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6 records – page 1 of 1.

[Cesium-137 content in children 1 and 3 years after Chernobyl]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37751
Source
Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 1990 Mar 16;115(11):437
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-16-1990

[Health-related evaluation of thyroid irradiation doses in inhabitants of the Ukrainian S.S.R. after the Chernobyl AES accident]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature24949
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):44-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
A E Romanenko
I A Likhtarev
N K Shandala
G M Gul'ko
I A Kairo
N I Chepurnoi
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(8):44-7
Date
1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adult
Child
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Humans
Microcomputers
Models, Theoretical
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - etiology
Nuclear Reactors
Radiation Dosage
Software
Thyroid Gland - radiation effects
Thyroid Neoplasms - etiology
Ukraine
Abstract
The paper considers the radiation doses of the thyroid gland in the inhabitants from the Ukrainian SSR areas (Kiev, Zhitomir, Chernigov, and Vinnitsa Regions), which have been obtained by instrumental studies of thyroidal radioactivity in May-June, 1986, and calculated by the most conservative single-dose administration model. A hygienic evaluation has been made of the findings, taking into account the age and residence. The cumulative irradiation doses of the thyroid have been estimated for children and adults. Possible late sequelae for the areas in question may account for 1060 and 300 thyroid carcinoma cases during the whole life for children and adults, respectively.
PubMed ID
1950160 View in PubMed
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[One year after Chernobyl. Cesium-137 levels in premature, newborn and nursing infants and in younger and older children of Bonn and environs]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature38510
Source
Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 1988 Apr 22;113(16):623-30
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-22-1988
Author
H C Koch
R. Knopp
M. Niesen
K. Halfmann
C. Hartmann
W. Burmeister
Author Affiliation
Universitäts-Kinderklinik und Poliklinik, Bonn.
Source
Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 1988 Apr 22;113(16):623-30
Date
Apr-22-1988
Language
German
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Breast Feeding
Cesium Radioisotopes - analysis
Child
Child, Preschool
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Female
Germany, West
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Male
Nuclear Reactors
Radioactive fallout - analysis
Suburban Population
Ukraine
Urban Population
Whole-Body Counting
Abstract
From May to August 1987, 137Cs activity was measured in a total-body counter (4 pi counter) in 33 premature and mature newborns (group I), 40 infants and young children up to 2 4/12 years of age (group II), and 15 children between 3 and 6 8/12 years (group III), all from Bonn or its environs. The mean of measurements in group II, at 3.7 Bq/kg body-weight, was lower than that of group I (5.8 Bq) and III (9.4 Bq). Mean radiation exposure, calculated from these data, was 1.7 mrem/a for group I, 1.1 mrem/a for group II, and 2.8 mrem/a for group III. A comparison with present Cs values in adults and measurements made at the end of the 1950's and beginning of 60's showed good agreement. There were no significant differences, as regards Cs activity, between newborns or infants who had been formula-fed or breast-fed. The measured radiation exposure of the three groups is about 1% of natural radiation exposure. Thus, present-day results indicate that there will be no damage to health outside the natural scatter.
PubMed ID
3129272 View in PubMed
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[Radiologic consequences and medico-biological problems 4 years after the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36859
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1992;(2):7-14
Publication Type
Article
Date
1992
Author
A E Romanenko
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1992;(2):7-14
Date
1992
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adult
Child
English Abstract
Humans
Nuclear Reactors
Radioactive Pollutants
Ukraine
Vital statistics
Abstract
The data on the assessment of the radiobiological situation and the results of clinical and epidemiological studies into the population health status, exposed to radiation because of the Chernobyl NPP accident are summarized. Appropriate regularities in soil contamination with 137Cs are ascertained. It has been shown that the disease incidence among the children's and adult population of the controlled areas is associated not only with improvement of the disease revealing but with the influence of the accident consequences.
PubMed ID
1626414 View in PubMed
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[Results of the implementation of the program C.27 and priority trends of further research in the elimination of medical sequelae of the Chernobyl AES accident]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature24989
Source
Vestn Akad Med Nauk SSSR. 1991;(11):9-13
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991

Whole-body cesium 137 activity up to 4 years after the Chernobyl reactor accident in premature newborns, newborns, infants, and children.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36781
Source
Pediatrics. 1992 Mar;89(3):407-10
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1992
Author
H C Koch
W. Burmeister
R. Knopp
M. Niesen
A. Georgakopoulou
A. Krämer
K. Halfmann
C. Hartmann
M J Lentze
Author Affiliation
Department of Pediatrics, University of Bonn, Germany.
Source
Pediatrics. 1992 Mar;89(3):407-10
Date
Mar-1992
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Age Factors
Cesium Radioisotopes - analysis
Child
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Germany
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Nuclear Reactors
Prospective Studies
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Ukraine
Whole-Body Counting
Abstract
Cesium 137 activity was measured after the Chernobyl incident in a whole-body radiation counter (4-pi-scintillation counter) in 85 premature and mature newborns (group 1), 174 infants and young children up to 2 11/12 years (group 2), and 48 children between 3 and 8 years (group 3) from Bonn (Germany) and surroundings. In 1987 the mean level of radioactivity in group 2, at 3.7 Bq/kg body weight corresponding to a mean radiation exposure of 11 muSv/y, was lower than that of group 1 (5.8 Bq/kg, 17 muSv/y) and 3 (9.4 Bq/kg, 28 muSv/y). Up to 1990 the values of all groups revealed a continuous decrease. The latest measurements showed mean values of 0.5 Bq/kg (1.5 muSv/y) in group 1, 0.6 Bq/kg (1.8 muSv/y) in group 2, and 0.8 Bq/kg (2.4 muSv/y) in group 3. A comparison with present cesium 137 values and determinations of the end of the 1950s and beginning of 1960s, both in adults, showed good agreement. The effective dose-equivalent rates amounted to less than 1% of that from natural radiation exposure. These levels should present no teratogenic risks to the population studied and, while there are theoretical mutagenic risks, the dose is so low that no increase in measurable mutagenic effects should be observed.
PubMed ID
1741212 View in PubMed
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6 records – page 1 of 1.