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31 records – page 1 of 4.

Cancer risk estimation in Belarussian children due to thyroid irradiation as a consequence of the Chernobyl nuclear accident.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature22592
Source
Health Phys. 1996 Jul;71(1):45-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-1996
Author
E E Buglova
J E Kenigsberg
N V Sergeeva
Author Affiliation
Research Institute of Radiation Medicine, Minsk, Belarus.
Source
Health Phys. 1996 Jul;71(1):45-9
Date
Jul-1996
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Radiation
Byelarus
Child
Female
Humans
Male
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - etiology
Nuclear Reactors
Power Plants
Risk
Thyroid Neoplasms - etiology
Ukraine
Abstract
The thyroid doses received by the juvenile population of Belarus following the Chernobyl accident ranged up to about 10 Gy. The thyroid cancer risk estimate recommended in NCRP Report No. 80 was used to predict the number of thyroid cancer cases among children during 1990-1992 in selected Belarussian regions and cities. The results obtained using this risk estimate show an excess of thyroid cancer cases being registered vs. the predicted cases. Thyroid cancer incidence rate among boys under investigation is higher than among girls in the postaccident period. The excess of the observed over the expected incidence in the general juvenile population is caused by the high thyroid cancer incidence rate among boys. These results, which can be considered part of the first stage of a thorough thyroid cancer risk estimation after the Chernobyl accident, demonstrate the critical need to complete these studies in depth.
PubMed ID
8655329 View in PubMed
Less detail

Chernobyl fallout. Byelorussia collects dose.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature38081
Source
Nature. 1989 Jul 27;340(6231):255
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-27-1989
Author
V. Rich
Source
Nature. 1989 Jul 27;340(6231):255
Date
Jul-27-1989
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Byelarus
Child
Humans
Nuclear Reactors
Radioactive fallout
Ukraine
PubMed ID
2526298 View in PubMed
Less detail

Chromosome aberrations in human lymphocytes apparently induced by Chernobyl fallout.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36276
Source
Health Phys. 1993 May;64(5):531-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1993
Author
W. Scheid
J. Weber
S. Petrenko
H. Traut
Author Affiliation
Institute of Radiation Biology, University of Münster, F.R.G.
Source
Health Phys. 1993 May;64(5):531-4
Date
May-1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adolescent
Adult
Byelarus
Child
Chromosome Aberrations
Female
Humans
Lymphocytes - radiation effects
Male
Middle Aged
Nuclear Reactors
Radiation Genetics
Radioactive fallout
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Ukraine
Abstract
Sixteen people (15 from Byelorussia, one from Kiev) possibly exposed to radioactivity released by the Chernobyl accident were investigated for chromosome aberrations induced in lymphocytes. Statistically significant increases of the yield of dicentric chromosomes were observed in five people.
PubMed ID
8491604 View in PubMed
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Cytogenetic effects in lymphocytes from children exposed to radiation fall-out after the Chernobyl accident.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature34042
Source
Mutat Res. 1997 Dec 12;395(2-3):249-54
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-12-1997
Author
L. Padovani
L. Stronati
F. Mauro
A. Testa
M. Appolloni
P. Anzidei
D. Caporossi
B. Tedeschi
P. Vernole
Author Affiliation
Environment Department, CR ENEA Casaçcia, Rome, Italy.
Source
Mutat Res. 1997 Dec 12;395(2-3):249-54
Date
Dec-12-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Radiation
Byelarus
Child
Chromosome Aberrations
Comparative Study
Female
Humans
Lymphocytes - radiation effects
Male
Nuclear Reactors
Power Plants
Radiation Dosage
Ukraine
Abstract
In a previous paper we reported that a group of children exposed to ionizing radiation following the Chernobyl accident exhibited an appreciable number of chromosome breaks and rearrangements reflecting the persistence of a radiation-induced damage. The results suggested that the children were still exposed to radioactive contamination through consumer foodstuff and life styles. In the present paper, 31 exposed children have been considered together with a control group of 11 children with the aim to confirm previous results. All children underwent whole-body counter (WBC) measures and conventional cytogenetic analysis. The frequency of chromosome aberrations detected by conventional cytogenetics in the group of children chronically exposed to low doses of ionizing radiation resulted in significant differences with respect to the control group. The present work suggests that, for these groups of children, even if the frequency of aberrations is very low and the observation of statistically significant differences is consequently a problem, a persistently abnormal cytogenetic picture is still present several years after the accident.
PubMed ID
9465937 View in PubMed
Less detail

