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12 records – page 1 of 2.

[Assessment of oncogenic risk of the irradiation of the thyroid gland in humans]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature24951
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):32-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
I A Zvonova
I A Likhtarev
I V Filiushkin
N K Shandala
G M Gul'ko
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):32-6
Date
1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Child
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Female
Humans
Male
Models, Theoretical
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - etiology
Nuclear Reactors
Radiation Dosage
Risk factors
Sex Factors
Thyroid Gland - radiation effects
Thyroid Neoplasms - etiology
Time Factors
Ukraine
Abstract
The paper deals with one of the most urgent aspects of irradiation hygiene, namely assessment of risk for irradiation-induced cancers of the thyroid. A model is described to predict high mortality rates of thyroidal cancer in the population due to the catastrophe at the Chernobyl Atomic Power Station. With the model, life-time risk rates involving sex and age at the moment of irradiation, as well as an irradiation mode.
PubMed ID
1950157 View in PubMed
Less detail

Birth defects in Norway by levels of external and food-based exposure to radiation from Chernobyl.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature59591
Source
Am J Epidemiol. 1992 Aug 15;136(4):377-88
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-15-1992
Author
R T Lie
L M Irgens
R. Skjaerven
J B Reitan
P. Strand
T. Strand
Author Affiliation
Medical Birth Registry of Norway, University of Bergen, Norway.
Source
Am J Epidemiol. 1992 Aug 15;136(4):377-88
Date
Aug-15-1992
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abnormalities, Radiation-Induced - epidemiology - etiology
Accidents
Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
Down Syndrome - epidemiology
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects - analysis
Female
Food Contamination, Radioactive - analysis
Humans
Hydrocephalus - epidemiology - etiology
Infant, Newborn
Male
Norway - epidemiology
Nuclear Reactors
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Ukraine
Abstract
In Norway, external doses of radiation resulting from fallout from the Chernobyl nuclear accident were estimated from detailed measurements, including soil deposition patterns. Internal doses were estimated from measurements of radioactive cesium in meat and milk supplies. The doses were calculated as average monthly doses for each of 454 municipalities during 36 consecutive months after the accident in spring 1986. Prospectively collected data on all newborns listed in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway who were conceived in the period May 1983-April 1989 were used to assess possible dose-response relations between estimated external and food-based exposures and congenital malformations and some other conditions. A positive association was observed between total radiation dose (external plus food-based) and hydrocephaly, while a negative association was observed for Down's syndrome. However, an important conclusion of the study was that no associations were found for conditions previously reported to be associated with radiation, i.e., small head circumference, congenital cataracts, anencephaly, spina bifida, and low birth weight. Potential sources of bias, including exposure misclassification and incomplete ascertainment of cases, are discussed.
PubMed ID
1415157 View in PubMed
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[Dynamics of the radiation conditions and evaluation of the radiation dosage of the inhabitants of Kiev following the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36860
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1992;(2):49-54
Publication Type
Article
Date
1992
Author
I A Likhtarev
N K Shandala
G M Gul'ko
A M Shandala
I A Kairo
I P Los'
T M Likhtareva
A V Goritskii
N I Chepurnoi
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1992;(2):49-54
Date
1992
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adolescent
Adult
Background Radiation
Child
Child, Preschool
English Abstract
Humans
Infant
Nuclear Reactors
Population Surveillance
Radiation Dosage
Radioactive Pollutants
Ukraine
Abstract
The estimation of the effective dose equivalents of exposure to accidental and non-accidental sources was made on the basis of the studying of radiation situation variations in Kiev after the Chernobyl accident in 1986-1989. The total annual effective dose equivalents to the Kiev population from all sources of exposure for 1986-1989 were 9.19, 7.29, 5.34 and 5.03 mSv, respectively. The necessity of radiation health measures aimed at limiting the intake of long-acting radionuclides of Chernobyl nature and reducing the exposure doses by optimizing the x-ray procedure and by regulating the natural radioactivity of building materials are under discussion.
PubMed ID
1626411 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Health protection after the Chernobyl accident. The relation of costs and reduction of radioactive dosage level].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature103264
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1990 Jan 30;110(3):391-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-30-1990
Author
P. Strand
J B Reitan
O. Harbitz
L. Brynildsen
Author Affiliation
Statens institutt for strålehygiene, Osterås.
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1990 Jan 30;110(3):391-3
Date
Jan-30-1990
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Air Pollutants - adverse effects
Air Pollutants, Radioactive - adverse effects
Costs and Cost Analysis
Food Contamination, Radioactive - analysis - economics - prevention & control
Humans
Norway
Nuclear Reactors
Radiation Protection - economics
Radioactive Fallout - adverse effects
Ukraine
Abstract
This article describes the nutritional measures introduced to protect health after the Chernobyl accident, and the associated costs. The total value of the reindeer meat, mutton, lamb and goat meat saved as a result of such measures in 1987 amounted to approx. NOK 250 million. The measures cost approx. NOK 60 million. The resulting reduction in the radiation dose level to which the population was exposed was 450 manSv. In 1988, mutton/lamb and goat meat valued at approx. NOK 310 million was saved from condemnation by similar measures, which cost approx. NOK 50 million. The resulting dose level reduction was approx. 200 manSv. The relationship (cost/benefit ratio) between the overall cost of the measures taken to reduce radioactivity levels in food and the dose level reduction achieved was acceptable.
PubMed ID
2309188 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Health-related evaluation of thyroid irradiation doses in inhabitants of the Ukrainian S.S.R. after the Chernobyl AES accident]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature24949
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):44-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
A E Romanenko
I A Likhtarev
N K Shandala
G M Gul'ko
I A Kairo
N I Chepurnoi
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):44-7
Date
1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adult
Child
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Humans
Microcomputers
Models, Theoretical
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - etiology
Nuclear Reactors
Radiation Dosage
Software
Thyroid Gland - radiation effects
Thyroid Neoplasms - etiology
Ukraine
Abstract
The paper considers the radiation doses of the thyroid gland in the inhabitants from the Ukrainian SSR areas (Kiev, Zhitomir, Chernigov, and Vinnitsa Regions), which have been obtained by instrumental studies of thyroidal radioactivity in May-June, 1986, and calculated by the most conservative single-dose administration model. A hygienic evaluation has been made of the findings, taking into account the age and residence. The cumulative irradiation doses of the thyroid have been estimated for children and adults. Possible late sequelae for the areas in question may account for 1060 and 300 thyroid carcinoma cases during the whole life for children and adults, respectively.
PubMed ID
1950160 View in PubMed
Less detail

