Skip header and navigation

Refine By

688 records – page 1 of 69.

[3 cases of viral carriage detected during screening for HIV antibodies].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature226768
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1991 Mar;(3):16-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1991
Author
E M Shelukhina
E V Chekunova
G R Matsevich
I A Okunev
S S Marennikova
M R Zak
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1991 Mar;(3):16-8
Date
Mar-1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - immunology - prevention & control
Blood Donors
Carrier State - epidemiology - immunology - prevention & control
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
HIV Antibodies - blood
HIV Seropositivity - epidemiology - immunology
HIV-1 - immunology
Humans
Immunoblotting
Lithuania - epidemiology
Mass Screening - methods
Moscow - epidemiology
Risk factors
Abstract
The results of screening more than 23,000 serum samples from persons belonging to risk groups, as well as those not belonging to such groups, in Moscow, Vilnius and Klaipeda are presented. Screening was carried out with the use of an assay system manufactured by the Scientific and Industrial Amalgamation "Antigen" (USSR). In this screening 3 HIV carriers were detected; of these, 2 were foreign students from two African countries.
PubMed ID
1872091 View in PubMed
Less detail

A 10-year (1996-2005) prospective study of the incidence of Type 1 diabetes in Moscow in the age group 0-14 years.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature154515
Source
Diabet Med. 2008 Aug;25(8):956-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2008
Author
E A Pronina
E E Petraikina
M B Antsiferov
O V Duchareva
A. Petrone
R. Buzzetti
P. Pozzilli
Author Affiliation
Department of Endocrinology, Morozovskaya Children City Clinical Hospital of Moscow, Russia.
Source
Diabet Med. 2008 Aug;25(8):956-9
Date
Aug-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Age Factors
Child
Child, Preschool
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Incidence
Infant
Male
Moscow - epidemiology
Prospective Studies
Risk factors
Sex Factors
Statistics as Topic
Time Factors
Abstract
To provide data on the incidence of Type 1 diabetes (T1D) in Moscow, determined prospectively from 1996 to 2005 for a total of > 10 million subjects aged
PubMed ID
18959609 View in PubMed
Less detail

[20 years emergency surgery of abdominal organs in Moscow].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature104248
Source
Khirurgiia (Mosk). 2014;(5):7-16
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
A S Ermolov
A N Smoliar
I A Shliakhovskii
M G Khramenkov
Source
Khirurgiia (Mosk). 2014;(5):7-16
Date
2014
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abdomen, Acute - classification - epidemiology - surgery
Anniversaries and Special Events
Emergency Medical Services - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Intensive Care - methods - organization & administration
Moscow - epidemiology
Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care) - statistics & numerical data
Quality Improvement - statistics & numerical data - trends
Surgery Department, Hospital - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The analysis of emergency surgical care in medical institution of Moscow for the last 20 years is presented in the article. There were 912 156 patients with acute appendicitis, strangulated hernia, perforated gastro-duodenal ulcer, gastro-duodenal bleeding, acute cholecystitis, acute pancreatitis, acute intestinal obstruction on treatment during this period. It was observed reduction overall and postoperative mortality. It was concluded that positive results are caused by development of material and technical base, transition on clock mode of diagnostic units, increase of patients? number hospitalized in department of intensive care for operation training and after it, using of modern diagnostic and therapeutic methods, edit documents regulating of health facilities activity according to medicine development.
PubMed ID
24874218 View in PubMed
Less detail

[A case report: a small outbreak of Flexner dysentery in a kindergarten].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature198261
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1999 May-Jun;(3):119-21
Publication Type
Article
Source
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2011 Aug;46(8):753-65
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2011
Author
Tanya Jukkala
Ilkka Henrik Mäkinen
Author Affiliation
Baltic and East European Graduate School, Södertörn University, 141 89, Huddinge, Sweden. tanya.jukkala@sh.se
Source
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2011 Aug;46(8):753-65
Date
Aug-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Attitude
Demography
Ethics
Female
Health Surveys
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Moscow - epidemiology
Questionnaires
Regression Analysis
Religion
Socioeconomic Factors
Suicide - psychology
Young Adult
Abstract
Attitudes concerning the acceptability of suicide have been emphasized as being important for understanding why levels of suicide mortality vary in different societies across the world. While Russian suicide mortality levels are among the highest in the world, not much is known about attitudes to suicide in Russia. This study aims to obtain a greater understanding about the levels and correlates of suicide acceptance in Russia.
Data from a survey of 1,190 Muscovites were analysed using logistic regression techniques. Suicide acceptance was examined among respondents in relation to social, economic and demographic factors as well as in relation to attitudes towards other moral questions.
The majority of interviewees (80%) expressed condemnatory attitudes towards suicide, although men were slightly less condemning. The young, the higher educated, and the non-religious were more accepting of suicide (OR > 2). However, the two first-mentioned effects disappeared when controlling for tolerance, while a positive effect of lower education on suicide acceptance appeared. When controlling for other independent variables, no significant effects were found on suicide attitudes by gender, one's current family situation, or by health-related or economic problems.
The most important determinants of the respondents' attitudes towards suicide were their tolerance regarding other moral questions and their religiosity. More tolerant views, in general, also seemed to explain the more accepting views towards suicide among the young and the higher educated. Differences in suicide attitudes between the sexes seemed to be dependent on differences in other factors rather than on gender per se. Suicide attitudes also seemed to be more affected by one's earlier experiences in terms of upbringing and socialization than by events and processes later in life.
PubMed ID
21110001 View in PubMed
Less detail

