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921 records – page 1 of 93.

The distribution of alcohol consumption in Ontario.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature110411
Source
Q J Stud Alcohol. 1968 Dec;29(4):968-73
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1968
Author
J. de Lint
W. Schmidt
Source
Q J Stud Alcohol. 1968 Dec;29(4):968-73
Date
Dec-1968
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alcohol Drinking
Alcoholic Beverages
Beer
Humans
Models, Psychological
Ontario
PubMed ID
5705418 View in PubMed
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[Nursing care. We can learn from Seattle in spite of Minnesota's dominance].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature230482
Source
Sygeplejersken. 1989 Jul 5;89(27):21-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-5-1989

[Uppsala model for smoking cessation. Smokers formulate own motivation for smoking cessation]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature67757
Source
Vardfacket. 1994 Feb 24;18(4):XXII-XXIV
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-24-1994
Author
M. Holm
Source
Vardfacket. 1994 Feb 24;18(4):XXII-XXIV
Date
Feb-24-1994
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Models, Psychological
Motivation
Smoking Cessation - psychology
Sweden
PubMed ID
7998458 View in PubMed
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Early career burnout among nurses: modelling a hypothesized process using an item response approach.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature146095
Source
Int J Nurs Stud. 2010 Jul;47(7):864-75
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2010
Author
J Petter Gustavsson
Lennart Hallsten
Ann Rudman
Author Affiliation
Division of Psychology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden. petter.gustavsson@ki.se
Source
Int J Nurs Stud. 2010 Jul;47(7):864-75
Date
Jul-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Burnout, Professional
Cohort Studies
Humans
Models, Psychological
Nurses - psychology
Psychometrics
Sweden
Abstract
Cherniss's pioneering research on burnout, based on grounded theory, focused specifically on competence crisis among new graduates, and identified negative attitude changes as the core phenomenon in the progression from competence crisis into early career burnout. In this model, the two main burnout dimensions of exhaustion and dysfunctional coping are ordered sequentially; i.e., initial exhaustion develops, due to dysfunctional coping (cynicism and disengagement), into burnout.
To test the sequential-developmental model of burnout originally proposed by Cherniss, using a psychometric approach.
A sample of 933 early-career nursing professionals, recruited from a Swedish population-based cohort (response rate 81%), were assessed three years after graduation, using items from a burnout inventory. Data were analysed using the Rasch measurement model.
The psychometric tests showed that data adhere to a sequential-developmental model when examined using the one-parameter item response approach. When tested against external variables, the prevalence of low mood, low levels of job performance and health problems increased monotonically along this sequential-developmental model of early career burnout.
Among early-career nursing professionals burnout may be operationalized as a one-dimensional sequential-developmental model. This model resembles the results found in the literature on transition and socialization, and the association between these psychometric results and studies on nursing students' transition and socialization into working life are discussed.
PubMed ID
20070968 View in PubMed
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Bullshit-sensitivity predicts prosocial behavior.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297587
Source
PLoS One. 2018; 13(7):e0201474
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
2018
Author
Arvid Erlandsson
Artur Nilsson
Gustav Tinghög
Daniel Västfjäll
Author Affiliation
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping, Sweden.
Source
PLoS One. 2018; 13(7):e0201474
Date
2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Adult
Emotions
Female
Humans
Male
Models, Psychological
Social Behavior
Sweden
Verbal Behavior
Abstract
Bullshit-sensitivity is the ability to distinguish pseudo-profound bullshit sentences (e.g. "Your movement transforms universal observations") from genuinely profound sentences (e.g. "The person who never made a mistake never tried something new"). Although bullshit-sensitivity has been linked to other individual difference measures, it has not yet been shown to predict any actual behavior. We therefore conducted a survey study with over a thousand participants from a general sample of the Swedish population and assessed participants' bullshit-receptivity (i.e. their perceived meaningfulness of seven bullshit sentences) and profoundness-receptivity (i.e. their perceived meaningfulness of seven genuinely profound sentences), and used these variables to predict two types of prosocial behavior (self-reported donations and a decision to volunteer for charity). Despite bullshit-receptivity and profoundness-receptivity being positively correlated with each other, logistic regression analyses showed that profoundness-receptivity had a positive association whereas bullshit-receptivity had a negative association with both types of prosocial behavior. These relations held up for the most part when controlling for potentially intermediating factors such as cognitive ability, time spent completing the survey, sex, age, level of education, and religiosity. The results suggest that people who are better at distinguishing the pseudo-profound from the actually profound are more prosocial.
