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6 records – page 1 of 1.

[Cytogenetic effect in peripheral blood lymphocytes of children living in villages in the Ovruch District, Zhitomir Region of the Ukraine contaminated by radionuclides]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36661
Source
Tsitol Genet. 1992 Jul-Aug;26(4):10-4
Publication Type
Article
Author
M A Pilins'ka
M A Dybs'kyi
S S Dybs'kyi
O B Dybs'ka
Source
Tsitol Genet. 1992 Jul-Aug;26(4):10-4
Language
Ukrainian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adolescent
Child
Chromosome Aberrations - genetics
English Abstract
Genetic Screening
Humans
Lymphocytes - radiation effects
Nuclear Reactors
Radioactive Pollutants - adverse effects
Rural Health
Translocation, Genetic - genetics
Ukraine - epidemiology
Abstract
For the purpose of genetic indication of low level of chronic radiation exposure the cytogenetic monitoring of some critical children groups living in two contaminated Ukrainian villages was carried out. In all the groups the mean frequency of aberrant cells and chromosome type aberrations (including dicentrics, centric rings, chromosome translocations as well as polyploid cells) significantly exceeded control level. During the repeated examination of children from Vistupovichi (in 13 months after the first one) the striking increase of cytogenetic effect was revealed. Dicentrics and rings were registered in 79% of persons with the individual rate 0.5-1.5 and mean group frequency 0.57 per 100 cells. The authors tried to evaluate the average cumulative doses of radiation for examined groups using G. Littlefield equation for dicentric outcome under the low dose rate Cs-137 source and taking into account the assumption about the reducing of 50% dicentrics per year. According to this rough calculation, the revealed cytogenetic effect can correspond to the mean total dose of 33 cSv for Vistupovichi children.
PubMed ID
1440910 View in PubMed
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[Genetic monitoring in connection with the Chernobyl accident]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36660
Source
Tsitol Genet. 1992 Jul-Aug;26(4):15-9
Publication Type
Article
Author
Iu I Gavyliuk
O O Sozans'kyi
G R Akopian
M R Lozyns'ka
I A Siednieva
P A Glynka
O M Iaborivs'ka
I I Grytsiuk
Source
Tsitol Genet. 1992 Jul-Aug;26(4):15-9
Language
Ukrainian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abnormalities, Radiation-Induced - epidemiology - genetics
Abortion, Spontaneous - epidemiology - genetics
Accidents
Bone and Bones - embryology - radiation effects
English Abstract
Female
Genetics, Population
Homeostasis - radiation effects
Humans
Incidence
Infant, Newborn
Nuclear Reactors
Pregnancy
Ukraine - epidemiology
Abstract
The complex investigation has been provided to control the genetically influenced processes after Chernobyl accident in some Ukrainian regions. Some dangerous trends in genetic populational status were revealed in the Ukrainian regions surrounding Chernobyl power plant allowing for the increasing number of congenital anomalies among the newborns and the spontaneous abortions as well as higher proportion in aberrations of chromosome type in human somatic and embryos cells, higher incidence of structural defects in embryonal bone system and higher, compared with control, proportion of children with intensive catabolism (R-protein homeostasis).
PubMed ID
1440911 View in PubMed
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[The function of the hypophyseal-thyroid system in the children of Zhitomir Province living in areas polluted by the radionuclides resulting from the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36733
Source
Lik Sprava. 1992 May;(5):16-20
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1992
Author
V M Ponomarenko
V I Shatylo
V E Markevych
T K Nabukhotnyi
Source
Lik Sprava. 1992 May;(5):16-20
Date
May-1992
Language
Ukrainian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adolescent
Air Pollutants, Radioactive - adverse effects
Child
English Abstract
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Female
Humans
Male
Nuclear Reactors
Pituitary Function Tests
Pituitary Gland - physiopathology - radiation effects
Power Plants
Thyroid Function Tests
Thyroid Gland - physiopathology - radiation effects
Ukraine
Abstract
A study of 1167 children (age: 7-15 years) inhabiting districts contaminated with radionuclide due to Chernobyl atomic station accident indicates that children with thyroid hyperplasia revealed high requirement and intensity of the peripheral metabolism of thyroid hormones that results finally in relative hormonal deficit (subclinical hypothyroidism) and thyroid hyperplasia. This is a sequel of maximum functional tension of the thyroid with impending breakdown of adaptation and this should be considered as a pathological process requiring correction, i.e. presence of subclinical hypothyroidism in children with thyroid hyperplasia requires substitution therapy with thyroid hormones.