[A comparative clinico-economic study of 2 models of organizational forms of psychiatric care exemplified in schizophrenia].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature225077
Source
Zh Nevropatol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 1992;92(3):85-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
1992
Author
Iu V Ushakov
E D Bogdanova
S V Shipin
M G Mirzoian
Source
Zh Nevropatol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 1992;92(3):85-9
Date
1992
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Costs and Cost Analysis - statistics & numerical data
Female
Health Expenditures - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Mental Health Services - economics - organization & administration - statistics & numerical data
Moscow - epidemiology
Prevalence
Russia - epidemiology
Schizophrenia - economics - epidemiology - therapy
Sex Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
The authors describe part of the results of a comparative clinico-economic analysis of the functioning of two models of organizational forms of psychiatric services with special reference to Moscow and Kaluga. The purpose of the given research fragment was to make a comparative analysis of expenditures on schizophrenic patients depending on the system of psychiatric services organization on the whole and between different types of services; to specify approaches to optimization of their functioning with the use of a clinico-economic approach. Based on a comparative investigation of the representative groups of schizophrenic patients (386 patients of a mental health center in Moscow and 531 patients of the Kaluga regional psychiatric hospital No. 1), it has been established that as a result of the proper organization and financing of psychiatric services in Kaluga, the "direct" expenditures on one schizophrenic patient per year could be 20% as reduced and the losses of the national income could be lowered more than 2-fold. It should necessarily be mentioned that the financing of extra hospital services in Kaluga exceeded that in Moscow more than 3-fold, reaching about 20.3% of all the expenditures on schizophrenic patients. Apparently, the organizational and financial experience gained in Kaluga with the design of the common complex and many-staged system of psychiatric services may turn fairly instrumental in elaborating approaches to optimization of the functioning of psychiatric services.
PubMed ID
1332339 View in PubMed
Less detail

[A comparative evaluation of the electric impulse treatment of atrial fibrillation based on the data from 2 clinics. 2. The late results].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature222308
Source
Ter Arkh. 1993;65(8):29-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
1993
Author
A V Nedostup
M A Alekseevskaia
A I Lukoshevichute
I R Pechiulene
Iu V Vaitekunene
I V Maevskaia
A L Syrkin
Source
Ter Arkh. 1993;65(8):29-31
Date
1993
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Atrial Fibrillation - epidemiology - etiology - therapy
Electric Countershock - statistics & numerical data
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Lithuania - epidemiology
Moscow - epidemiology
Recurrence
Time Factors
Abstract
Long-term results of electroimpulse treatment for cardiac fibrillation in 1292 patients performed in cardiological clinics of Moscow and Kaunas have been compared. It is shown that more strict selection, longer preparation for the impulse exposure may secure a significant decrease in the number of the fibrillation recurrences both 1 and 6 months after recovery of the normal rhythm.
PubMed ID
8211796 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Acute dysentery shigella sonnei outbreak in child day care center: study of the source of infection].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature166122
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2006 Sep-Oct;(6):102-4
Publication Type
Article

[Acute occupational poisonings in enclosed spaces].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227274
Source
Gig Tr Prof Zabol. 1991;(4):22-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
V A Meleshchenko
V A Mikheev
Source
Gig Tr Prof Zabol. 1991;(4):22-3
Date
1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Age Factors
Air Pollutants - poisoning
Environment, Controlled
Humans
Moscow - epidemiology
Occupational Diseases - chemically induced - epidemiology - prevention & control
Poisoning - epidemiology - prevention & control
Safety
Abstract
The contributors provide an analysis of the conditions and reasons accounting for the acute occupational intoxications in closed environments, which occurred in Moscow in 1986-1989 and resulted in 18 deaths. Proposals are made with regard to a state standard act on the safety rules for working in closed environments with the texts of some paragraphs to this act.
PubMed ID
1879749 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Adult-onset mucoviscidosis: longer survival of patients in Moscow and Moscow Region].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature123358
Source
Ter Arkh. 2012;84(3):54-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
2012
Source
Ter Arkh. 2012;84(3):54-8
Date
2012
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age of Onset
Cohort Studies
Cystic Fibrosis - genetics - microbiology - mortality
Female
Genetic Testing
Genome
Gram-Negative Bacteria - isolation & purification
Humans
Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Male
Moscow - epidemiology
Mutation - genetics
Staphylococcus aureus - isolation & purification
Survival Analysis
Young Adult
Abstract
To estimate survival median and its changes, number of patients over 18 years of age for 1991-2000 and 2001-2010 for 20-year period (1991-2010), to elucidate factors affecting survival for 2001-2010 in mucoviscidosis children living in Moscow and Moscow Region and treated outpatiently in specialized medical centers.
Case records were analysed for mucoviscidosis patients registered in specialized clinics of Moscow on 01.01.01 and 01.01.11. Survival was assessed with Kaplan-Meier curve.
Survival medians for 1991-2000 and 2001-2010 was 25.7 and 35.1 years, respectively In the group of mucoviscidosis patients with Staphylococcus aureus infection survival was significantly higher than in those infected with gram-negative microflora. Longer survival was reported in patients with "soft" mutation (p = 0.06927).
The survival median for mucoviscidosis patients for 2001-2010 was 35.1 years. The percentage of adult patients in the last decade significantly rose from 19.5 to 32%. Gram-negative microflora significantly reduces survival, while 'soft" mutation prolongs survival. Creation of National Register will specify survival of mucoviscidosis patients in all regions of the Russian Federation.
PubMed ID
22708424 View in PubMed
Less detail

688 records – page 1 of 69.