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9 records – page 1 of 1.

[Assessment of radiation risk of leukemia induction based on the analysis of the consequences of population irradiation in Southern Ural].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227404
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):23-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
M M Kosenko
M O Degteva
N A Petrushova
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):23-8
Date
1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollution, Radioactive
Humans
Leukemia, Radiation-Induced - etiology
Nuclear Reactors
Risk factors
Russia
Time Factors
Abstract
The authors provide the results of long-term investigations of the consequences of environmental pollution from the military nuclear plant in the Southern Urals. Altogether 28,100 individuals who received substantial doses of external and internal radiation in the Techa riverside in the early fifties were entered into the study. The increase in the leukemia incidence as compared with unexposed controls has been confirmed on a statistical basis. The majority of excess cases of leukemia were recorded within the 5th to the 20th year after irradiation and may be attributed to the acute and chronic granulocytic types. The level of leukemia risk on the basis of the Techa river data is evaluated as 0.48-1.10 per 10(4) persons/years/Gy.
PubMed ID
1835230 View in PubMed
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Chernobyl-related ionising radiation exposure and cancer risk: an epidemiological review.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature19088
Source
Lancet Oncol. 2002 May;3(5):269-79
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2002
Author
Kirsten B Moysich
Ravi J Menezes
Arthur M Michalek
Author Affiliation
Department of Cancer Prevention, Epidemiology, and Biostatistics, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY 14226, USA. kirsten.moyisch@roswellpark.org
Source
Lancet Oncol. 2002 May;3(5):269-79
Date
May-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Radiation
Adult
Air Pollution, Radioactive
Child
Child, Preschool
Environmental Exposure
Humans
Leukemia, Radiation-Induced - epidemiology - etiology
Nuclear Reactors
Power Plants
Radiation, Ionizing
Radioactive fallout
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Risk factors
Thyroid Neoplasms - epidemiology - etiology
Ukraine - epidemiology
Abstract
The Chernobyl nuclear accident on 26th April, 1986, led to a massive release of radionuclides into the environment. Although vast areas of Europe were affected by Chernobyl-related ionising radiation, the accident had the greatest impact in Belarus, Ukraine, and the Russian Federation. Epidemiological studies that have investigated the link between the Chernobyl accident and cancer have largely focused on malignant diseases in children, specifically thyroid cancer and leukaemia. There is good evidence to suggest that rates of thyroid cancer in children from the countries that were formally part of the Soviet Union have risen as a consequence of the Chernobyl accident. The findings for childhood leukaemia are less conclusive. Overall rates for this disease do not seem to have been affected by the Chernobyl-related ionising radiation, but there may be a larger risk of infant leukaemia in contaminated areas of Europe. Among adult populations, there is no strong evidence to suggest that risk of thyroid cancer, leukaemia, or other malignant disease has increased as a result of the Chernobyl accident.
Notes
Comment In: Lancet Oncol. 2002 Sep;3(9):527-812217789
PubMed ID
12067803 View in PubMed
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The "clinic" medical-dosimetric database of Mayak production association workers: structure, characteristics and prospects of utilization.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature157793
Source
Health Phys. 2008 May;94(5):449-58
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2008
Author
Tamara V Azizova
Richard D Day
Niel Wald
Colin R Muirhead
Jacqueline A O'Hagan
Margarita V Sumina
Zinaida D Belyaeva
Maria B Druzhinina
Igor I Teplyakov
Nadezhda G Semenikhina
Larisa A Stetsenko
Evgenia S Grigoryeva
Larisa N Krupenina
Elena V Vlasenko
Author Affiliation
Southern Urals Biophysics Institute, Ozyorsk, Russia. clinic@ozersk.com
Source
Health Phys. 2008 May;94(5):449-58
Date
May-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollution, Radioactive
Databases as Topic
Humans
Models, Biological
Nuclear Reactors
Occupational Exposure
Radiation Dosage
Radioactive Hazard Release
Russia
Abstract
To study early (deterministic) and long-term effects of radiation exposure, the "Clinic" medical-dosimetric database for the Mayak Production Association worker cohort has been established at the Southern Urals Biophysics Institute (SUBI). This paper describes the principles of organization, structure and prospects of future utilization of this database.
PubMed ID
18403966 View in PubMed
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[Environmental contamination by iodine-131 and cancer of the thyroid gland]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature25894
Source
Minerva Med. 1988 Mar;79(3):215-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1988
Author
M. Pepe
P. Di Perna
M. Re
G. Sorcini
M. Falcone
G. Russo
F. Scibinetti
G. Clemenzia
G. Gallo
A. Amici
Author Affiliation
Istituto di Clinica Medica V, Università degli Studi di Roma, La Sapienza.
Source
Minerva Med. 1988 Mar;79(3):215-7
Date
Mar-1988
Language
Italian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adult
Age Factors
Air Pollution, Radioactive
English Abstract
Female
Humans
Iodine Radioisotopes - adverse effects
Male
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - etiology
Nuclear Reactors
Radiation Dosage
Sex Factors
Thyroid Neoplasms - etiology
Ukraine
Abstract
The biological effects of cosmic rays and ionising radiations on man are described. Particular attention is paid to the consequences of the environmental pollution caused by the Chernobyl accident and the relationship between I131 radiation and thyroid tumours is analysed.
PubMed ID
3362401 View in PubMed
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[Level and pattern of morbidity of children residing in the Ukrainian S.S.R. exposed to radioactive pollution as the result of the Chernobyl AES accident]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37325
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):12-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
V N Bugaev
T V Treskunova
E I Bomko
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):12-5
Date
1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Age Factors
Air Pollution, Radioactive
Anemia, Hypochromic - epidemiology
Child
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Gastrointestinal Diseases - epidemiology
Humans
Mental Disorders - epidemiology
Morbidity
Nuclear Reactors
Ukraine - epidemiology
Abstract
It has been shown that there is a significant increase in total morbidity in children residing in the areas exposed to radioactive pollution due to the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Power Station. This is due largely to higher morbidity of respiratory disease. There is also an increased in the incidence of digestive diseases, iron-deficiency anemias, mental disorders. The recorded growth of childhood morbidity in the areas examined is much higher than that in the children living in other areas unexposed to radioactive pollution.
PubMed ID
1950152 View in PubMed
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[Morphofunctional characteristics of the health of 11-15-year-old children from the southeastern regions of the Byelorussian Polesia]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37365
Source
Pediatriia. 1991;(12):48-52
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991

