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139 records – page 1 of 14.

Accumulation, organ distribution, and excretion kinetics of ²4¹Am in Mayak Production Association workers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature116778
Source
Health Phys. 2013 Mar;104(3):313-24
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2013
Author
Klara G Suslova
Alexandra B Sokolova
Alexander V Efimov
Scott C Miller
Author Affiliation
Southern Urals Biophysics Institute, Ozyorsk, Chelyabinsk Region, Russia. suslova@subi.su
Source
Health Phys. 2013 Mar;104(3):313-24
Date
Mar-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aerosols
Aged
Americium - chemistry - pharmacokinetics
Case-Control Studies
Female
Humans
Industry
Kinetics
Liver Diseases - metabolism
Male
Middle Aged
Nuclear Reactors - statistics & numerical data
Occupational Exposure - analysis
Organ Specificity
Plutonium - chemistry - pharmacokinetics
Russia
Tissue Distribution
Abstract
Americium-241 (²4¹Am) is the second most significant radiation hazard after ²³?Pu at some of the Mayak Production Association facilities. This study summarizes current data on the accumulation, distribution, and excretion of americium compared with plutonium in different organs from former Mayak PA workers. Americium and plutonium were measured in autopsy and bioassay samples and correlated with the presence or absence of chronic disease and with biological transportability of the aerosols encountered at different workplaces. The relative accumulation of ²4¹Am was found to be increasing in the workers over time. This is likely from ²4¹Pu that increases with time in reprocessed fuel and from the increased concentrations of ²4¹Am and ²4¹Pu in inhaled alpha-active aerosols. While differences were observed in lung retention with exposures to different industrial compounds with different transportabilities (i.e., dioxide and nitrates), there were no significant differences in lung retention between americium and plutonium within each transportability group. In the non-pulmonary organs, the highest ratios of ²4¹Am/²4¹Am + SPu were observed in the skeleton. The relative ratios of americium in the skeleton versus liver were significantly greater than for plutonium. The relative amounts of americium and plutonium found in the skeleton compared with the liver were even greater in workers with documented chronic liver diseases. Excretion rates of ²4¹Am in ‘‘healthy’’ workers were estimated using bioassay and autopsy data. The data suggest that impaired liver function leads to reduced hepatic ²4¹Am retention, leading to increased ²4¹Am excretion.
PubMed ID
23361427 View in PubMed
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[A congenital anomaly of the crystalline lens erroneously related to radiation exposure]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature51188
Source
Voen Med Zh. 1993 Dec;(12):34
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1993

Acute effects of the Chernobyl nuclear accident on Irish mortality?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature38051
Source
Ir Med J. 1989 Sep;82(3):119-21
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1989
Author
S. Allwright
L. Daly
Source
Ir Med J. 1989 Sep;82(3):119-21
Date
Sep-1989
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Air Pollution, Radioactive - adverse effects
Cause of Death
Child
Child, Preschool
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Ireland
Middle Aged
Nuclear Reactors
Time Factors
Ukraine
Abstract
This report examines the claim that Irish mortality in the second quarter (April-June) of 1986 increased due to the cloud of radioactive material released by the damaged reactor in Chernobyl. Over the period 1971-1987, based on date of registration, the death rates in the second quarter showed marked year to year variation often exceeding that expected on the basis of chance alone. In 1986 the percentage of annual deaths occurring between April and June, and the death rate itself, were both significantly higher than in most other years between 1981 and 1987. The 1986 figures were not however, significantly higher than those observed in years prior to 1981. Since the distribution of mortality by cause was not consistent with the hypothesis relating low level radiation to immediate mortality, and since causality cannot be inferred from a temporal association per se, the Chernobyl accident cannot be implicated in the excess mortality observed in the second quarter of 1986.
PubMed ID
2599835 View in PubMed
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Analysis of multiaberrant cells in lymphocytes of persons living in different ecological regions.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature59438
Source
Mutat Res. 1994 Jan-Feb;323(1-2):7-10
Publication Type
Article
Author
N P Bochkov
L D Katosova
Author Affiliation
Sechenov Moscow Medical Academy, Russia.
Source
Mutat Res. 1994 Jan-Feb;323(1-2):7-10
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adult
Cells, Cultured
Chromosome Aberrations
Environmental Pollutants - toxicity
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Lymphocytes - drug effects - radiation effects
Male
Middle Aged
Nuclear Reactors
Occupational Exposure
Radioactive Pollutants - toxicity
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Ukraine
Abstract
An analysis was carried out of multiaberrant ("rogue") cells in lymphocytes of persons living in unpolluted areas (controls), and in areas chemically or radioactively (Chernobyl fall-out) polluted. The total number of analysed cells was 102,391, among these 10 cells with three and more aberrations were found. These multiaberrant cells occur in persons of both sexes and various ages living in regions with a moderate degree of mutagenic exposure. The main types of aberrations in multiaberrant cells were chromosome exchanges, accompanied by double fragments.
PubMed ID
7508570 View in PubMed
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[An attempt to study the psychological sequelae of the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature73423
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 1993;(3):27-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
1993
Author
V A Buzunov
A M Druzhinin
E S Druzhinina
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 1993;(3):27-31
Date
1993
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents - psychology
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Attitude to Health
English Abstract
Female
Health Physics
Humans
Male
Mental health
Nuclear Reactors
Pilot Projects
Power Plants
Psychology, Social
Radiation Injuries - psychology
Ukraine
Abstract
The paper describes the image of radiation menace. Basic differences in image parameters are revealed for some population groups. The psychological levels of the image are regarded as psychosocial phenomena. Some specific psychological consequences of mental regression are outlined in the paper.
