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Absence experience of career firefighters reaching mandatory retirement age.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature223027
Source
J Occup Med. 1992 Oct;34(10):1018-22
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1992
Author
T L Guidotti
Author Affiliation
Occupational Health Program, University of Alberta, Faculty of Medicine, Edmonton, Canada.
Source
J Occup Med. 1992 Oct;34(10):1018-22
Date
Oct-1992
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absenteeism
Adult
Age Factors
Aging
Fires - prevention & control
Humans
Influenza, Human - epidemiology
Middle Aged
Muscular Diseases - epidemiology
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology
Ontario - epidemiology
Retirement
Wounds and Injuries - epidemiology
PubMed ID
1403190 View in PubMed
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[A geno-geographic study of myopathy patients in various areas of the Kalinin region].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature110381
Source
Zh Nevropatol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 1969;69(6):807-10
Publication Type
Article
Date
1969
Author
N L Artemchuk
Source
Zh Nevropatol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 1969;69(6):807-10
Date
1969
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Child
Female
Humans
Male
Muscular Diseases - epidemiology - genetics
Muscular Dystrophies - epidemiology - genetics
Russia
Shoulder
PubMed ID
4243650 View in PubMed
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Biomechanical and nonfunctional assessment of physical capacity in male ICU survivors.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature118300
Source
Crit Care Med. 2013 Jan;41(1):93-101
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2013
Author
Jesper B Poulsen
Martin H Rose
Bente R Jensen
Kirsten Møller
Anders Perner
Author Affiliation
Department of Intensive Care, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark. jpoulsen@dadlnet.dk
Source
Crit Care Med. 2013 Jan;41(1):93-101
Date
Jan-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living
Aged
Biomechanical Phenomena
Case-Control Studies
Critical Illness - epidemiology - rehabilitation
Denmark - epidemiology
Electromyography
Humans
Male
Matched-Pair Analysis
Middle Aged
Muscle Contraction
Muscle strength
Muscular Diseases - epidemiology - etiology - prevention & control
Physical Endurance
Quadriceps Muscle
Risk factors
Abstract
ICU admission is associated with decreased physical function for years after discharge. The underlying mechanisms responsible for this muscle function impairment are undescribed. The aim of this study was to describe the biomechanical properties of the quadriceps muscle in ICU survivors 12 months after ICU discharge.
Case-control study with consecutive inclusion of ICU survivors and age- and sex-matched controls.
Patients were treated at a mixed 18-bed ICU at a tertiary care university hospital and tested at a biomechanical university laboratory.
We included 16 male ICU patients (Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score 20 ± 7, mean ± SD), who had stayed in the ICU >72 hrs and survived to 12 months and 15 age- and sex-matched controls.
None.
An extensive battery of biomechanical tests, including maximum, fast, and endurance contractions, was administered during isometric knee extensions while simultaneously recording surface electromyography (quadriceps and hamstrings). Compared to controls, ICU survivors had reduced maximal voluntary torque (22%, 179 ± 64 Nm vs. 230 ± 57 Nm, p = 0.03), absolute rate of force development (50%, 868 ± 372 Nm/sec vs. 1739 ± 470 Nm/sec, p
Notes
Comment In: Crit Care Med. 2013 Jan;41(1):345-623269143
PubMed ID
23222267 View in PubMed
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Completeness of occupational history and occurrences of work-related diseases.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature239790
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1984 Dec;10(6 Spec No):455-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1984
Author
R S Koskela
P J Kolari
E. Järvinen
H. Korhonen
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1984 Dec;10(6 Spec No):455-9
Date
Dec-1984
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Bone Diseases - epidemiology
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology
Finland
Humans
Male
Medical History Taking
Metallurgy
Middle Aged
Muscular Diseases - epidemiology
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology
Occupations
Questionnaires
Records as Topic
Research Design
Respiratory Tract Diseases - epidemiology
Time Factors
Abstract
The lack of complete occupational histories causes underestimates or overestimates of occupational mortality and morbidity. The problem is emphasized in cohorts with high turnover and in cross-sectional study designs. In the study of the effect of selective turnover on occupational mortality and morbidity complete occupational histories were acquired via questionnaire. The sample comprised 1 200 current and 1 800 alive former workers and the closest relatives of 450 deceased workers and was formed from three exposure-level cohorts (defined primarily according to the physical demands of the work) of 15 714 metal workers hired in 1950-1976. The occupational histories reported in the questionnaires were compared with those collected from employers' personnel records. The coverage of occupational histories was the most accurate for current and former workers with the longest duration of exposure and the least accurate for dead workers and the oldest age groups. The use of complete occupational histories and the combining of the similar levels of exposure through the lifetime produced clear differences in the occurrences of musculoskeletal, respiratory, and cardiovascular diseases between the three levels of exposure. The errors in person-years were smaller than the errors in the duration of exposure; the coverage varied from 51 to 94%. However, misclassification clearly caused cancer cases to be located in classes with too short a period of latency. About 30% of the deceased workers had reportedly entered the industry before the first follow-up year.
