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131 records – page 1 of 14.

[4 years after Chernobyl: medical repercussions]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature25355
Source
Bull Cancer. 1990;77(5):419-28
Publication Type
Article
Date
1990
Author
D. Hubert
Source
Bull Cancer. 1990;77(5):419-28
Date
1990
Language
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abnormalities, Radiation-Induced - epidemiology
Abortion, Habitual - epidemiology
Blood Cell Count
Bone Marrow Transplantation
Decontamination - methods
Diarrhea - etiology
English Abstract
Europe
Female
Humans
Male
Nuclear Reactors
Pregnancy
Prognosis
Psychophysiologic Disorders - etiology
Pulmonary Fibrosis - etiology
Radiation Dosage
Radiation Injuries - complications - epidemiology - therapy
Skin - radiation effects
Triage
Ukraine
Abstract
The nuclear accident at Chernobyl accounted for an acute radiation syndrome in 237 persons on the site. Triage was the initial problem and was carried out according to clinical and biological criteria; evaluating the doses received was based on these criteria. Thirty one persons died and only 1 survived a dose higher than 6 Gy. Skin radiation burns which were due to inadequate decontamination, greatly worsened prognosis. The results of 13 bone marrow transplantations were disappointing, with only 2 survivors. Some time after the accident, these severely irradiated patients are mainly suffering from psychosomatic disorders, in the USSR, some areas have been significantly contaminated and several measures were taken to mitigate the impact on population: evacuating 135,000 persons, distributing prophylactic iodine, establishing standards and controls on foodstuff. Radiation phobia syndrome which developed in many persons, is the only sanitary effect noticed up to now. Finally, in Europe, there was only an increase in induced abortions and this was totally unwarranted. If we consider the risk of radiation induced cancer, an effect might not be demonstrated.
PubMed ID
2205311 View in PubMed
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[A comparative study of the immunological (antimicrosomal antibodies) and cytogenetic indices of children living in radioactively contaminated areas of Bryansk Province]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature34277
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 1997 May-Jun;37(3):404-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
A P Shinkarkina
A A Zhloba
V K Podgorodnichewnko
A V Sevan'kaev
A M Poverennyi
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 1997 May-Jun;37(3):404-7
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Radiation
Adolescent
Autoantibodies - blood
Cells, Cultured
Child
Chromosome Aberrations
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Humans
Lymphocytes - radiation effects
Microsomes - immunology
Nuclear Reactors
Power Plants
Radioactive Fallout - adverse effects
Russia
Thyroid Gland - immunology - radiation effects
Ukraine
Abstract
The chromosome dicentric aberrations in the lymphocytes and levels of antibodies to human thyroid microsomal antigen in the serum of the children lived in the area of Bryansk Province suffered from the Chernobyl accident was examined. Correlation between those tests was not estimated: the autoantibodies were revealed in group with dicentrics and without those in 4.0% and 4.5% of cases correspondingly. Antimicrosomal antibodies were revealed more frequently (5.0%) and in higher titers in the children from the more polluted Bryansk Province than in those from Kaluga Province (3.1%). These data can testify about the role of inside radiation of thyroid gland in appearance of autoimmune thyroiditis signs.
PubMed ID
9244530 View in PubMed
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[A computing laboratory-clinical system in the screening of malignant tumors: study of the state of the antioxidant system and level of cellular proliferation markers among the population from the Chernobyl AES accident area]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature24950
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):36-40
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
N A Grigorovich
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):36-40
Date
1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Antioxidants
Biological Markers
English Abstract
Humans
Middle Aged
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - diagnosis - prevention & control
Nuclear Reactors
Radiation Dosage
Risk factors
Software
Time Factors
Ukraine
Abstract
The author bases and describes the computing laboratory and clinical system for screening groups at a higher risk for malignant neoplasms whose incidence is likely to increase due to irradiation. Two years after the disaster the detected group at a higher risk was 2-2.4 times larger than the control group among persons who received the total irradiation dose 5 rem and over as well as among persons who are to be removed from the area polluted with radionuclides whatever the dose. As the time elapsed since the disaster increases, the number of subjects with a higher level of biomarkers also grows. It is advisable that this system be introduced in all fields of the practical health care in the polluted and control areas to carry out goal-oriented treatment and diagnostic measures in the selected population groups.