Cytogenetic study in lymphocytes from children exposed to ionizing radiation after the Chernobyl accident.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36157
Source
Mutat Res. 1993 Sep;319(1):55-60
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1993
Author
L. Padovani
D. Caporossi
B. Tedeschi
P. Vernole
B. Nicoletti
F. Mauro
Author Affiliation
Department of Biological and Health Effects, ENEA Casaccia, Rome, Italy.
Source
Mutat Res. 1993 Sep;319(1):55-60
Date
Sep-1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Byelarus
Cesium Radioisotopes - adverse effects
Child
Chromosome Aberrations
Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
Explosions
Female
Humans
Lymphocytes - radiation effects
Male
Nuclear Reactors
Power Plants
Russia
Time Factors
Ukraine
Whole-Body Counting
Abstract
The present study concerns the monitoring of children from the Byelorussian, Ukrainian and Russian republics exposed to the fall-out of the Chernobyl accident. Cytogenetic analyses have been performed on 41 children coming from different areas and exhibiting varying amounts of 137Cs internal contamination, as evaluated by whole-body counter (WBC) analysis. On a total of 28,670 metaphases scored, radiation-induced chromosome damage is still present, although at a very low frequency. Due to the very low fraction of dicentrics, because of the time elapsed from the accident and the relatively low doses of exposure, radiobiological dosimetry is not possible for these children. However, considering that the WBC data indicate that the children are still exposed to 137Cs contamination, the observed occurrence of stable chromosome rearrangements and breaks may represent the persisting effect of continuous low doses of radiation. The present study also indicates that the parallel use of internal contamination dosimetry and cytogenetics could be usefully employed to monitor individual exposure to radiation and to define further management measures.
PubMed ID
7690459 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Dietary intake of Cs-137 and Sr-90 by the population of the Gomel region, Byelarus, 1986-1989]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature62176
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 1992;(3):57-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
1992
Author
A A Verbovikov
A P Ermalitskii
Iu A Zhakov
V N Zinovich
V A Knizhnikov
E V Petukhova
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 1992;(3):57-9
Date
1992
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Byelarus
Cesium Radioisotopes - analysis
Comparative Study
Diet
English Abstract
Food contamination, radioactive
Nuclear Reactors
Strontium Radioisotopes - analysis
Time Factors
Ukraine
Abstract
The authors provide the results of measuring the content of radionuclides in foods in the first 4 years after the Chernobyl accident and the data on the diet of the population. Pollution of foods was demonstrated to decrease with time. The supply of 137Cs to the body fell 3-fold from 1986 to 1989. The rejection of foods in the most polluted Vetkovsk and Narovlyansk regions made it possible to reduce 3-6-fold the mean daily supply of 137Cs with the diet and up to 2-fold the supply of 90Sr.
PubMed ID
1382762 View in PubMed
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[Effects of Iodine-131 in sheep depending on the content of stable iodine in the diet]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature62160
Source
Radiobiologiia. 1992 May-Jun;32(3):451-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
V A Budarkov
A S Zenkin
N I Arkhipov
R M Iunusova
E A Maiakov
A R Amirkhanian
E P Prilepskaia
L M Surgucheva
Source
Radiobiologiia. 1992 May-Jun;32(3):451-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Animals
Byelarus
Comparative Study
Diet
English Abstract
Hematopoietic System - radiation effects
Iodine - deficiency - metabolism
Iodine Radioisotopes - adverse effects
Liver - radiation effects
Nuclear Reactors
Sheep
Thyroid Gland - radiation effects
Ukraine
Abstract
The biological effect of 131I was studied in sheep kept on a diet deficient in stable iodine. An increased capture and accretion of iodine in the thyroid gland and in the whole body were observed. The disturbances in the structure and function of the thyroid gland, liver and haemopoietic organs were more pronounced in the animals kept on the iodine deficient diet.
PubMed ID
1386676 View in PubMed
Less detail

The feasibility of using 129I to reconstruct 131I deposition from the Chernobyl reactor accident.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature22431
Source
Health Phys. 1996 Nov;71(5):733-40
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1996
Author
T. Straume
A A Marchetti
L R Anspaugh
V T Khrouch
Gavrilin YuI
S M Shinkarev
V V Drozdovitch
A V Ulanovsky
S V Korneev
M K Brekeshev
E S Leonov
G. Voigt
S V Panchenko
V F Minenko
Author Affiliation
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, University of California, Livermore 94550, USA.
Source
Health Phys. 1996 Nov;71(5):733-40
Date
Nov-1996
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Radiation
Byelarus
Cesium Radioisotopes - analysis
Iodine Radioisotopes - analysis
Nuclear Reactors
Plutonium - analysis
Power Plants
Radiation Monitoring - methods
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Soil Pollutants, Radioactive - analysis
Ukraine
Abstract
Radioiodine released to the atmosphere from the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station in the spring of 1986 resulted in large-scale thyroid-gland exposure of populations in Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia. Because of the short half life of 131I (8.04 d), adequate data on the intensities and patterns of iodine deposition were not collected, especially in the regions where the incidence of childhood-thyroid cancer is now increasing. Results are presented from a feasibility study that show that accelerator-mass-spectrometry measurements of 129I (half life 16 x 106 y) in soil can be used to reconstruct 131I-deposition density and thus help in the thyroid-dosimetry effort that is now urgently needed to support epidemiologic studies of childhood-thyroid cancer in the affected regions.
PubMed ID
8887520 View in PubMed
Less detail

[General evaluation of the status of children evacuated from high radiation areas by the end of the 3d week after the Chernobyl AES accident]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37361
Source
Pediatriia. 1991;(12):83-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991

31 records – page 1 of 4.