PubMed ID
6535248 View in PubMed
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A cross-sectional study of the relation between symptoms and physical findings in computer operators.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature166768
Source
BMC Neurol. 2006;6:40
Publication Type
Article
Date
2006
Author
Jørgen R Jepsen
Gert Thomsen
Author Affiliation
Department of Occupational Medicine, Ribe County Hospital, Østergade 81-83, DK-6700 Esbjerg, Denmark. jrj@ribeamt.dk
Source
BMC Neurol. 2006;6:40
Date
2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Comorbidity
Computers
Cross-Sectional Studies
Denmark - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Muscular Diseases - epidemiology
Occupational Exposure - statistics & numerical data
Pain - epidemiology
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Risk Assessment - methods
Risk factors
Upper Extremity
Abstract
The character of upper limb disorder in computer operators is subject to debate. A peripheral nerve-involvement is suggested from the common presence of a triad of symptoms consisting of pain, paraestesiae and subjective weakness, and from physical findings suggesting neuropathy. This study aimed to examine the outcome of a detailed neurological examination in computer operators and to compare findings with the presence of symptoms.
96 graphical computer operators answered a modified Nordic Questionnaire including information on perceived pain in the shoulder, elbow, and wrist/hand scored for each region on a VAS-scale 0-9. In addition, they underwent a physical examination including the subjective assessment of the individual function of 11 upper limb muscles, of algesia in five and vibratory threshold in three territories, respectively, and of mechanosensitivity of nerves at seven locations. In order to reflect an involvement of the brachial plexus (chord level), the posterior interosseous nerve and the median nerve at elbow level we defined three patterns of neurological findings illustrating the course of nerves and their innervation. The pain scores summarized for the three upper limb regions (min. = 0, max = 27) in the mouse-operating and contralateral limbs were compared by a Wilcoxon test and the relation to each physical item analyzed by Kendall's rank correlation. The relation of summarized pain to each pattern was studied by application of a test of the trend across ordered groups (patterns).
Pain, paraestesiae and subjective weakness was reported for 67, 23, and 7 mouse-operating limbs, respectively, with the summarized pain scores exceeding 4 in 33 limbs. Abnormal physical findings were prevalent. The summarized pain was significantly related to a reduced function in five muscles, to mechanical allodynia at one location and to elevated threshold to vibration in two territories. Brachial plexopathy was diagnosed in 9/2, median neuropathy in 13/5 and posterior interosseous neuropathy in 13/8 mouse operating/contralateral limbs, respectively. The summarized pain was significantly higher in the mouse-operating limbs and in limbs with any of the defined patterns. There was a significant trend between the summarized pain and the summarized scores for the items contained in each pattern.
This small-scale study of a group of computer-operators currently in work and with no or minor upper limb symptoms has indicated in symptomatic subjects the presence of peripheral nerve-afflictions with specific locations.
Notes
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Cites: Man Ther. 2005 Nov;10(4):270-8015998595
Cites: Occup Med (Lond). 2005 Dec;55(8):612-716174664
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Cites: Occup Med (Lond). 2000 Jan;50(1):30-210795389
PubMed ID
17078880 View in PubMed
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Diastasis recti abdominis during pregnancy and 12 months after childbirth: prevalence, risk factors and report of lumbopelvic pain.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature280994
Source
Br J Sports Med. 2016 Sep;50(17):1092-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2016
Author
Jorun Bakken Sperstad
Merete Kolberg Tennfjord
Gunvor Hilde
Marie Ellström-Engh
Kari Bø
Source
Br J Sports Med. 2016 Sep;50(17):1092-6
Date
Sep-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Female
Humans
Low Back Pain - epidemiology - etiology
Muscular Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Norway - epidemiology
Pelvic Pain - epidemiology - etiology
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications - epidemiology - etiology
Prevalence
Prospective Studies
Rectus Abdominis
Risk factors
Young Adult
Abstract
Diastasis recti abdominis (DRA) is defined as a separation of the 2 muscle bellies of rectus abdominis. To date there is scant knowledge on prevalence, risk factors, and consequences of the condition. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of DRA during pregnancy and post partum, presence of possible risk factors, and the occurrence of lumbopelvic pain among women with and without DRA.