PubMed ID
1950158 View in PubMed
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[A morphogenetic analysis of a callus culture of Nicotiana tabacum L. in chronic irradiation of the plants]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature69089
Source
Tsitol Genet. 1993 Jan-Feb;27(1):63-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
A A Konopleva
D M Grodzinskii
L V Zheltonozhskaia
Source
Tsitol Genet. 1993 Jan-Feb;27(1):63-7
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Air Pollutants, Radioactive - adverse effects
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Nuclear Reactors
Plants, Toxic
Power Plants
Radiation Dosage
Radioactive Fallout - adverse effects
Time Factors
Tobacco - anatomy & histology - genetics - radiation effects
Ukraine
Abstract
The callus culture of Nicotiana tabacum L. was obtained from the plants chronically irradiated in 10 km zone of Chernobyl Atomic Power Station. The tobacco plants in 10 km zone of Chernobyl during the vegetation period exposed to irradiation with the average dose rate of 0.36 mA/kg (5 mP/h). The total absorbed dose was approximately 0,31 Gy. The morphogenetic analysis of this culture shows a considerable decrease of regeneration index and callus weight.
PubMed ID
8316955 View in PubMed
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[An analysis of chromosome aberrations and SCE in children from radiation-contaminated regions of Ukraine]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature35870
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 1994 Mar-Apr;34(2):163-71
Publication Type
Article
Author
I M Eliseeva
E L Iofa
E F Stoian
V A Shevchenko
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 1994 Mar-Apr;34(2):163-71
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Occupational
Air Pollution, Radioactive - adverse effects
Child
Chromosome Aberrations
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Humans
Metaphase - radiation effects
Moscow
Nuclear Reactors
Power Plants
Rural Population
Sister Chromatid Exchange - radiation effects
Time Factors
Ukraine
Urban Population
Abstract
About a two years later after the reactor accident in Chernobyl we carried out a three-year cytogenetical study of children, dwelling in two regions of Ukraine where the radiation fallout occurred. Chromosome analyses of these individuals have shown a significant increase of the frequency of aberrant cells and chromosomal type aberrations in comparison to the control. We have discovered the increase of the level of chromosomal type aberrations, extension in spectrum of complicate aberrations of chromosome (dicentrics, rings and exchange aberrations) with the years and the increase with the years a share of children with various chromosomal abnormalities. Analyses of sister chromatid exchanges (SCE) and a replication index (RI) show a significant increase of RI meaning with the years in comparison to the control. The SCE frequency didn't altered as compared to the control during different years of investigation.
PubMed ID
8193702 View in PubMed
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[An assessment of the permissible level of a mixture of radionuclides from the Chernobyl fallout in human lungs]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature73504
Source
Radiobiologiia. 1992 Mar-Apr;32(2):163-71
Publication Type
Article
Author
A K Sukhoruchkin
Source
Radiobiologiia. 1992 Mar-Apr;32(2):163-71
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Aerosols
Air Pollutants, Radioactive - adverse effects - analysis
English Abstract
Female
Health Physics
Humans
Lung - radiation effects
Male
Maximum Allowable Concentration
Nuclear Reactors
Power Plants
Radiation Dosage
Radioactive Fallout - adverse effects - analysis
Radioisotopes - adverse effects - analysis
Solubility
Ukraine
Abstract
The permissible level of a radionuclide mixture, resulted from the Chernobyl burst, in the human being lungs was determined for two kinds of compounds: absolutely insoluble compounds and soluble compounds in the state of equilibrium. For this purpose the data were used concerning the radionuclide composition and aerosol disperse in lower atmosphere which were obtained by the Department for Dosimetric Control (NPO "Pripiat'"). The results of measurements of 137Cs content taken by the use of human radiation spectrometer (HRS) needed an adequate estimation: low level of 137Cs in the human lungs and body within the Chernobyl NPP, zone does not guarantee radiation security. The notion "permissible content" and the possibility of using thereof in the individual dosimetric control are discussed.
