who had thyroidectomy, 2 children have been diagnosed to have ca papillary and 4 children--adenoma.
PubMed ID
10910679 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Biological effects of nuclear fission products. Repeated exposures]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature35811
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 1994 May-Jun;34(3):446-52
Publication Type
Article
Author
I Ia Vasilenko
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 1994 May-Jun;34(3):446-52
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adolescent
Animals
Child
Child, Preschool
Dogs
English Abstract
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Iodine Radioisotopes
Nuclear Fission
Nuclear Reactors
Radiation Injuries - metabolism - physiopathology
Radiation Injuries, Experimental - metabolism - physiopathology
Time Factors
Ukraine
Abstract
The results of experimental studies on the repeated exposure to radioiodine (131I) and nuclear fission products (NFP) are presented, the doses used being equal to those resulted in radiation disease under first and second input. The animals satisfactory withstood the repeated exposure. The residual injuries appeared slightly. The animals' state was satisfactory during 5 years. Blastomogenic effect of NFP was revealed in remote periods.
PubMed ID
8069384 View in PubMed
Less detail

Cancer mortality following in utero exposure among offspring of female Mayak Worker Cohort members.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature122596
Source
Radiat Res. 2012 Sep;178(3):160-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2012
Author
S J Schonfeld
Y V Tsareva
D L Preston
P V Okatenko
E S Gilbert
E. Ron
M E Sokolnikov
N A Koshurnikova
Author Affiliation
Radiation Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA. schonfes@mail.nih.gov
Source
Radiat Res. 2012 Sep;178(3):160-5
Date
Sep-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Aged
Aging
Child
Child, Preschool
Cohort Studies
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Maternal Exposure - adverse effects
Middle Aged
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - epidemiology - mortality
Nuclear Reactors
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Pregnancy
Risk
Russia
Abstract
Little is known about long-term cancer risks following in utero radiation exposure. We evaluated the association between in utero radiation exposure and risk of solid cancer and leukemia mortality among 8,000 offspring, born from 1948-1988, of female workers at the Mayak Nuclear Facility in Ozyorsk, Russia. Mother's cumulative gamma radiation uterine dose during pregnancy served as a surrogate for fetal dose. We used Poisson regression methods to estimate relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of solid cancer and leukemia mortality associated with in utero radiation exposure and to quantify excess relative risks (ERRs) as a function of dose. Using currently available dosimetry information, 3,226 (40%) offspring were exposed in utero (mean dose = 54.5 mGy). Based on 75 deaths from solid cancers (28 exposed) and 12 (6 exposed) deaths from leukemia, in utero exposure status was not significantly associated with solid cancer: RR = 0.94, 95% CI 0.58 to 1.49; ERR/Gy = -0.1 (95% CI
Notes
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PubMed ID
22799629 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Certain features of clinical and hormonal status of children of the southwestern areas of the Bryansk region exposed to radiation]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37387
Source
Pediatriia. 1991;(12):84-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991

82 records – page 1 of 9.