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39 records – page 1 of 4.

[A congenital anomaly of the crystalline lens erroneously related to radiation exposure]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature51188
Source
Voen Med Zh. 1993 Dec;(12):34
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1993

[An analysis of chromosome aberrations and SCE in children from radiation-contaminated regions of Ukraine]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature35870
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 1994 Mar-Apr;34(2):163-71
Publication Type
Article
Author
I M Eliseeva
E L Iofa
E F Stoian
V A Shevchenko
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 1994 Mar-Apr;34(2):163-71
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Occupational
Air Pollution, Radioactive - adverse effects
Child
Chromosome Aberrations
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Humans
Metaphase - radiation effects
Moscow
Nuclear Reactors
Power Plants
Rural Population
Sister Chromatid Exchange - radiation effects
Time Factors
Ukraine
Urban Population
Abstract
About a two years later after the reactor accident in Chernobyl we carried out a three-year cytogenetical study of children, dwelling in two regions of Ukraine where the radiation fallout occurred. Chromosome analyses of these individuals have shown a significant increase of the frequency of aberrant cells and chromosomal type aberrations in comparison to the control. We have discovered the increase of the level of chromosomal type aberrations, extension in spectrum of complicate aberrations of chromosome (dicentrics, rings and exchange aberrations) with the years and the increase with the years a share of children with various chromosomal abnormalities. Analyses of sister chromatid exchanges (SCE) and a replication index (RI) show a significant increase of RI meaning with the years in comparison to the control. The SCE frequency didn't altered as compared to the control during different years of investigation.
PubMed ID
8193702 View in PubMed
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[An epidemiological method for studying the effect of elevated background radiation on the neuropsychic health of children]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36500
Source
Zh Nevropatol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 1993;93(3):64-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
1993
Author
N K Sukhotina
A A Kashnikova
V B Preis
I N Tatarova
T V Terekhina
Source
Zh Nevropatol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 1993;93(3):64-8
Date
1993
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Occupational
Adolescent
Air Pollution, Radioactive - adverse effects - statistics & numerical data
Background Radiation - adverse effects
Child
Child, Preschool
Comparative Study
Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
English Abstract
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects - statistics & numerical data
Epidemiologic Methods
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Mental Disorders - epidemiology - etiology
Mental health
Nuclear Reactors
Power Plants
Russia
Ukraine
Abstract
The children living in 4 regions of Russia contaminated as a result of the Chernobyl catastrophe were investigated. The control group consisted of the children of 2 regions which did not undergo this influence. The investigations were made 1-3 years after the catastrophe took place. An increase of etiologically non-clear asthenic-vegetative disorders was determined in the regions of radiation contamination. They were observed mainly among the children who had light residual organic cerebral deficiency. The authors cannot exclude the impact of the psychogenic factors.
PubMed ID
8042395 View in PubMed
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[Antibodies to the thyroid microsomal antigen in children and adolescents subjected to radiation exposure as a result of the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature35956
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 1994 Jan-Feb;34(1):3-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
A P Shinkarkina
V K Podgorodnichenko
A M Poverennyi
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 1994 Jan-Feb;34(1):3-7
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Occupational
Adolescent
Air Pollution, Radioactive - adverse effects
Autoantibodies - blood - radiation effects
Autoantigens - immunology - radiation effects
Child
Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
English Abstract
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Humans
Microsomes - immunology - radiation effects
Nuclear Reactors
Power Plants
Russia
Thyroid Gland - immunology - radiation effects
Thyroiditis, Autoimmune - etiology - immunology
Ukraine
Abstract
For evaluation of the possibility of the appearance of autoimmune thyroiditis in children and juveniles lived in the areas of Kaluga Province [correction of region] suffered from the Chernobyl accident the content of antibodies to human thyroid microsomal antigen was investigated. Percentage of positive sera varied from 4.8% to 1.2% during 6 years. There is significant difference in the frequency of the antibody appearance between persons suffered from radioactive iodine and unsuffered ones. Correlation between levels of antimicrosomal antibodies and radiation dose obtained from incorporated radioactive iodine was not estimated.
