Skip header and navigation

2 records – page 1 of 1.

[4 years after Chernobyl: medical repercussions]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature25355
Source
Bull Cancer. 1990;77(5):419-28
Publication Type
Article
Date
1990
Author
D. Hubert
Source
Bull Cancer. 1990;77(5):419-28
Date
1990
Language
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abnormalities, Radiation-Induced - epidemiology
Abortion, Habitual - epidemiology
Blood Cell Count
Bone Marrow Transplantation
Decontamination - methods
Diarrhea - etiology
English Abstract
Europe
Female
Humans
Male
Nuclear Reactors
Pregnancy
Prognosis
Psychophysiologic Disorders - etiology
Pulmonary Fibrosis - etiology
Radiation Dosage
Radiation Injuries - complications - epidemiology - therapy
Skin - radiation effects
Triage
Ukraine
Abstract
The nuclear accident at Chernobyl accounted for an acute radiation syndrome in 237 persons on the site. Triage was the initial problem and was carried out according to clinical and biological criteria; evaluating the doses received was based on these criteria. Thirty one persons died and only 1 survived a dose higher than 6 Gy. Skin radiation burns which were due to inadequate decontamination, greatly worsened prognosis. The results of 13 bone marrow transplantations were disappointing, with only 2 survivors. Some time after the accident, these severely irradiated patients are mainly suffering from psychosomatic disorders, in the USSR, some areas have been significantly contaminated and several measures were taken to mitigate the impact on population: evacuating 135,000 persons, distributing prophylactic iodine, establishing standards and controls on foodstuff. Radiation phobia syndrome which developed in many persons, is the only sanitary effect noticed up to now. Finally, in Europe, there was only an increase in induced abortions and this was totally unwarranted. If we consider the risk of radiation induced cancer, an effect might not be demonstrated.
PubMed ID
2205311 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Management in cases of accidental contamination by iodine radioisotopes]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature25889
Source
Presse Med. 1988 Mar 5;17(8):386-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-5-1988
Author
M. Schlumberger
N. Parmentier
J. Chavaudra
C. Parmentier
M. Tubiana
Author Affiliation
Institut Gustave-Roussy, Villejuif.
Source
Presse Med. 1988 Mar 5;17(8):386-8
Date
Mar-5-1988
Language
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
English Abstract
Humans
Iodides - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Iodine Radioisotopes - adverse effects
Nuclear Reactors
Poland
Thyroid Diseases - chemically induced
Thyroid Neoplasms - drug therapy - radionuclide imaging
Ukraine
Abstract
Iodide can reduce radioactive iodine thyroid uptake and whole-body irradiation. Maximal effectiveness is obtained when 3 conditions are fulfilled: adequate dosage: potassium iodide 130 mg (i.e. iodide 100 mg) as tablets in adults and older children, 50 mg in infants under one year of age; prompt administration after contamination and daily treatment as long as the contamination persists. Depending on the importance and duration of the contamination, different dosages may be required. In any case, children must be given priority for prophylactic measures.
PubMed ID
2966371 View in PubMed
Less detail