OBJECTIVE: To follow the clinical course of patients with the mitochondrial DNA mutation 3243A>G for 3 years. METHODS: Thirty-three adult patients with the 3243A>G mutation entered a 3-year follow-up study. They were clinically evaluated annually, audiometry was performed, and samples were drawn for the analysis of blood chemistry and mutation heteroplasmy in leukocytes. Holter recording was performed three times during the follow-up and echocardiography, neuropsychological assessment, and quantitative EEG and brain imaging conducted at entry and after 3 years. RESULTS: The incidence of new neurologic events was low during the 3-year follow-up. Sensorineural hearing impairment (SNHI) progressed, left ventricular wall thickness increased, mean alpha frequency in the occipital and parietal regions decreased, and the severity of disease index (modified Rankin score) progressed significantly. The rate of SNHI progression correlated with mutation heteroplasmy in muscle. The increase in left ventricular wall thickness was seen almost exclusively in diabetic patients. Seven patients died during the follow-up, and they were generally more severely affected than those who survived. CONCLUSIONS: Significant changes in the severity of disease, sensorineural hearing impairment, left ventricular hypertrophy, and quantitative EEG were seen in adult patients with 3243A>G during the 3-year follow-up.
Comment In: Neurology. 2007 Jan 9;68(2):163-417210904
Two identical strains of tobacco type TVM have been isolated in the region with 137Cs nuclear contamination with density of 12.6 Cu/km2 recombinant plasmids (pTVM9, pTVM9,5) containing cDNA of complete provirus and C-end sequence of cDNA of specific capsid protein from one of isolated viruses have been obtained. The capsule proteins of isolated strains have the higher 19.5 +/- 1.9 kDa molecular weight than standard TVM strain (17.5 kDa) as to SDS-PAAG electrophoresis data. No differences in distribution of fragments immunoactive to control antiserum have been found when using immunoblot analysis of capsid proteins of isolates and standard strain treated by tripsin. Sequencing analysis of cDNA pTVM9,5 has revealed non-conservative amino acid replacement of serine by tyrosine in position 149 for homologous region of capsid protein of standard TVM strain, which allows to suppose the mediated effect of specific ecological situation on the appearance of such replacement.
The yeast Cryptococcus albidus isolated from the leaves of maize (strain 1003) and cucumbers (strain 1014) produce the capsule substances which can protect the tobacco and datura plants from tobacco mosaic virus. Proteins, carbohydrates and ash elements have been isolated from culture liquids treated by supersound.