PubMed ID
7687906 View in PubMed
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Antithyroid autoantibodies in the examined population with iodine prophylaxis after the Chernobyl catastrophe.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37161
Source
Horm Metab Res. 1991 May;23(5):236-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1991
Author
I. Kinalska
W. Zarzycki
I. Krawezuk
A. Gosiewska
M. Górska
A. Zonenberg
Author Affiliation
Department of Endocrinology, Medical School, Bialystok, Poland.
Source
Horm Metab Res. 1991 May;23(5):236-8
Date
May-1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Occupational
Adolescent
Adult
Autoantibodies - immunology
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Goiter, Endemic - prevention & control
Humans
Infant
Iodine - therapeutic use
Male
Middle Aged
Nuclear Reactors
Thyroid Gland - immunology
Thyroxine - blood
Triiodothyronine - blood
Ukraine
Abstract
The aim of the present study was the observation of the frequency of antithyroid autoantibodies in the population in low endemic goitre area after mass iodine prophylaxis after the Chernobyl catastrophe and the estimation of TSH and thyroid hormones secretion in this population. On the basis of the investigations carried out we could conclude that the frequency of antithyroid autoantibodies in the population with confirmed endemic goitre is comparable to the frequency of antithyroid autoantibodies in the healthy population. ATA occurrence in children after iodine prophylaxis could confirm the hypothesis that thyroglobulin immunity is higher after iodine intake. The lower T3 concentration observed in the group with antithyroid autoantibodies suggests that autoantibodies may be involved in the thyroid hormones synthesis or peripheral conversion of thyroid hormones.
PubMed ID
1874483 View in PubMed
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[Assessment of oncogenic risk of the irradiation of the thyroid gland in humans]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature24951
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):32-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
I A Zvonova
I A Likhtarev
I V Filiushkin
N K Shandala
G M Gul'ko
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):32-6
Date
1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Child
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Female
Humans
Male
Models, Theoretical
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - etiology
Nuclear Reactors
Radiation Dosage
Risk factors
Sex Factors
Thyroid Gland - radiation effects
Thyroid Neoplasms - etiology
Time Factors
Ukraine
Abstract
The paper deals with one of the most urgent aspects of irradiation hygiene, namely assessment of risk for irradiation-induced cancers of the thyroid. A model is described to predict high mortality rates of thyroidal cancer in the population due to the catastrophe at the Chernobyl Atomic Power Station. With the model, life-time risk rates involving sex and age at the moment of irradiation, as well as an irradiation mode.
PubMed ID
1950157 View in PubMed
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Assessment of radiocesium incorporation in Austrians after the Chernobyl accident.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37261
Source
Health Phys. 1991 Feb;60(2):199-202
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1991
Author
E. Havlik
H. Bergmann
Author Affiliation
Second Department of Internal Medicine, University of Vienna Medical School, Austria.
Source
Health Phys. 1991 Feb;60(2):199-202
Date
Feb-1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Austria
Body Burden
Cesium Radioisotopes - analysis
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Food Contamination, Radioactive - analysis
Humans
Infant
Male
Middle Aged
Nuclear Reactors
Population Surveillance
Radioactive fallout
Ukraine
Abstract
Residents of Vienna, Austria were whole-body counted for radiocesium content due to fallout deposited after the Chernobyl accident. Data for a 2-y period were compared with prior estimates of radiocesium body burden based on food consumption. Our results suggest that the prior estimates be revised and the rejection limit be increased by a factor of 2 for contaminated food.
PubMed ID
1989941 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Association of renal carcinoma and the exposure to ionizing radiation after the Chernobyl accident]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature18460
Source
Actas Urol Esp. 2003 Feb;27(2):164-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2003
Author
A. Blanco Espinosa
M. Leva Vallejo
F. Merlo de la Peña
P. Moreno Arcas
J L Carazo Carazo
M J Requena Tapia
Author Affiliation
Servicio de Urología, Hospital Regional Universitario Reina Sofía, Córdoba.
Source
Actas Urol Esp. 2003 Feb;27(2):164-7
Date
Feb-2003
Language
Spanish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adult
Air Pollutants, Radioactive - adverse effects
Allelic Imbalance
Carcinoma, Renal Cell - diagnosis - etiology - genetics
Cesium Radioisotopes - adverse effects
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3 - genetics
DNA, Neoplasm - genetics
English Abstract
Female
Genes, ras
Humans
Kidney Neoplasms - diagnosis - etiology - genetics
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - diagnosis - etiology - genetics
Nuclear Reactors
Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen - analysis
Spain
Ukraine - epidemiology
Abstract
After the nuclear accident of Chernobyl, in the population of zones contaminated the malignant renal tumors was increased from 4.7 to 7.5 per 100,000 of total population. Cesium 137 (137Cs) constitutes 80-90% of the internal exposure of these people as well as eliminated through kidneys becomes an important risk factor. We present a case of a patient, residing in radiocontamined area, who consulted for abdominal pain and left flank mass. We review relevant literature and the management of these patients.
PubMed ID
12731334 View in PubMed
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139 records – page 1 of 14.