Independent regulatory examination of radiation situation in the areas of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive wastes storage in the Russian far east.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature135276
Source
Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2011 Jul;146(1-3):129-32
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2011
Author
N K Shandala
S M Kiselev
A I Lucyanec
A V Titov
V A Seregin
D V Isaev
S V Akhromeev
Author Affiliation
Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Centre, Moscow, Russia.
Source
Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2011 Jul;146(1-3):129-32
Date
Jul-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cesium Radioisotopes - analysis
Cobalt Radioisotopes - analysis
Gamma Rays
Government Regulation
Humans
Industrial Waste - prevention & control
Male
Nuclear Reactors
Radiation Monitoring - legislation & jurisprudence
Radiation Protection - legislation & jurisprudence
Radioactive Waste - prevention & control
Russia
Safety Management - legislation & jurisprudence
Soil Pollutants, Radioactive - analysis
Strontium Radioisotopes - analysis
Waste Management - legislation & jurisprudence
Abstract
This paper describes the findings of the radiation situation analysis on-site near Sysoeva and Razbojnik Bays. The results of radiation monitoring performed by radiological laboratory of DalRAO and studies performed by the experts from the Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Centre have been used in the course of analysis. On the industrial sites, gamma dose rate reaches 60 µSv h(-1), and the specific activities of man-made radionuclides in soil reach 2.5 × 10(4) Bq kg(-1) for (137)Cs, 7.6 × 10(3) Bq kg(-1) for (90)Sr and 2.0 × 10(3) Bq kg(-1) for (60)Co. Beyond the industrial sites, there are three local parts of the area on the coast and in the off-shore water area, contaminated with man-made radionuclides. Gamma dose rate reaches 8 µSv h(-1). The radionuclide contents in soil at this area reach 3.6 × 10(3), 2.8 × 10(3) and 19 Bq kg(-1) for (137)?s, (90)Sr and (60)??, respectively. At the remaining part of the area nearby Sysoeva Bay, the radiation situation complies with natural background.
PubMed ID
21493600 View in PubMed
Less detail