PubMed ID
8148974 View in PubMed
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Antithyroid autoantibodies in the examined population with iodine prophylaxis after the Chernobyl catastrophe.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37161
Source
Horm Metab Res. 1991 May;23(5):236-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1991
Author
I. Kinalska
W. Zarzycki
I. Krawezuk
A. Gosiewska
M. Górska
A. Zonenberg
Author Affiliation
Department of Endocrinology, Medical School, Bialystok, Poland.
Source
Horm Metab Res. 1991 May;23(5):236-8
Date
May-1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Occupational
Adolescent
Adult
Autoantibodies - immunology
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Goiter, Endemic - prevention & control
Humans
Infant
Iodine - therapeutic use
Male
Middle Aged
Nuclear Reactors
Thyroid Gland - immunology
Thyroxine - blood
Triiodothyronine - blood
Ukraine
Abstract
The aim of the present study was the observation of the frequency of antithyroid autoantibodies in the population in low endemic goitre area after mass iodine prophylaxis after the Chernobyl catastrophe and the estimation of TSH and thyroid hormones secretion in this population. On the basis of the investigations carried out we could conclude that the frequency of antithyroid autoantibodies in the population with confirmed endemic goitre is comparable to the frequency of antithyroid autoantibodies in the healthy population. ATA occurrence in children after iodine prophylaxis could confirm the hypothesis that thyroglobulin immunity is higher after iodine intake. The lower T3 concentration observed in the group with antithyroid autoantibodies suggests that autoantibodies may be involved in the thyroid hormones synthesis or peripheral conversion of thyroid hormones.
PubMed ID
1874483 View in PubMed
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[A preliminary analysis of oral morbidity in the children of Byelarus after the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36318
Source
Stomatologiia (Mosk). 1993 Apr-Jun;72(2):67-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
E M Mel'nichenko
L I Leus
K A Gorbacheva
L P Belik
E M Gul'ko
T K Ostromentskaia
O V Pyleva
L V Shuglia
Source
Stomatologiia (Mosk). 1993 Apr-Jun;72(2):67-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Occupational
Air Pollution, Radioactive - adverse effects
Byelarus - epidemiology
Child
Child, Preschool
Comparative Study
Ecology
English Abstract
Humans
Incidence
Mouth Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Nuclear Reactors
Power Plants
Radiation Injuries - complications - epidemiology
Ukraine
Abstract
Presents the data of analysis of medical files of therapeutic institutions, of questionnaires distributed among dentists, and the results of examinations of 883 children aged 3 to 6, living in 19 towns of Byelorussia. The incidence and clinical picture of a number of dental diseases were found changed in the children living in the regions contaminated with radionuclides, as well as the general well-being of these children.
PubMed ID
8048139 View in PubMed
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Calculation of the individual and population doses on Danish territory resulting from hypothetical core-melt accidents at the Barseb├Ąck reactor.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature249542
Source
RISO Rep. 1977 Oct;(356):1-59
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1977
Author
P H Jensen
E L Petersen
S. Thykier-Nielsen
F H Vinther
Source
RISO Rep. 1977 Oct;(356):1-59
Date
Oct-1977
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Occupational
Air pollution, radioactive - analysis
Bone Marrow - radiation effects
Computers
Denmark
Digestive System - radiation effects
Environmental Exposure
Humans
Lung - radiation effects
Mathematics
Models, Theoretical
Nuclear Reactors
Radiation Dosage
Risk
Sweden
Thyroid Gland - radiation effects
Weather
Abstract
Individual and population doses on Danish territory are calculated from hypothetical, severe core-melt accidents at the Swedish nuclear plant at Barsebäck. The release fractions for these accidents are taken from WASH-1400. Based on parametric studies, doses are calculated for very unfavourable, but not incredible weather conditions. The probability of such conditions in combination with wind direction towards Danish territory is estimated. Doses to bone marrow, lungs, GI-tract and thyroid are calculated using dose models developed at Risø. These doses are found to be consistent with doses calculated with the models used in WASH-1400.