PubMed ID
1441402 View in PubMed
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[The health status of the population after the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station (based on data from Kiev Province)]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature24001
Source
Lik Sprava. 1993 Jul;(7):6-10
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-1993
Author
O I Avramenko
T P Syvachenko
Source
Lik Sprava. 1993 Jul;(7):6-10
Date
Jul-1993
Language
Ukrainian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Occupational
Adolescent
Adult
Air Pollution, Radioactive - adverse effects
Child
English Abstract
Female
Graves Disease - epidemiology - etiology
Health status
Humans
Male
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - epidemiology - etiology
Nuclear Reactors
Power Plants
Pregnancy
Thyroid Gland - radiation effects
Thyroid Neoplasms - epidemiology - etiology
Ukraine - epidemiology
Abstract
Since the Chernobyl accident health of the population at Kiev region, especially of children, has deteriorated considerably. The number of healthy persons has decreased. There is a strong tendency toward accumulation of chronic nonspecific diseases among the population. After the disaster thyroid pathology, chiefly early thyroid carcinoma, has been observed to rise. Determination of radiative load on the thyroid is one of the main problems of liquidation of medical sequels of the accident. Calculation of dose load should be carried out with taking into consideration not only contribution of 131I, but also dose received at the account of other iodine isotopes as well as of isotopes of other elements getting into the body by gastro-intestinal and respiratory tracts. When analyzing thyroid morbidity one should take into account state of other organs and systems at the level of integral body.
PubMed ID
8209535 View in PubMed
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[The immediate and late results of radiation effects on the occurrence of congenital defects in the locomotor apparatus based on screening data on newborns in the maternity hospitals of the city of Kiev]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36202
Source
Tsitol Genet. 1993 Jul-Aug;27(4):90-5
Publication Type
Article
Author
A P Krysiuk
Ie P Mezhenina
Ia B Kutsenok
Iu M Huk
T A Kinchaia-Polishchuk
R V Luchko
S Ie Hur'iev
A Ia Vovchenko
Source
Tsitol Genet. 1993 Jul-Aug;27(4):90-5
Language
Ukrainian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abnormalities, Radiation-Induced - epidemiology - etiology - prevention & control
Accidents
English Abstract
Hospitals, Maternity - statistics & numerical data
Hospitals, Urban - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Incidence
Infant, Newborn
Mass Screening - statistics & numerical data
Musculoskeletal Abnormalities
Musculoskeletal System - radiation effects
Nuclear Reactors
Power Plants
Time Factors
Ukraine - epidemiology
Abstract
On the basis of screening of 15939 newborns at the maternity homes of Kiev after the accident at the Chernobyl atomic station it was found that the number of children with congenital malformation of the locomotor apparatus in 1991-1992 increased by 28.7% as compared with the data of the first postaccident years (1986-1987). Congenital pathology of the hip joint (dysplasia in average 23.5 per 1000 births, hip dislocation 3.6:1000) and foot deformity (7.9:1000) had the highest incidence with a tendency to increase at the latest years.
PubMed ID
8249172 View in PubMed
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[The medical problems of the aftermath of the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature23915
Source
Lik Sprava. 1993 Oct-Dec;(10-12):21-4
Publication Type
Article
Author
V. Guda
R. Kozak
Source
Lik Sprava. 1993 Oct-Dec;(10-12):21-4
Language
Ukrainian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Occupational
Air Pollution, Radioactive - adverse effects
Child
English Abstract
Humans
Iodine Radioisotopes - adverse effects
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - etiology - ultrasonography
Nuclear Reactors
Power Plants
Thyroid Gland - ultrasonography
Thyroid Neoplasms - etiology - ultrasonography
Ukraine
Abstract
The article is devoted to medical problems of Chernobyl accident, specifically to the question of thyroid carcinoma in children who received increased doses of radioactive iodine (mainly of 131I) in the first days of the disaster. Some relevant reports made at the 3rd Congress of the World Federation of Ukrainian Medical Societies are analyzed. The necessity of ultrasonic examination of the thyroid in children is pointed out. Special portable American-made apparatus is recommended for this purpose. Likelihood of leukaemia, lung cancer, gastrointestinal malign tumors as well as genetic disorders in descendants of irradiated people should also be remembered. Question of "clean" products and evacuation of the population residing in the 30-km zone must be solved.
PubMed ID
8030298 View in PubMed
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6 records – page 1 of 1.