This prospective cohort study followed 300 first-time pregnant women from pregnancy till 12 months post partum. Data were collected by electronic questionnaire and clinical examinations. DRA was defined as a palpated separation of =2 fingerbreadths either 4.5 cm above, at or 4.5 cm below the umbilicus. Women with and without DRA were compared with independent samples Student's t-test and ?(2)/Fisher exact test, and OR with significance level >0.05.
Prevalence of DRA was 33.1%, 60.0%, 45.4%, and 32.6% at gestation week 21, 6 weeks, 6 months and 12 months post partum, respectively. No difference in risk factors was found when comparing women with and without DRA. OR showed a greater likelihood for DRA among women reporting heavy lifting =20 times weekly (OR 2.18 95% CI 1.05 to 4.52). There was no difference in reported lumbopelvic pain (p=0.10) in women with and without DRA.
Prevalence of mild DRA was high both during pregnancy and after childbirth. Women with and without DRA reported the same amount of lumbopelvic pain 12 months post partum.
Notes
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PubMed ID
27324871 View in PubMed
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Disability among female garment workers. A comparison with a national sample.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature230054
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1989 Oct;15(5):323-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1989
Author
C. Brisson
A. Vinet
M. Vézina
Author Affiliation
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, Canada.
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1989 Oct;15(5):323-8
Date
Oct-1989
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Bone Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Clothing
Disability Evaluation
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Muscular Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Quebec
Risk factors
Abstract
An indicator of permanent disability was used to measure the chronic health problems associated with garment work. The study population comprised 800 female sewing-machine operators employed in the Quebec garment industry between 1976 and 1985. The workers were identified from public agency records. Their disability status was obtained in a personal interview. The disability prevalence of these workers was compared to national disability data of women employed in clerical work, services, and manufacturing industries. The garment workers who had left employment had an increased prevalence of severe disability (in comparison with that of workers who had left other types of employment) and an increased prevalence of moderate and slight disability. Currently employed garment workers had an increased prevalence of moderate and slight disability when compared with workers currently employed in other occupations. The risk ratios remained similarly elevated when the data were adjusted for age and smoking status.
PubMed ID
2799318 View in PubMed
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[Disability pensions and long-term sick-listing in Oslo--a study of different city districts]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature73635
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1991 Apr 10;111(9):1088-92
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-10-1991
Author
B. Grünfeld
Author Affiliation
Institutt for sosialmedisin, Universitetet i Oslo, Rikshospitalet.
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1991 Apr 10;111(9):1088-92
Date
Apr-10-1991
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Bone Diseases - epidemiology
Comparative Study
Disability Evaluation
English Abstract
Female
Humans
Insurance, Health - economics
Male
Mental Disorders - epidemiology
Middle Aged
Muscular Diseases - epidemiology
Norway - epidemiology
Pensions - statistics & numerical data
Retirement - economics - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Socioeconomic Factors
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
In Oslo there are significant differences in the incidence and prevalence of medically determined disability pensions. In regions with a population characterized by low level of education and low annual income the prevalence of disability pensions is high in relation to regions with a highly educated and high income population. The main reasons for a disability pension are mental complaints, mainly anxiety and depressive states, and musculo-skeletal disorders (chronic states of muscular pain). In recent years subjective symptoms have become an increasingly more important reason for disability pensions. Social and economic factors, possibility of employment, and other non-medical factors seem to play a more determining role than ill health in the process leading to disability.
PubMed ID
2024251 View in PubMed
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Effect of duration of employment in piecework on severe disability among female garment workers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature230053
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1989 Oct;15(5):329-34
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1989
Author
C. Brisson
A. Vinet
M. Vézina
S. Gingras
Author Affiliation
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, Canada.
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1989 Oct;15(5):329-34
Date
Oct-1989
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Bone Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Clothing
Disability Evaluation
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Muscular Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Quebec
Risk factors
Stress, Psychological - epidemiology - etiology
Abstract
This study measured the association between duration of employment in piecework and the prevalence of severe disability among 533 Quebec female garment workers who left employment between 1976 and 1985. Yearly information regarding occupational characteristics was available from a public agency for the 30-year period 1956-1985. Information on disability status was collected in a personal interview. Duration of employment in piecework was associated with the prevalence of severe disability. A multivariate analysis found that the association was independent of age, smoking habits, education, type of task and total length of employment. Workers who spent 5-9, 10-14, 15-19, and greater than or equal to 20 years in piecework had an increased prevalence of severe disability in comparison with the base-line category of 0-4 years. The adjusted risk ratios were 2.2 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.0-4.6], 3.3 (95% CI 1.5-6.9), 3.6 (95% CI 1.5-8.4), and 2.3 (95% CI 0.8-6.6), respectively. The association was particularly strong for disability due to musculoskeletal problems and disability due to cardiovascular disorders although small numbers were involved.
PubMed ID
2799319 View in PubMed
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43 records – page 1 of 5.