Pregnancy outcome in Norway after Chernobyl.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227241
Source
Biomed Pharmacother. 1991;45(6):233-41
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
L M Irgens
R T Lie
M. Ulstein
T. Skeie Jensen
R. Skjaerven
F. Sivertsen
J B Reitan
F. Strand
T. Strand
F. Egil Skjeldestad
Author Affiliation
Medical Birth Registry of Norway, University of Bergen.
Source
Biomed Pharmacother. 1991;45(6):233-41
Date
1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abortion, Legal - statistics & numerical data
Abortion, Spontaneous - epidemiology
Accidents - statistics & numerical data
Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, newborn, diseases - epidemiology
Norway - epidemiology
Nuclear Reactors - statistics & numerical data
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Outcome - epidemiology
Ukraine
Abstract
Pregnancy outcome has been studied in terms of legal abortions, early spontaneous abortions and total number of pregnancies (in an ad hoc study covering 6 counties) as well as various perinatal health problems (on the basis of routinely recorded data for epidemiological surveillance from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway). Apparently, no effects were observed in terms of an increased occurrence of legal abortions, while spontaneous abortions increased from 7.2% of all pregnancies during the last 12 months before the accident to 8.3% after the accident [corrected]. At the same time, the total number of pregnancies somewhat decreased. Based on monthly measurements in each municipality of external and internal (food-based) doses, dose-response associations were assessed for a number of perinatal health problems. No associations were observed.
Notes
Erratum In: Biomed Pharmacother 1991;45(9):428
PubMed ID
1912379 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Radiation accidents and radiation disasters].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature221033
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1993 May 20;113(13):1583-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-20-1993
Author
J B Reitan
Author Affiliation
Statens strålevern, Osterås.
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1993 May 20;113(13):1583-8
Date
May-20-1993
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Disaster planning
Disasters
Humans
Norway
Nuclear Reactors
Radiation Injuries - diagnosis - etiology - therapy
Radiation, Ionizing
Radioactive Fallout - adverse effects
Abstract
Accidents and disasters involving ionizing radiation are rare. Such accidents may occur not only at nuclear power stations but also in medicine and in industry. Only fairly large radiation doses can give acute medical effects. Symptoms and signs depend on the actual dose, and on what parts of the body are irradiated. In connection with a radiation accident, the main points are to recognize in the first place that radiation may be involved, and to have some knowledge of the actual source. Risk of localized irradiation from industrial sources, especially of hands, is a problem that is often overlooked. The paper reviews the principles for action by local health officers, the pathogenesis of radiation injury and early medical management. Some information is also given on the Norwegian system of contingency preparedness against nuclear accidents.
PubMed ID
8337648 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Radiologic consequences and medico-biological problems 4 years after the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36859
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1992;(2):7-14
Publication Type
Article
Date
1992
Author
A E Romanenko
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1992;(2):7-14
Date
1992
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adult
Child
English Abstract
Humans
Nuclear Reactors
Radioactive Pollutants
Ukraine
Vital statistics
Abstract
The data on the assessment of the radiobiological situation and the results of clinical and epidemiological studies into the population health status, exposed to radiation because of the Chernobyl NPP accident are summarized. Appropriate regularities in soil contamination with 137Cs are ascertained. It has been shown that the disease incidence among the children's and adult population of the controlled areas is associated not only with improvement of the disease revealing but with the influence of the accident consequences.
PubMed ID
1626414 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Results of the implementation of the program C.27 and priority trends of further research in the elimination of medical sequelae of the Chernobyl AES accident]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature24989
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(11):9-13
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991

12 records – page 1 of 2.