[Realization of stochastic and nonstochastic effects of thyroid gland irradiation in the course of 5 years after the Chernobyl AES accident]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37410
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(11):28-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991

[Retrospective survey of nursery-age children 5 years after Chernobyl]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36118
Source
Orv Hetil. 1993 Sep 26;134(39):2149-53
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-26-1993
Author
M. Szabó
T. Tóth
A. Münnich
L. Veress
Author Affiliation
Debreceni Orvostudományi Egyetem Szülészeti és Nögyógyászati Klinika.
Source
Orv Hetil. 1993 Sep 26;134(39):2149-53
Date
Sep-26-1993
Language
Hungarian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Air Pollution, Radioactive
Child, Preschool
English Abstract
Female
Health Surveys
Humans
Hungary - epidemiology
Male
Nuclear Reactors
Pregnancy
Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
Questionnaires
Radiation Injuries - epidemiology - etiology
Retrospective Studies
Ukraine
Abstract
In their paper, the authors are dealing with the effect of the Chernobyl's nuclear catastrophe (1986) for the outcome of pregnancy and some parameters of the status of health. Their empirical study is based on a sample (sample size is 1168) of pregnant of the critical year 1986, and also based on a control sample (sample size is 1068) of the year 1985. They compared the five old year children's parameters of status of health between the critical and control groups. Their retrospective epidemiologic survey is extended to study some prenatal, perinatal and childhood parameters also. Finally, they summarise the biometric evaluation of their questionnaire survey. No significant difference of health conditions of the two groups defined above was found.
PubMed ID
8414459 View in PubMed
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9 records – page 1 of 1.