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6 records – page 1 of 1.

[Assessment of oncogenic risk of the irradiation of the thyroid gland in humans]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature24951
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):32-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
I A Zvonova
I A Likhtarev
I V Filiushkin
N K Shandala
G M Gul'ko
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):32-6
Date
1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Child
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Female
Humans
Male
Models, Theoretical
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - etiology
Nuclear Reactors
Radiation Dosage
Risk factors
Sex Factors
Thyroid Gland - radiation effects
Thyroid Neoplasms - etiology
Time Factors
Ukraine
Abstract
The paper deals with one of the most urgent aspects of irradiation hygiene, namely assessment of risk for irradiation-induced cancers of the thyroid. A model is described to predict high mortality rates of thyroidal cancer in the population due to the catastrophe at the Chernobyl Atomic Power Station. With the model, life-time risk rates involving sex and age at the moment of irradiation, as well as an irradiation mode.
PubMed ID
1950157 View in PubMed
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[Dynamics of the radiation conditions and evaluation of the radiation dosage of the inhabitants of Kiev following the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36860
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1992;(2):49-54
Publication Type
Article
Date
1992
Author
I A Likhtarev
N K Shandala
G M Gul'ko
A M Shandala
I A Kairo
I P Los'
T M Likhtareva
A V Goritskii
N I Chepurnoi
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1992;(2):49-54
Date
1992
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adolescent
Adult
Background Radiation
Child
Child, Preschool
English Abstract
Humans
Infant
Nuclear Reactors
Population Surveillance
Radiation Dosage
Radioactive Pollutants
Ukraine
Abstract
The estimation of the effective dose equivalents of exposure to accidental and non-accidental sources was made on the basis of the studying of radiation situation variations in Kiev after the Chernobyl accident in 1986-1989. The total annual effective dose equivalents to the Kiev population from all sources of exposure for 1986-1989 were 9.19, 7.29, 5.34 and 5.03 mSv, respectively. The necessity of radiation health measures aimed at limiting the intake of long-acting radionuclides of Chernobyl nature and reducing the exposure doses by optimizing the x-ray procedure and by regulating the natural radioactivity of building materials are under discussion.
PubMed ID
1626411 View in PubMed
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Emerging technological bases for retrospective dosimetry.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature22298
Source
Stem Cells. 1997;15 Suppl 2:183-93
Publication Type
Article
Date
1997
Author
T. Straume
L R Anspaugh
E H Haskell
J N Lucas
A A Marchetti
I A Likhtarev
V V Chumak
A A Romanyukha
V T Khrouch
Gavrilin YuI
V F Minenko
Author Affiliation
Health and Ecological Assessment Division, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California, USA.
Source
Stem Cells. 1997;15 Suppl 2:183-93
Date
1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Radiation
Animals
Child
Fast Neutrons
Humans
In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
Iodine Radioisotopes
Japan
Lymphocytes - radiation effects
Macaca mulatta
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - epidemiology
Nuclear Reactors
Nuclear Warfare
Occupational Exposure
Power Plants
Radiometry
Retrospective Studies
Thermoluminescent Dosimetry
Thyroid Neoplasms - epidemiology
Translocation, Genetic
Ukraine
Abstract
In this article we discuss examples of challenging problems in retrospective dosimetry and describe some promising solutions. The ability to make measurements by accelerator mass spectrometry and luminescence techniques promises to provide improved dosimetry for regions of Belarus, Ukraine and Russian Federation contaminated by radionuclides from the Chernobyl accident. In addition, it may soon be possible to resolve the large neutron discrepancy in the dosimetry system for Hiroshima through novel measurement techniques that can be used to reconstruct the fast-neutron fluence emitted by the bomb some 51 years ago. Important advances in molecular cytogenetics and electron paramagnetic resonance measurements have produced biodosimeters that show potential in retrospective dosimetry. The most promising of these are the frequency of reciprocal translocations measured in chromosomes of blood lymphocytes using fluorescence in situ hybridization and the electron paramagnetic resonance signal in tooth enamel.