PubMed ID
597357 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Lancet. 1987 Apr 11;1(8537):856
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-11-1987

[Compression anastomoses of the large intestine under complicated conditions]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature24062
Source
Vestn Khir Im I I Grek. 1993 May-Jun;150(5-6):6-9
Publication Type
Article
Author
Iu V Baltaitis
N D Kucher
V A Zhel'man
A I Poida
M P Zakharash
Source
Vestn Khir Im I I Grek. 1993 May-Jun;150(5-6):6-9
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Occupational
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Anastomosis, Surgical - instrumentation - methods
Chronic Disease
Colorectal Neoplasms - complications - immunology - surgery
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Enteritis - complications - immunology - surgery
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Intestine, Large - radiation effects - surgery
Middle Aged
Nuclear Reactors
Postoperative Complications - epidemiology
Power Plants
Radiation Injuries - immunology
Ukraine
Abstract
Results of the application of apparatus AKA-2 for the formation of compressive anastomoses under complicated conditions are discussed. Among them are: acute and chronic ileus, peritonitis, diabetes mellitus etc. Common negative factors for all the patients were symptoms of secondary immune deficiency and specific endogenous intoxication resulting from chronic internal irradiation by radionuclides (consequences of the disaster in Chernobyl atomic power station in 1986). In 1987-1990 operations were performed on 84 patients. Compressive colonic anastomoses were made with apparatus AKA-2. All the patients lived in Kiev and neighbouring regions from 1986. From the patients operated upon 81% had colorectal cancer localized in left portions of the colon, 19% of the patients had inflammatory diseases of the colon. The application of compressive colonic anastomoses under the complicated conditions proved to be sufficiently reliable in the nearest and late terms of observations.
PubMed ID
8091592 View in PubMed
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Concerns with low-level ionizing radiation.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature23668
Source
Mayo Clin Proc. 1994 May;69(5):436-40
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1994
Author
R S Yalow
Author Affiliation
Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Bronx, New York.
Source
Mayo Clin Proc. 1994 May;69(5):436-40
Date
May-1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Occupational
Background Radiation
Environmental Exposure
Humans
Nuclear Reactors
Occupational Exposure
Radiation Effects
Radioisotopes - adverse effects - diagnostic use
Radiotherapy - adverse effects
Radon
Ukraine
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the effects of ionizing radiation and to dispel fear associated with the use of radioactivity in medical diagnosis and therapy. DESIGN: Studies of populations in geographic areas of increased cosmic radiation and high natural background radiation, radiation-exposed workers, patients with medical exposure to radioactivity, and accidental exposure are reviewed. RESULTS: No reproducible evidence shows harmful effects associated with increases in background radiation of 3 to 10 times the usual levels. American military personnel who participated in nuclear testing had no increase in leukemia or other cancers. Among 22,000 patients with hyperthyroidism treated with 131I (mean dose, 10 rem), no increased incidence of leukemia was found in comparison with 14,000 similar patients who received other treatment. A 20-year follow-up of 35,000 patients who underwent 131I uptake tests for evaluation of thyroid function revealed that those studied for other than a suspected tumor had only 60% of the thyroid cancers expected in a control group. Although early studies showed that high exposures to miners to radon and its daughters resulted in a substantial increase in lung cancer, no evidence exists for an increase in lung cancer among nonsmokers exposed to increased radon levels in the home. CONCLUSION: Perhaps the association of radiation with the atomic bomb has created a climate of fear about the possible dangers of radiation at any level; however, no evidence indicates that current radiation exposures associated with medical usage are harmful.
PubMed ID
8170194 View in PubMed
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39 records – page 1 of 4.