PubMed ID
30063739 View in PubMed
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Do indigenous helpers foster smoking cessation in adult smokers?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature171605
Source
Addict Behav. 2006 Aug;31(8):1496-502
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2006
Author
Susan Andersen
Author Affiliation
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, School of Nursing, 3601 4th St., MS 6264, Lubbock, TX 79430, USA. Susan.andersen@ttuhsc.edu
Source
Addict Behav. 2006 Aug;31(8):1496-502
Date
Aug-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Caregivers
Helping Behavior
Humans
Models, Psychological
Smoking - psychology
Smoking Cessation - methods
Abstract
An intervention based on the Transtheoretical Model of behavior change (TTM) used an indigenous helper (a helping relationship) to promote smoking cessation. The research examined whether there was a difference in post-intervention smoking behavior between smokers who had an indigenous helper compared with those who did not among adult FreshStart participants. Smoking behavior was measured in two ways: forward movement along the TTM stages of change, and point prevalence. A two-group, two-time, five-week multi-site experimental design was used. Participants (N=111) completed instruments at baseline and four weeks. The findings did not support use of the TTM construct helping relationships for smoking cessation. The use of a helping relationship did not predict smoking cessation. Nicotine replacement therapy and/or bupropion predicted smoking behavior in all analyses.
PubMed ID
16337747 View in PubMed
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The role of the environment in the construction of handicap: an analysis of Quebec rehabilitation practice.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature244022
Source
Can Ment Health. 1981 Dec;29(4):22-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1981
Author
P. Joubert
R. Fillion
Source
Can Ment Health. 1981 Dec;29(4):22-5
Date
Dec-1981
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attitude of Health Personnel
Disabled Persons
Humans
Models, Psychological
Quebec
Rehabilitation - psychology
PubMed ID
10317168 View in PubMed
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[Popper's model exposes shortages of the sectorized psychiatry in the county of Blekinge].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature209049
Source
Lakartidningen. 1997 Mar 5;94(10):813-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-5-1997
Author
P. Eliasson
Source
Lakartidningen. 1997 Mar 5;94(10):813-4
Date
Mar-5-1997
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Humans
Mental Disorders - therapy
Mental Health Services - organization & administration - standards
Models, Psychological
Sweden
PubMed ID
9102504 View in PubMed
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The attentional blink: resource depletion or temporary loss of control?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature176995
Source
Psychol Res. 2005 Jan;69(3):191-200
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2005
Author
Vincent Di Lollo
Jun-ichiro Kawahara
S M Shahab Ghorashi
James T Enns
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z4, Canada. vince.dilollo@ubc.ca
Source
Psychol Res. 2005 Jan;69(3):191-200
Date
Jan-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Analysis of Variance
Attention
British Columbia
Humans
Models, Psychological
Perceptual Masking
Visual perception
Abstract
Identification of the second of two targets is impaired if it is presented less than about 500 ms after the first. Theoretical accounts of this second-target deficit, known as attentional blink (AB), have relied on some form of limited attentional resource that is allocated to the leading target at the expense of the trailing target. Three experiments in the present study reveal a failure of resource-limitation accounts to explain why the AB is absent when the targets consist of a stream of three items belonging to the same category (e.g., letters or digits). The AB is reinstated, however, if an item from a different category is inserted in the target string. This result, and all major results in the AB literature, is explained by the hypothesis that the AB arises from a temporary loss of control over the prevailing attentional set. This lapse in control renders the observer vulnerable to an exogenously-triggered switch in attentional set.
PubMed ID
15597184 View in PubMed
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Self-care ability in a group of elderly Swedish people: a phenomenological study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature203833
Source
J Adv Nurs. 1998 Oct;28(4):745-53
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1998
Author
O. Söderhamn
Author Affiliation
Department of Medicine and Care, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Sweden.
Source
J Adv Nurs. 1998 Oct;28(4):745-53
Date
Oct-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Female
Humans
Male
Models, Psychological
Nursing
Self Care
Sweden
Abstract
The aims of this study were to describe self-care ability in a group of Swedish elderly and to elucidate the meaning of actualizing this self-care ability into self-care activity. Two different phenomenological methods were applied in the analyses of 11 self-reports written by home dwelling elderly in the community. The eidetic structure of self-care ability was twofold; it entailed, first, being present to the opportunity to act on certain perceived influences on the body and, second, alone or with support from somebody else to be able to bring about a change in attitude towards one's personal lifestyle or life situation. The meaning of actualizing this ability was interpreted as self-realization or self-transcendence.
PubMed ID
9829662 View in PubMed
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921 records – page 1 of 93.