PubMed ID
9368303 View in PubMed
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[Health-related evaluation of thyroid irradiation doses in inhabitants of the Ukrainian S.S.R. after the Chernobyl AES accident]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature24949
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):44-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
A E Romanenko
I A Likhtarev
N K Shandala
G M Gul'ko
I A Kairo
N I Chepurnoi
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):44-7
Date
1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adult
Child
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Humans
Microcomputers
Models, Theoretical
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - etiology
Nuclear Reactors
Radiation Dosage
Software
Thyroid Gland - radiation effects
Thyroid Neoplasms - etiology
Ukraine
Abstract
The paper considers the radiation doses of the thyroid gland in the inhabitants from the Ukrainian SSR areas (Kiev, Zhitomir, Chernigov, and Vinnitsa Regions), which have been obtained by instrumental studies of thyroidal radioactivity in May-June, 1986, and calculated by the most conservative single-dose administration model. A hygienic evaluation has been made of the findings, taking into account the age and residence. The cumulative irradiation doses of the thyroid have been estimated for children and adults. Possible late sequelae for the areas in question may account for 1060 and 300 thyroid carcinoma cases during the whole life for children and adults, respectively.
PubMed ID
1950160 View in PubMed
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[Thyroid irradiation doses and organization of endocrinological monitoring of the inhabitants of the Ukrainian S.S.R. after the accident at the Chernobyl AES]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37312
Source
Med Radiol (Mosk). 1991;36(2):41-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
A e Romanenko
I A Likhtarev
N K Shandala
G M Gul'ko
I A Kairo
A K Cheban
N I Chepurnoi
O S Degtiareva
O V Kopylova
Source
Med Radiol (Mosk). 1991;36(2):41-9
Date
1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adult
Age Factors
Child
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Humans
Medical Records
Monitoring, Physiologic
Nuclear Reactors
Radiation Dosage
Thyroid Gland - radiation effects
Ukraine
Urban Population
Abstract
The paper is devoted to one of the most important aspects of the accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station: thyroid irradiation in the residents of 8 areas in the Ukrainian SSR and the town of Pripyat, affected with radioactive iodine. Irradiation doses, prognosis of medical effects of the accident, methods and practical measures for the organization of endocrinological monitoring of the affected population were thoroughly considered. The authors proposed a scheme of health care of the population in these areas. They also discussed the structure of data bases for analysis of medico-dosimetric information on "iodine" effects of the accident. The main trends in medico-dosimetric problems of the effects of thyroid irradiation were outlined.
PubMed ID
1996072 View in PubMed
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Ukrainian thyroid doses after the Chernobyl accident.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature24019
Source
Health Phys. 1993 Jun;64(6):594-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1993
Author
I A Likhtarev
N K Shandala
G M Gulko
I A Kairo
N I Chepurny
Author Affiliation
Ukrainian Scientific Center of Radiation Medicine, Kiev.
Source
Health Phys. 1993 Jun;64(6):594-9
Date
Jun-1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Databases, Factual
Humans
Iodine Radioisotopes - analysis
Nuclear Reactors
Population Surveillance
Radiation Dosage
Radioactive fallout
Thyroid Gland - chemistry
Ukraine
Abstract
To estimate thyroid radioactivity in the Ukrainian population from May-June 1986, more than 150,000 individual examinations were carried out by special dosimetric teams. The results of these total measurements were approved to be a basis for assessing individual absorbed doses of infant and adult thyroid irradiation associated with the 131I exposure. The dosimetric radioiodine data bank of thyroid irradiation of the Ukrainian population was created to analyze these measurements. The analysis was performed using the data for eight Ukrainian districts and the town of Pripjat, which were all heavily contaminated due to radioiodine exposure. Results of the dose assessments are given using two models: the more conservative model of "single radioiodine intake" and a more realistic model that considers the individual duration of radioiodine intake. In accordance with the more realistic model, the predictions of late effects have shown that a collective thyro-oncogenic dose is equal to 64,000 person-Gy, stimulating the possibility of the emergence of 300 cases (30 incurable) of thyrocancers. Considering this information for the next 35 y (1991-2026), it is possible to predict a 1.4-fold increase over spontaneous thyroid cancer morbidity for children who lived in the heavily contaminated regions of the Ukraine in 1986 (spontaneous and radiogenic to spontaneous).
PubMed ID
8491614 View in PubMed
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6 records – page 1 of 1.