PubMed ID
1598388 View in PubMed
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[An attempt to study the psychological sequelae of the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature73423
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 1993;(3):27-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
1993
Author
V A Buzunov
A M Druzhinin
E S Druzhinina
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 1993;(3):27-31
Date
1993
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents - psychology
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Attitude to Health
English Abstract
Female
Health Physics
Humans
Male
Mental health
Nuclear Reactors
Pilot Projects
Power Plants
Psychology, Social
Radiation Injuries - psychology
Ukraine
Abstract
The paper describes the image of radiation menace. Basic differences in image parameters are revealed for some population groups. The psychological levels of the image are regarded as psychosocial phenomena. Some specific psychological consequences of mental regression are outlined in the paper.
PubMed ID
7687906 View in PubMed
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[An epidemiological method for studying the effect of elevated background radiation on the neuropsychic health of children]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36500
Source
Zh Nevropatol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 1993;93(3):64-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
1993
Author
N K Sukhotina
A A Kashnikova
V B Preis
I N Tatarova
T V Terekhina
Source
Zh Nevropatol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 1993;93(3):64-8
Date
1993
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Occupational
Adolescent
Air Pollution, Radioactive - adverse effects - statistics & numerical data
Background Radiation - adverse effects
Child
Child, Preschool
Comparative Study
Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
English Abstract
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects - statistics & numerical data
Epidemiologic Methods
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Mental Disorders - epidemiology - etiology
Mental health
Nuclear Reactors
Power Plants
Russia
Ukraine
Abstract
The children living in 4 regions of Russia contaminated as a result of the Chernobyl catastrophe were investigated. The control group consisted of the children of 2 regions which did not undergo this influence. The investigations were made 1-3 years after the catastrophe took place. An increase of etiologically non-clear asthenic-vegetative disorders was determined in the regions of radiation contamination. They were observed mainly among the children who had light residual organic cerebral deficiency. The authors cannot exclude the impact of the psychogenic factors.
PubMed ID
8042395 View in PubMed
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[Antibodies to the thyroid microsomal antigen in children and adolescents subjected to radiation exposure as a result of the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature35956
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 1994 Jan-Feb;34(1):3-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
A P Shinkarkina
V K Podgorodnichenko
A M Poverennyi
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 1994 Jan-Feb;34(1):3-7
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Occupational
Adolescent
Air Pollution, Radioactive - adverse effects
Autoantibodies - blood - radiation effects
Autoantigens - immunology - radiation effects
Child
Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
English Abstract
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Humans
Microsomes - immunology - radiation effects
Nuclear Reactors
Power Plants
Russia
Thyroid Gland - immunology - radiation effects
Thyroiditis, Autoimmune - etiology - immunology
Ukraine
Abstract
For evaluation of the possibility of the appearance of autoimmune thyroiditis in children and juveniles lived in the areas of Kaluga Province [correction of region] suffered from the Chernobyl accident the content of antibodies to human thyroid microsomal antigen was investigated. Percentage of positive sera varied from 4.8% to 1.2% during 6 years. There is significant difference in the frequency of the antibody appearance between persons suffered from radioactive iodine and unsuffered ones. Correlation between levels of antimicrosomal antibodies and radiation dose obtained from incorporated radioactive iodine was not estimated.
PubMed ID
8148974 View in PubMed
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[A pharmacokinetic approach to studying the uptake of 137Cs by children following the reactor accident at Chernobyl]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37958
Source
Nuklearmedizin. 1989 Dec;28(6):243-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1989
Author
U. Wellner
Author Affiliation
Institut für klinische und experimentelle Nuklearmedizin, Universitätzu Köln, BRD.
Source
Nuklearmedizin. 1989 Dec;28(6):243-6
Date
Dec-1989
Language
German
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Body Burden
Cesium Radioisotopes - analysis - pharmacokinetics
Child
English Abstract
Germany, West
Humans
Models, Biological
Nuclear Reactors
Ukraine
Abstract
The course of 137Cs content of children after the reactor accident of Chernobyl measured by means of a whole-body counter could be reconstructed theoretically by a pharmacokinetic model. The children of the kindergarten of the hospital of the University of Cologne accumulated during the vegetation periods 1986/87 (I) 86.9, 1987/88 (II) 114.4 and 1988/89 (III) 24.4 Bq 137Cs per kg body weight.
PubMed ID
2608448 View in PubMed
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131 records – page 1 of 14.